However, Rachel’s argues the golden rule is not a perfect maxim considering that sexual perverts associated with fantasies of rape and treating others, as they would love to be treated compromise the golden rule. The results connected with the golden rule might not
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Hegel’s conception of natural freedom explains exactly why life is “nasty, brutish, and short,” while Rousseau’s work accounts for much of Hegel’s views on the validity of ethical, civil, and political life. While the idea of dialectics might initially seem contradictory, once we have come out at the other end of the labyrinth.
The author states that in this passage, Nietzsche positions the Superman as the most effective solution to the nihilism which, according to him, is the definitive feature of his reality and the world around him. In part 3 of Zarathustra’s prologue, Nietzsche refers to the analogy with Darwin’s philosophy of evolution.
Mrs. Trollope approaches the city’s description with a calmness, which captures the beauty of New York City in the early nineteenth century. She calls the sea liquid gold and says, “we darted past the green isles which rise from its bosom, like guardian sentinels of the fair city, the setting sun stretched his horizontal beams farther and farther at each moment.
The author states that each of the points Crito makes is systematically shown to be illogical as Socrates argues, and despite Crito’s sincerity, the strength of Socrates’ reasoning is evident. He is able indeed, as Aristotle claimed, to show that “causes were abstract essences that could be found through logical deduction”.
Socrates admits that he has some wisdom slightly higher than the rest of his fellow human in Athens, a wisdom which is given by God. But to some people, they claim wisdom of knowing how people should live than they actually know. Plato reveals what Socrates describes as a good life. A life where you live by the sincerity of what you know.
Current epoch is fundamentally a period of global transformation from capitalism to socialism. Development and emergence of socialist systems are founded on objective laws of economy, and human will independence. Nations constructing socialism are tied to similar
ontrol populations of animals in order to prevent it from overcoming the carrying capacity of the ecosystem may be allowed by this should be performed under stipulated rules and regulations. It is not appropriate that one would hunt animals for food and for fun; the current
This research will begin with the statement that among the greatest dialogues of Plato in his middle period is Phaedo. The symposium and the Republic go along with it. It is among the five dialogues of Plato with the others being; Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Meno. Phaedo is the last dialogue. It is narrated from the perspective of the Phaedo of Elis who was one of Socrates’ students.
The author analyzes the works of Aristotle, Aquinas, Hobbes, Kant, Mill and Hume. The author defines what kind of behavior is moral. He considers the nature of morality itself and what is it that causes morality in humans. He agrees with Kant that morality is some kind of imperative which must be followed by all people regardless different circumstances.
The author states that the scientific field itself is independent thus realism takes it independent nature as well. The miracle of science had been debated over the years because it’s successful. The debate regarding scientific realism is based upon the fact that unobservable bodies are being concluded as the basis of scientific theories.
One of the key arguments against pornography is that it objectifies woman. In fact one may well say that the likes of Hugh Hefner (Playboy), Larry Flynt (Hustler) and others have used women in a very derogatory manner to
Optimism is often seen as possessing a positive mindset, although several writers have satirized it such as Voltaire in his work “Candide.” I selected this word because I am an optimistic person myself; although, I understand that too much optimism can produce negative consequences such as naivety and the loss of foresight.
Some families are disadvantaged by virtue of their level of income, education as well as the area in which they live. If these people are also given preferential treatment, they can also get access to other opportunities like those who belong to the
e person to another depending on how one chooses to represent the art forms he beholds and interpret it in a form that makes sense to him in his own unique or special way. Other elements that tend to come in play is the understanding of what role such elements as
re of Descartes’ Epistemology; Descartes argued that all our believes in life might have originated from an evil genius or an evil demon intent on deceiving us, this therefore means that there is a need of doubting everything and finding out the truth of things by ourselves.
Girls are socialized to do roles such as cooking, cleaning and even caring for children, while the boys are taught how to drive amongst others. This is a clear indication of the construction of gender in the society. Worse still, the
She told me that her circumstances are very difficult and at times she thought of quitting and surrendering her daughter to social workers. But her motherly instincts always outweigh all those doubts, fears, and worries and thus
The theory of knowledge is a branch of Western philosophy that focuses on analyzing the nature of knowledge. Different theories define knowledge and related terms like “belief” in different ways and they set conditions of varying strictness on what constitute knowledge.
