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In Western philosophy being is the word of ideas, immutable substances, enlightenment and existence. While non-being is the illusory nature of the universe. According to Eastern philosophy the universe has no beginning and no end, it existed and will exist. While, in Western philosophy birth of the universe is one of the fundamental ontological and metaphysical questions.
At the beginning, Plato suggests the individual happiness depends upon the steady functioning of the society. He establishes a tight bond between the stability of the society and the individual happiness. The challenge is to connect the good of the society and the good of each member. Plato defines justice as the citizen's fulfillment.
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The author claims that it is important to realize, whether people have any reason to believe in God's existence – or His absence. Faith widely does not incorporate reasoning. It looks like that these two areas of human perception lie in the parallel layers. There are also debated on the topics around the creationism and evolution.
As the paper, Contributions of Nature and Nurture in the Development of Personality, highlights, there are many psychological theories that have been postulated in attempt explain the development of personality style. Currently there is ongoing debate about the relative contribution of nature and nurture to personality.
According to the paper, the patient decides to leave the hospital after consultation with his family, in order to make arrangement of trying the alternative therapies. After the patient, inform the oncologist about his decision and the source of information. This case relates to the ethics, which refers to application of values and moral rules to human activities.
According to the study in capitalism, business individuals plan out their own business strategies due to minimum intrusion of the government, and thus, effective determination of various sources of capital becomes possible in such an economic system. The nature of goods and services is another right of the businesspersons in the capitalism.
According to the paper the critical care nurse is expected to possess specialized knowledge, skill and experience to provide the best care available and act as an advocate for the patient. In this case, the special care and knowledge needed helped the nurse assist, diagnose, and treat the case of acute pneumonia that the patient developed.
The author of the paper states that medicine has no boundaries, but people build them and then break them every day. The Ebola disease is a very acute problem of the last half of a year. Scientists and doctors create computer models to predict the countries which may next fall the victims to Ebola.
In our case study of Peter, adverse life events in early adolescence might be the predictor of his depression. Substance abuse like alcoholism although is an associated outcome of depression, Peter our subject was in the clutches of alcoholism well early in his adolescence. It is not clear if Peter was forced to be a misogynist in his youth or not.
Let this paper then be a vantage point for illumination on the needed critical changes, so that we can assume a new ethical vision and a better way of coping with the problems of great proportion which confront us.Such a case study can also suggest a feasible theory by which we can adapt, if not overcome the dangers we face.
Plato invites us to imagine a group of life-long inhabitants of a prison-cave with no knowledge what so ever of the outside world. When shadows appear on the walls of the cave the inhabitants take them to be real entities. This explanation of Plato directs towards the fact that “most of us live in ignorance most of the time.
Besides, the reason might produce abstract thinking but it is entirely based on accurate exploration of the facts and ideas through vivid considerations. As a result of which, the suggestions or judgments are highly preferred and accepted by all other followers or employees of the organization so as to resolve varied types of problems or issues.
I have read several works by Feinberg’s and the way he puts his thoughts across is totally convincing and reasonable. A student will work hard to ensure that he passes his papers not because it is only good to pass, but because he wants to secure a smart nice paying job in future that will grant him all the happiness academic excellence can offer.
The idea that anyone living in the United States can become a millionaire if he works hard enough falls short for a vast majority of Americans. The economic gap between even moderately rich people and everyday, middle-class Americans grows by the year. Americans like to think they can be completely independent of government help.
Plato is in search of Justice in the Kallipolis and in the individual. His Kallipolis is largely the ‘city-state’ of his time especially from 427 to 347 B.C. The earlier contemporaneous city-state with democratic form of government had inflicted an exile and death sentence on Plato’s master teacher, Socrates. Plato, as such, has always had developed a strong dislike for democracy.
The statements presented by the writer are good representatives of the actual dialogs since as mentioned, the approach to piety is ambiguous at best and one can not say with certainty what would be pious actions and what could be considered evil. The defiance of Prometheus can be seen as both pious and impious depending on which view is taken.
Supporting the argument, it is important to note that all value judgments made by humans are basically subjective by nature since modern human beings are usually faced with a choice to make between two evils (Smilde 4). When making a judgment, people go wrong by only hoping that at least some value judgment will at least be objective.
