A person joining an established group evaluates first whether the activities of the group are of any interest to him/her. Most likely, the existence of a mutual relationship will encourage the person to remain in the group. Fear, uncertainty, and mistrust that might be as a result of past experiences may prevent the person from joining the group.
Person-centred therapy was invented by Carl Rogers in the 1940s and 1950s (Cooper 2007). It is a form of therapeutic intervention and patient-therapist relation that emphasizes the individual agency of the patient in discovering the solving their problem. The underlining concept of client-centred therapy, or person-centred therapy.
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The quality of care in nursing homes is largely dependent on the type of leadership employed by the nursing administrators. Therefore, the leadership style used by both the Social Service Director and Director of Nursing in the nursing homes should relate in a manner that produces positive results on the nursing home residents
Distressing or traumatizing situations also cause stress. This refers to a reaction to a situation. Traumatic stress may interfere with one’s ability to live normally for a long period of time. Stress among victims of trauma may make them feel tired, irritated or unable to concentrate. It may also damage an individual’s physical health.
A number of people used to come to small bookshops place as they would prefer to buy books at a discounted price and would not mind having old books for that. We were five people including me working out there. Among them was the owner of the shop, a sixty years old man. As this was a small book shop, everybody was meant for every other work.
I am writing to you today because I am at a loss! I wanted your advice on a concern that I am grappling with regarding your granddaughter, Shelley. You see, she has been struggling in school, usually taking home marks of D’s and F’s and I am truly worried because I see how hard she works. I see her embarrassed to show me her papers.
To appreciate and comprehend the complexity of what makes us human beings, we have to understand the social, economic and historical forces that have shaped today’s culture as a whole. It is important to acknowledge and recognize that people, for centuries and across societies, have been dealing with distress and problems in their own way.
Goleman interprets the work of Mayer, Salovey, and other scholars to explain the antecedents of social, academic success. His main argument is that emotional intelligence helps explicate the success of many people, while the lack of it underlies why some of the brightest people have not reached success in their personal or workplace lives or both.
Rogers made a big impact upon the development of person-centered psychotherapy – and in his works, he tells about the importance of client. In fact, he is the first to have begun calling patients “clients”.
Child development entails “the biological and physiological processes that take place from birth to the end of adolescence". It is usually a steady progression from child hood where the child is highly dependent on the guardian, to the level where an individual attains self dependence. self-development depends on the sex, with gyrating faster than boys.
The author states that activities that resulted in bad experiences are often learned to be unpleasant and neglected while those resulting in positive experiences are most likely to be reinforced. This is the reason why it is advised to appreciate whatever good things that a child has made in order to reinforce good behavior out from them.
Scientists have been attempting to determine how people learn and the various underlying factors affecting the learning process. The environment where one lives is a significant factor for personality development because it defines the people one interacts with, the level of education one receives, and the overall perception of how life works.
Studies also show that bullying can have serious long-term consequences on the health of bullies and victims alike, as it can lead to substance abuse, anxiety, depression and later violence. Bullying in schools has also received a new injection of interest from researchers due to the explosion of technology leading to cyberbullying.
To be noted is that core to his theories and ideas, Freud was of the perspective that the prevailing universality of symbols, as well as associated imagery, was critical in their interpretation. Through such symbolism, the symbols highlighted the socially undesirable behavior present within dreams, to more socially acceptable content-matter.
The studies and researches from the cancer institute have also shown the smoking pattern within the childhood. It has been noted that less than 1% of the children between the ages of 11 and 12 have been recorded to smoke, however by the age of 15, in every 5, i.e. 20% of the children tend to become regular smokers in England.
Self-awareness is more often described as a way to recognize your inner self, to explore your personality, values both social and moral, your goals and your abilities. Self-awareness includes identification of our individuality, our strengths, and weaknesses, our likes and dislikes, our way of behaving with others and observing other’s behavior.
