The ever-increasing world population, decreasing and depleted natural resources, problematic waste disposal and pollution drove governments, policy-makers, planners and designers to adopt ways to address these concerns. In addition, social problems have also added complication to design as individual and community developments are incorporated in sustainable design.
The iconic diagram of Leonardo Da Vinci permeates in our books, novels, and even mass media although we may not fully understand its meaning. Vitruvius was a Roman writer, architect, and engineer, in the first century BC who attributes the perfect proportion of man himself to be a template for creating a perfect proportion in architecture.
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These changes also imply the faster and easier ways of carrying out activities, including the building of homes and the manufacturing of various products. The introduction of mass production in the building and design of homes has also brought about major changes in architecture.
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Sustainability corresponds to the planning, transformation and improvement that matches the ecological, communal and fiscal needs of present and future societies. The purpose of this study is to review the sustainability attributes associated with buildings in the United Kingdom particularly the City Hall (1988-2002).
Modern movements like Smart Growth and New Urbanism have challenged the motor vehicle dependence, the placelessness and the insufficient nature of many constructions of the 20th century. As a solution, they have shifted to the promotion of a range of alternative designs (Duany et al., 2000).
The Romans also through their rich diversity in the ancient periods also had these practices more in their housing projects. In the major events that they developed included the large Roman Thermae, which they used as a spa. As time went by, technology and knowledge also widened their building criteria and designs.
The reason for calling them city-states is because their expansion has of late exceeded the measures of a metropolitan, to those of cosmopolitans. The topic is a major issue of concern. With the world experiencing a transformation in the form of social, cultural and structural development, the main leaders and pacesetters to the new developments remain very relevant.
Graz is the second largest city in Austria. The area of the city was already settled in the early Middle Ages, and it received town rights towards the first half of the thirteenth century (“Graz”). Today, the many buildings in Graz range in age and architectural style from gothic to contemporary; that is to say, Graz has a serious historical timeline.
Taj Mahal is a monument which has stunned the world with its exquisite elegance, beauty, magnificence and cultural architectural design .Taj Mahal is an extra-ordinary blend of Indian, Persian and Islamic architecture and this has led me to examine the monument more closely.
This paper provides a comprehensive discussion of the diagrammatic transformation of architecture. The diagram is set as a convention of architecture and a discussion is provided of how this convention diagram has been understood in Classicist architecture.
The use of natural composites began in the manufacturing of non-structural elements and the motor vehicle industries. In the year 1986, a study was published where it was stated that polyester composite materials were used in the production of paper weights, mirror casings, projector covers, mail-boxes, voltage stabilizer covers, roofs and helmets (Satyanarayana, Sukumarana, Kulkarnia, Pillaia, and Rohatgia, 1986, p.
Its purpose and impact is so much greater. Dangerous city streets made arcades necessary. Pedestrians who wanted to shop had to do so while fighting off traffic while slogging through mud. Before the arcades were built, commerce was moving out of the urban core and into the outskirts, where there was less danger and traffic.
Human beings build homes that use natural resources to meet a vast array of desires and needs similar to the way birds select as well as pile up materials from their local living conditions to fashion-safe and nurture their nests. The essay will have a brief history of architecture, discuss the ways that human dwelling exact, use and discard energy.
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The author states that the initiative of the Eden Project is one that is designed to change various aspects of the environment into eco - friendly living that each individual can enjoy. The project began in the 1990s as an initiative for Landmark Millennium Projects, which was to launch in the year 2000.
This shall cover the time frame from the 6000 B.C.E. to the 19th Century. The Near East architecture stemmed from the progress that Mesopotamia has been able to propagate being the cradle of Civilization. This is the period that can be considered to be start of most of the civilization and where advancement on culture and art has emerged.
The building is a cylindrical drum, 21.5 m (71 ft) in height, containing a hemispherical dome of the same spoke. Google Picture. The Pantheon. Arch. Marcus Agrippa. Rome, Italy. 27 B.C. The entrance is in the form of gable in Corinthian style, earlier accessed by five steps from a porch forecourt beneath the current street level.