The irony in his way of reasoning enables the reader to understand why he completely differs from every other philosopher's explanations. It is his interpretation of what reasoning ought to be. This guides the themes he discusses in his first book where he rejects God and Christianity and sees them only as generalizations and a point whereby the philosophers confuse the idea of causal from effect.
The main focus of the paper is on speech recognition, which is one of the modern technological achievements of the 20th century. Currently, speech recognition is included in our daily lives on multiple devices. This is so, because it is more advantageous in comparison with the typical methods of verification..
The researcher tells about who Charles Taylor is and how he has made a name in the field of political philosophy. Basically, Taylor is a well-known Canadian philosopher who managed to earn a prestigious award from Kyoto and Templeton. This research is being carried out to give an idea of what Taylor’s “politics of recognition” is all about.
In the cogito, he reflects the possibilities and facts about consciousness. The initial statement of cogito reaffirms his belief in self-existence he says, “So after considering everything very thoughtfully, I must finally conclude that this preposition, I am, I exist, is necessarily true whenever it is put forward by me or conceived by my mind”.
Adam Smith takes the position that action taken by a person in beneficial of the other is aimed at benefiting the person. However, the religious perspective on self-interest is dissimilar to the theory. From a religious point of view, self-interest is described as selfish and a person should not be self-interested.
The main basis of the argument against Hume’s theory is actually based on the pointers that he makes within the same theory. He states that we do not experience the world but instead only experience our sense impressions. However, for us to experience these secondary qualities there must be an existence of primary qualities.
The author states that from a consumer perspective, the selection of a company preference is also influenced by the ideologies supported by the company. From a political perspective, if a CEO of a company cites his support for a political party, they risk being ignored by consumers with alternative opinions.
Pre-Socratic philosophy had the significant influence on Plato’s philosophy, especially his views of ontology. Plato’s philosophy is based on the theory of ideas/forms. Under this school of thought, “ideas” not only represent real objects (ontologically) but also authentic objects. Thus, ideas are the roots of right behaviors in either political or ethical perspective.
Modernity, on the other hand, is the period in history characterized by post-traditional mindset seen through the shift from agrarianism towards industrialization, capitalism and other forms of economic organization. It is characterized by the flourishing of stronger social institutions which are well defined to address the needs of humanity.
According to the paper an axiom therefore or rather the axiomatic account of scientific theory plays a central role in the theoretical analysis of scientific issues, element or data. As mentioned, an axiom is the backdrop for or a premise for reasoning. in mathematics as a science, there can be two axioms, that is, the logical and the non logical axioms.
The duo had hoped that they will triumph over their rivals in the war and guarantee happiness to the people at home. Unfortunately, Billy is deadly wounded and is left recuperating injuries in a hospital and meets Sally, Bob Hyde’s wife. He believes that Sally will help her get over the anger, frustration, and pain he got from the war.
To Plato, literature was immoral because it appeals to the emotional side of people. When people read a piece of literature, it causes an emotional response within them, and Plato felt that this was an undesirable result because he felt that only a life that was led by reason could possibly be a happy life.
In his work titled “Fragments”, Pathogoras provides a distinction between absolutism and relativism by using man as the measure. Pathogoras states that man is the measure of all things and this expresses the essence of relativism. The concept of relativism can be explained in terms of variables “x” and “y”, i.e., x is relative to y.
The aim of the project was to prevent degradation of the wetland and improve the lives of local people (Davenport 4). However, despite the project’s endeavor, it raised conflicts between the local communities on one side and county councils and the Dominion, founders of the project, on the other side.
Ontology is the best philosophical principle that explains the existence of God. This principle is developed out of perceptions, and the contingent character of nature. For instance, the principles of ontology tend to explain the existence of God, based on the nature of God, i.e. who is God. God is a supreme being who managed to create the world.
This research will begin with the statement that morality is one of the factors that affect people’s decisions. It defines values that an individual seeks to respect when making decisions. A person may follow such principles, strictly, or may sometimes rely on the moral principles weakly. Parsimony test shows the extent to which a person sticks with moral principles.
