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The Parthenon, 447-438 B.C. and the Pantheon, 117-125 A.D - Research Paper Example

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A Parthenon is a temple built between 447 and 438 BC and is specifically dedicated for Athena, the goddess of Athens. Despite its construction having been completed in 438 BC, its decoration continued up to 432 BC. Parthenon has since remained the most historic surviving Temple of the ancient Greece. …
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The Parthenon, 447-438 B.C. and the Pantheon, 117-125 A.D
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Download file to see previous pages Parthenon was constructed entirely using marbles. The marbles used were very strong, which is arguably the reason why the building has survived up to today. Wijesinha reveals that the Greeks strongly believe in simplicity. According to the Greeks, an understatement is elegance, which means that genuine fashion must be simple. The Parthenon was arguably built with the saying in mind according to Wijesinha. In this regard, the Greeks used very tall columns made of three architectural designs namely Ionic, Doric, and Corinthian. Despite the fact that the Parthenon’s pillars were slanted little inwards, it is very difficult to notice since the pillars just appear straight. This architectural design was meant to symbolize perfect straightness since if this could not have been achieved, then the pillars could have appeared as if they were slanting outwards.
The Parthenon also has friezes and statues beautifully painted with bright colors to symbolize scenes from Greek arts. The building is also surrounded with Peristyle. It is reported that inside the building stands a 12-meter high Athene statue, who is the Athenians goddess. This statue is made of gold and ivory. The statue also appears to hold a Nike figure on one of its hands while in the other hand is a sword. Behind the statue is a room where the Athenians used to make jewelry offerings to the Athene, their goddess. In addition, the Parthenon also has alter where animals and birds were scarifies. This altar is located outdoors where worshipers remained . ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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