StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Pantheon - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The Pantheon is one of the most well-known monuments all over the world and it is one of the best preserved Ancient monuments. It is a symbol of the Roman Empire and it has influenced a great number of architectural works throughout history. Its importance lies, not only in its architectural improvements and innovations, but also in its symbolical meaning…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.6% of users find it useful
Pantheon
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Pantheon"

Download file to see previous pages It was thought that this inscription referred to the present temple, but Agrippa's temple was destroyed and then restored several times by Domitian and Trajan. It was fully reconstructed by Hadrian around 125 A.D., but he preserved Agrippa's inscription. This new Pantheon has been attributed to the architect Apollodorus of Damascus, one of the most famous architects of the Ancient world. The Greek influences we can appreciate in the portico (very similar to the pronaos of the Greek temples) are due to the great admiration Hadrian felt for Greek culture. After the portico, we find a big circular cella or rotunda, covered with a semispherical dome with an oculus opened to the sky. The portico and the rotunda are linked by a polygonal structure. The dome rests on a cylindrical drum and it is decorated with coffers, which were designed to reduce the weight of the dome; it is the world's largest concrete dome. The walls of the temple have the same height as the radius of the dome and the total height is equal to the diameter, so a perfect imaginary sphere can be inscribed in the interior of the Pantheon. The structure of the Pantheon is very different from the conventional structure of the roman temples, which was very influenced by the preceding Etruscan and Greek models, so when it was built it represented an important innovation. Although we can find examples of domes resting in a cylindrical drum in some previous buildings, like the thermal baths of Agrippa or Caracalla, the dome of the Pantheon is the first one built with such big dimensions.
The materials used in the Pantheon were also very innovative; the concrete applied to the construction of the dome and the marble, used in the floor, which was a symbol of magnificence and splendor.
Agrippa's temple was smaller than the present temple and it was facing to the south (the actual Pantheon is facing to the north). It seems that the structure was very similar to the actual temple, and it was based in the architectural principles of Vitruvius. In the pronaos, now decorated with Corinthian columns, were erected the statues of Augusto and Agrippa as the promoters of the temple, so what people saw at first sight were the figures of the Emperors, as the developers of this magnificent architectural work.
The geometry of the Pantheon has a deep symbolic meaning. According to the plane geometry and Vitruvius' ideas, the squared Greek portico represents the Earth and the circular rotunda the Heaven. The rotunda and the dome are linked by an octagon, by which the squaring of the circle is achieved; this will mean the indestructible union between matter and spirit. In the floor we can also find geometrical drawings of circles inscribed inside squares. Furthermore, the lower part of the drum's wall is drilled with niches, suggesting a continuity in the unlimited space. The columns that support these niches have been constructed as if they were not supporting the dome, so it seems to be floating in the air. The dome represents the vault of heaven and each of the five levels of coffers represents the five concentric spheres of the Ancient planetary system.
The central oculus, which illuminates the interior of the temple, symbolizes the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Pantheon Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Pantheon Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506785-pantheon
(Pantheon Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Pantheon Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506785-pantheon.
“Pantheon Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506785-pantheon.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Pantheon

Compare and contrast the Erechtheum and the Pantheon

...in the Pantheon which came much later than the Erechtheum and thus contains some improvements and innovations. The Erechtheum is a temple built for the goddess Athena Polias with Ionic design. The design is characterized by two chambers where one faces west and the other faces east. There is a debate as to which direction is actually devoted to Athena but there is belief that it is the western end the Erechtheum while in the eastern portion is that of Poseidon-Erechtheus, Hephaestus and Boutes. The Erechtheum is actually the name of one of its cellas, the same way the Pantheon derived its name. An interesting tidbit of history was divulged by Pausinias to describe the worship for Athena of the people. He...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Parthenon & Pantheon

