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No one can escape the phenomenon of death and therefore, this has become a dreaded circumstance for people. When faced with the knowledge of a malignant disease existing in an individual’s body, a person comes close to the realization that soon enough he will not be existing physically, that he will soon die.
However, for all tense and purposes the philosophy and ideologies are still the same, primarily, a male dominated society. This can be seen when a woman, for example, works at a construction site, people think she is doing a “man’s job.” In other words, laws allow woman to have the jobs, but they are still not jobs they should be doing or were intended for them.
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Famous Xenophon and Plato were Socrates’ students who managed to record some of the great thoughts and teachings of the wise philosopher (Harris & Taylor, 4). Socrates’ main direction in teaching was logical way of thinking.
The author of the paper explores a number of factors that contribute to the accuracy of sensory data. Just as it happens in any measurement system, sensory evaluation is also prone to being a source of error. There are factors that impact the accuracy and precision of sensory data and thus lessen its reliability.
With the advancements in technology and research, there now exists a wide range of medicines and life supporting instruments which can monitor biological activities like never before. But this, according to the author, has also developed with itself a series of moral and social issues regarding the acceptable/non acceptable standards for making decisions that are related to the issue of death and dying.1 The word “death” appears to be a simple word but, with the creation of life supporting tools, the measurement of the exact time of death has become a controversial issue.
Over a long period of philosophy and argument’s evaluation, the illustration of the global or Cartesian theory has been referred to by the ‘Brain in a Vat’ theory and/or experimented to be a brain being put in a vat and attached to wires by a program.
In the process, it is expected that the health care professional make the right choices relating to the life and death status of the patient. Relativism dictates that every existing point of view is valid in addition to the truth being relative to the particular individual in question.
The two thinkers contend that new thinking about the qualities of matter and its relationships with other discourses expand the dimensions of political and social inquiry. Limitations of these discourses, in their view, relate to the inability of past researchers and philosophers to comprehend matter in terms larger than the fixed, rigid, and limited entity.
Certain nations as well as states of certain nations have made same gender marriages legal. Same sex marriages are not only a political, economic or religious issue, it is mainly an ethical issue which can be solved with ethical decision making tool of utilitarianism.
The author states that some theories refute the explanation of the former theories and try to advance their position and their explanations why a person has to behave in a certain way in the course of their life and in the event of their situation. The theorists in the body-mind problem help people to understand the different ways.
There are those who view violence as immoral and unnecessary whereas, their counterparts view it as necessary only if it translates into benefits for the entire society. However, some individuals remain torn between both sides because of their mixed feelings towards violence whereby, they condemn and support different forms of violence depending on their dispositional appraisal of its necessity.
Sincerity and Professional Ethics
The term ethics is used globally whenever there is a need to define morals and standards which depict quality and sincerity. Ethics are usually the basis upon which a culture or a society stands upon and without proper set of ethics and rules, no can guaranty success both on individual and on social basis.
Even when they seem to be simply presenting an image of a given time period, using as their subject some form of 'snapshot' image for example, the artist captures some element of the culture, politics and ideas that were dominant during the time period in which the artist lived and worked.
The nature of philosophy has been a long considered topic dating most prominently back to Greek antiquity. Because of the long history of philosophy, there have been a number of schools of thought that have not only investigated new topics but have fundamentally expanded the very nature of what constitutes the philosophical investigation.
7 pages (1750 words)
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The subsequent smart phone emerged as an innovation of the cell phone. Though the cell phone was hailed as a dramatic advance in wireless communication, it is the humble predecessor of the smart phone. The cell phone in its origins was basically meant merely for voice communications.
In Praise of Blame George Sher talks about blame, about why we hold someone or something responsible for whatever has gone wrong in our lives. He discusses several reasons about why we may or may not blame a particular thing as to how it has affected important or even petty matters.
In many cases, such people would have wished to die or be assisted to commit suicide. Fortunately, the current rapid technological developments in medicine have made possible for patients’ lives to be prolonged even when one’s degenerating conditions could not be restored or pain be alleviated.