This research will begin with the statement that Hobbes was a philosopher of English, who had a pessimistic view of the humankind. He saw humans as creatures that would undertake any measure to better their situations. Besides, he asserted that individuals should not be allowed to make decisions thus the state should have an authority figure that would provide leadership and direction.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the risks in the donation process including death could lead to unhappiness in some of the people. There is an option of obtaining liver from a deceased person without any risk. The result of his actions had the possibility of not achieving the best outcome that the majority expected.
The goodness of a person’s will is the greatest of all motivations because it presents no ulterior motives. Inclinations and obligations define the role and responsibility that one has towards the society and their friends. A person is only morally good if they have goodwill. Moral obligations and goodwill are not necessarily connected.
The author states that on the morality of happiness, Plato takes a rather subdued point of view. This is because he views happiness differently compared to other philosophers. Secondly, he treats happiness as a kind of perfection which is difficult to attain. He deduced this idea from the writings of Auguste Comte.
In this topic, Hume is referring to the controversy that exists on the issues of free will and determinism. Hume argues that all human beings irrespective of whether they are learned or not face the challenge of the relationship between liberty and determinism. He traces the root cause of this controversy.
He argues that evil is nothing more than the parts of man or the parts of the state that are out of balance. He observes that might does not make it right since justice is not just strength but he alludes that it is harmonious strength desires, thus justice is never the right of the strong ones, rather the effective synchronization of the whole.
Hume felt that since human beings live and function in the world, we should try to observe how they do so. The key principle to be applied to any investigation of our cognitive capacities is, then, an attempt to discover the causes of human belief. According to Hume, the proper goal of philosophy is simply to explain why we believe what we do.
At a time when Greece, as a superpower, wielded enormous influence in every sphere of human activity, there was a little indication in the beginning of the 800th century B.C. the turmoil and testing time Greece was headed to would lead to a complete turn around for the worse in Greek as well as world history.
The author explains that Daoism has transformed and developed from China, Japan and Korea. Unlike Buddhism and Christianity Daoism has no single founder, or single holy messages such as noble truths and Bible. Today Daoism established as a meaningful and highly prominent religious community.
This essay demonstrates that Socrates thinks it is important to pursue wisdom, as it will help realize the human ignorance on the perception of wisdom. Socrates further thinks and claims that only the God can be wise. According to Socrates, human wisdom is limited and by realizing that he knows nothing he can achieve a lot.
I would have for example safeguarded the organization’s long-term interest in securing potentials of fresh recruits. The fact that the contract with the first employee was not coerced and that she did not meet all requirements also identifies justice with bargaining power as the basis for the difference.
In the U.K. the rights of the individual are protected. This is not true in every society depending upon social and political orientation. In free societies, however, there is a recognized balance between freedom and control-- between what people are technically allowed to do versus laws that often say otherwise.
The author explains that induction is the method of reasoning based on experiences. The method of induction infers one’s previous experiences to predict the future. The problem of induction concerns providing supportive justifications and description of the inductive principles. One may argue that the sun would rise the following day.
The Socrates succeeded in showing the Sophists about the lack of validity of their theories of relativism and moral realism. In the Book, I of the Republic, after Thrasymachus says, “I proclaim that justice is nothing else than the interest of the stronger,” which confirms his stance on moral realism.
The conclusion that Stuart and Aristotle have differing viewpoints in their epistemological and metaphysical attitudes. Stuart believes that happiness should be an ultimate end in life as an individual maximizes pleasure and minimizes pain and Aristotle believes that a satisfactory life comprises a robust intellectual virtue, a sound moral virtue, and developed reasoning faculties.
This research will begin with the statement that the question of personal identity has been studied in depth by many scholars in the past and present. However, the researcher is drawn to Hume’s arguments since they seem more convincing than any presented by the other scholars. Besides, they are the most regarded.
The paper tells that the story of John Cooper is one of the tragic interpretation of the philosophic thinking. While elements of goodwill may be possible in Cooper’s action, this would be seen as unfair and burden to the family. The ability to offer a substantial explanation to explain why someone would risk his life over a stranger is not logic.