Second, there is the school of thought that describes drug abuse as a type of self-fulfilling prophecy with relation to the way people understand and categorize it. What one can see from this debate, prior to seeking to develop their own point of view with relation to the issue, is that one viewpoint attempts to explain drug use by way of a mental/spiritual deficiency in terms of lack of willpower.
This practical involves three experiments which were carried out to quantitatively analyze and measure antibiotic susceptibility of various microorganisms. The first experiment investigates the effects of variables such as agar depth, presences of salt and inoculums size on the size of inhibition zones.
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
It is here Darwin established his groundbreaking theory of biological evolution creating a new science and new way of understanding how all life came to be. Due its scientific significance and unspoiled beauty, the Galapagos Islands are a travel destination for tens of thousands every year.
These include the microtubules, microfilaments and neurofilaments, they have different functions, but maintain interaction with one another (Brady and Kirkpatrick, 1). These fibrous subcomponents are synthesized from the polymerization of certain protein subunits.
6 pages (1500 words)
, Download 1
, Research Paper
Although the worker bee is a female, it lacks the ability to reproduce. The drone mates with the queen while the queen plays its important role of laying egg. Worker bees collect pollen and nectar to feed the colony, clean the hive, and take care of the young ones (Jorgensen, 2009).
Malaria is a disease caused by one of the four protozoan species of the genus Plasmodium. The four species are Plasmodium falciparum, P.ovale, P. malaria and P. vivax. It is a fatal disease that is caused by the parasite which infects the mosquito first. The mosquito then bites the human and transmits the parasites in the human blood.
The book highlights the relationship between animals and humans. In each chapter, the relationship between humans and the dogs changes. This paper will give a summary and analysis of each chapter. Chapter One In chapter one of the book, the author introduces the reader to the life of Buck, who is a beloved pet at the homestead of Judge Miller in Santa Clara.
The rapid growth of population in India is a root cause of a wide range of issues that India is facing today. These issues include but are not limited to decline in the standard of living, unemployment, poverty, shortage of resources, conflict, and untold misery.
5 pages (1250 words)
, Download 1
, Research Paper
Although it Moreover, drugs directly alter neurons and the synapses that they carry out, and drugs do this either through imitation of the natural chemical messengers of the brain and through the overstimulation of the brain’s “reward circuit” (“Drug Facts,” 2011).
Consequently, a destabilized protein level in the body, through inappropriate nutrition or through effects of diseases adversely affects body processes. The study of protein concentration in the body, as well as in substances is therefore fundamental to nutritionists and health care professionals.
One page. 5- Architecture of the cytoskeleton in normal red blood cells and compares it to sickle cell shaped. 6- Sickle red cells impair the blood flow causing series of tragic events! Sources: In attached files. Introduction: Sickle cell anemia is an inherited recessive blood disorder which is caused by a point mutation which leads to the faulty synthesis of hemoglobin in turn resulting in the production of pathogenic or diseased erythrocytes.
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), as well as other techniques such as energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) is an effective tool used for the identification and characterization of particulate contamination and foreign body contamination of food.
These aggregated DNA molecules i.e. chromosomes further consists of two major types of proteins i.e. Histone and non-histone proteins. Out of these 24 Chromosomes, the first 22 chromosomes are called autosomes as they carry genes for general characteristics and the rest of the 2 chromosomes are called as Sex Chromosomes.
5 pages (1250 words)
, Download 2
, Research Paper
Viruses are the tiniest of organisms and yet they have the power and strength to attack all other organisms including human, animals, plants, bacteria, etc. The viruses are almost hundred times smaller than a bacteria cell which themselves are quite tiny.
In most cases, osteoporosis begins to develop early in life but is often diagnosed in old people especially women. Bone formation and firming up occurs before one reaches the age of 25 and requires large intake of calcium. After this age, people with reduced bone mass have the risk of developing Osteoporosis.
The molecular clock hypothesis also serves as a null model, which is usable in testing both the rates of mutation and evolution in various species. Molecular clocks continue to influence significantly the development of molecular evolution theories. Following the noted progress in technologies that focus on DNA sequencing, the use of molecular clocks has also experienced a marked increase, allowing for profound effects on the appreciation of the temporal diversification of genomes and species.
37). Typhoid fever remains one of the most common health problems causing millions of illnesses and fatalities around the world. Salmonella enterica serovarTyphi share adaptation to human host with other serovars like Paratyphy A, Paratyphi B, Paratyphi C as well as Sendai (Porwollik, 2011).
