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Objectivist versus Constructivist in Health and Illness - Coursework Example

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The author of the "Objectivist versus Constructivist in Health and Illness" paper considers the debate regarding the objectivist and constructivist concepts of health and illness. It argues for the acceptance of one philosophical account over the other…
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Objectivist versus Constructivist in Health and Illness
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Download file to see previous pages The delivery of healthcare services is considered one of the most essential social services of any country and government institution. All governments are expected to make healthcare services available to the public and to some extent, these services are freely available or partially available to the general population. Two theories are often utilized in order to adequately understand the delivery of health services and to understand the concepts of health and illness.

The current trends in philosophical thinking have focused on defining disease concepts as those which involve experiential assessments on human physiology and on human behavior and well-being (Bloomfield, 2001). First and foremost, people have beliefs about the normal functioning of their bodies based on their natural and logical expectations of physiology. Secondly, people make generalizations about how away or condition of life is true or not. These generalizations are based on normative principles which are concerned with the “extent to which life is unnatural, undesirable or failing to flourish in some way” (Murphy, 2008). A crucial issue is on the judgments which people make about their physiology and whether they are also considered normative. A bigger question is on the impact of both judgments in the scientific field of medicine and in simple matters of common sense.

A dilemma unearthed in understanding health and illness is the fact that our usual and traditional judgments determine who is considered ill or diseased. Such traditional views have not created as much impact on philosophy, but they have registered a significant impact in other areas, including humanities and social sciences (Kennedy, 1983). Some objectivists believe that there are details about the human physiology upon which the concept of diseases is founded. But constructivists point out that this is a major deception. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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