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Why Bernard Williams Argues That Utilitarianism Is Wrong - Coursework Example

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The paper "Why Bernard Williams Argues That Utilitarianism Is Wrong" states that utilitarianism would approve to meeting the demands or implementing actions such as attacks that would risk the hostages’ lives in the process, because of the strong attached negative responsibility of the commander…
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Why Bernard Williams Argues That Utilitarianism Is Wrong
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Download file to see previous pages Utilitarianism hence entails consequentialism, which lays emphasis on the outcome of the available choices; as a result, an action is right if it delivers the best result of all given alternatives. In the end, the good (gauging using pleasure or happiness) could have been maximized, but the actions that took place in the process of delivering the outcome are given less weight. The doctrine, in general, urges the society to practice that which brings the most benefit to the world, and places demand on the moral position of individuals.
The world is composed of different people with different values in life. One would delight in evil as a way for delivering justice, while the other would completely refrain from it. This is because of their moral conviction driven by their values could differ. Sometimes people are placed in a situation where their actions would directly or indirectly affect those of others, least to mention them. As such, their choices are crucial because the other party’s expectation factors in to dictate the ending. Utilitarianism demands that an individual put aside their self-interest for the sake of others involved or to maximize the good. Often, the personal interests are tied to the values and moral aspect of the person, and would hence mean deviating from one’ moral principles to please others.
Nature, religion, cultures and law shape the moral aspect of human beings and with time, construct deeply held virtues that guide them to what they can or not do. For example, poverty has led people to practice certain disrespectful and unhealthy acts to gain wealth or be able to give their families a comfortable life. However, there is a good number outside there who are not willing to compromise their morals for money or to liberate their loved ones. Many girls though have engaged in sexual activities and drug trafficking, to afford a meal or comfortable shelters for their families. Majority of those who engage in these activities have to part away with their personal integrity for the sake of the dependent families. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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