To analyze the effect of ‘U’ value in curtain wall window energy saving Synopsis of the project 1.0 Introduction Curtain wall shading is meant to conserve energy and block the impact of extreme weather conditions (Glassman, 2009). As the wall structure is non-structural, the use of a light material is normally preferred as a way of limiting construction expenditures.
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This paper will determine the aspect of utility in the expression of architectural designs as well as it will analyze the differences and similarities in the architectural designs of the two texts. Beauty of art in architectural design is still cherished.
Styles of a building in one country appear to be influenced by the culture of another country and may, to some degree, be at odds with its surroundings. Sometimes referred to as “architecture without architects,” it is also the most comprehensively used style of building used throughout the world today (Arboleda 2006).
This paper will explore the penetration of the science of philosophy into the modern world of architecture. It will connect the complex branches of philosophy such as ethics, metaphysics, aesthetics, epistemology and logic into the physical nature of architectural pieces and designs.
Urban design is a term that is used in the description of the process of shaping and designing cities, villages and towns.
The definition of the public realm is all outside places, any pathways, publicly owned streets, open spaces accessible by the public, civil and public buildings and facilities, parks and right of ways that are accessed by anyone regardless of ownership.
Understandably, the architects; so inspired, exceled themselves and created countless architectural masterpieces, wherever the Roman rule was enforced in the world ranging from churches tombs to halls. In the same way, they copied many of the cultural practices and assimilated the knowledge of their Etruscan neighbors and ancestors; they modeled their temples after the early Greek from whom they borrowed many of their gods.
The building materials used today range from wood, bricks and glass as desired by the owner of the building and also depending on the intended use of the building. Some of the oldest and most renowned designers include Josef Hoffmann and Charles Rennie Mackintosh whose buildings still stand out to date.
The first settlement – the hill fort at Ball Cross - dates from around 1,000 BCE. Timber and mining made Bakewell prosper in the 13th and 14th centuries and was replaced by sheep farming and lead mining although limestone and gritstone were used locally.
Constructors should therefore work with other groups and individuals whose works "meet man’s immediate needs without compromising the ability of the environment to provide for future generations (Li, 2011). This paper is a research proposal for a project on partnering sustainability for construction industry development and growth.
The citizens perceive themselves connected with a certain part of a municipality. It is important how the citizens connect to reference points within the municipality. Consequently mental symbols of each part of the municipality must be conceived. Each of the mental symbols will be composed of acknowledgement of solidarity within the municipality as an entity and the acknowledgement of spatial of matrix relationships to other areas of the municipality.
Naturally, evidence of the way in which different cultures influence interior design can be seen almost everywhere throughout the modern world. Due to the fact that a high level of globalization currently defines the means by which people interact with one another, it is equally, and find aspects of one cultures interior design and/work architecture juxtapose with a very dissimilar yet equally culturally rich exhibition.
This shift portrays landscape as the basis on which a city is embodied, as well as the means by which its physical construction occurs (Waldheim, 2002). In North America, the crowdedness of settlements is on a continued decrease as a result of the rise in the concepts of “flexible production and informal labour relations” (Waldheim, 2002, n.p.).
This is also evident when we compare modern architectures with the original Gothic architectures which differ in so many ways. In this field of architecture, there are conventional rules and designs to be strictly adhered to. However, this may vary from one structure to another.
However, in major instances, women who are identified to be in a vulnerable position, such as pregnant housewives, divorcees and similar groups who tend to be highly depended on men or other social clusters have been identified as the victims of domestic violence.
The author states that Lincoln's plan included a 10 percent idea, where a state could rejoin the Union once 10 percent of the voters in the state pledged an oath of allegiance to the United States. These voters would then have the ability to elect new representatives and form a government.
To hit the nail on the head, Greece and Rome, apparently the greatest superpowers of architectural supremacy, tops the list of nations with beautiful ancient architectural designs. From architectural ingenuity to temples, people from other nations continue to immortalize the architectural designs of these two nations, something that has left undeviating serration upon architectural design at present.
