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Domestic or intimate violence is a vice that continues to pervade society in numerous forms. However, in most reported incidents, the women and children suffer the most because of domestic or intimate partner violence. This is contributed by the culture that subjects women to submissiveness regardless of the violence inflicted on them by the abuser
The above cases represent instances where manifestations of mental illnesses are sometimes difficult to identify and come up with a diagnosis. The diagnoses given in each are based on the manifestations at the instant. The review of these symptoms directs the making of a diagnosis. It is also important to note that some conditions share manifestations and therefore there is a risk of misdiagnosis.
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Stress is one of the major problems, which is continuously facing by every individual in this present-day context. Due to this particular problem, most of the individuals are undergoing through varied sorts of problems that eventually impose an adverse impact on their respective health conditions at large.
The stages of development across the life highlight the kinds of experiences that individuals undergo for them to navigate the various psychological conflicts successfully as they develop from one stage to the other. The experiences that Erickson's theory highlights are sufficient in preparing individuals to move from one stage to the other.
Several most prevailing types of depressive disorders, such as major, persistent, and bipolar are explained in detail, including their clinical features, and both unique features and those similar to other disorders. Among other crucial points expressed in the work should be mentioned in the etiology of depressive disorders, including the variety of theories that exist in this regard.
Despite conflicts giving rise to animosity and unbearable working environments, they should be utilized in a manner that promotes the objectives of the organization. That notwithstanding elaborate conflict resolution models should be implemented to ensure the conflicts that arise are resolved amicably.
Mental health disorder forces Mary to quit her job. The paper relates Mary’s medical condition to physical health wellness. The paper also explains the influence of stigma on mental health. Mental health relates to a state of complete social and physical wellness of a person and not just the absence of disease.
Trait theories of personality are concepts generated by psychologists to classify and elaborate character based on natural factors such as genes. Trait theory is advantageous because: first, it helps to classify observable behaviors. Researchers have established that evaluating the collective behaviors of persons gives a powerful connection with their traits.
In one family case, a 16-year-old girl was suspended from school after one of the class representatives found marijuana in her locker. The incident was reported to the principal. It was agreed that the suspension was the best decision since the girl was also having concentration difficulties and depressive signs.
McNeal’s state of depression is mainly attributed to psychological factors. From the case study, McNeal does not have any history of disorder heredity in his family. Therefore, his problems arise from the psychological state of his mind and not from family. The psychoanalytic model can be used to explain the causes of his psychological problems.
This assignment also makes four comparisons between the BDI measures. The concepts of validity and reliability are very important in the assessment and diagnosis of mental patients. This is because they are central to making the right diagnosis judgment by maintaining absolute objectivity. DSM-5 improves validity and reliability by improving the evaluation procedure.
This assignment also discusses Piaget’s theory that comprehensively covers the development and nature of human intelligence, intuitive thought substage that ensures once the child is between ages 4 to 7 and scaffolding that can be utilized through a planned understanding, keeping independent goals of the children as primary goals.
The government should set aside funds to help assist scientists and doctors conduct research to get to the cause of this condition. The government should also set aside funds that will help in the construction of special facilities to be used in the treatment and management of this disorder. This is due to the symptoms exhibited by bipolar patients
Diversity without inclusivity will result in individuals keeping their behavior patterns to the communities in which they belong. The result is that they will make progress in learning the behavior within that particular group because they have some sameness. Such closed communities will be inclined to learn from their intra-community behavior differences, but suffer alienation from other groups.
Pediatricians advocate for holding magazines and newspapers that do not contain advertisements concerning drugs and should also advocate for the banning of those advertisements. They should as well advocate for conducting anti-drug campaigns in the country and should encourage the allocation of money to conduct research concerning adolescents.
Discipline is an issue that is much common in the care given to children. The role of maintaining discipline is in those that spend the most time with the children at home and in school. Keeping the children, however, should not be carried out through corporal punishment as it mainly inflicts pain and makes the children exposed to risk factors instead of keeping the discipline.