It is clear from the discussion that the main perspectives in psychotherapy include the Alderian and Gestalt approaches. Wade and Tavris identified family therapy as a major psychotherapeutic approach along with other kinds of psychotherapeutic approaches. However, they emphasize that, in practice, psychotherapists are eclectic or that they are “borrowing a method from here.
Ethics to me is a way of life. The greatest merit in life is to help others and the greatest sin is to cause intentional pain to others. My domain of ethics is related to my feelings, including religious beliefs. Ethical behaviour is to do the right things at the right time. A religious or a non-religious individual may be ethical.
Positive psychology aids in providing the power to vanguard in the management and deterrence of psychosomatic ailments. This is conceded through the history, intent, and scope of positive psychology. This is an attempt to analyze existing research to coalesce core concepts into an operational model to design a roughly constructed life experiment.
This research will begin with the statement that personality refers to the individual differences which are evident among individuals. Intelligence or the cognitive capabilities of individuals refers to the mental capabilities which involve the ability to reason, plan and solve problems by comprehending complex issues.
The most serious consequence of not recognizing and treating depression in older adults is this group’s higher rate of suicide. Moreover, determining why older adults commit suicide continues to be a dilemma faced by many individuals in the helping professions. Perhaps older adults commit suicide because they are often depressed.
The genetic traits give an indication of how an individual may act under some specific situation but how he will ultimately behave would most probably depend on the way he is brought up. In other words, the environment would greatly dictate the way a person is going to behave in a certain given situation.
History tells us that it took many centuries for the first man on earth to discover and learn to speak, create the first words, effectively use them to express his feelings and produce a comprehensive language to convey all his thoughts and emotions. A child takes a few months to learn and apprehend the language used by his family.
According to the paper, each of accident methods can be applied for different purposes, so to provide a comprehensive investigation of the Piper Alpha Disaster two methods - ECFE and Swiss Cheese model have been explored for this accident. The report also presents a summary of corrective actions, industry practices, and safety policy regulations.
The child abuse reporting practices of school counselors have distinctive standing within the school setting and this is the reason that they are different in their style with other mandated reporters and teachers. The counselors are at the forefront in connection with child abuse concerns in schools.
This research will begin with the statement that with the recent importance on cultural diversity, counselors are challenged to achieve greater knowledge of the diversity of client beliefs and values. “Awareness of clients' spiritual and religious belief may help counselors understand their presenting issues and develop effectual interventions”.
This book compares and contrasts sexual harassment and bullying using relevant real-life examples, pointing out in detail what the two entail and their impacts on the lives of the youths. Strauss lays emphasis on the need to distinguish sexual harassment from bullying since sexual harassment has more adverse effects than bullying
The essay focuses on the case of Penny and Harry, a married couple in a long-distance relationship. Penny, 31 years old, is a stay-at-home mother who has a business, while Harry, 35 years old, is a military official. They have two young kids, ages 2 and 5 years old. Penny feels betrayed. Her husband flirted with other women several times on Facebook.
This essay demonstrates that management is one of the most popular majors in my country, especially in my city, Dubai. Management will give me an excellent background for my future Master degree, so I am thinking seriously to follow-up graduate studies in leadership and strategic management majors immediately after the completion of the Bachelor degree.
If a person is not happy with what he is doing for earning his living, then it could lead to frustration, depression, and failure. This is the reason why a personality inventory test becomes important before taking a decision regarding which career to choose.
It is perceived that psychological preparations are required by the prospective retiree to deal with post-retirement days. A person may not fully realise that the office, colleagues, familiar sights and even coffee breaks will be missed after retirement. Old people may even have sleep disturbance, depression and loss of appetite on retirement.
While the psychiatric association also wants to retain the insanity defense without endorsing the guilty, it has introduced the idea of irresistible impulse test. It neither wants to continue the plea of mental illness for heuristic reasons nor would approve psychiatric testimony for the ultimate decision on sanity or insanity.