Kantian ethics advocate for a rule-governed morality. On the other hand, according to Roderick (part 4), utilitarianism is based on social hedonism. It notes that people should always act to ensure maximum happiness to the greatest number.
In Plato’s Apology, Socrates regrets that the Athenians had been deceived by the false teachers in their childhood when they were most perceptive (like the prisoners in the cave); he even uses the word “shadows” for this and affirms that death is better than such a life. In Crito, Socrates is accused of leading the Athenians the wrong path.
The study evaluates Inwagen’s fascinating views regarding free will on the global as well as local arguments from evil.
Regarding the problem of evil, Inwagen argues that that there is no precise number of evil things that have to happen in order to secure
Communism is where everyone in a given society gets equal shares resulting from labor. It encourages the poor to step up and attain the social status similar to that of the middle-class landowners (Marx and Engels, 78). However, this is only possible
Although Henry David Thoreau received little regard during his lifetime, his works gained popularity after his death and have since remained influential in the modern perspectives on environmental protection. Without a doubt, Thoreau is considered as the founder of the concept of environmental governance.
Matter in nature refers to the make-up of a being; that which a being, let’s say X, is made or composed of. Consequently, matter becomes a relative term when talking about a being. Matter becomes essential to being since it is the element/ principle that
In the readings consulted, Spinoza did not really argue for or against the existence of God, though he stated that the existence of God was a logical conclusion.He took that as a given. What Spinoza was attempting was a definition of the nature of God and of all existence
Lying is a common behavior that can be traced to all human beings regardless of their age, gender, education, cultural background or social status. People tend to lie on a constant basis, either consciously or unconsciously, because lying does not necessarily imply the intention to deceive the others.
Aristotle focused on fundamental facts of biology, and integrated his thoughts of philosophy, as well as analyzed his predecessors and concluded on his theory of the unity of the soul and the body that criticized the concept of Plato and won over the theories that rejected the unity of the body and the soul (Hsieh, 1).
Although there is little doubting the fact that the humans have progressed till now, I believe that humanity has not progressed, in fact we have gone from bad to worse. We will analyze the changes shown by the humanity in light of all several
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The author states that any action ranging from an excessive dosage of pills to cut the wrist vain that may result at the end of life qualifies as suicide. Suicide is an ethically significant issue. Three reasons why the issue is ethically significant to include the fact that most religions forbid violence, the fact that it is a self-inflicted crime.
Such patients also possess the belief that these health practitioners may not harm them in any form, through negative ethical aspects such as inattention, irresponsibility, and malicious attitudes. Additionally,
Some others say that living for others is what adds value and meaning to one’s life. But some feel that altruism and egoism both add meaning to one’s life. “They are the reasons and motives that engage us in the activities that make our lives worth living;
From this point, a scientist experiments the variables and analyses. Then, make a conclusion about the phenomena. This approach in science has been met with numerous criticisms. Scientism, term given to explain the use of science, employs the
Although the argument may be appealing because people often love to stick to something traditional since they assume that it may be true because it passed the test of time, I realized the argument was deceptive and rejected it as a fallacy. I particularly
When Confucius made the call, Lao was a custodian at the Libraries in the then busy area of Luoyang. The two men had the same concerns regarding the collapsing social order in their country but had dissimilar solutions to these problems. Confucius was more optimistic of the capability of the kings of the Zhou dynasty.
The act of virtue is thus, not merely one of charity but is also directed towards the fulfillment of one’s own desires.
This however, does not mean that one does not experience difficulties while dispensing with goodness. Amaly would need to exercise a great deal of
For Foucault in Discipline and Punish and The History of Sexuality the relationship between discursive systems of knowledge and power and domination becomes critical. Unlike Marxists, he sees no one set of factors as directing human destiny. Rather, he represents power in terms of a multiplicity of force relations.
Since its not of any practical use, it must be a philosophy course”. This is a logical error, for philosophy is not the only thing that is of no practical use. Whether or not the course is of any practical use can be