It is significant to observe that the greatest consumption of energy in buildings occurs in the operation phase. In terms of order of magnitude, operation of buildings tends to consume up to half the energy required by a building throughout its useful life (Cole & Kernan, 1996, p.313).
Normal church architecture always seems to be dominated by a round shape style. The basic architecture of the church includes a Nave, which is the part where worshippers stand during the service. The Pulpit is the podium on the left side of the church where the gospel is read, and the Nathex am outside part of the church that serves as an entry to the Nave.
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Today, the temple is largely a reproduction of the original with many of the structural elements and components having been altered in the many reconstructions it has undergone. In the 1998, when it was lastly rebuilt, some of the composite art works such as the frieze were moved to the acropolis museum, it was dedicated to the Athenian patron goddess Athena who was also referred to as the God of victory.
His father owned a cultural institute in Jakarta, Indonesia. He studied scriptwriting in Amsterdam and briefly worked as a journalist before travelling to London and eventually New York to study architecture. It is here that he later established his own architectural firm called The Office Metropolitan Architecture (OMA) in 1975.He later relocated its Headquarters to Rotterdam where it is based to date.
This paper will look at high tech building design techniques which have marveled the world by production of high quality buildings. It examines their representation and functions of structures and services. It goes further to review high tech in major cities of the worlds with the objective of finding out how this technology has changed modern cities.
The natives began to appreciate the art which was reflected in the landscape formatting that formed the basis of great artistic topography format present in the contemporary society. This fact supports the idea that the impact of Americans on the continental landscape started before the arrival of the Europeans (Birmingham, Robert and Leslie, 67).
In addition, the paper addresses how architecture is employed to exhibit culture; whether what is being displayed is skewed or reflective of the true culture; what it means to put culture on display; whether the exhibition is a wonder or resonance; and whether the recreated courtyard further the designer and museum’s intention of facilitating exchange between the U.S.
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The Cathedral was built between 1105 and 1136 and represents a complete stylistic design of the Roman architecture throughout its design. The cathedral portrays a mixture of the antique models that portray the decorations of the Romanesque architecture, and this imitation of the antique decorations makes the cathedral to portray a rich mixture of artistic work.
Therefore, it is imperative that architecture is a multi faceted profession that essentially requires input from many fields. The relationship between architecture and music is one of a perfect fit. Architecture strives to create a memorable and striking design of space in a given time.
This paper will relate the architectural wonders of Mayan city and how these symbols correlate to their lives and meanings of being. The place is also a site of wonderful temple-pyramids which revealed the classical period when masons freely made platforms, temples, palaces, pyramids and house mounds of residents.
Those which influenced actual revolutions and changes are considered phenomenal, and one of the more specific in this instance is constructivism. Constructivism is an artistic philosophy understood to have rejected the idea of autonomous art and instead used art for social purposes spanning its influence not only in architecture but also on industrial design, fashion, and performing arts music, dance and theatre.
It happened from time immemorial and today, more structures are in place. Traditionally, considerable design and building was witnessed in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia is the land between two rivers, Tigress and Euphrates. The Egyptians ways of constructions stand up to be remembered in the minds of historians.
Research elements Building information modeling is a set of processes that is not only coordinated but also technology supported (Hymas, n.p). BIM provides additional value through creation, organization and allotment the attributes of an asset all along its lifecycle.
Buildings provide accommodation for investors, the public, tourists, and contribute to the growth of the economy. In other word, existence of artistic buildings in a country is an indicator of better economic development. In USA, New York has topped in the towns that have invested in new buildings and consequently in the list of the cities that have given the economy of US a throttle to develop (Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 22 Mar.
There is a well-known effect, called the “Bilbao Effect,” which is explained below, and this effect is that, when a new art gallery enters a blighted area, the area becomes revitalized. Tourists are attracted to the area, which boosts the local economy, which makes the area more prosperous, which attracts young hipsters who renovate the properties.
