The film informs us about how she lost her parents, and because of these become forced into some isolation. This enabled her posses an active mind that managed to keep her of the isolation thoughts. She helps a man who works as a painter reunite back with his family.
Professor’s Name Student’s Name Philosophy 10 January, 2012 Essay Questions 1] Life, for me, is living at the present moment; to attain the ideal perfection of human capability. In my view, it is our mentality and behavior towards life that decides the worth of our lives.
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The author states that Boethius declares the unexpected outcome of an action as chance, which circumscribes human free will in such an influential manner that it appears to be vehemently dependent of some natural causality already determined and decided by the Omniscient. In other words, it is nature that bestows blessings on humans.
To my mind, protection of its citizens is the crucial ethical role that has to be performed by any State or Government. Further on in this essay, the main positions of the abovementioned philosophers are summarized and a personal position on the role of government is provided.
In Descartes' view, the urge to reason with everyone and almost at everything and the verbal communication are the characteristics that set humans separately from all other kinds. Using the belief of parsimony, wherein one always necessarily begins with the unpretentious details of pragmatic events, Descartes reasons that the perceived actions of all nonhuman living beings can be explained without crediting minds and understanding.
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I have always looked up to my Grandfather as the perfect Paxton and I hoped to become somebody like him someday. That’s how things were in our family. The men always revered their elder family members. Women taught their children to hold on to family values and tradition.
Charles Darwin's work According to Popper, Kuhn, and Van. The philosophical work of Charles Darwin has attracted criticism from other philosophers that have supported or faulted his arguments. Darwin views tried to account for various evolution activities as well as the social nature of human beings.
Metaphysics asserts that it is possible to have knowledge of something based on pure reason. Kant objected these claims and doubted pure reason. He used two methods; priori and posteriori knowledge to doubt about metaphysics. According to Kant, it is significant to differentiate between analytic and synthetic judgments since it is possible that some judgments will turn out to be synthetic and priori at the same time.
Smith also claimed that he had several visions from God and that was the cause why he proposed to undertake this new mission. The cult, which claims to be the true church of Jesus Christ, has its own distinctive beliefs and texts different from those of Catholicism and Protestantism.
On a larger scale, Hobbes also argue that states are also by nature guided by self-interest and destructive, thus, the necessity of a leader; the idea which I do not agree with. I did not agree with Hobbes’ argument about individuals being chaotic and miserable by default and that the basis of government is to put order upon this chaos.
The activities of violence were seen as instruments to further consolidate the existence, governance and the administration of the states. The plan behind adoption of activities of violence by the Europeans developed from the idea that war makes states. The violence and war in Europe led to the promotion of modern thinking, politics, economy and the society.
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Although the original book appeared in Greek, a factor that has made translation quite hectic, this volume manages to bring out ideas as perceived by Aristotle. The book provides insight on the virtues and vices described by Aristotle. The volume consists of ten books as Aristotle penned them down.
The arguments are driven from logical reasoning, where the observer analyses all that they know of the world and the imagined world, to the extent that they reach the conclusion that an all-powerful God exists (Malcolm 41-50). One of the key models of this argument is the one developed by St.
Daniels rejects a rights theory of health care access. He does so not because he finds the arguments uncompelling but because “Rights are not moral fruits that spring up from bare earth, fully ripened, without cultivation”; rather, a right can only be defined in the context of society’s shared agreements.
Even after immense advancements in medical science, still we are unable to create an artificial life form in laboratory setup. In other words, the mysteries surrounding life is still remain unresolved. Moreover, according to medical ethics; the primary duty of healthcare professionals is to assist patients in getting rid of their diseases.
Why does Lewis [Lewis Harry A. (1998) ‘Consciousness: Inexplicable – And Useless Too?’] object to Chalmers’ view of the ‘hard problem’? Is he right in his objections and why? Chalmers view on the hard problem Chalmer argues that state of consciousness does bring about one of the most alarming issues within the science involving the mind of human beings.
The author of the paper tells that Christians believe in life after death and that their members go either to heaven, purgatory or to hell according to one’s morals. Abraham religions and materialistic believe in the resurrection of the dead where the body will take another form and survive death. Gods establish a resurrection of a person based on one's actions and beliefs.
