Using the lessons learned on ethos, as arguments and adherence to ethical and moral standards that should supposedly make this visual communication manifest integrity, transparency and conformity to social and environmental responsibility, the video clips would prove what journalisms’ conformity to standards failed through Fox News’ public exhibit of shameful reporting.
Immanuel Kant formulated his principles regarding what is right and wrong. He developed a system of three questions he referred to as formulations which an individual need to ask before undertaking any action in order to decide upon ethicality of the action.
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The debate on whether to legalize same sex marriage has been the forefront of many political and social debates in various countries. Marriage of people with different sex has been sentimentalized into a cultural icon that triumphs gay marriage as a civil right (Morris, 2007).
As with so many different movements within philosophy, Modernism was tied closely to a revolution and reformation movement that existed tangentially with regards to music, architecture, art, and literature. Modernism sought to break free from the bounds of 19th-century Victorian schools of thought, cultural absolutism, and tradition.
However, Zohrab (6) provides a definition of feminism that is seen to be widely acceptable as it essentially encompasses all the various different definitions of the term. According to Zohrab, feminism can be defined as being the application of the victims of oppression model to various different situations that are faced by women in the modern society today.
Contemporary ethics links the basic ideology of ethics with various other disciples of philosophy. Global dynamics have changed over the years. The way people think and behave, their sense of right and wrong, their views on the good and the bad, all of this has changed over time.
The central thesis is that each step along the path of self-consciousness' attempt at making the truth of its unity with itself explicit, is simultaneously a step in the realization of the aim of Life: to become 'for-itself.' Moreover, this represents the difference or transformation of consciousness to self-consciousness.
Defining Philosophy Name Course Instructor’s Name Date Defining Philosophy Philosophy is the systematic inquiry into the principles and presuppositions of any endeavor. It comes from the Greek word “philo” which means fond of or affinity for, and “sophia” which means wisdom.
What was philosophy to Plato? Describe the process. What does the process involve? Philosophy, to Plato, was about having attitude. “For at this moment I am sensible that I have not the temper of a philosopher; like the vulgar, I am only a partisan.”1 Perception of the good is key.
The ‘Apology of Socrates by’ Plato is all about the scenario of a death sentence being implied to Socrates and the way in which he confronts it. Socrates like others is not afraid of death rather he believes that fear of death is the nature of an ignorant man. He is of the opinion that neither he is feared of death nor he wants to avoid it.
The main character introduces his associates in crime as Peter, Dim and George. Alex then continues with introducing the readers to the array of crimes that he and other gang members inflicted on naive citizens. The author provides a clear depiction of the situation at hand describing the details of the group activities.
It indicates the existence of God itself. Descartes premise that God exists because he is able to conceive the concept of God, a superpower, a ruler of the universe and its fate including the fate of mankind, is reason strong enough to believe that God is real.
The other arguments for the existence of God are the Teleogical and the Ontological arguments, which are posteriori and priori respectively (Rowe 21). The Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle were the pioneer writers of The Cosmological Argument. Aquinas in the 13th century gave five arguments distinctly for the existence of God.
In dream interpretation, Freud uses the technique of free association together with hypnosis. This technique begins by psychoanalyst’s analysis of a particular dream symbol and immediately follows it by a thought that comes to the dreamers mind. This makes the subject of dream interpretation to become a subject of scientific research according to Sigmund (Freud, 1953 p.145).
In this regards, Locke analyses this aspect stating that property of civil rights are based on the labor and nature involved. The work of Locke however, talks about challenges that bring about the state of nature. State of nature is a political philosophy basically used by social contract that describes all aspects of preceded government who are in a position of delivering its services to its people through a hypothetical condition.
Nagarjuna theory of emptiness has fundamental disparity between the way the world is perceived which includes the existence of humans and the way things are; there are entities that are self-enclosed, discrete, enduring or definable. Looking at our selfhood conception, people have a tendency of believing the presence of our human being and this characterizes our individuality and identity as being an ego that is discrete and independent from mental and physical elements necessary for our existence.
It portrays achievement in matters of social or economic well being, the establishment of fairness, and a working political order that caters for the true interests of everybody. International relations teach that peace means the absence of war or conflict, together with the existence of cultural and economic understanding.