In other words, a human being is first an individual before other labels, roles or stereotypes (Flynn 156). This suggests that human beings should always act under their own consciousness in order to establish their values. This also entail the determination of the meaning their lives in relation to the existing environment.
Accounts of social justice introduce transitions to Rawls’s second book "Political Liberalism”, whereby accounts of Utilitarianism demerits are revised. Nevertheless, the paper will seeks to elaborate the initial critique of utilitarianism and Rawlsian Maximin Principle in order to establish theory, which is more plausible.
However, considering the extent and aptitude of suffering evident in the world, there is need to determine whether it results from inhumanity or natural disaster (Kibler, 2004). Nonetheless, there is not ample evidence to approve or disapprove that God exist.
The international arena can be likened to this Hobbes description of society that it is chaotic to the point of anarchy that no matter how nations tried to establish order, chaos and anarchy will still prevail that war cannot be avoided and thus, morality has no place.
However, the moral progress, in accordance with the statement by Moody Adams (257), is always local, which leads to deeper social differentiation between those who support and those who oppose the global moral progress. The key aim of the paper is to analyze whether the moral progress is possible, and summarize the considerations, made by Moody Adams, considering the arguments by Fricker and Calhoun as well.
6 pages (1500 words)
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This constituted their principal criticism towards belief in God. In other words, the Freudians contended that God was merely the projection of intense individual and unconscious desires. Thus, God was deemed to be nothing more than a wish fulfilment that ensued from the immature needs for protection and security.
According to the United States census, a person is referred to as Hispanic if they are of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, and Spanish or Central American origin. This is regardless to their races. Ethics emanates from peoples culture. Culture is described as the daily norms among a particular community.
The student loans are on the rise in developed economies of the world and therefore, the pupils have to work in order pay off their debt. The students cannot focus on their studies because their time has been consumed by professional duties and responsibilities.
Foucault conceptualizes discourse as the “ways of constituting knowledge, together with the social practices, forms of subjectivity and power relations which inhere in such knowledge and relations between them. They constitute the nature of the body, unconscious and conscious mind and emotional life of the subjects they seek to govern.”
This period is also considered as the transition from darks ages. This period is also considered as the period when the society had begun considering the value of organization. During this period, most societies became organized into cities that had well defined governments or leadership.
Susan, one of the emergency department nurses realizes that the patient is not a native speaker because she would not understand his explanation on the cause of his bleeding. Susan seeks the help of a colleague nurse who understood Mexican. The interpretation of the patient’s story reveals that he was hit by a car while crossing the street during one of his job searching escapades.
What is Philosophy?
Religions and myths had passed on through out generations, and had guided man in this respect until philosophy brought on a revolution which completely changed the world (Kenny, 5). Before then, it was believed that gods and other forces controlled what happened in the world.
In his essay, Violence and the word, Robert Cover expresses how the rule of law is in itself a form of death and infliction of pain, similar to when offenders commit crimes. The two essays are appreciative of the concepts of pain, death, and suffering as inflicted in the act of the crime, as well as the interpretation of the law.
It is the very sense that makes the humans feel justified and reasonable to dwell in the society as families and socialize with others to build the social network. Humans don’t need a law to tell that killing another human being without any justifiable reason is wrong; they know it and this knowledge is natural-born in humans.
One of these benefits as promised by the government is a pension after reaching the mandatory retirement age. The government agency tasked for this specific purpose is the Social Security Administration. The system is currently in a status wherein it somehow manages to pay off its financial obligations to its members however, the money being disbursed is not equivalent to the lifelong contributions that the members have been making.
5 pages (1250 words)
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What is the most convincing ethical system? Why? The procedure of differentiating between bad and good is Ethics. Like any other procedure, ethics is related to behavior of human beings alone. Ethics has have a tremendous effect on human behavior and as a human being, when given a wide range of options, a person can identify the distinction between good and bad.
That is as far as labor relations are concerned. In the same document, there is also a provision that every person has a right to a clean and healthy environment which includes: to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations.