After considering the view of utilitarianism ethics, I believe that the decision I took was valid to a great extent. My decision was based on a greater good. I wanted to help both the parents and the child. With the treatment of euthanasia, the child would be able to relieve the pain that he had been suffering from since the time he was born.
Moreover, individual perceptions regarding issues such as sexuality, religion or political ideology are based on the worldviews. Consequently, the necessity for worldviews can be compared to “eye glasses” that offer the best prescription in understanding the world.
Ryle's Criticisms of Cartesian Dualism The Cartesian view essentially posits that mind and body are two separate realities, with the body having its career in time and space, and mind having its career outside of that. Consciousness is the manifestation of mind, to be accessed and confirmed through introspection and through the self-acknowledging that consciousness by going inside.
The Stoics of the Roman era was of the opinion that the human beings should comply with the process of nature and these human beings are allowed and have the authority to decide when to take away their own lives once they were tired of it (Emanuel 176). There are historical signs of existence of euthanasia but the historical concept of euthanasia is quite different from the concept that is followed and practiced in today’s society.
The author wants to convince the reader that the reason why body parts are being sold illegally is that the government does not coordinate with the various offices and organizations involved in the handling and management of these body parts. Moreover, the author wants to emphasize that it is this lack of coordination and communication between the government and these various agencies that has eventually allowed the illegal trade in human bodies to proliferate.
So begins a dialogue between Socrates and Euthyphro discussing mainly, the topic of holiness. Euthyphro is a dogmatic man who insists on following the set rules. He has come to court because he is pressing charges against his father on accounts of murder.
Thus, according to Utilitarian view, the correct course of action is one that maximizes the net benefit to the society. This is done when the costs are minimized and the benefits are maximized. The term Utilitarianism is derived from the word “Utility” which refers to the net benefits of any action on the society (Mill 4).
“An Inquiry into the Good” by Kitaro Nishida focuses on four major aspects such as “Pure existence”, “Reality”, “The Good” and “Religion”. It should be noted that the book also focuses on religion and links this to “Pure Existence” of man.
As a means of understanding the way in which Locke might respond to such a particular understanding, the analysis will reference several of his theories with regards to property and seek to gain a level of understanding with respect to whom he might denote is the rightful owner of the winning ticket.
According to the paper, the perspective of eminent scholars states that “happiness can’t be felt unless we know what sadness is.” However, the modern-day philosophies state that people today, tend to relate happiness with material possession. It is true that wealth brings happiness, but for a moment.
He was educated in the court and at the age of 17 he went to Athens to continue his education. There he learned from Plato, Socrates’ famous student. As a philosophy student, Aristotle, at first, absorbed all he could from his teacher and mentor, but in maturing as a student and thinker, he began to break away from Plato’s ideas, especially his thoughts on the Theory of Forms, and shape opposite views than those of his teacher through exercising his own brain.
Technology has made this more efficient and facilitated some of the discoveries that have been made. In particular, one of the fields, which have been called into question due to a combination of religion, ethics, and politics, is in the field of biological engineering and manipulation.
The main reason for the occurrence of the said movement is deeply rooted on the social turmoil that happened years back and is constantly happening now. The social condition highlighted in this case affects not just the first world countries. This condition has a more derogatory impact on the developing and third world countries.
According to Zarathustra’s teachings, the contemporary society is one that is in chaos, and the political systems best serve as an example of this chaos. Zarathustra blames all this chaos on the death of God. Because of this “death of God”, Zarathustra views the nationalistic state as ‘the new idol.’ He teaches that the nationalistic state is the “new idol” and “the coldest of all monsters” because it was informed by the death of God (Nietzsche 30).
The ethical framework used by the company is derived from its mission statement, which is endurance in the face of business (Coca Cola, 2011). A breakdown of the company’s mission indicates that it is focused on three factors, refreshing the world, inspiring optimism and success, and creating value in the world (Coca Cola, 2011).
The most celebrated of these philosophers include Socrates, Plato and Aristotle who were related to each other as teacher and student. However, the majority of ideas presented by each philosopher tend to disagree with each other and instead present alternative points of views of looking at philosophical issues.