58). Markovitch (2005, p. 58) elaborated that “asepsis is achieved by ensuring that all people who come into contact with the patient scrub their hands and wear sterilized gowns with disposable masks and gloves.” In addition, the operating room air and equipment must also be clean (Markovitch, 2005).
Opium poppy has a complex history as it has brought great problems, as well as great benefits to the human society (Lee et al., 2011). This is, probably, among the earliest medicinal plants that human beings had discovered. In the present day, cultivation of opium poppy takes place in many countries worldwide, notably Turkey, Poland, Holland, Romania, Iran, Afghanistan, Canada, just to mention a few (Moraes & Moraes, 2003).
Emerging diseases are then categorized as newly emerging diseases, deliberately emerging and re-emerging diseases on the basis of their course or incidence and the occurrence according to time and place (L.Guerrant et al 2011). Recent researches and studies have brought into light many emerging infectious diseases which are both a serious threat to human health and require medical interventions and preventive measures.
Such abnormalities often result in various genetic diseases. For instance, mutations in the gene, GALT, can lead to inherited autosomal recessive disorder called Classic Galactosemia or Galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase deficiency. A person with classic galactosemia is unable to metabolize galactose sugar into glucose in the liver and is susceptible to various diseases mostly of the liver and central nervous system (The New York Times).
It is highly imperative to classify bacteria and to identify microorganisms as they have enough potential to cause various diseases. Essentially, identification process is highly pragmatic for the correct diagnosis and treatment. Identification of the bacteria provides line of treatment.
The author states that the target of monoclonal antibodies is specifically the different proteins that mostly cause cell activities. These proteins include the receptor cells and other proteins that are present on, the surface of both the cancer and the normal cells. The monoclonal antibodies are very specific.
The combination of an RDD and a conventional explosive essentially achieves the aim of dispersing radioactive material in the targeted location, the impact of which is dissimilar to that of a nuclear bomb (Medalia) however, the physical and biological effects of dirty bomb detonation are indubitable.
These are the main symptoms of asthma, and it means that a person who experiences them should seek medical check-up. The causes of asthma include air, animal fur, tobacco smoke, and chest infections. These causes introduce particles that irritate the bronchi in the lungs and cause them to swell and take in less oxygen.
A pap test is the common procedure through which testing on cervical cancer is done where an early detection of the cancer enables a successful treatment (Richardson et al, 2010, p. 1769). The HPV (human papillomavirus) is the common cause of cervical cancer though not all HPV causes it (Anon, 2013, para 3) .Nevertheless, smoking is equally associated with causing cervical cancer by CIN3lesions (Plummer et al, 2003, p.
To answer this question, you will need to refer both to information in the study book and to information in the video sequences ‘Sickle cell disease: a lethal advantage’ (Activity 17.1) on the DVD. a. Using the symbols given above to represent each of the two alleles, draw a mating diagram between two heterozygous individuals (based on either Figure 5.3 or Figure 6.3 of the study book).
ly look like a piece of dried grass, which help them escape predators. They are stem or root borers and some species are also leaf browsers (‘Plume Moth’, 2012). The family Geometridae, or the geometer moths, are usually the inchworms that are said to “measure the earth” as they move about.
4 pages (1000 words)
, Download 1
, Research Paper
In addition, most asthma patients usually complain that the chest feels tight during asthmatic attacks (flare-ups or exacerbations). Asthma attacks may occur infrequently like once or even fewer times a month, or as frequent as a number of times a day (Murphy 5).
This paper will discuss how constant improvement of various diagnostic techniques drives improvements in our understanding and treatment of disease processes. It will give specific focus to diseases like cancer, Aids, and diabetes. The major traditional cancer diagnostic techniques included ‘assessment of histologic appearance, identification of specific tumor subtypes, tumor grading, assessment of lymph node status, and presence of metastasis’ (Perez et al 2004).
353). The cuticle is 5µm thick in young larvae (36 hours, first instar), 25µm in 60-hour-old larvae (second instar), and 40µm in last (third) instar larvae. Maggot behavior is linked to instar development; for example, in the first and second instar the maggots stay close together and feed, but in the third instar, they move away from each other and seek a safe placement for pupal development to occur.
Incidence incidence occurs when the Giardia microscopic parasite invades the small intestines and blocks it, hindering the absorption of nutrients 4. Risk Factors Consumption of un-boiled or untreated water Use of recreational water that has been contaminated by infected fecal materials Consumption of contaminated food 5.
This is a fact that has been proven otherwise and a new scientific name suggested as Rhinella marina. However, regardless of the name, cane toads remain among the largest species in the Bufonidae family. Adult cane toads are heavily built with an average weight of about 2.9 pounds and they grow to a length of about 12 cm (National Geographic, n.d).
