Investing in positive psychology increases psychological capital. Unlike human and social capital, psychological capital is just a recent development in organizational literature. It used to be only concerned with self-worth. Furthermore, psychological capital is not easy to develop and measure because it is inherently subjective, unlike human and social capital.
As Maslow averred, the present paper aimed to “formulate a positive theory of motivation which will satisfy these theoretical demands and at the same time conform to the known facts; clinical and observational, as well as experimental” (Maslow, n.d., 148). People have a variety of needs, and needs manifest themselves in many forms.
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Children should also be taught the importance of character building, as this serves as a major factor. Children are more productive and creative when they have a certain level of boundaries. It makes them feel secure and complete. When we teach them to learn to fend for themselves, we should also accept it if they act aloof at times.
A family is the smallest unit of a society, but it plays a huge and crucial role in determining various social constructs. Also, it plays a significant role in shaping a child’s mind during its earliest years. A child’s socialization that determines the future identity initiates from this smallest unit.
BAI is the most cited by all the research about anxiety depression and stress. The findings in the study are useful in healthcare settings to speed up patient recovery. In all the researches regarding exercise and mood stability, the ultimate summaries are that an exercise has enormous value in promoting a feeling of confidence and self-worth
This research study aims to contribute to the awareness of the effects of corporal punishment in children and the possible, long-term issues. Furthermore, this study is a promotion of rendering alternative ways to discipline teenagers and how they should be punished as well as how they should not be punished.
Another sidelight to the form of bullying can be seen by studying their effect on girls and boys separately. The research clearly indicates the association between aggressive behavior and physical built-up. In the case of girls, the bullying is generally verbal and targeted toward giving the victim a feeling of low-esteem
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is a considered a psychological intervention approach. It is variously understood to mean either the behavior therapy alone or the Cognitive therapy alone or even a combination of the two therapies. However clear distinctions are to be made between the three concepts with the emphasis that CBT.
The qualitative analysis of the responses obtained through the primary survey of the current study has shown positive correlations among each of the Big Five personality traits and the tendency of people to set goals and to get motivated towards achieving those goals. The study also identified a number of motivating factors that play a crucial role in the accomplishment of the goals.
There have been suggestions that an unstable family such as one characterized by violence and arguments can impact negatively on children. However, studies show genes are responsible for the latter conduct of spouses. According to researchers parents that fought often are not likely to pass a disruptive behaviour gene to their children.
This creates maladaptive relationships that cause great emotional pain and suffering long after the relationship is ended. Dark Triad personalities are particularly drawn to co-dependent personalities that take care of them and feed their egos. What the media glorifies as the most desirable type of partner is, in reality, a dysfunctional one
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that in the first 36 months of a child’s life, a child’s thinking and behavior patterns are established as the brain connections multiply and form the motor that activates a child’s thinking for the rest of his life. These early ages are the most critical in the development of a child.
Task analysis can be done in two ways; physical task analysis associated with the analysis of physical environment, and cognitive task analysis which is done in cases where work is more related to mental processes than physical tasks. Cognitive task analysis is done to assess mental workings of people involved in a specific task
Mental disorders involve patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact several areas of the human brain and body and create extreme discomfort and distress for the victim. The definition of mental disorders encompasses several psychic disorders that can be different with respect to severity or level of damage.
It is very important to note that this movie provides a diverse set of information on the subject of trauma. With Will as a key actor who was earlier wounded in a Combat in Iraq, the movie plays a huge role in understanding the characteristics of non-civilian trauma. These include the existence of shocking moments in the life of a soldier
This research paper examined the various contributing factors such as love, intimacy, level of closeness and understanding that were responsible for not only making us happy but also for helping people to enjoy intimate relationships. The depth of relationships correlates directly and impacts upon an individual’s happiness.
The author states that there are four basic postulates which are also considered as the basic theoretical foundations. These basic building blocks are considered as the overall foundations of how the theoretical explanations to different processing capabilities of individuals shall explain the different alternatives.
