INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
5) Nietzsche argues against philosophy and reason. What is his view? Why was Socrates a mistake? Why are ethics, religion, law, and democracy mistakes? Why must the superman have complete freedom? Does Nietzsche have a methodology to help derive his view? Do you think Nietzsche is right or wrong?…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.9% of users find it useful
INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY"

Download file to see previous pages Furthermore, it tells us that knowledge is acquired through the exercise of reason, understood as a faculty that can operate independently, in whole or in part, of a posteriori evidence. One of the elements which is most central to Nietzsche’s philosophy is illustrated in his famous declaration that, “God is Dead!” (Cahn 1227) This affirms a complete rejection of metaphysical, moral, and religious truths as grounds for reality. Unlike the Socratic philosophical canon, Nietzsche contends that the spiritual dimension is illusory. To Nietzsche, the existence of God, religion, morality, ethics, free will, freedom, and laws are mistakes for they are nothing but imaginary causes, an imaginary psychology. In his view, such things are nothing but mere projections of one’s psychological desire for security and calculability in life. In addition, it presupposes a denial of universal morality as the basis for human conduct. Nietzsche believed that once the existence of God is unveiled as an illusion, then it follows that God can no longer be implemented as the foundation for human ethical conducts. This leads to the assertion that all inquiries, dispositions and morals will be founded on the subjective will of individual self. Thus, unlike the Socratic philosophical canon, Nietzsche affirmed the individual self as the basis of all inquires and norms. This is Nietzsche’s theory of the will to power. Nietzsche’s (Cahn 1241) will to power is defined as the drive to dominate the environment. This drive, so central is the Will to Power. This Will to Power is more than simply the will to survive. It is, rather, an inner drive to express a vigorous affirmation of all a person’s powers. In doing so, the individual shall not only reaffirm his or her own subjective standards but moreover, they will gradually reach the consciousness of the higher type of man, the Ubermensch or Superman. For Nietzsche, the temperament of the Superman shall enable individuals to revitalize faith in their creative powers and this earthly existence. However, Nietzsche declares that not all people can attain the awareness of this superior type of individual. He claims that only those who excel in their mental and physical constitutions can procure the temperament of the Superman. He insists that the superman must have complete freedom, i.e. that one should not decide to practice a certain code of ethics, for the will to power will gradually decline. By this, the individual weakens and suffers. To explicate further, Nietzsche accused Christianity for advocating virtues that undermine and destabilize one’s will to power. Here, Nietzsche presents his doctrine of the two-fold history of good and evil. This doctrine reveals that there exists two types of morality, i.e. master morality and slave morality. For Nietzsche, master morality is one that is built on the will to power. He is one who considers that which is good = Powerful; bad = Weakness. Also, he is one who practices generosity, not out of pity but out of excess. Those who practice this type of morality are the elite and noble men, meaning those who determine their morals according to their own personal standards. On the other hand, slave morality is that, which is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1”, n.d.)
INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1478218-introduction-to-western-philosophy
(INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words - 1)
INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words - 1. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1478218-introduction-to-western-philosophy.
“INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1478218-introduction-to-western-philosophy.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Introduction to Western Religion
...?Judaism, Christianity and Islam are the three main monotheistic religions in the world today. They are also very interesting in that they have belief systems and approaches that evolved from the same historical patriarchal line. Abraham is seen as the “father” of all three religions and while Jesus Christ is not elevated to godhead in all three he is also recognized by all three as at the very least a good man and prophet of God. Given the very similar backgrounds and approach too many things (one God) it seems that it is possible all three worship the same God but with a different name based on linguistic and minor theological differences. Judaism for instance worships YHWH or Yahweh which means the “Existent one... Christianity and Islam...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Introduction to Philosophy I
...?Muhammad Naeem 01 May, Philosophy and Science Generally when it comes to philosophy, people think that it must be something boring and incomprehensible. But philosophy is something very simple and deals with basic questions of the life. These questions include ‘existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language’ (Teichmann 1) (Grayling 2). Although these questions are plain and general but their answers are way too difficult and important. They have confused many a man. A philosophical question is concerned with comparing things and asks about ‘goods and bads’ of the choices. But science generally propounds questions which are concerned with how things work. An answer is deemed...
