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The Pantheon - Term Paper Example

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This term paper is about one of the most outstanding architectural structures in the history of the Romans. The Pantheon was first constructed in 27 BC by Agrippa. The Pantheon was destroyed many times and rebuilt and the present structure is much different from the one Agrippa had built. …
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The Pantheon
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Download file to see previous pages From the research "The Pantheon" it is clear that even though the traditional porch was a popular thing among the Romans, combining it with a giant rotunda resulted into a completely new and unique structure. Those visiting the building would approach it via a large courtyard referred to as forecourt. The forecourt was bordered by marble columns on each of its sides (DuTemple22). “At the far end, they would see the traditional porch with its carved stone columns” (DuTemple22). However, there was no clear view of the rotunda at the back of the porch. When approaching the building from the forecourt, the dome appeared to be large, but not particularly fundamental. The rotunda resembled a gigantic saucepan fitted with a lid on its top (DuTemple22). It is only after entering the porch that anyone could come into the reality of the beautiful sight inside the rotunda, which was “a perfect hemisphere, 142 feet (43 m), in diameter, curving upward from the top of a giant round wall” (DuTemple22). After clearing the ground on which the building was to be built, the measurements of the building were done by Hadrian’s architects. The measurement was in circular form because it was easier to measure a circular building than a rectangular one. Because the place in which the Pantheon was to be built was near a river, which often flooded, the architects knew the only solution was to lay a strong foundation for the building. The strong foundation was very important owing to the massive weight that the dome of the Pantheon would exert on it. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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