On the modern setting, there are the so-called “lie catchers” who are professionally trained to use body signals and unusual behaviors, given by their test subjects, as means to know whether or not they are lying. Arguably, none of them have been successful in creating clear-cut parameters on the basis of catching a lie. It is only in the 20th century that a more scientific approach is developed.
This paper tells that apart of doing business and contributing massively to the growth of the economy, multinational enterprises are also responsible for their employees, partners, and suppliers. In that context, they should: ensure the adherence to local labor laws, treat their employees respectfully without coercing them, pay them fairly and provide minimum safety standards at the workplace.
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The author states that Marx’s “Difference Between the Democritean and Epicurean Philosophy of Nature” is his first complete work and his doctoral thesis. Yet at the same time, when Marx submitted the work to the press for publication, Marx declared his work to be unfinished. Marx argued that he had solved an important problem.
This research will begin with the statement that two scholars, Plato (427-347 BC) and Freud (1856-1939) made immense contributions to the nature of mind. Writing from different times in history, the two scholars seemed to have used the word mind and soul interchangeably to mean the same thing. Their views of the nature of mind were an analysis of the psychology of reasoning.
Gauthier's attempt at justifying private ownership from an original appropriation in the state of nature fails to produce a complete justification of private ownership, which shows that private ownership and only private ownership is justifiable. His justification is partly because his arguments fail to exclude other possible forms of ownership
During the eleventh century Muslim philosopher and physician Ibn-e-Sina, confessed by saying that he tried to read the Metaphysics, but could not understand its contents and was puzzled by the writer's objective, he confessed that he tried several times, and learned the text by heart but could not understand what the author wanted to say and mean.
Many of us live our lives without actually wondering why we are here – yet it is a question that often pops up in the dark hours of the night, or often during a hopeless moment. On the other hand, others would say yes, if I am here there must be a meaning to my life, but without actually pressing forward to question exactly what that reason may be.
As the text has it, over the course of Plato’s career his works span an enormous array of subjects. While the ideas in his early works are greatly attributed to Socrates, who was Plato’s teacher and mentor, his middle works, notably the Republic are regarded by scholars as Plato’s own philosophy.
The short and common phrase “is this real?” is the defining part of a person’s life. Logically man would also ask what is real. Part of this entire line of questioning is whether reality is something shared or communally binds each and every member of society or is it specific only to a given individual?
The philosophy of postmodernism opens the discussion within the Christian religion so it can be redefined with an understanding of the phenomenology with which it has been socially constructed. Foucault has opened up the concept of thought in that the foundations of knowledge do not necessarily reside where it is most often considered to reside.
This essay will explore the question more broadly by inquiring into the degree that access to food resources are to be included in a definition of health and how the social justice issues posed by Daniels, Amartya Sen, Dworkin, and other modern philosophers and scholars relate to global hunger.
In essay discusses the thrust of the hypotheses that follow is that in demonstrates situations, conformity as such ceases to be the dominant mode of adaptive behavior. Under oppression, the most common modes of behavior are the instrumental, withdrawal, and rebellious modes. And also hypotheses which are formulated in a typically positivist manner.
This discussion talks that understanding the rules of the games is the first stage in the development of your life strategy. A map and a plan are also essentials in the formulation of a good strategy. Throughout this book, the author emphasized knowledge of the rules, knowledge of what makes people tick.
This essay analyzes that constructivist theory is gaining more attention, recognition, and acceptance in many educational institutions. Its premises on the belief that learners “construct” their own learning, and in effect, have better retention of it. The learner, therefore, constructs his/her own conceptualizations and solutions to problems.
The author states that the forms of sensible intuition, space and time, organize appearances inexperience to a certain extent, but this is not enough. The intuited manifold still needs to be connected and put together. This is the job of synthesis, which is the main act of the understanding of the unity of apperception.
According to the paper, neoliberalist philosophy is foundationally a construction that favors the elite and actually serves to reinforce the establishment of class divisions and class power. The author offers a compelling argument that neoliberalism imposes sanctions on the poor, whilst servicing the interests of the privileged, in an effort to support free market ideologies.
