StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Utilitarianism - Coursework Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
However, such a principle results in ambiguity between the primary and the secondary objective. The principle entails generating the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.1% of users find it useful
Utilitarianism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Utilitarianism"

Utilitarianism al Affiliation) Utilitarianism Utilitarianism, as described by its proponents John Stuart Mill and JeremyBentham, focuses on actions that derive maximum benefit to all. However, such a principle results in ambiguity between the primary and the secondary objective. The principle entails generating the greatest good for the greatest number (summum bonum) and minimizing suffering as the primary and secondary objectives respectively. To end the ambiguity, it is prudent to understand that the two objectives complement each other. It is rather absurd to think that generating the greatest good would mean the opposite of minimizing suffering as that would be disregarding intensive research conducted by Stuart Mill and myriad philosophers. “Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness (pleasure)” (Mill, 2005, P. 5). Promoting happiness; thus, pleasure, entails maximizing good deeds to a greater population while minimizing suffering in the same population. In the least terms, both the primary and secondary objectives are directly proportional to each other. It is impossible to do good without minimizing suffering. In fact, minimizing suffering among the greater population can be termed as maximizing good to the same population; hence, increased happiness and reduced pain.
Utilitarianism lies in the complete spirit of the ethics of utility. “Do as you would be done by, and to love your neighbor as yourself” (Mill, 2005, P. 12). In the generic perspective, individual actions towards others ought to depict how others should act if they were to reciprocate on similar lines. Generating happiness entails both maximizing good to the greatest population and minimizing suffering in the same population. Humanity ought to be governed by love. If love for others measured similar to love towards self, everyone would generate happiness and reduce suffering. The two objectives of the doctrine cannot be analyzed separately rather co-jointly through a complex interplay of beliefs and ethical considerations.
The interplay is evident from the activities conducted by members of the Unites States Congress. Both members of the Senate and the House of Representatives are elected to end suffering in the community in both the political, economic, and social spheres in addition to establishing bills and implementing laws to generate the greatest good for the greatest number. Such members are governed by ethics, with the doctrine of utilitarianism forming a significant proportion of their obligations.
As stated earlier, minimizing suffering is directly proportional to generating the greatest good for the greatest number. As such, the primary and secondary objectives of the doctrine work concurrently; hence, inseparable.
Reference
Mill, J. (2005). What Utilitarianism Is. In Utilitarianism (pp. 1-25). Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Utilitarianism Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words”, n.d.)
Utilitarianism Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/social-science/1684910-utilitarianism
(Utilitarianism Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
Utilitarianism Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1684910-utilitarianism.
“Utilitarianism Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1684910-utilitarianism.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism

... of the of the Philosophy Before going directly towards the topic first have look on Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism The Ethical policy which stated that moral value of an action is exclusively resolute by its donation to overall efficacy. It is thus a figure of inevitably, sense that the moral worth of an action is resolute by its outcome the ends validate the resources. Utility the good to be capitalized on has been distinct by a variety of thinkers as contentment or pleasure though preference utilitarian like Peter Singer describes it as the pleasure of fondness. The theme of abortion is an extremely responsive one. Abortion is critically wicked. The finest way to argue in conflict to abortion is with Mill's Utilitarianism...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Utilitarianism

...be included in the assessment of utility; and 3) The right actions promote what is good for society. The elements of utilitarianism are: 1) concept of happiness, 2) impartiality, 3) consequentialism, and 4) balance of good and bad consequences. Utilitarianism values happiness or utility, which is defined as “pleasure and freedom from pain.” Utilitarianism further places high priority on impartiality, because we should all be impartial to each other’s happiness. Each of us is considered as holding one utility, whatever our social classes and positions, and other defining characteristics maybe. Furthermore, utilitarianism is consequentialist ethics, because the moral...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Utilitarianism

... to make personal choices. While it advocate for individualism, utilitarianism only observes such individual’s rights if they observes the maximum benefits of other members of the society. Utilitarianism also involves the ethical principle of beneficence that corresponds to its core provision. The principle of beneficence provides for a person’s responsibility to ensure good to other people, a provision that offers a step to maximum good under the utilitarian theory. The theory also relates to the principle of non-malfeasance that restraints individuals from causing harm to others. This contributes to the measure of utilitarianism that measures the net of good and bad from an action or a rule (Custodio, DVD). A number of personalities have...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Utilitarianism