...egarded as a symbol of democracy and one of the greatest cultural monuments in the world (Moffett Wodehouse and Fazio, 85). The Parthenon was rectangular in shape with a lot of low steps and a colonnade of highly decorated Doric columns around it. The structure was built in the ratio of 4:9 in breath to length. The entire structure including the roof was constructed using fine white marble. It is also important to note that Doric was not just a style of columns but an architectural style. Therefore, the Parthenon was built in Doric style (Mobile Reference, 115). The Pantheon The pantheon was originally built by Marcus Agrippa between 27 and 25 BC. It was built to commemorate the defeat of Antony and Cleopatra by Actium (Bunson 410)....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome

...they were able to maintain their existence for more than 1000 years. There have been many theories of what lead to the fall of the Roman Empire. One theory is that their class system fell into ruins and only left a class system of very rich and very poor. Some historians have suggested that the middle class disappeared. Other historians have suggested that the Roman leaders were poisoned by the lead in their drinking cups, shortage of manpower, or that they just got lazy. However, the rise of Christianity was obviously one of the main contributors. The Pantheon: The Pantheon was built as a Roman temple and dedicated to all the pagan Gods of Rome. Stamps on the side of the building document that it was built between A.D. 118 and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Hagia Sophia and Pantheon

... to the presence of the forty windows that the architects of the original dome envisioned when creating the dome. The presence of these windows has allowed for a good play of light within the internal structure. I feel that without the dome, Hagia Sophia would not have gained such popularity among modern artists and architects. Pantheon is a building located in Rome, Italy that recounts the brilliance of Roman art and architecture in this age. The Pantheon served as a temple for the Romans and featured all the Roman Gods at different points of the building. The building is a treat in itself and observing the building from the front, with its Corinthian columns, I failed to envision the dome within the building despite having read extensive...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Architecture of the Pantheon and its History

... space of huge size. WWW.BDONLINE.CO.UK. Picture by Gareth Gardner. Author: Renato Benedetti. June 2010. Issue: 1919. The Pantheon. Arch. Marcus Agrippa. Rome, Italy. 27 B.C. The inside of the dome is furnished with five concentric circles of deeply-sunk coffers, 28 in each ring. At the top of the dome is an oculus (8.2 meters in diameter), the only means of the natural light illuminating all the corners of the dome internally. The building is totally made of concrete, the overall attentively selected from the heavy travertine and tufa of the lower walls, through tufa and brick, brick only, and brick and pumice, to pumice only near the oculus. As it reaches the top level, the shell of the dome shrinks in thickness (“Pantheon”). The Pantheon...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

The Pantheon

... upon visitors who experience the beautiful reach of its canopied void while passing through its bronze door into the enclosing rotunda. The extensive and influential architectural effects of the Pantheon upon the subsequent buildings are incontrovertible, and documented widely for the design and various aspects of the architecture (Baker 30). The controversial designer of the architecture, Hadrian, had an in-depth architectural brilliance accompanied with deep interest in architecture. He demonstrated inexplicable impudence and superiority in his architectures. Literature reveals that the conception and design of the Pantheon was original. Notwithstanding the fair amount of data and information on the history of the building, the eventual...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

The Pantheon

..., rectangular block and the rotunda and why they remain influential in today’s architecture. Further, the paper will explore the oculus at the top of the Pantheon’s dome and also explores the significance of spheres and circles in Roman history. Three Major Elements of the Pantheon The Pantheon’s design was done in three parts. The rotunda is the first part, which is the main portion of the building. The rotunda is a massive brick-and-concrete cylindrical dome (DuTemple22). The porch, which is the entrance, is the second part of the design of the Pantheon. The entrance was designed in a more conventional porch embedded with columns. “The Pantheon...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Based off *Art History* The Differences Between The Hadrians Pantheon and Justinians Hagia Sophia