The word Psychotherapy is a derivative of two Greek words Psyche meaning breath and therapies meaning to cure. The term, therefore, means to relieve distress or mental disability in another person using a particular theory or paradigm in which one is trained. Psychotherapy is therefore different from counseling.
Harvey noted that supermarkets in the UK have evolved distinctively and that the recent years saw the industry treading a unique system. These developments hold the key in the effective assessment of the nature of competition in this market. The evaluation of consumer benefits using traditional tools may have become less appropriate nowadays.
Trait theory presumes that traits are heritable among individuals and that there are different traits for different personalities. For example, there are particular traits that are believed to be associated with leadership. According to Bouchard (2004), traits are the regular patterns of behavior, thinking, and sensation.
According to the paper, Psychoanalysis s is the systematic study and theory of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, emphasizing the interplay between unconscious and conscious motivation. Psychoanalysis is based on the theory of inner conflicts which give the outcomes in different behavior or emotions.
The author of the paper will rely somewhat on Johnson's work in Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) for couples because it is the primary therapy for healing attachment injuries the author would like to understand this concept as a way to help clients in the future to create a stronger foundation for an intimate sexual experience.
At the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, psychology also took an interest in the physiological aspects of man. This was the time when many young scientists started to take apart human biological processes; they also took the time to come up with theories and explanations in order to explain how the body works.
Positive Psychology seeks to maximize positive social change through individual satisfaction. Nevertheless, clear cause and effect relationships are nearly impossible to delineate in modern psychological research. The prevailing view is that there is some interactivity between feeling good, thinking well and doing well.
Pavlov presented this theory after studying salivation in dogs as part of his research program. He observed that normally dogs salivate when food is presented to them. From his personal experience he knew that when he used to open the door of his cabinet to take out dog food, his dog would start salivating, then he thought of using other stimuli.
The author of the essay explains that something he had worked hard for, earned and finally bought for himself as a reward. He was sitting in front of the computer searching through various models of laptops and trying to find the one that he liked best and which also fulfilled all of his requirements.
The paper endeavours to conduct the research through a large number of theoretical inputs from a number of secondary sources like books and other published articles. Two separate case studies of kids’ stores are taken for enhancing the effectiveness of the research. The two firms taken reflect both on the designer garments and the funkiness.
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Reportedly, the Department of Health estimated that 750,000 children in the United Kingdom are affected by domestic violence annually. My desire to work with children and families in my future career prompted the decision to conduct a research into the effects of domestic violence on children.
Moral values develop and retain the basic bedrock of society. For me, it is essential to understand those values which determine and influence the moral practices and discourage immoral and immoral acts as well. Consequently, understanding of those systems, the approaches of heroes, their commitment to ethical and moral values.
In individualism, the culture promotes the notion of self-independence in the society, and experts in these societies put efforts to ensure individual independence and freedom of individuals. It is the observation that individualistic societies and cultures consist of agentic individuals that decide their actions on their own responsibility.
There are several differences between males and females that range from biological differences, psychological differences, and emotional differences amongst others. Males and females differ in their behavioral patterns and the manner in which they react to various circumstances. There are usually biological explanations for this difference in behavior and reaction.
An illness can be recognized as a sickness. A few of the illnesses tend to be sensitive by their nature. Certain forms of the disease can be chronic by its nature, which implies that they last for a long time or may be for a life time. A disability can be characterized as a mental or physical issue which makes it harder to accomplish daily tasks in a perfect way.
This paper will be discussing the arguments that are for and against its appropriation from the context of society and that of politic. There are two approaches in which incapacitation is analyzed; the forward-looking or consequentialist theories; and the backward-looking theories.
On initial contact Kelly seemed very nervous; she avoided eye contact and spoke very quietly. Kelly was dressed casually. She was of medium height with a large build and long brown hair. She wore a little makeup and had glasses on. Her voice was soft and she struggled to make eye contact. She appeared friendly but lacking in confidence.
