We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

David Armstrong, 'Universals as Attributes' from Universals: An Opinionated Introduction - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Name of of Professor Course Date of Paper Argument against David Armstrong’s ‘Universals as Attributes’ from “Universals: An Opinionated Introduction” David Armstrong’s Universals as Attributes hold a proposition that the universe exists and that once this postulate is accepted the proposition that they may have varying attributes at certain degrees…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Polish This Essay98% of users find it useful
David Armstrong, Universals as Attributes from Universals: An Opinionated Introduction
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"David Armstrong, 'Universals as Attributes' from Universals: An Opinionated Introduction"

Download file to see previous pages As elements of particulars resemble closer with one another, identity becomes stronger; hence, two particulars become one and resemblance becomes an identity (109). In this paper, this argument is negated with the supposition that two different universes cannot be identical because they do not resemble completely as they have different elements. Armstrong’s Arguments Structural Universals Armstrong emphasizes in this idea that universals that resemble one another are complex universals and that they have common elements. These are also called structural universals. He further explains that they overlap due to common or identical parts. The more universals overlap, the more they resemble one another (120). Structural universals are considered to have parts according to Armstrong (122). These have non- metrological composition whereby it is possible that there are two can contain similar and simple elements. Hence, he redefines structural universals as having elements or constituents instead of parts. If this kind of universal has the appropriate parts, it they will overlap in a mereological manner. Chemical elements for instance overlap completely. Butane and isobutane can totally overlap because they have a similar element which is carbon (Pautz 110). Universals are Instantiated Aside from these, he also presented other arguments in his book regarding universals as attributes. He holds that all universals are instantiated, which means that any name can be substituted by variables. For instance, when a word has meaning, there is something within the actual world that corresponds to that particular meaning (Magalha?es 307). Plato and Socrates, two of the earliest and most notable philosophers of all time believe in the opposites. They believed that uninstantiated universals exist because objects need to correspond to a particular something or object in the world so that it is to be believed to have meaning. However, there are also things in the world that are considered to have meaning even though they do not actually exist (Pautz 110). Say, for example, the unicorn. It does not exist, but people are able to identify the properties of a unicorn even if it is just a myth. Therefore, they believe that uninstantiated universals like the word unicorn exist. This was obviously negated by Armstrong (120) insisting that the standards in this world are the only ones that have a property and meaning. A unicorn cannot have properties because it exists outside of the states of affairs (Pautz 109). Negative, disjunctive, and conjunctive properties Another argument is that negative universals do not exist because it is something that does not have any mass (m). Armstrong (122) also rejects disjunctive properties because they neither have the properties of mass (m) nor charge (c). However, he considers conjunctive properties as different from the other two properties. He argues that conjunctive properties have both charge (c) and mass (m) properties which are capable of having some things similar that can be factors to consider for identity. In addition, the fact that these properties have some things in common will give way to a great possibility of explaining how universals with conjunctive property can affect other universals (qtd. in Mulligan 30). States of affairs Since Armstrong (109) believes in the existence of properties and relations, he ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“David Armstrong, 'Universals as Attributes' from Universals: An Term Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1494373-david-armstrong-ychuniversals-as-attributesyie
(David Armstrong, 'Universals As Attributes' From Universals: An Term Paper)
https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1494373-david-armstrong-ychuniversals-as-attributesyie.
“David Armstrong, 'Universals As Attributes' From Universals: An Term Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1494373-david-armstrong-ychuniversals-as-attributesyie.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
David Leans film Lawrence of Arabia
David Lean’s film Lawrence of Arabia is today recognized as one of the 20th century’s greatest works of artistic production. The film is epic in scope and production, as it follows the life of T.E. Lawrence as he makes an astounding impact in Arabia during World War I.
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper
Attributes of Characterization of Sixteen Century
The characters in sixteen centuries are basically associated with the act of romantic love, heroic deeds and cherishing Christian values. Their ultimate aim is to find their lovers and beloved. To pursue the goal, the characters go through many adventures which result into having many man-made as well as destiny made hurdles.
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper
Attributes of a Student Teaching Experience
Learning is an all-round process that enables individuals to understand themselves and each other better. It is possible to uphold worldwide perspective, adopt and realize global standards, broaden perspectives to fulfill career responsibilities to benefit individuals and societies from one generation to another.
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
Introduction to American Politics
However, pluralist view of democracy focuses on each member’s participation in decision making in Government. Pluralists see the American society as small particular interest groups, with partly overlapping memberships, extensively varying power bases. Also, a massive number of techniques for implementing influence on salient decisions on the people.
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
Introduction to global politics
China is now the cynosure of eyes in pure business terms. Countries like India and Brazil have also been able to invite world attention, as huge investment possibility exists in these poor countries as well.
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper
Aristotelian Universals and Platonic Universals
Let us imagine that there are two brown tables in a room. Both the tables have the quality of 'brownness' and according to the Metaphysical philosophers, both these tables share a universal, that is the quality of being brown. Metaphysics states that there are three major types of universals existing, namely, Types or Kinds, Relations and Properties.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Metaphysics
For example, the universal feature of a set of white tiles would definitely be whiteness, which is the fact that they all are white in color. Another feature would definitely be their “tileness”, that is the fact that they are all
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper
David Cole Interviews Dr. Franciscek Piper
From Cole’s visit and interviews with people in the camp, including Dr. Piper, one learns about some serious flaws in the claim that there was a gas chamber. One of
1 Pages(250 words)Term Paper
Women and Cultural Universals
The author of this paper states that cultures have been a great hindrance to the welfare of women, even under circumstances where they are struggling to survive. Indian culture is one classic example, where the Indians fail to allow their women to work, yet they need to survive in the shortage of resources, such as food.
2 Pages(500 words)Book Report/Review
Introduction To Luke
However, the aspect that truly differs the mankind on a much deeper level is the highly developed spiritual world. That is why it would not be an exaggeration to suggest that religion has played its important role in the formation of human identity. This paper will
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper
Let us find you another Term Paper on topic David Armstrong, 'Universals as Attributes' from Universals: An Opinionated Introduction for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us