... meters. One of the problems is the design of the dome on a square base, rather than the cylindrical base of Hadrian’s Pantheon. The inexact figure of the diameter is due to some design faults in the original dome construction which have caused the building to become deformed due to the pressures involved (Bartoli, 2001, p. 6). Both of these impressive buildings incorporated innovative construction techniques and ambitious designs. The main differences in the two buildings are in their purpose and in the quality of their construction. The Pantheon is a Roman civic building, dedicated to all the gods, as its name suggests, but with heavy symbolism of classical Greek mathematics and close connection to the emperor’s administrative function...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

How does the Homeric Hymn to Demeter position the goddess in the structure of the pantheon

...a supremely powerful deity who has cast herself down from on high in order to redeem her lost child. Though a great deal of time is not spent on defining what particular position Demeter holds in the Pantheon as related to the other gods – one can assume be the role that she interacts with them and the way in which she behaves as well as her lack of respect when dealing with the other gods that she is of prime stature within their ranks. Homer relates of Demeter, But grief yet more terrible and savage came into the heart of Demeter, and thereafter she was so angered with the dark-clouded Son of Cronos that she avoided the gathering of the gods and high Olympus, and went to the towns and rich fields of men,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Parthenon, 447-438 B.C. and the Pantheon, 117-125 A.D

... goddess. This statue is made of gold and ivory. The statue also appears to hold a Nike figure on one of its hands while in the other hand is a sword. Behind the statue is a room where the Athenians used to make jewelry offerings to the Athene, their goddess. In addition, the Parthenon also has alter where animals and birds were scarifies. This altar is located outdoors where worshipers remained3. The Pantheon, 117-125 A.D. Italy, like Greece, is also famous for its rich history in architecture. The Pantheon is one such amazing building constructed in the Ancient Rome and its history is traced back to120 AD. This is a true manifestation that the building was constructed using one of the best architectural techniques in the world...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Greek Parthenon, the Roman Pantheon, and Chartres Cathedral

...is located in the 14 regions of Augustan in the contemporary Rome. The Parthenon, on the other hand, was primarily designated to the Greek goddess Athena who is also considered as the goddess of wisdom. This temple is located in Athens which is the capital of Greece and its name is extracted from the Greek goddess Athena and the famous Greek Doric. The French Chartres Cathedral is medieval architecture designated to the Catholics. The location of this cathedral is in Chartres which is the capital of Eure-et-Loir department of France (Dietsch 263-267). The characteristics of Pantheon is contained with ancient Roman ideals and religious aspects in which the great dome was utilized as the presidency for official decisions for the Roman...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The Apollo Theater: Artistic Pantheon of the Harlem Renaissance

...Chen, Jian Hua FIQWS 10027B Mr. Ali The Apollo Theater: Artistic Pantheon of the Harlem Renaissance Walking down one-hundred and twenty-fifth Street in the Harlem section of New York the sign for the world renowned Apollo Theater looks like an ordinary movie marquee. (Fig. 1) It does not bespeak the theater’s glorious history as one of New York’s most famous entertainment venues and historical landmarks. A source of pride for the traditionally black community surrounding it, and a symbol of its musical artistic accomplishment, its rich history and continued significance as a bastion of African-American culture and achievement represents one of the most interesting chronicles in American history—the Harlem Renaissance. The rise... Jian Hua...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Pantheon Rome Church

...due to their lightweight. The pantheons architectidentityremainsunknown. Butaccording to scholars, it is attributed to Apollodorus of Damascus. TheHadrian’s pantheons parts are a columned porch. It consists of eight massiveCorinthian granitic columns in front, a monumentaldome,and an intermediatearea of brick. It is thelargestsurvivingdome, andalsotheworld's largestdome until 1436 whenthe Brunelleschi's dome at the Florence Duomo wascompleted. The Pantheon is an ancientmagnificenttemple in Rome. Theorigin of pantheon derived from a Greek wordmeaning“allgods" It'sthemostinfluentialandpreservedoldbuilding in Rome. Thetemplestands in themodern Rome businessCentre Campo...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Pantheon for FREE!

Contact Us