William F. Baker Name Professor Institution Course Date Introduction 1. Background information / context William F. Baker is a renowned structural engineer whose expertise to date continues to amaze numerous people worldwide (Wallace, 2011). At a tender age, Baker’s mother encouraged him to pursue engineering as a career (Wallace, 2011).
The author gives a detailed description of the living space and its implication to the surrounding environment. In architecture an approach of conception of spaces and evaluation of their appearance physically and characteristics are categorized under different styles. Space is bigger than just mere volume which forms human beings’ surrounding.
When military has educated personnel, the organization can easily be convinced to surrender the ground and airport to the city especially the North West side. This will give an ample room for city’s growth and use of the airport in addition the university can be created at the military ground.
The chapel followed Brunelleschi’s general idea of simple geometric form that was frequently used in his architecture work. However, Brunelleschi himself did not complete the chapel; Andrea dei Pazzi, the head of the Pazzi Family, later resembled it.
The school utilizes the artificial lights to enlighten the inner building and utilize maintain the temperature by utilizing the electricity. All the classrooms have radiators that help maintain the temperature during all seasons. The building of the school is an old patterned building that utilizes an immense amount of energy for all the systems.
From this research it is clear that buildings have different functions, not only pragmatic. However, nowadays, we are witnessing the rapid rise to popularity of extreme architecture. As shown in the paper, all the aspects—beauty, functionality, and sustainability—can be brought together by architecture for the benefit of humankind.
It served as the major arena, the entertainment spectacle of the Romans so to speak, of enthusiasts for bloodbath in the numerous gladiatorial matches (Szegedy-Maszak, 121-122). Indeed, the Coliseum was, as compared to modern day wrestling, the venue for stars in the gladiatorial field.
Some very famous architectural sites are present in this world, which shows the creativity of mankind. This paper aims to critically analyze the work of three architects / planners who have designed three different architecture sites in three different countries.
As in less than three decades of unassuming dealing village was turned into a gigantic rambling metropolis, the outstanding development, regrettably, is regulated only by morsels and parts from diverse designing principles.
In 1949, Frank relocated from Canada to Los Angeles in the U.S., where he would later join the University of Southern California while working at various jobs. He was to graduate from the university’s school of architecture, and it was at this time that he changed his surname from Goldberg to Gehry.
Although they continue to experience the barriers of the glass ceiling, they continue to strive to be promoted into higher level positions in higher education. As a matter of fact, an African American woman became the president of one of the ten Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) in Georgia.
With the development of the modern science and technology, now the architecture as well as interior designing is continuously changing over the time. 2. Definition of Architecture and Interior Designing: Architecture is the art and science associated with designing and developing any construction.
The industrial and scientific progress made in the past few centuries has revolutionized the lifestyles of people. It has modified the way we travel, enjoy, communicate, and build. However, the benefits of this progress have come at a cost. The human activity has drastically affected the environment and the natural ecosystem of the planet.
The paper tells that in a typical fire and security alarm system, components are installed in such a way that they are according to the specifications of the devices and make it easy to access them when the need arises. The hardware components include: the control system; the initiating and the alarm devices; the power supply and the cabling and the suppression devices.
The definition of architecture is fundamentally based on the fact that architectural works exists within a context dependent on the setup of cultural climatic and temporal settings; therefore, architectural designs are universally integrated within their various contexts.
A Comparative Study Between A Modernist And Postmodernist Interior Executive Summary This paper is a critical analysis and discussion of modern and post-modern interior designs. It will focus in comparing selected modern and post-modern interior designs by expounding on their similarities and differences.
The Colosseum, which is also referred to as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an oval-shaped amphitheater in the middle of Rome, Italy. The structure is built of stone and concrete and was the largest amphitheater in the reign of the Roman Empire. It is believed to be the greatest work of Roman engineering and architecture.
Today, the Colosseum still remains partially ruined due to the damage caused to it by stone robbers and earthquakes. It is still an iconic symbol in Rome and an insight into the rich culture of Imperial Rome.