The history of women’s resistance is complex and rich in the diversity of ways that women have fought back in their specific cultural location and most effective methods for the situation. Both Marxist and Feminist perspectives reveal the very fact that conflict does exist between the classes of almost each and every society of the world.
It is simply the conflict of surviving in this world. It requires a great deal of courage and strength for the people who are able bodied to sustain and survive as well, and here we talk about a person who completely depends on others for his survival and livelihood. The conflict here is no with the society but with his own life and existence and merely surrendering to it.
Mahatma Gandhi’s principles regarding “non-violence movement” have gained his reputation not only in India but also in the whole world. Mahatma Gandhi was often called a “moral leader”. He played an instrumental role in the freedom movement of India and with his new theory of “Ahinsa” showed to the world how war can be waged without arms.
From this paper it is clear that a risk assessment is important in that, through it, the authorities will be in a better capacity to assess the benefits and losses related to a particular risk, and in this case, decide whether a risk is worth taking. Through this, the authorities will be able to ensure safety.
The ‘Enlightenment’ period marks the transition from state-building interests promulgated by mere manifest destiny, toward a new world of production in all aspects of life; and especially the market production of goods and services for the satisfaction of human needs according to individual and social norms.
According to the paper, the first part of this essay therefore analyses and explains existentialism. The second part of this paper analyses selected films by Kubrick with a view to identifying the theme of existentialism. During the 1900s and up to the 1940s, Hollywood studios focused on the production and reproduction of film types that were perceived as popular at the time.
The author articulates an important reason why radical enhancements should be forbidden. He argues that the very idea of humanity is intrinsically linked to certain species-specific values and perspectives. These are contained in our culture, art, relationships, and understanding of morality.
Michel Foucault theories behind power, knowledge, and technologies of self are interrelated with one another. Over the years of strengthening these theories, Michel Foucault has provided us with a strong foundation which we can use on interpreting a person’s behavior, attitude, and cultural beliefs.
The counsellor’s aim is to construct a technique in counselling that builds trust. Trust is fostered by the counsellor’s demeanour, the interest displayed. Embodied in the technique for building trust is a number of self-empowering devices. The counsellor adopts methods that are designed to encourage the client to speak freely.
Lester Brown, Gwynne Dyer, and J. F Rischard are renowned environmentalists whose efforts in the advocacy for environmental conservation practices constantly face parallelism to human civilization. In his book, Jean-Francois describes the current capital society as a form of global community with unprecedented opportunities.
As the text has it, there are still more diseases that crop up and have escaped healing: Diabetes, Heart disease, Parkinson's disease, Lou Gehrigs’ disease, Alzheimers’ disease, among others. A promising avenue for research that might lead to possible cures is the controversial Stem Cell Research.
The author states that another problem is that, the westerners viewed all the Orientals to be the same. This lead to the creation of an ideal, imaginary world which was far from the actual and progressive civilization. He also discusses how a marked shift was felt due to Napoleon’s conquest of Egypt in 1978, which was not a routine loot.
The contemporary period bears witness to radical changes, which continue to re-shape and influence humankind’s struggle toward the attainment of the good life. After the devastation of World War II, rapid changes have been experienced in history. These changes include globalization, the establishment of the United Nations.
Throughout the paper, there are also various explanations that describe how Berkeley developed his Phenomenalism out of the weaknesses of the epistemological theories of the Rationalists like Rene Descartes and even his fellow Empiricist John Locke. Lastly, this paper exposes the weaknesses of Berkeley’s Phenomenalism as viewed by certain critics.
The author states that for the relationship between Plato and Aristotle was one of master and pupil, as with the relationship between Socrates and Plato. Politics, Plato believed, was inseparable from morality; for Aristotle, the symbiotic nature between state and citizen was based on the idea that both sides act in the common good.
Plato's Meno begins by Meno's inquiry on "virtue" made to Socrates. Meno asks "whether virtue is acquired by teaching or by practice; or if neither by teaching nor practice, then whether it comes to man by nature, or in what another way?” Socrates replies that he is unaware of what virtue itself.
Loneliness is nothing but an emotion, which touches every human being at some time or the other in life. It is as an essential aspect of human existence, an inescapable fact of life. It is normally associated with a feeling of insecurity, fear, emptiness and depression. It leads to dejection and low self-esteem.