The state of nature is a condition characterized by equality of ability where two men desire the same thing and so they become enemies, thus it is a state of war (64). Hobbes proposed an absolute sovereign that would rule over people so that they will not be in the state of nature and therefore not in the state of war (“Thomas Hobbes”).
Alvin Plantinga's Free Will Defense
The free will defense is like an effort to show that “there may be a different kind of good that God cannot bring without permitting evil” (Plantinga, p, 29). There are good states of affairs without evil, they do not entail the existence of any evil, but God cannot bring them without permitting evil.
It is seemingly agreeable by most people who are straight that being straight is the natural discourse of the world. Without this attraction, the world would spiral to a halt, and the seemingly expansive choice in orientation would ridicule not just the concept of marriage but the process of evolution as well.
A field of life that has especially been affected by this technological advancement is the field of commerce, which has not only speeded up business but also introduced it to a completely new direction. However, this speeding up of the commerce world has led to a disastrous outcome, which is that more importance is now attached to factors like investment and return, and businesspeople now shun the importance of ethics in business; a change which is visible on a global scale.
Totemism is a belief that humans have mystical relationship or kinship with a spirit-being such as animals or plants. The term is used to “characterize a cluster of traits in the religion and in the social organization of many people (“totenism 2012).
Virginia held comprehends that the principles of care as comprising of “caring relations” and not just emotions. She additionally states that the ethics of caring do not just basically rely on emotions but involves the practices of caring for the needy by the caregivers and the rights of humans, that begin with ethical responses to oppressions.
His work, A Theory of Justice, was considered as one of the main manuscripts in political philosophy and regarded as the most significant work in moral philosophy in the 20th century since the last part of World War II. A Theory of Justice is a superb work which dealt with ethics and political philosophy.
This practice took place in Africa during the early times even before the landing of the Europeans or any other groups. This is because slavery occurred between different ethnic tribes that were in Africa and was perpetrated by kidnapping, capturing prisoners during war, selling debtors and convicting people of various crimes.
Bentham believes that happiness is an incident that is substantially subjective in nature (Pojman 120). Bentham believes that it is a warm feeling that individuals realize as they feel it. Aristotle states that people have no idea about what happiness is and can not tell whether they are experiencing happiness at a particular time or not and are completely unaware of the real nature of happiness.
Many philosophers have discussed the concept of freedom for many years, centuries even. It is so fundamental that freedom was defined by different people with different views on its scope and limitations. Alan Singer stated in The Meaning of Freedom in the Modern World that Libertarians identify freedom with the absolute right of individuals to control their own lives and want sharp restrictions on the power of government to interfere with the social and economic market place… In communist countries such as China and the former Soviet Union, freedom was defined as a collective or social value.
The author states that most modern literature encompasses adventure tales as compared to romance as was noted in previous works before his time. Joseph Conrad inspired consequent writers such as; Scott Fitzgerald, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, D.H. Lawrence, Joseph Heller, Virginia Woolf and Albert Camus who were inspired by the artistic works.
Rationality is supreme in all human beings and that it does not exists in other lesser creatures that are endowed with happiness. Human beings are rational and they can do actions that are beyond the boundaries of love and mere happiness. If human beings are rational, this enables them to differentiate the good action and the evil action not just what makes them happy.
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Women and Leadership For the last few decades, women across the globe have been battling for equality with their male counterparts, who often assume that it is their right to be at the top. However, despite the time being taken to fight this battle, it is far from over as key leadership positions are still being filled by men.
Knowledge is bursting from all corners because of the rapid advancements in science and technology. Much of yesterday’s knowledge is getting outdated today. Science never believes in making absolute conclusions because of its awareness of the limitations of human intelligence in explaining everything in this world.
The axiom of realism is a principle that aims at representing things as realistic as possible. Despite this Arnheim acknowledges that a number of artist have negated the customs of axiom of realism. The perspective of axiom of realism employs the traditional belief and claims that since the figurative arts cannot be obtained from anywhere else apart from nature, then they should be created in competition with nature and therefore they should be as realistic as possible.