According to the paper, the cardiovascular system’s function is transport of fluid. The major organ is the heart. It is made up of four chambers that include two atria and two ventricles. The right and left side are separated by the septum. Inside it are several valves, the atrioventricular valves that consist of the tricuspid and bicuspid valves.
We unconsciously attribute to others the undesirable aspects of our own personalities. This sort of scapegoating is a particular expression of the general problem of shadow projection or denying the shadow. The shadow is an unconscious part of the personality that the conscious ego rejects or ignores
Sociosexual communication was measured by reports of parents and child on ever having discussed a number of sex-related topics dealing with birth control, dating, adolescent pregnancy, the legality of abortion, sexually transmitted diseases, male-female psychological differences, and love and marriage.
These psychological expectations put the PT in a difficult position, especially when it comes to discharging issues when patients fail to meet their goals. Due to this, many institutions have developed their own discharging criteria, making it easier for the therapist to make a decision, regardless of whether the patient achieves his/her expectations goals, or not.
The human mind is like a ‘sponge,’ in which it absorbs and incorporates what it has ‘absorbed’ to the life of the human being in whatever way it can as the human lives out the rest of his days. In the events of the life that the human experiencing, the possibilities are limitless and how the human brain manages to ‘absorb’ the events.
This research will begin with the statement that the depression rating scale is the psychiatric measurement instrument that is used for indicating the severity of the depression symptoms experienced by the person. The scale consists of descriptive words and phrases and the person has to respond towards these according to his conditions.
As the paper outlines, the adult world very often tends to conceive young children as immature, childish and unable to feel, think and behave on their own. However, researches have clearly demonstrated that young children do have their own individuality-their own priorities, capabilities, competencies, interests, emotions, feelings and thoughts.
According to the paper, two models are used to determine mental disorders: the diathesis model and the biopsychosocial model. Psychotherapy and psychіаtrіc mеdіcаtіon аrе two foremost remedy choices as are social іntеrvеntіons, group support, and self-help. In some sіtuаtіons, there may be іnvoluntаry commitment.
Unlike guardianship or fostering, adoption is intended to be a permanent status change for the child (Reitz & Watson 39). As adoption is a perpetual process, there is a need for legal or religious recognition, which is part of the reason why adoption involves numerous procedures. In the past, adoption was usually done based on inheritance rights.
When recruiting new members, the human resource manager should give both the negative and the positive side of that job. Downplaying the negative factors affects the members in the future thus compromising their performance. They must ensure that they give precise and honest information to all members to gain their trust expectations.
The author states that the American psychologist Albert Ellis had a different experience while growing up. Ellis came up with the Rational-Emotive Theory not only because of people’s irrational thoughts, but because it was also based on personal and family issues he experienced while growing up. When Ellis established the rational-emotive therapy in 1959.
Primary appraisal is an evaluatory initiative in order to identify the significance of a stressor or threatening event. A secondary appraisal is an evaluation of how controllable the stressor is as related to the person’s coping resources. These tools are an effective means of creating appraisal coping efforts in order to address the stressor.
This essay discusses that poets and artists have tried to interpret this phenomenon through their works. For example, Marvin Hill an artist, in one of his woodblock prints has expressed, “The eye forms the world/ the world forms the eye.” There is certainly great dearth in the in-depth theoretical formulation of what comprises a “worldview.
The normal or abnormal response of a specific culture is compared to the response of the white people to arrive at a conclusion about the individual under question. The most approximate response to the white character. The deviation of an individual from this model is expected to put that culture in a more pathological condition.
Conflict is a part of everyday life and only those with fully functioning personalities, including psychological maturity and flexibility regarding the change, can successfully manage conflict. This paper describes experiences with conflict in the professional environment to describe management and employee conflict.
The Big Five model is a good structure, comprehensive, data-driven research finding. It is used to identify the traits and the structure of human psychology. According to Dig man (1990), the five personality factors were discovered by different researchers. The researchers first zeroed down on the basic known personality traits.