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review
Introduction to Philosophy
...?Introduction to Philosophy What criticism did Kant bring against Descartes’ view of consciousness or the self? Whose view do you find most acceptable, Descartes or Kant’s?  Descartes’ views of consciousness represent our true or inner self. The Cartesian skepticism is the subject of Kant’s critique. According to desecrates representation, our subjectivity seems to be independent and sufficient. Desecrate indicate our experiences and thought as absolute truths. According to desecrates the aspect of rationality is the pillar of philosophy. Descartes argued that concepts of things is analytical, he proposes his method of hyperbolic doubt. He continues to argue that this method is sufficient...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY
...Introduction to Western Philosophy What is philosophy is? Is normally viewed as a reflective question in the threefold sagacity. According to Russell (20), philosophy tackles the issue of fundamental questions that underlie day-day-perceptions. Philosophic questions obtain distinct answers across history, the cognitive endeavor of philosophizing is not needless. Philosophy is quite a hypothetical than dynamic activity. It seeks to establish some inter-theoretical techniques of questioning truth and find the principles of proof and standards for assessing our beliefs, perceptions and arguments. It targets at cogent understanding and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Introduction to philosophy
...that are evident in the contemporary society. To resolve these western philosophy limitations, western philosophers should realize and embrace the awareness of the two aspects to various concepts such as time, space and subject/objects. Moderns philosophers should understand and embrace the fact that there exists a sense in which world seems to be categorized into separate objects and subjects, and understand there is an aspect whereby no objects/subjects and thus nothing is separate in space and time. If they understand such distinctions, they will understand the significance of concepts in developing a critical practical, intellectual reality understanding. References Top of Form...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
Philosophy-Great Works of Western Philosophy
...Philosophy-Great Works of Western Philosophy Introduction: This paper addresses precisely the Socratic outlook in the understanding of the term ‘piety’ based on the dialogues of Plato’s Euthyphro. The paper also takes a brief account of the relativists’ view on morality, and aims to consider what Socrates’ possible take would be on the issue in the light of the philosopher’s conceptualization of ‘piety’. Plato’s Euthyphro: Euthyphro is one of the earliest dialogues compiled by Plato, dated back to as early as 399 BC. The philosophical piece of work contains valuable insight on Socrates’ philosophical antidotes. This is Plato’s dedication to his teacher and the greatest Greek philosopher of all times. Euthyphro features a logical... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Introduction philosophy
...Introduction philosophy According to Sartre “Existentialism is nothing other than an attempt to draw all the consequences of a coherent atheisticposition”. (p51) Explain the implications this quotation has on the existentialist understanding of human nature and the nature of vale. In his famous work Existentialism and Human Emotions (1957), J P Sartre comes up with an essential defense of Existentialism against the most decisive criticisms against it. In the course of the various arguments in favor of Existentialism, Sartre maintains that it is iniquitous to consider the existentialists as people who are trying to plunge man into utter despondency. One of the critical condemnations of Existentialism has...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Introduction to Philosophy I
...with Sartre that we must take full responsibility of the freedom we enjoy. The search for our own essence should be guided by a firm set of values. One implication I see in this kind of philosophy is the attainment of power for an individual. If we believe that there is no one above us (eg. God) and that we make our own destiny, then we are empowered to explore for ourselves the world, its meaning, and our existence. A negative implication I see in this philosophy is the lack of something to hold on to when all else fails. The lack of a higher order, a God perhaps, takes away the meaning of life. I don’t think philosophy can provide ‘final answers’ to the ‘final questions’. I think...
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review
Donald Palmers introduction to Western Philosophy
...Donald Palmer’s introduction to Western PhilosophyIntroduction Many definitions have been put across in a bid of explaining what politics are. On hearing the famous word politics, the things that spring to the minds of many individuals are images of politicians and different governments and the ideas that these two institutions try to impart on people. People however have this negative notion that dirty tricks and corruption are one of the major things politics can be associated with. People deem politics as a struggle for power in a view to change the law and use it to law their advantage. During a certain forum on law and equality, a disgruntled person asked what law was. He furiously said that law came from power... such a thing....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Western and Eastern philosophy
...Western and Eastern PhilosophyWestern philosophy is rational, scientific, naturalistic, focused on progress and transforming activity, while the eastern philosophy is mystical, intuitive, focused on aesthetic and ethical education. The question of being and non-being is the one of the main concepts in understanding of origin of the universe. The fact that it is addressed to the universal values shows that Eastern and Western philosophy also has common features. In the center of knowledge - the problem of good and evil; beauty and ugliness; justice and injustice. In Western philosophy being is the word of ideas, immutable substances, enlightenment and existence. While non-being is the illusory nature of the universe. According... to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY for FREE!
Contact Us