Buildings are designed with diverse meanings and reasons, some social while others can be political. In the twentieth century, several buildings in the world were designed and constructed with political meaning some of which influence people’s lives until today.
The construction of the cathedral and the dome started at the end of the 13th century, by Arnolfo di Cambio and the dome was engineered and completed by Filippo Brunelleschi. The site used to be a home to the 7th century church of Santa Reparata and the new cathedral was designed to praise Santa Maria del Fiore.
Chinese and Japanese gardens possess and brag such characteristics. Chinese and Japanese gardens may greatly be at variance in their design and the underlying motives of their creation. Chinese gardens reconstruct natural landscapes in smaller details. The overall and architectural design of Chinese gardens has developed for more than three thousand years (Wong, 2009), and comprise gardens of different sizes that were created by emperors, scholars, litterateurs, and political leaders.
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Notably, great architects like Michelangelo designed the St. Peter's Basilica with an adoption of the Renaissance architecture. The St. Peter Basilica has a rich Christian and architectural history where the old St. Peter’s Basilica depicted extraordinary work of art and architecture (Francia 1).
This legal protection is designed as a reward to creators to encourage further intellectual creativity and innovation, as well as enabling access by the community to the products of intellectual property. In a certain case an architect brings a copyright breach suit against a customer who was a project owner who had resulted to ending the agreement with the architect before the architect completed the task.
The researcher states that the architecture is a sketch of various views of the building in the Central Business District of Melbourne City. It is a three dimensional graphic of a scattered cluster of building and other infrastructural constructions. The visible pictures are tall sky scrapers from the fore ground to the back ground.
This discipline ensures that urban settings remain permanent, coherent, predictable and stable. In relation to urban setting, design and zoning guidelines controls streetscape changes thus maintaining the conventionality of structures .However, a good number of cities are experiencing rapid changes from time to time.
This is through such signification that people have to create regarding cultural, heritage, or any aspect with a historical significance to enable the aspect of communication and creation of meaning in such communication. Therefore, as Barthes argues, since the world is fertile with multiple suggestions regarding an aspect, anything can pass to be a myth; more and more suggestions are brought forward to explain the significance and meaning of such an aspect.
My interest in architecture received its foundation in my childhood days as I had been into painting and building blokes as a part of my daily activities. However, the interest grew since I started to derive a logical comprehension about the things around me.
In doing this paper, there will be a core examination on the concept of 'consumption' of 'space'. This will involve a critical literature review on how space is used in relation to a given function or activity and how this affects our lives. After the general framework is established, the paper will give an insight into the tourism sector.
It aims at providing new, better ways of constructions that depends mostly on less energy, less raw material, little or no pollution and releases less waste. This ensures that the economic viability, safety and the comfort of the building is not compromised but optimized.
The basement and foundation is one of the integral parts of a building and should have the amount of attention it requires. The area where the building is to erect has clay soil, which makes it rather risky from different aspects (Hassan, 2009, 126). Choice of Method In choosing of the area to construct, it is important to understand the setting of the area.
The outcome construction at the traumatized site becomes the connecting point between pre and post trauma. The architect should treat with sensitivity the damaged area and respect the history, the culture and the identity of the city. This essay is focusing on architectural trauma and its extensions to the social community because there is nothing more fascinating that an architect can contribute to the restoration of buildings than the memories he can recreate in the old site.
According to Frampton, tectonic is the best design suited to curb present trends and to legitimize architecture as a field which requires a conceptual and a theoretical Development of its own which in modern day seems more beneficial than before, as it has been treated in the past.
Also referred to as IWM north, the museum is located in Greater Manchester, England. More specifically, it is located in the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford. This place is closely associated with the Second World War. The beautiful museum overlooks the Manchester Ship Canal in Trafford Park.
According to Mirle (2008), historical orientation of Baroque Architecture is closely linked with both religious and political institutions. Zirpolo (2008) confirms this when he states that Baroque started as a protest to the adoption of Mannerist Art, and as a way to effect the wishes of Counter-Reformation Church, which wanted to stamp its authority.