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Feelings and emotions are reflex actions - they just come. The ability to form judgments is a rational process as seen in mathematics and science. Human reason allows one to exercise his/her democratic rights, following the laid down laws while avoiding a violation. It is through reason that human beings avoid breaking laws.
Due to his constant criticism of the political and pious life of the Athenians, Socrates was put to trial and then executed in 399 B.C. One of the reasons put forward for the execution of Socrates was that he had corrupted the youth into being high headed and disobedient.
As argued by Hegel, “Self-consciousness exists in itself and for itself, in that, and by the fact that it exists for another self-consciousness; that is to say, it is only by being acknowledged or ‘recognized’” (Hegel 60). Hegel, in his Philosophy of Right, explains freedom through its particular social perspectives of civil society and family life.
Social services and various social programs, which are carried out through different agencies, institutions, and markets, both public and non-government, are becoming harder to describe among societies across the country with any exactness. As communities become more complicated, concentrated, and interlocked with complexities, the scheme of setting up a social welfare has likewise becoming more complicated and systematized (Titmuss 28).
Plato also illustrates that he has a very profound appreciation for the process of outlining. Rather than merely throwing something together in a rush and missing out on the nuances of rhetoric and interpretation that might exist, Plato discusses the fact that outlining a proper rhetorical response is a core component of seeking to create a superior product.
In this excerpt, the writer sets out to make the readers realize why the various precious works of Max need to be thoroughly analyzed once again with a new spirit, and why his certain ideas are sadly misunderstood among various people.
He presents the idea that if all of one's material needs were satisfied, if poverty and disease had been met, there are still some things for which one looks. These things are 'goods of the mind' and they are reached by the 'self' that is not limited to the prison of materiality
One of the most important philosophical views presented by Descartes is the Method of Doubt, which part of his views. Descartes’ Method of Doubt began with his view that knowledge is private and that everything is constantly in doubt. With this, he expressed that there is a continuous quest for disproving doubts about knowledge.
In addition, Africa seems to be in a constant state of turmoil going from one bad government to another. Then, there are tensions in Afghanistan and in Asia, with China being more assertive. In the background is the constant threat of terrorism. The adage that ‘everything changes to remain the same’ could certainly be true in the current state of international affair, as the same themes have been present for millennium-power, instability and the ‘appropriate’ action.
According to the theory under-discussion, unequal and unjust distribution of wealth, resources and opportunities creates anarchy and chaos in a social set up, and the deprived stratum appears to be striving against its exploitation at the hands of the elite stratum.
Abortion: How the act of abortion is defined and the morality that is associated with the decision to abort a foetus.
The definition of abortion is defined by social, political, and cultural parameters from which the act takes on issues of morality. Whether or not the act of abortion is morally permissible is a complicated question that can only be defined by individual belief systems on what is moral.
According to the research findings it can therefore be said that the type of justice in the proposition of Hobbes and Thrasymachus can be the right form when it is frequently the economy that matters to people over other vital aspects of life. Socrates has proven that this is not often so.
Rationalists like Socrates and Immanuel Kant, argue that intellect should prevail in differentiating right and wrong. However, Sentimentalists like David Hume, argue that emotions should prevail in making moral decisions. Greene on the other hand combines reason and emotion in making a moral decision (Saalfield, Web). However, it is factual that reasoning does not amount to an absolute decision on whether an act is right or wrong.
Condition policies were formed by the heritage of ancient poems and its brave ethos and by the spiritual cults which involved, together with pan-Hellenic and genetic rituals, essential methods unique to each city-state. This was a polytheistic, rather than monotheistic, establishing in which belief was at least operate of social identification.
However, there exists no real evidence to prove their origin. This is because their traditions vary from one group to another and have an unsatisfying conjecture. This community has unity, and they have physical features that run throughout the entire race.
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rmine confusion, while unmasking assumptions through enlightening on presuppositions and testing positions before correcting distortions. Furthermore, it entails questioning conceptual structures so as to dismiss ignorance by enriching our understanding, and broadening experiences (Sinclair 10).
Interests are compounded out of desires and aims, both of which presuppose something like belief, or cognitive awareness” (as cited in Varner, 1998, 55). Therefore, the definition implies that domestic species, which are unthinking living things, have no innate biological interest.