Sago starch is derived from the pith of tropical palm trees. It is produced from trees whose fruit has not fully ripened. Ripening exhausts the starch from the tree. Trees that produce sago starch are cut down when they are 15 years old before flowering. Sago palm is not a reliable source of starch (Brown, 2007).
I settled for the class since I love travelling and new experiences. A previous student had told me that the class was easy to score good grades, and again, I love knowing new things. Therefore, when I got to the grade, I was happy choosing the class since I would be able to know new animals and plants and their biological names.
Among the regions they habit include Asia, South and Central America including the state of Texas among many others. The region has a cool and wet climate that ranges from extremely cold winters and warm and humid summers all of which are conducive for the growth of the plant.
We also get to understand the very basics about lioness behavior regarding cubs, and why Elsa probably wouldn’t have survived in the wild. This is that lionesses usually only have two cubs, whom she stays with for the first two years of life. The mother lioness provides food for her young in the form of regurgitated meat in the first year of life, and, in the second year of life, the lioness allows her young to participate in hunting.
More specifically, it comprises of action potential recordings and cortical cell postsynaptic potentials. The potential of various cells is measured at similar times. The neuron potential in the brain can differ as emotional, mental function, and physiological state.
The author states that in adults, the normal MVC is 83-101fL. A high MVC may result from abnormalities of the bone marrow, chronic lung disease and nutritional deficiencies and all this may indicate that the patient is anemic. A low count on MVC on the other hand may be a s a result of bone marrow disorder.
Consequent studies have established that EBV is the contributory agent in large cases of infectious mononucleosis. Studies reveal that infectious mononucleosis (IM) is also caused by the cytomegalovirus (CMV). This virus belongs to the group of herpesvirus called as Herpesviridae.
Such compounds are the basis for characterization for these microorganisms. The effects of these compounds are different to species that have come into contact with them. This roughly explains the type of microorganism. From the standpoint of causing harm to the host, microorganisms can be described as pathogenic-those that cause diseases or non pathogenic-those that do not.
Insulin can be synthesized technologically. During biotechnological production of insulin, scientists extract messenger RNA (m RNA) from a minced up sample of human pancreas. In this stage, introduced solvents remove the proteins. Next, reverse transcriptase enzyme copies pure messenger ribonucleic acid into a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
Snack is food eaten informally. It can be rich or poor in nutrition. On the other hand, a meal is composed of a mix of foods, it has better quantities of nutrients as compared to snacks and they take time preparing it (Mark, W, & Peter, S, 2005). Nutritionally, snacks are more fattened and may involve a fruit or bread whereas a meal requires cooking.
There are many different base pairs in a human being and these base pairs are used for identification of people. Due to a lot of base pairs the tasks of identification becomes very time consuming so that’s the reason why scientists use repeating patterns in DNA.DNA profiling is basically used with DNA testing.
The republic of Costa Rica is a country located in Central America and has a total area of approximately 50,900 km2. A report in 1993, the republic had a population of about 3.22 million of which the male comprised of 1.63 million while the females were about 1.59 million.
an mRNA transcript? Explanation: The first codon, or the initiation code, is the signal for the protein synthesis to start. The last codon, or the termination code, signals the end of the protein synthesis. The initiation code is basically AUG while the termination code is usually UAG, UAA or UGA (Kimball, 2010).
In many instances, the outbreaks have severely strained both the local and national resources during periods when health care expenditure in the economically developed states has been restrained. Emerging illness is a phrase that has been utilized with augmenting occurrence to delineate the appearance of an unidentified contagion, or a beforehand identified contagion that expanded to a new ecological niche or a geographical area (Howard & Fletcher, 2012).
The deficiency of this hormone ultimately affects adrenal glands and is of congenital etiology. This pathological defect is responsible for the cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The disease is autosomal recessive and leads to the impairment of cortisol synthesis, which takes place in the cortex of the adrenal gland.
However, in recent years there has been a considerable increase in pressure of developing toxicity tests that bear greater semblance to human cellular systems due to rising issues in using animals such as the humane treatment of animals, the costs for maintaining and breeding the test animals, related problems such as incompatibility with human cellular systems (i.e.
However what was remarkable about Dolly was that she was a clone of her six year old mother sheep. Dolly was the first successful experiment of a mammal being cloned. There had been various attempts made at cloning animals, however without success. The success of cloning Dolly therefore was a significant achievement for scientists as it showed the world that cloning of animals was no longer a dream but a reality (Spangenburg, Moser and Moser 7).