It is well known that Greek philosopher Socrates was given a death sentence on the charge of corrupting youth with his teachings. He was given a dose of hemlock, a toxic substance that causes suffocation leading to death.
It is possible here to find that in normal sense, the word ‘examine’ stands for ‘to search’, or to ‘scrutinize’. In both the cases, it becomes easy to understand what Socrates meant by ‘an examined life’. If taken in a judicial context, the term ‘examination’ means getting judged by a fair judge who will weigh the arguments of one to reach truth or justice.
Faith according to Kierkegaard, is subjective, fervent, and a personal desire to attain everlasting happiness through appropriation. Faith deals with the decision-making aspects that an individual is confronted with an either-or situation. In this confrontation, he can either reject or accept subjectivity.
Individuals lose direction on the way and deny their lives. This results in dealing with whatever is the “they” and the way or the reason that individuals deny their being. Sartre developed the bad faith notion, while Martin Heidegger came up with the concept of in authenticity, both of which share much in common and tend to work hand in hand.
The central focus of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason is the determination of the dimensions and limits of pure reason. His interest was on the capacity of human reason to generate knowledge independent of sense experience or other alternative forms of knowing.
He worked as a waiter in a restaurant until an agent of his former master discovered where he was in 1851 (Abramson 81). The agent began summary proceedings before a magistrate court to take Shadrach back to the master, in accordance with the Fugitive Slave Law.
The "veil of perception" conversely, refers to the belief that, indirectly, our perception about the world is passed through the channel of our ideas (Martin 279). Skepticism about perception generally points out that, we require some methods to measure the accuracy of our perceptions.
According to Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics as contained in his discourse on Nicomachean Ethics, anything in excess or taken to the extreme is bad. This ethical rule is based on the law of nature that anything excessive is destructive. When we eat or drink too much, it is considered bad and in the same vein, eating too little also undermines our health.
Communism on the other hand espouses equality and eliminates competition and social stratification leading to a classless society where everybody gets their basic needs and property and labor are communal. While admitting that no country has been successful in applying socialism in its entirety, I believe that his theory creates logical, albeit utopian basis for a society that is just both politically and socially.
Some see in myth the distinct character of particular cultures, while others see universal patterns. Some regard myth as "contemporary" and "alive", while others think of it as "ancient" and/or "dead." (What is Myth?). Myth is defined from Greek word mythos meaning story or word and a study encompassing myths or body of myths is demonstrated as mythology.
Various philosophies and ideologies begin to create a variety of roles with those who are interested in the concept of ethics and how this pertains to business, politics, culture and social status. While most refer to ethics as a responsibility among those in society, there is also a question of what this means.
In fact, the respective concepts of Nietzsche and Kierkegaard are reflective of the continuing struggle for significance between atheism and religion. Both, however, focus on the issue of the individual’s relationship to ethical and moral principles. Kierkegaard argues that man’s obligation to comply with ethical and moral standards is closely associated to his the belief in the existence of a Supreme Being.
Sir Francis Bacon was a 16th and 17th century English philosopher who was a proponent of empiricism and the scientific method. He focused on the standardization of science, trying to establish suitable methods of scientific inquiry to ensure that empirical values could be gained from experimentation. Bacon wanted to investigate the natural world in a logical and standard method.
He has numerous assumptions in his essay, which apparently discusses humanity’s duty to help starving people in countries that need help the most. Among his assumptions include our duty to prevent what is bad, and promote what is good. He elaborates this contention by explaining that if we, humans, have the capacity to help other people who are in need without sacrificing some things that are equally important and significant to our lives, then by all means, we are ought to do so.
Prior to taking the course, I had a fairly respect to religions and the reason for their establishment, which means that there is an acknowledgment of the role of religion in guiding its followers’ actions into what it deems morally acceptable.
There is only one problem with this proposition: healthcare is very expensive. Indeed, some of the operations that the average person will require throughout their life may be virtually unaffordable. No one thinks that they will need hundreds of thousands of dollars to pay for their medical expenses, and so few people save up for these costs.
Marriage is considered to be the link between the man and woman relationship. It is believed that the “sacrament of matrimony and the family that flows from it are able to illuminate the origin of man woman relationship, its profound nature, and its end” (Scola, 2005, p.292).