21 pages (5250 words)
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This notion puts forward the need to further examine the aspects related to the correlation between race and crime in America. This research paper employs extensive empirical evidence, prior literature, studies and crime reports to establish the relationship between racial residential segregation and urban crime.
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The main thesis of David Boonin revolves around the moral case against endorsement of abortion. The source could be termed as reliable because the author has integrated a variety of disciplines in the analysis of the issue at hand. Several variables have been incorporated in the analysis and evaluation of the phenomenon at hand.
1). Plato’s representation of Socrates’ philosophy is credited with having perpetually influenced logic and epistemology and not only Plato’s own philosophy but the development of Western philosophy (Anagnostopoulos, 2011). Karl Marx’s philosophy as expressed in The Communist Manifesto of 1848 illustrates the development of Western philosophical thinking (Russell, 2004).
Introduction The debate for the existence or non-existence of God as an all knowing, all powerful Supreme Being has existed ever since the beginning of time, or as others would say, the evolution of man as a thinking, reasoning being. Rather than accepting all things around him, man began to question his existence ever since the philosopher stated: “I think, therefore I am”.
Nonetheless, there is no single definition that has ever elucidated the definition of wisdom. However, philosophically, wisdom is defined as the ability to make use of the existing knowledge (Craig 10). There has been a chronological categorization of wisdom literatures in the west: philosophical (to Socrates), classical (Socrates to Boethius), Christian (New Testament to Nicholas of Cusa), and modern (Pierre Charron to present) (Craig 10).
The problem from which the question of free will emerges can be explained thus; God is an all seeing and all-knowing God who cannot be deceived, as such, whatever he foresees, needs must be true, and this includes all the actions of man, thoughts and desires.
The author explains the formulation that executes Kant’s deontology which is categorical imperative. According to Kant, imperatives imply what they meant which are command such as “wake up early”. Often they are hypothetical imperative because they only serve a specific objective or purpose such as “wake up early so you will not be later for work.
A Kantian is a proponent of the retributive theory of punishment that was put forward by the German Law philosopher Immanuel Kant. The theory requires that the punishment accorded to an offender should be reasonably proportional to the crime committed by the offender otherwise, an injustice has occurred.
This document focuses on the use of symbolism in the movie trilogy called the Matrix, which was first released into theatres in the year 1999 in the month of March. Parts II and III of the same movie were released in 2003 in the months of May and November respectively.
Problems of philosophy. The fearless efforts by philosophy to trend even those grounds which are feared by other disciplines have rendered it susceptible to unresolved issues. As a philosopher, one will realize that its ability to accommodate almost every idea from whatever person makes this even worse.
The author states that Upanishadic Hinduism suggests the survival of a self. This personality is the individual’s correct self and this correct personality is precisely similar to Brahman, which is the personality. This self is the personality in all it is the identity that is at the core of all items.
10 pages (2500 words)
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In the industry, organizations are known for their culture and environment; eventually making a perception in the minds of masses. Following a formal or casual culture entirely depends upon the deciding elite panel of a firm but regulating it in its true spirits is the name of the game.
The author states that the four principles approach was created to respond to the changeable demands of medical ethics and philosophy. The four principles approach builds on the premise that health care professionals must always consider the four main ethical principles – respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice.
The length of despair also rendered man to purportedly-resolve around the principles that undergirds humanity and all other activities that strived to examine and carefully discuss this natural compulsion. Plato is one of the examples that sought to reach this verge in his symposium.
She went for treatment at John Hopkins Hospital where unknown to her, her doctor took a sample of cells from her tumor and sent it down to the lab where scientists had been working for decades trying to grow tissues in cultures. For reasons unknown to science, her tissues never died and they still live.
Internal and external factors are basically the parental and peer influence over an individual’s ethical behavior. We have come across various theories on morality put forward by the renowned scientists, researchers and authors. This paper aims to investigate the theories on morals given by Peter Singer and Immanual Kant.