Interest in mindfulness-based approaches to stress reduction research has increased over the last ten years, with more than one hundred randomized controlled trials reporting their findings during this period. This paper seeks to critically reflect on the successes and weaknesses of the mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention.
Cohen argues that fundamentally the problem with this approach is that it doesn’t actually provide the information which is sought from it, even though many people believe that it does. What is sought from NHST is to know what the probability is of H0 being true given any particular data set.
The authors took the position that resilience allowed individuals to cope with different events of trauma while stabilizing their lives both with regard to its quality and their body functioning, which identifies the role played by resilience among patients that develop psychopathology in the management and recovery processes of their diseases.
Away from my studies, I have had past relevant work experience. This included my recent time of working with a mental health facility as a volunteer. Whilst there, I gained experience working with the patients who suffered from mental health problems within social care, clinical, and educational settings.
Research and theories continue to support individual differences in the workplace. Recognizing these differences, the discussion part of this assignment will focus on the application of research and theory from different theoretical frameworks and how it relates to job performance. These relate to job performance in a number of areas such as; motivation, leadership, teamwork, and recruitment.
In daily interactions, people’s outer appearance serves as a significant site of identity performance. People use their bodies to convey who they are and project information about themselves. Clothes are one of the things people use to prove their identity. However, clothes come in different fashions and the fashion in clothing is a vital aspect for one to portray his or her culture and identity.
There are lots of similarities and differences in the analysis and interpretation of dreams that are advocated by Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud. Both Jung and Freud are analytical in the manner in which they are able to interpret dreams. However, they do not use the same method of analysis. Carl Jung calls the method which Freud uses in the interpretation of dreams as free association.
This type of homicide entails killing of more than three people at a given time interval. Each murder occurs in either similar manner or its mode changes but the executor(s) remains the same. It may be carried out by a single individual or planned by several individuals. The type of homicides is never a gender issue as both males and females are victims and culprits.
Detailed research has shown that language in human is controlled by the brain. The Control of languages is done by the left hemisphere of the brain. A part of this hemisphere, which is known as the Broca’s area is the one responsible for complex speech capabilities inclusive of syntax and grammar.
Psychological and behavioural symptoms can be extremely distressing for everybody concerned and can spoil relationships among people with Alzheimer's disease, as well as their caregivers. In turn, this can also make it more expected that the individual with the condition will necessitate being looked after in a care or nursing home.
Piaget’s research led him to develop the Piaget’s stage theory so as to describe the cognitive development of children. Piaget believed that children play a very active role in the growth of intelligence and learn from this growth. He regarded children as being philosophers whose perception of the world is solely determined by how they experience it.
Extroverts are very sociable, talkative, and draw energy from multitudes. Commonly known as “Social Butterflies” The introverts are a complete opposite of the extroverts. This refers to a technique used in a user-centered interface system to evaluate if the intended task will be carried out satisfactorily, effectively, and efficiently.
On receipt of the acoustic speech signal, the individual relies on their acquired knowledge on linguistics and their ability to deduce the intended message from the speech, skills which one the individual relies on their acquired knowledge on linguistics and their ability to deduce the intended message from the speech, skills which one develops from infancy.
Beliefs are opinions that people rely on and which guide them in their day to day activities as well as decision making. Belief systems are techniques or approaches set which guide individuals and which make people in that system come together as well as work together in the aim of achieving set objectives or in fulfilling moral rules.
This law is complementary to the civil law of England and Wales. The criminal acts are considered as it is committed against a whole community. The state has the responsibility to bring justice to the victim and penalize the convict based on the available proofs and evidences. The criminal laws deal differently with different types of crimes.
An act of violence contains the use of rough physical force, with an aim to destroy. Violent computer games, therefore, contain inbuilt fictitious amusement actions with these characteristics (Anderson & Bushman, 2001). According to Ferguson & Kilburn (2009), watching this kind of games has a huge effect on the human mind.
HM could not have retained his long-term memory as well as the short-term memory if indeed the medial temporal lobes were the principal part of memory. This inspired scientists to investigate how the brain worked regarding retaining memory. The human brain is three times that of other mammals besides having a more complicated structure of living systems.