Dubai has been greatly influenced by the oil industry that has made it one of the best in world. Politicians and other celebrity have visited the area. During my visit in Dubai made me discover one of the best architectural designs. The words ‘first, tallest, deepest, most expensive, lavish, outlandish’ could have been created for this city.
This is to enable the reader to develop an understanding of how the house can serve its function in controlling the balance of heat and carbon circulation both in the summer and winter to be conducive for dwelling. The first step of the project is all about the location of the house accompanied by fundamental information of the house.
For instance, economic, political and sociocultural factors greatly influence architects to develop structural designs that best suit the prevailing factors in the setting. Social and cultural factors greatly influence architectural works. Sociocultural context denotes to circumstances that enlivens mutually societal and traditional matters.
This research tells that the rise of the architect as an artist in the 20th century guaranteed that there would be authoritarianism and dogmatism within it. Architects must embrace complexity and democracy: They must make it so that the poor and disenfranchised are part of the process, and that stakeholders like the public and workers are involved in the art, not just a self-appointed expert.
It can also be defines as the following of a profession for gain or livelihood. Professionalism brings about a tone of responsibilities to a professional. Therefore being an architect carries immense responsibility and the issues which arise in the course of the lives of a professional architect should be approached with inherent understanding.
This essay will examine the lives and works of the two icons in under the following subtopics; Professional biography, traditionalism to modernism, design principles and study cases. The essay will also analyze the similarities and differences of the two architects in terms of structural grid, floor plans and ’solid and void.’ Professional biography of Mies van der Rohe Ludwig Mies van der Rohe began by training as a stonemason with his father.
This essay analyzes the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus and Ara Pacis Auguste. The altar is cast in marble and shows the emperor offering sacrifices to the gods and many even have togas covering their heads showing that they are priests. Others are wearing crowns of laurel indicating victory. It symbolizes members of the Senate as well.
Today, people have come to know those specialists as architectures who are including most of the architectural styles used in ancient buildings in today’s houses. Los Angeles is a good example of the places in which architectures have applied several ancient stylistic designs of construction in building homes, movie theatres, restaurant buildings, and car lots among other places (Roseman 41).
Bamboo has attracted people‘s attention for centuries. Many publications have been devoted to the description of hundreds of applications that mankind has given this plant. It is catching on among green architects. This hollow-stemmed grass is not just for flimsy tropical huts anymore – it is getting significant attention in the world as a serious architectural material.
The architecture is designed by Haysom Architects who have won the prestigious Australian Institute of Architects Award. The award is bestowed for the following: “This multi residence development is a sensitive creation of a number of individual high quality.
And, as always, cost is an overriding concern of the highest importance in any construction. One would think that with the great expense of energy and other resources in the world, sustainability would be the consequence of these new pressures – that clients would demand that their office buildings, homes, and everything else be substantially more sustainable.
In other words, it is an arithmetical and systematic way of converting natural forces into something perceivable by human senses. Earlier religious congregations design their worship place based on their interpretations of some theological precepts and ideologies.
The new building of Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, in Manhattan's East Village, is a brave and unique architectural achievement that cost $150 million and was designed by noted architect, Thom Mayne. The design is based on the structure of a cube, which is deconstructed in a creative manner to make it “slashed with a jagged hook-shaped gash.” The building is built around a “ 20-foot-wide grand staircase that ascends to a rooftop atrium.” The superstructure of the building has a total 1,75,000 square-feet area.
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Both architectural design and construction is a multitasking job, and it is managed by a project manager, and supervised by a team consisting of design engineer, construction manger, construction engineer and project architect.
The building’s architects, Cook and Fournier, may affectionately refer to their creation as a “friendly alien” for not conforming to the prevalent historic architecture of the city since the building blatantly stands out among the rest of the old city.
I also leanrt the impprtance of object oriented sytems which are gaining popularity. Object oriented programming is gaining popularity in the programming field due to the benefits it has over other programming paradigms. OOP languages are easy to learn with a lot of code simplification thus the programmer is saved the hustle of writing numerous codes, the use of inheritance also allows for code reuse thus simplifying program designing and coding.