Optimism is often seen as possessing a positive mindset, although several writers have satirized it such as Voltaire in his work “Candide.” I selected this word because I am an optimistic person myself; although, I understand that too much optimism can produce negative consequences such as naivety and the loss of foresight.
Some families are disadvantaged by virtue of their level of income, education as well as the area in which they live. If these people are also given preferential treatment, they can also get access to other opportunities like those who belong to the
e person to another depending on how one chooses to represent the art forms he beholds and interpret it in a form that makes sense to him in his own unique or special way. Other elements that tend to come in play is the understanding of what role such elements as
re of Descartes’ Epistemology; Descartes argued that all our believes in life might have originated from an evil genius or an evil demon intent on deceiving us, this therefore means that there is a need of doubting everything and finding out the truth of things by ourselves.
Girls are socialized to do roles such as cooking, cleaning and even caring for children, while the boys are taught how to drive amongst others. This is a clear indication of the construction of gender in the society. Worse still, the
She told me that her circumstances are very difficult and at times she thought of quitting and surrendering her daughter to social workers. But her motherly instincts always outweigh all those doubts, fears, and worries and thus
The theory of knowledge is a branch of Western philosophy that focuses on analyzing the nature of knowledge. Different theories define knowledge and related terms like “belief” in different ways and they set conditions of varying strictness on what constitute knowledge.
Kantian ethics advocate for a rule-governed morality. On the other hand, according to Roderick (part 4), utilitarianism is based on social hedonism. It notes that people should always act to ensure maximum happiness to the greatest number.
In Plato’s Apology, Socrates regrets that the Athenians had been deceived by the false teachers in their childhood when they were most perceptive (like the prisoners in the cave); he even uses the word “shadows” for this and affirms that death is better than such a life. In Crito, Socrates is accused of leading the Athenians the wrong path.
The study evaluates Inwagen’s fascinating views regarding free will on the global as well as local arguments from evil.
Regarding the problem of evil, Inwagen argues that that there is no precise number of evil things that have to happen in order to secure
Communism is where everyone in a given society gets equal shares resulting from labor. It encourages the poor to step up and attain the social status similar to that of the middle-class landowners (Marx and Engels, 78). However, this is only possible
Although Henry David Thoreau received little regard during his lifetime, his works gained popularity after his death and have since remained influential in the modern perspectives on environmental protection. Without a doubt, Thoreau is considered as the founder of the concept of environmental governance.
Matter in nature refers to the make-up of a being; that which a being, let’s say X, is made or composed of. Consequently, matter becomes a relative term when talking about a being. Matter becomes essential to being since it is the element/ principle that
In the readings consulted, Spinoza did not really argue for or against the existence of God, though he stated that the existence of God was a logical conclusion.He took that as a given. What Spinoza was attempting was a definition of the nature of God and of all existence
Lying is a common behavior that can be traced to all human beings regardless of their age, gender, education, cultural background or social status. People tend to lie on a constant basis, either consciously or unconsciously, because lying does not necessarily imply the intention to deceive the others.
Aristotle focused on fundamental facts of biology, and integrated his thoughts of philosophy, as well as analyzed his predecessors and concluded on his theory of the unity of the soul and the body that criticized the concept of Plato and won over the theories that rejected the unity of the body and the soul (Hsieh, 1).
Although there is little doubting the fact that the humans have progressed till now, I believe that humanity has not progressed, in fact we have gone from bad to worse. We will analyze the changes shown by the humanity in light of all several
2 pages (500 words)
, Download 1
, Personal Statement
The author states that any action ranging from an excessive dosage of pills to cut the wrist vain that may result at the end of life qualifies as suicide. Suicide is an ethically significant issue. Three reasons why the issue is ethically significant to include the fact that most religions forbid violence, the fact that it is a self-inflicted crime.
Such patients also possess the belief that these health practitioners may not harm them in any form, through negative ethical aspects such as inattention, irresponsibility, and malicious attitudes. Additionally,
Some others say that living for others is what adds value and meaning to one’s life. But some feel that altruism and egoism both add meaning to one’s life. “They are the reasons and motives that engage us in the activities that make our lives worth living;
From this point, a scientist experiments the variables and analyses. Then, make a conclusion about the phenomena. This approach in science has been met with numerous criticisms. Scientism, term given to explain the use of science, employs the
Although the argument may be appealing because people often love to stick to something traditional since they assume that it may be true because it passed the test of time, I realized the argument was deceptive and rejected it as a fallacy. I particularly
11 pages (2750 words)
, Download 1
, Research Paper
When Confucius made the call, Lao was a custodian at the Libraries in the then busy area of Luoyang. The two men had the same concerns regarding the collapsing social order in their country but had dissimilar solutions to these problems. Confucius was more optimistic of the capability of the kings of the Zhou dynasty.
The act of virtue is thus, not merely one of charity but is also directed towards the fulfillment of one’s own desires.
This however, does not mean that one does not experience difficulties while dispensing with goodness. Amaly would need to exercise a great deal of
For Foucault in Discipline and Punish and The History of Sexuality the relationship between discursive systems of knowledge and power and domination becomes critical. Unlike Marxists, he sees no one set of factors as directing human destiny. Rather, he represents power in terms of a multiplicity of force relations.
Since its not of any practical use, it must be a philosophy course”. This is a logical error, for philosophy is not the only thing that is of no practical use. Whether or not the course is of any practical use can be
Descartes’ meditation 1 & 2 are mainly a compilation of principles of truth and reason, and how, through the use of which one is able to reach a correct conclusion. In meditation 1, Descartes explains how the use of his senses to describe and make meaning of things often times led him to falsehoods.
Holmes holds that conserving ecosystem should take the first priority over the interest of humans (Attfield 292-297). Holmes feels that people should starve, raise limited children, and preserve vast lands for the natural reserves. In addition, he human
ial in a country that is the world’s biggest democracy but only in terms of population because the laws that have been enforced curtailing the freedom of expression severely delimit the quality of the said democracy. Yahoo’s involvement in his arrest bespeaks complacency and
The paper focuses on epistemology which is concerned with studies of the known theories.Plato is one of the earliest philosophers who used the Socrates, Theaetetus and Protagoras discussions to explain what knowledge was not. He held that knowledge required both permanence and certainty
4 pages (1000 words)
, Download 1
, Research Paper
However, there are some problems, which being quite important, did not achieve much attention from the corporate mass media. The aim of this work is to reveal such stories and analyze them, represented their importance
lege students do not believe in moral facts is because of the philosophers who advocate for moral relativism; Mcbrayer argues in the article that the attitude of viewing moral claims as mere opinions among college students cannot have originated from the philosophers because
6 pages (1500 words)
, Download 1
, Book Report/Review
Even as O’Brien brings in a war story presented from different angles in a seemingly simple narration, he deconstructs the entire concept of truth in them. The scattered narrations are interspersed with philosophical observations which seem to make it a metafictional work. Nietzsche’s precepts can, in fact, be brought in directly to analyze the issues raised by O’Brien.
With that information given to Mrs. Wilkins, the fact that she does have a terminal ailment makes her think twice of what to do.
With the facts brought to her straightly by Dr. Blake, will Mrs. Wilkins agree to be a part of the trial phase? If she does not
The question posed in the film is whether McMurphy is crazy or not. Before and after it is determined he is not crazy, just dangerous he is given medication and electro-shock therapy. He was threatened by Nurse Ratchet, if he did not take the medication there “were other