..., they are able to earn money to purchase food, clothing and other basic human goods necessary to make them comfortable hence reducing their suffering through these benefits. If there was no utilitarian ethics here, then people would continue suffering for lack of comfort and benefits. Fairness and justice are also related to utilitarianism in that utilitarianism tries to ensure that actions are not only practical but morally acceptable and will not cause suffering. This is basically what fairness and justice is all about, ensuring that people are comfortable and do not suffer as a result of impracticality of the situation. If utilitarian ethics are upheld and utilized by...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Utilitarianism

... thing to do”. The paper will also give some examples to illustrate the situation. An Overview of the Utilitarian Approach As mentioned above, maximum happiness and minimum suffering are the two central concepts of the Utilitarian approach. In other words, the Utilitarian view supports any course of action that would maximize the over wellbeing of the society, or the greatest number of people. According this philosophical theory, happiness of people has to be sacrificed only if such an act would bring greater happiness to more number of people. Stuart Mill, one of the major contributors to the theory of Utilitarianism, gives a clear-cut definition of Utilitarianism. According to him, “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Utilitarianism

...Utilitarianism: A highly regarded theory that is misguided in a way that is inimical to liberty Liberty and freedom are common terms in the society as people and entities seek autonomy and protection of private rights. Liberty defines a free state in which no external force restricts a subject and while it remains the desire of every person and entity, there exist moral and legal provisions and theories that are inimical to its existence. This paper reviews utilitarian ethics with focus on its contradictory scope to the doctrine of liberty. Demonstrating the scopes of concepts of liberty and utilitarianism illustrates their conflict in which the moral perspective restricts people’s liberty. Arora and Awasthy identify elements of liberty...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Utilitarianism

... Utilitarianism Question The core principle of utilitarianism s that “actions are right in proportion as theytend to promote overall human happiness”. Utilitarianism is the ethical act of maximum utilization of morals. In turn, it produces positive benefits and at the same time, reducing the negative effects (Mosser, 2013). This leads to the question of how one can know where his/her actions are moral or just. Needless to say, the first one is judgment through a court of law. Secondly is one’s consciousness feeling guilty and resentment on the cause of action (Koritansky,2011). Utilitarianism extends to political ethics which introduces the problem of tyranny of majority. This is when the majority and powerful people make decisions...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Utilitarianism

... of the concept. However, among the most famous and powerful can be named the work by John Stuart Mill, in which he explains the details of the concept and provides logical grounding for its relevance. Therefore, I suggest resorting to the ideas of the famous philosopher to defend the practice of tortures. The core of Utilitarianism is developed from the idea that that actions are as good as their consequences are. Mill argued that there is no value of searching for the morality of an action in the action itself while leaving the context in which it occurs without attention. Consequently, according to Utilitarianism, human morality should serve the principle of Utility or the “Greatest Happiness Principle” which persuades that “actions...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Utilitarianism

..., one may be of the assumption that the pleasure and wants of the majority may determine the morality of ones actions. However, if other factors such as truth are disregarded an action may be justified regardless of the morality and the perception of the majority. Work Cited West, Henry. Utilitarianism. n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2014. ... Does the end justify the means? The morality of our decision making and actions is determined by the perception on morality in the majority of people. The creation of morality does not respect personal opinion (West Par5). However, people may disregard the perception of people and take actions as they feel may please them. Does the end justify the actions and means of a person? This argument may vary from one event ...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Utilitarianism

... of track. However, there is an individual at the side of the track. One has two options; either fail to act and the trolley kills five people, or pull the lever and diverts the trolley where it will kill one person (Mackinnon and Fiala, 2014). The terrorism situation is a question of human morality and is an example of a philosophical view called consequentialism. The view suggests that, the consequences of an action define morality. On utilitarian grounds, the individual should be tortured for the good and safety of others, which is noticeably ethical. For a terrorism free world, as a true utilitarian I would vote for the painful torture of the innocent individual. According to utilitarianism, the good of others should come first...
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Coursework on topic Utilitarianism for FREE!

Contact Us