Descartes was able to claim that the only possible cause of the idea that there is a God, a perfect being that people have in mind, is the actual perfect being the exist outside it. It is not unlike we have come to know the idea of a leaf – its color, its details, and difference from others, its scent.
The evolution of the metaphysics can be traced back to the days of Aristotle. Aristotle was the one to have introduced this branch of study in the philosophy. The main subject matter of the metaphysics is the existence of God. Aristotle also defines the subject matter of metaphysics as the study of the being or the “qua being”.
The author explains that capitalism comprises of wage labor, markets which ate competitively, and the accumulation of capital. The capitalist economy is run by the parties, which determine the services and goods to be exchanged, and the assets involved. Globally, there are several models of capitalism.
In contrast, with his modified and expanded notion of system, Habermas builds up significant compromises to Luhmann and to the framework of the systems theory. It is with this notion of a system that he discovers the intricacy and the highly differentiated systems of roles that are evidently typical of late capitalist society.
The concept of organized religion, around the exclusive revelation of a prophet, gives great power to the central Church. In modern times, such religious institutions have given ground to scientific institutions in the form of Universities, research institutions, and other intellectually-driven associations.
Ageism has been perceived and defined by many philosophers as a mode of thinking so that one has to believe in a negative manner about the process of becoming old. Though ageism itself is what the society believes and what extent it embeds ageism in the culture still it cannot deny having a profound effect on how people view themselves.
This question has only become more complicated in recent years as the new concept of ‘virtual reality’ became a visible possibility and as new science has continued to throw doubt on the possibility that such a division can occur. Essentially, the mind/body problem revolves around trying to determine what constitutes real experience.
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The conclusion states that although Hobbes’ observation about the violent and brutish way of human beings might at times be true, Satyagrahis like Gandhi and King showed that humanity’s most basic impulses can be overcome with a higher consciousness for what is good and just.
The author states that the rapid pace in which the technologies are changing in recent period will have a huge impact on humanity in the recent future if the innovative trend persists. There have been shifts towards the digital technology in the recent decade. A new philosophical movement gained attention in the recent decade.
The author has viewed the adolescence plight such as rebellion, conflict, and disturbance. There are biological explanations by theorists and psychologists that influence adolescents. In chapter one, the problem adolescents have is presented and the author argues that the effects of civilization are testable through the study of different culture.
Interpretation of art is different from evaluation, critique, and judgments. Interpretation involves explanations of things that are not obvious to the viewer, or listener. Evaluation is more objective and might be thought of as having more to do with the actual piece of art and its explicit components. Critique and judgments are the defining remarks that are based on many factors.
One feels that Moore is contradicting Moore! He argues that “Good” and “Bad” in regards to ends are factual matters. His approach is something of a utilitarian in practical ethics—he sees the right conduct in relation to the consequences of the conduct in question. He also concedes allowance for variations in right conduct from time to time
I was once asked by my high school English teacher, “Byron, why don’t you participate in the discussions and activities?” I responded, “There is a lot to be learned from observing.” My teacher retorted, “There is also a lot to be learned from participating.” Today I believe that perhaps we were both correct.
Pascal’s wager is very clear: one should better believe in God as it will put him in an advantageous position. This strong and logical argument explained from the positions of rationalism and skepticism had postulated the existence of God and had acknowledged the superiority of faith over reason. Pascal’s wager follows the previous philosophical views of Descartes.
The slanted eyes are downturned at the outer edges fairy tales and the couple seems to be engaged in the last tender kiss before they enter the silence of the grave. It may affect that for this piece, the man was the first to go as he sits on the ground, one leg seemingly atrophied and the woman stands over him in sorrow and strength.
Kantian notions of a sense of autonomy and purpose in life achieved through freeing one’s minds of immaturity have spawned a whole host of questions. Immanuel Kant was one of the leading thinkers of the Enlightenment Era and his ideas regarding humans and our role in society have contributed to our understanding of our place in the world.
The author states that before starting with Epicurus’ philosophy, it is better to start with a little information regarding his life. This is undertaken to show that Epicurus is a human person; he is neither a god nor a Demiurgos. Epicurus, who is considered as one of the major Hellenistic philosophers, was born around 341 BCE.