Free will is a necessary requirement for moral responsibility. A morally responsible individual is a person who does not only do the right thing but also is accountable for his or her moral conduct…
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If one chooses to rob the bank, then he or she should be ready to take the responsibility for the action. These actions are in one way or the other is determined by free will. This paper will discuss free will, determinism and compatibilism. It will also depict whether or not we have free will. Free will is also a philosophical term used to choose an action to various alternatives. When one act in a way that depicts free will, one satisfies metaphysical requirements by being responsible for your own action, whereby there are also alternatives to one’s action and moral significance. Free will significance is not exhausted by its moral responsibility, but a condition of one’s accomplishments, dignity of persons and value, all accumulates to free will (Campbell 65). Determinism is where the facts about the past in the law of nature have the truth about the future. So given the past having the law of nature, only one future is possible at any one time. Those who say free will is a freedom from determinism make them incompatibilist. Those who say free will is without reference of determinism automatically qualify them as compatibilists. Compatibilism is not merely the claim that some events (e.g. actions) are free, and some events are determined. This is consistent with indeterminism. Rather, compatibilism is the stronger thesis that the very same act may be both free and fully determined. Incompatibilism is the denial of compatibilism. Compatibilism, incompatibilism, and free will skepticism come in various forms. Hard determinists are incompatibilists who endorse determinism but deny the free will thesis, so they are also free will skeptics. Libertarians are incompatibilists who deny determinism and endorse the free will thesis. Soft determinists are compatibilists who accept both determinism and the free will thesis. Developments in physics, specifically in quantum mechanics, have led many to reject determinism, so examples of soft and hard determinism are rare though not impossible. A better classification of the three main contemporary views is libertarianism, compatibilism, and free will skepticism (Campbell, 127). Philosophers look at the freedom of will and freedom of action because one's success depends on factors beyond one's control, and there are external constraints on options we undertake which is not one's responsibility. As a conceptual matter, free will depicts a subset of willing, but not all philosophers accept that. According to Campbell, freedom of will is by its nature and never constrained (Campbell 121). Majority of people view a will as not free indeed debates about it centers on if human beings has it. The main threats to freedom of will become evident on physical, psychological, biological and theological determinants. For every determinism, there are philosophers who deny reality on either independent grounds or free will, there those who accept reality and deny its compatibility with free will or argue its compatibility. In actual sense, free will has many dimensions; it can be a choice on one’s desire in that it can be selected as a way of fulfilling desire. According to the will Joseph Campbell defines liberty as “power of acting or not acting”. Free will relates to desires and values, which include the ability to judge what is worth pursuing, and evaluating them though satisfying them can be hard for us. We act with free will when we consider the judgment this may seem restrictive because many people are held responsible for their actions. There are two theories of free will that rely on possible actions; there are people who get motivated to choose to act by desires and secondly a person’
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‘Free will’ is the capability of taking independent, rational decisions based upon a dilemma or situation faced in one’s life. 'Free Will' has also been defined as 'a philosophical term of art for a particular sort of capacity of rational agents to choose a course of action from among various alternatives' (Timothy, 2011).The lower living forms’ in the animal kingdom have hitherto been considered as not being capable of exerting an action based upon free will as their behaviors’ are thought to be guided more by animal instinct, rather than intelligence.
Strawson’s argument stipulates that the numerous contributory factors that help shape our personalities and realities detract from our culpability and make the notion of free will a myth (Strawson, 1995). I disagree with Strawson’s position and posit that humans can and should be held responsible for their actions because, as Strawson points out, even if the situation is such that you have a gun to your head, you still have a choice (Strawson, 1995).
Acquisition of power traditionally differed with most society adopting the monarch system where the throne was simply being inherited, unlike currently most leaders are democratically elected into power. That is notwithstanding, ascending to power has always transformed individuals that were known otherwise to recognized in an extremely negative way.
Inorganic substances blindly pursues whatsoever forces impinges on them, and non-human life forms do something only for their continued existence, but humans appear to be an exemption to natural law by their exceptional skill to consider about how to get on with their existence and which principles to live by.
On the other hand, it is assumed that one single free action is the result of another action which possesses some consequences and situations. This notion negates that psychology has a hand in eroding the grounds for believing in free will. One theory which denies human nature on one hand might accept to go accordingly in a common psychological perspective.
In religion, many people believe in the existence οf a god supports determinism. The basis οf god is that he is all-knowing and all-powerful. If free will is allowed, there would be decisions and actions in which God could not know due to the persons choice. This
His concept of “libertarianism” claims that man, indeed, enjoy free will. In this regard, Kane does not directly argue for man’s freewill; rather he first claims that causal determinism is false. According to him, ‘libertarianism’ is
In my view, freedom of will exists for several reasons. Firstly, despite the fact that man is a biological being, which operates under the laws of nature, nonetheless man has a mind. The mind allows a person to evaluate various situations and
Moral responsibility arises from the ability to do right or wrong and be accountable for it, which makes free will indispensable. Determinism follows that every event is an inevitable result of an antecedent event. The facts of the past and the laws
Many theories have sprung up about the history of philosophy from different and in other times overlapping considerations and motives (Bradlaugh, Collins and Watts 10). Some of the determinism forms can be tested by use of the philosophy of physics. The
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