There is absolutely no limitation as to how a semi-structured interview should be conducted. The interview process heavily relies on the researcher’s personal judgment rather than a “context- and content-free rules of method” since the personal dimension of the interviewer is central to qualitative research
Developed in 1921, the Rorschach Inkblot Test was considered the test of choice in clinical psychology. Toward the mid-century, according to Exner (1993), it fell into disfavor as many clinicians began criticizing it as subject to the test giver’s personal biases and conclusions regarding its results.
Gender which is the way we conceive ourselves, want to identify ourselves also has a huge role to play in the way understand present our sexuality to the rest of the world. There are a clear-cut line and sense of realization in which normative constructions of masculinity and femininity are heterosexualized.
The book “Breaking the Chains of Psychological Slavery” intends to throw light on the psychological findings and reasons behind the failure of the Black folks staying together. The book intends to find the psychological implication and aftermath for Blacks and Whites regarding the presentation of God as Caucasian figurine.
The most important finding of the study is the following one: the psychosocial effects of quarantine, as identified by researchers working in the particular field, do not overweigh the measure’s benefits. It is for this reason that quarantine is still preferred when the expansion of a disease has to be prevented within a nation.
The strength of the responses is dependent upon the existence of any reward of reinforcement consistent with the needs and desires of the respondent. This theory believes that if a reward or reinforcement exists, which is consistent with the needs of the respondent, it is likely to strengthen responses.
Counseling is a form of helping in which establishment of interpersonal communications is critical. Counselors are trained in effective communication skills, which are equally important in youth work. Counseling is not age specific though individual counselors may prefer to work with specific age groups
The mind, body, and soul are very much prone to stress affecting the physical, mental and social well being of a person. As the global environment is changing at a fast pace offering more challenges, stress and anxiety are the prime factors of many mental and health problems. The individual’s stress response to a traumatic situation is subjective.
The author of the paper states that the armchair philosophers were interested in the nature of the soul. Democritus, the first Greek philosopher, argued that everything is composed of indivisible, unitary material called atoms in constant motion. People are constituted of soul atoms and body atoms.
The principal objective of negotiating parties is to resolve the dispute by reaching an agreement amongst themselves (Fell, 2009). The role of behaviour, the act of how you handle each situation and issues with your speech and actions is one of the most important factors in influencing the outcome of the negotiation.
The author states that collecting is a human behavior that can be commonly observed. Collecting is a normative human behavior, which is found to be different from hoarding disorder. Since it could be a normative behavior then almost everyone must be able to experience it some point in their lives. However, not everyone is into collecting items.
A number of differences between the theories can be deduced from how they perceive the processes by which individuals acquire self-identity. A major component that creates a basis for comparisons is how the theories view a person’s uniqueness versus the role of society in developing perceptions of the self.
I researched further in the topic of reflecting team model and reflecting team process and realized that they are critical elements in the process of therapy. This is because reflecting boosts understanding of the critical elements of counseling and enhances the development of professionalism in the field of counseling.
This study will not only help in understanding and internalizing basic approaches to understand human behavior, but shall also help in understanding the changing roles of individuals during their lifespan. A number of perspectives are defined in psychology that helps in understanding idiosyncrasy of behavior.
I have learned that it is important for someone to have a code of ethics to live by because it gives them a foundation for what is "right" and what is "wrong." The interesting part about ethics is that they are different for different people. The character is an expression that a person builds over time.
The author states that assessment is used to develop both short-term and long-term needs of a child which assists in planning. Teaching and learning are the central processes which are commonly used as a basis for children assessment. The sense that parents or teachers make of children behavior and the manner.
This essay analyzes that there are three major steps in creating memories: perception, retention, and retrieval. Each involves a set of mechanisms different from the other two, and as such is affected by factors in a different manner. What makes the creation of memories more complicated are the types of memories one must process daily throughout a lifetime.
The essay also seeks to outline the importance of changing employee attitude by the managers and the barriers that are likely to be encountered. The last part focuses on barriers to communication and strategies that can be implemented to overcome them. Learning is the process of acquiring knowledge through experience.