In addition it is bad for the planet as it releases gasses into the air that add to the greenhouse gasses. Alternative ways to cool and clean the air are available and they usually make the building nice too. There are a lot of buildings in Hong Kong that could benefit from this technology and it can be retrofitted.
After the Second World War, modernism in architecture gained popularity and the architects embraced the use of glass, concrete and steel in their innovative creations. Chou (23) argues that modernism emphasizes on function, as well as strives to provide certain needs instead of imitating nature.
This report gives full credit to the marketing initiative of Apple for including Dezeen as a strategic partner and showing its customised home page through an email link. Based on the scholarly research done recently and in the past on the innovative marketing strategies used, business management and marketing impact of such a strategic marketing move is thoroughly analysed from different marketing-related perspectives, as based on scholarly research on its impact on consumers for the collective benefit of both the companies.
This research intends to pay homage to one of the twentieth century Australian born architects. Emil Lawrence Sodersten, a child of a Swedish origin father was born on 30 August in 1899.4 He was the second of seven children. In 1915, he started working as a technical clerk at an architectural firm by the name Ross and Rowe in Sydney.
Key Stylistic and Spatial Elements of Inigo Jones’ Interior Student’s Name Name of the Course Project Report Date Introduction Architecture in Germany has gone through various transformations and trends, whereby the major and most influential ones were experienced during the era of Inigo Jones.
This essay involves evaluation of architectural advances as a means of appraising breadth and depth of Avant Garde or vanguard experiments. In order to objectively analyze this concept of Avant Garde, we will consider examples of buildings developed in the 20th Century, which is a period when fore-guard experiments were prevalent in art.
Literature Review 8 3.1 A background into human kind living underground 8 3.2 How people were influenced culturally by living underground? 9 3.3 What were the benefits and why did people start to move away and live above ground? 10 3.4 What effect did this change have on the cultural development of the civilisations?
These authorities have impact and jurisdiction to an architect’s work or practice. With education and experience as the preparatory requirements to the practice of architecture, the ExAC or Examination for Architects in Canada is a mandatory requirement to the profession.
Therefore, the report focuses on current or anticipated research approaches, justification of these approaches and the assessment of their relevance in the context of current thinking Architecture. Qualitative Research: Context, Philosophy, Approach and, Strategy This section presents the main underpinning theory for composing a research methodology based on qualitative methods, in dealing with issues of context, philosophy, approach and strategy (Miles & Huberman, 1994: 12).
Actually not all of them liked this book and considered it to be helpful. I decided to share my own opinion regarding the book. Some people state that “101 things I learned in Architecture School” is not for professional architects, but I can’t agree as simple terminology and clear observations of difficult material is a distinctive art that can help students not to be lost in the labyrinth of science, especially so difficult science as architecture.
With these and more, relocation of sculptures is to be done through a precise process to facilitate maximum care and handling. A critical analysis should be done before the relocation process is initiated. This should include reasons that lead to the relocation as well as identification of the most suitable site for relocation.
Barbican Centre – Description and analysis of motivations behind the planning scheme. The evaluation of the structure and elements of planning schemes related to cities has to be based on certain criteria: first, the reasoning for the creation of an urban site needs to be identified.
What are the key aspects of these design philosophies? The concept of metabolism and symbolism after the World War II was attributed to futurist umbrella through a movement, which was focused on Japanese culture and tradition1. Evolution of concept of metabolism is also was has been associated with the envisioning of Metabolist city by member of the movement2.
This paper will demonstrate the connection between the proposed sites, current usage, and the role the building plays to the community. Any probable impact on the usage development will have upon the community will also be analyzed. Sites survey It is now possible for ordinary citizens to set up and run their own centers, for training after a law was passed three years ago by the local authorities.
Shopping centres made an integral part of the landscape in urban settings in the 20th century USA and Europe. Places such as India were however insulated from this kind of developments up to about one decade ago mainly because it was not conducive to its structural basis of its society and economy (Murphy, Benckendorff, Moscardo and Pearce 65-68).