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To What Degree Does Machiavelli Agree with Aquinas' Theory - Essay Example

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This essay answers the question: To what degree does Machiavelli agree with Aquinas' theory? It highlights Aquinas' ideas on nature of laws and their relationship to politics, his understanding of man’s sinful nature and compares his ideas to those of Machiavelli…
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To What Degree Does Machiavelli Agree with Aquinas Theory
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Download file to see previous pages This paper discusses how Aquinas argued that limitations within human law and Christianity contribute towards the sinful nature of man.
Sin is one of the major issues that is addressed by Aquinas in his laws and understanding of human nature. His divine law brings out the Ten Commandments and how human beings have interacted with them. The sinful nature of human beings can be understood by analyzing how politicians and non believers go against the Ten Commandments. Aquinas asserted that the fundamental command is that good should be pursued while evil should be avoided, and this is a command that is supposed to be obeyed by everyone (St.Thomas Aquinas & Regan 18). Going against the natural laws and the divine laws is therefore, what is considered to be sinful and in this case, Aquinas tried to analyze it from the original sin.
Aquinas distinguished between original sin and actual sin and also uses the opportunity to address the sinful nature of humans. Actual sin in this case, arises from willingness of human beings to go against the natural or divine laws. For instance, in the Bible, there is a case, when Adam willingly went against God (St.Thomas Aquinas & Regan 19). Original sin in contrast, happens with spiritual disorderliness that humans find themselves after committing the actual sin. Adam went into spiritual disorderliness when he was cast aside because of his actual sin.
According to St.Thomas Aquinas & Regan (21). human beings are sinful in nature as reflected in their way of interaction with the natural laws. In his understanding of the natural law, Aquinas underscores the sinful nature of human beings with regards to their treatment of non-believers. He argues that there is a religious persecution that is motivated by the divine laws. He terms this tendency as the most sinful perversion of human tendencies that culminate into sin. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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