Variations of cultures in organizations in addition to its values make criminal considerations vary. This happens even though most cultures have laws or customs which are restrictive. The inheritance of psychological as well as physical traits has been found to be among the causes of crime. There are numerous motivations of crime to which individuals are exposed.
The guidelines for classifying and describing groups of mental disorders have been discovered. This is to allow one to demonstrate options instead of using hypothesized assumptions for short-lived and severe psychotic disorders. Schizospheriform, for instance, cannot be used in classifying disorders.
The concept of near-death experiences has come around in frequent reports these days. It can happen anywhere and in normal daily surroundings that we see around us. And to understand why these experiences happen, most psychologists and neurosciences experts have been bringing together their studies of patients from different corners of the world.
The alternative hypothesis indicates that a relationship exists between two things. In this experiment, the alternative hypothesis was, “there will be a statistically significant difference between the numbers of words recalled from the list after drinking caffeinated coffee when compared after drinking decaffeinated coffee.
Control over time is the key aspect in ensuring time is managed. The human mind is flexible and performs task in according to what is at hand. Macan (1994)relates the stress at work to be associated with mismanagement of time. A proper schedule and plan require an individual to plan between his times.
Physiological development of the female minor may be negatively impacted by stigmatization by her peer. She has already failed a grade which puts her in a tight position should be she confirmed to be pregnant. Stigmatization may result to her suffering from depression and other mentally –related conditions.
The psychological research of individual differences since time immemorial has its roots in psychometric, clinical, and experimental traditions. Personal construct theory (PCT) is based on a phenomenological perspective while the trait theory relies on experimental approaches in explaining individual differences.
Various cases have been reported for judgments before courts of law concerning domestic assaults and injuries between wives and husbands. Different people and organizations have come up with different typologies to help in categorizing such offences based on the manner in which they are undertaken and the circumstances surrounding their undertakings.
The relationship between a person’s race and their intelligence has been debated for a long time now. There are many psychologists that have contributed allot towards the understanding of the difference in the performance of individuals in IQ tests, in relation to their races. One of such psychologists is George I. Sanchez.
The process of learning foreign languages is always long and difficult. The dominating hemisphere plays its own role, but it is possible to state that this role is not very essential. First of all, most people have left-hemisphere dominating, secondly, all the recommendations stated above are rather relational.
Living in the midst of traditionally defined norms, women feel trapped among a plethora of social issues such as marital violence, property status, rape, workplace harassment, and so on. Beyond being mere issues of women’s rights, these issues are important in understanding women and their position as society members and individuals.
Research about improving desistance in criminals analyzes various practices and policies related to crime. Encouraging long term abstinence from crime for at least a period of two years in offenders with the help of criminal justice policies, social networks and the help of the criminal’s family members is suggested as the ultimate solution in improving desistance.
The article emphasizes the human choice behaviour and its effect on making rational decisions. Intensive information processing requires differentiated internal costs. This principle means that in order to make deter decisions, the brain will require advanced cognitive and response efforts. Decision-makers have to balance motives to ensure minimal decision costs.
Social immaturity is a psychological condition, mostly manifested by children and adults who are either experiencing or experienced minimal and interactions with others in the course of their growth. In most cases, socially immature children or adults tend to avoid their peers and show most characteristics of introverts.
In order to evaluate two established theories related to the reasons we forget, it is important to understand what memory and forgetting are. Also, it is important to establish the relation between the two cognitive behaviours of the brain by understanding and linking the different characteristics and dimensions of the two aspects of the brain.
Before I started my placement in a small clinic in Angola, I knew that communication was going to be one of my main challenges because of the language barrier, with the local language being Portuguese and the medical terms being in predominantly English. Although I did not feel much trepidation going into the placement, I was aware that the language difficulty would likely be a challenge.
An experimental research design involves a situation where the two groups are used in the study. A cause-effect study is a form of study where the researcher aims at finding out whether a given happening or situation is a result of the suspected factors. A correlational study design is a design whose goal is to explore whether a relationship exist between the variables involved.