To my father, Gerard Reynolds a true Gentleman who I love and respect. I would also like to thank Dr. Tanja Poppelreuter , my tutor for the encouragement shown to me . Ciaran Mackel for believing in Dr. Jenny Russell for her understanding, tuition and support throughout John Ard , many thanks..
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Stonehenge acts as a monument that bridges the macrocosm, represented through the duality of heaven/cosmos and the underworld/afterlife, with the microcosm, as represented by the body and minds of the people who worshipped there traditionally on earth.
However, the media of film can be used to represent newer visions of architecture for the future. Suffice to say, film can be used to represent the possibilities of future architecture in a realistic and thought provoking manner. Further, the film media makes it possible for the audience to appreciate architecture in an experiential manner by moving in the architectural spaces (Boake, 2007).
An architect needs to be able to see the forest through the trees, but simultaneously understand how each individual tree serves as an incredibly important part of the forest. Alexander, Lynch, Jacobs and Le Corbusier all take different tacks at understanding the configuration of the city but each has one important component: an incredible focus on the city as existing for the people within it, and the fact that human interactions serve much more to define the structure of a city than any physical layout – so it is an architect’s fundamental job to use the physical layout and structure of a city to shape those interactions however possible.
Both buildings were constructed in the 19thcentury, contributing greatly to the transport and education sector. Various styles of building came up during this century, Neoclassical, Egyptian, Greek to mention a few came through. Socially this is the time education centers were coming up, and most of the buildings were built to house various activities.
Recently, this fact has been overtaken by events. Currently, The Shard has overtaken St Pauls Cathedral to be the newest and the tallest building in United Kingdom as well as the whole of Europe. The building and construction of The Shard are believed to have been inspired by the London’s Church Spires and the sails of former ships that moored on the Thames River.
Through exploring the art of architecture, designers explore the three dimensional space in order to create an interpretation of something within the social system from the culture for which it is designed. Cathedrals have been known to express their spiritual nature thru exploring the importance of relevant numeral interpretations, while public buildings have often built with a symmetry that expresses the justice that can be found within the walls.
In order to understand the role of Kahn in the development of Modernism in architecture, it would be necessary to refer primarily to the key elements of the specific trend, as they have been revealed in buildings developed between the World War I and the late 1960s, the period most influenced by Modernism.
An archaeological inspection of the historical proof denotes that there are no instances of the factual arch in the world of the Greek which could be established with faith to a time sooner than the belatedly fourth century B.C. Just then a fresh kind of burial hollow was established in Macedonia, which was a tomb that was cask-vaulted.
William van Alen. William Van Alen was born in 1883 in Brooklyn, New York. He schooled at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn and worked in the Clarence True office. Prior to winning the 1908 Lloyd Warren Fellowship, he also worked in several firms in New York. The award enabled him to study Arts in Europe, and in Paris.
This meant that most buildings in Athens were open in nature with their fronts made of columns, rather than the solid walls used in most Islamic cities. Showing the naked body in Islam, whether to people of the same sex or the opposite sex was prohibited, and this showed in their architecture.
The building may be used as a reference towards a wider group of works of the proponents of a minimal architecture that have greatly influenced the trends and directions of post-modern architectural development. The minimalist aspect is Peter Zumthor’s vision of a minimalist building functioning to enhance the exhibited art within.
As a distinct profession, it encompasses the various elements required to make a structure habitable and useful in terms of its intended functions such as utility, durability and beauty. However, there are also other purposes of constructing a building like cultural manifestations, political symbols and as works of art.
For such purposes Kings were highly respected and even after their death, a great deal of reverence was attached to them. The pyramid culture emerged in those times to mark the extraordinary powers of the Kings of then dynasties. Through this paper we will delve into the details of the background of the pyramid culture, its rise and fall and study Pharoah Khufu’s Great Pyramid that stands in Giza since it is one of the most magnificent pyramids on earth.
The pointed arches pointed to the heavens as a tribute to God. The stained glass was displayed prominently depicted Biblical scenes of the Old Testament and the Gospels. The new innovations that allowed the stained glass to be mounted fueled by the Gothic architecture movement. One of the most famous Cathedrals was Paris’ Notre Dame Cathedral.
My City: Muharraq City (Bahrain) (Name) (University) (Course) (Tutor) (Date) Introduction Generally countries within the Middle East have been known to build their architectural structures based on their cultures and beliefs. The architectural work was always based on traditional beliefs and traditional architectural work.
This arises from the cost of material and energy, water consumption and quantity of wood attributed to buildings. As such, environmentally friendly construction is the most co-effective avenue for building. When engaging in green building, it is imperative for the architect(s) to adhere to client expectation to the best extent humanly possible.
Chapter two presented the literature review, whereas chapter four presented the results and analysis of the data collection methods that have been employed. From the previous chapters, it is quite evident that poor designing of buildings is one of the main causes, which have led to the wrong maintenance of buildings.
Its main purpose was to accommodate the statute of the king. It adopted the mansart’s design of 1685 where the squares would be unified by the facades a formula that had been initially utilized by Parisian individuals. Its design was based on the renaissance principles with mansard roofs that were punctuated by dormer windows.
Considering all the advancement made, yet humans seemed to be much less in demand. The spatial supremacy of the past is reflected as a condition of “no space” in these modern times because neither time nor space has been given its rightful position. In this essay we would be examining the concepts of space and void in close association with the work of Daniel Libeskind.
It is a representation of a section of the building cut in a horizontal line at a level of one meter on top of the floor to reveal all features of the building at that level including windows, walls, doors and window openings and other features visible at that level.
The ever-increasing world population, decreasing and depleted natural resources, problematic waste disposal and pollution drove governments, policy-makers, planners and designers to adopt ways to address these concerns. In addition, social problems have also added complication to design as individual and community developments are incorporated in sustainable design.
The iconic diagram of Leonardo Da Vinci permeates in our books, novels, and even mass media although we may not fully understand its meaning. Vitruvius was a Roman writer, architect, and engineer, in the first century BC who attributes the perfect proportion of man himself to be a template for creating a perfect proportion in architecture.
These changes also imply the faster and easier ways of carrying out activities, including the building of homes and the manufacturing of various products. The introduction of mass production in the building and design of homes has also brought about major changes in architecture.
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Sustainability corresponds to the planning, transformation and improvement that matches the ecological, communal and fiscal needs of present and future societies. The purpose of this study is to review the sustainability attributes associated with buildings in the United Kingdom particularly the City Hall (1988-2002).
Modern movements like Smart Growth and New Urbanism have challenged the motor vehicle dependence, the placelessness and the insufficient nature of many constructions of the 20th century. As a solution, they have shifted to the promotion of a range of alternative designs (Duany et al., 2000).
The Romans also through their rich diversity in the ancient periods also had these practices more in their housing projects. In the major events that they developed included the large Roman Thermae, which they used as a spa. As time went by, technology and knowledge also widened their building criteria and designs.
The reason for calling them city-states is because their expansion has of late exceeded the measures of a metropolitan, to those of cosmopolitans. The topic is a major issue of concern. With the world experiencing a transformation in the form of social, cultural and structural development, the main leaders and pacesetters to the new developments remain very relevant.
Graz is the second largest city in Austria. The area of the city was already settled in the early Middle Ages, and it received town rights towards the first half of the thirteenth century (“Graz”). Today, the many buildings in Graz range in age and architectural style from gothic to contemporary; that is to say, Graz has a serious historical timeline.
Taj Mahal is a monument which has stunned the world with its exquisite elegance, beauty, magnificence and cultural architectural design .Taj Mahal is an extra-ordinary blend of Indian, Persian and Islamic architecture and this has led me to examine the monument more closely.