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Quantitative research measures the activities conducted by the humans and get to make evaluation later with the experiential study using examination rather than more biased forms of indication (Berry et al., 2009). The quantitative approach mostly deals with relationships and the connection between two and more variables (Weiner, 2003).
Schiffman and Kanuk (1994) assume that dissatisfaction is a strong motivator in Maslow’s model. Within Maslow’s model, the lower factors need to be satisfied in order to pursue the higher factors. As long as an individual is always motivated to satisfy the needs, they are moving towards growth and closer to self-actualization.
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Various researches in the field of social psychology have revealed that ‘deindividuation’ does not always lead to aggressive behavior. Deindividuation theory says that a person loses the idea of social norms regarding aggressive behaviour when he is in a mob or crowd. This idea was proved wrong by a study conducted by Campbell.
A sample of SPs can be identified in the focal attention or LTM, through studies conducted by various scientists. Moreover, the studies examined crucial SPs in order to evaluate the differences that exist among the hypothesize nature and test that involve dissociation between the representation of hypothesized short-term memory and long-term memory.
Oxytocin effects in humans have been demonstrated by behavioural studies indicating increased trust after hormone administration. Oxytocin potently minimized amygdala activation and minimized coupling to brainstem regions linked to autonomic and behavioural manifestations of fear (Decety & Cacioppo, 2011).
Stress is the condition that results when feelings of uncertainty overwhelm an individual. The uncertainties that have the potential to overwhelm an individual often may emanate from different sources. Some people find some environmental factors quite unbearable, resulting in different levels of stress. Stress may result from political or technical sources.
The options for treatment are supposed to be discussed with the patient at length so that he or she can be able to make choices that are informed and considering the ambivalence that is contained in this disorder, efforts and engagements that are directed at motivational enhancement may be supportive in maximizing adherence to treatment (Gremillion, 2003).
The job of scientists (social psychologists in particular) is to discover the truth. Generating hypotheses collecting data and examining if data is consistent with the hypothesis is part of the research process. The objective is always to be accurate however, errors are a regular part of the process. A false positive is probably the most costly error in research.
The studies of mixed feelings induced by music also lack clarity. Gabrielson provides numerous examples of people's reflections about how different music influences their emotional state. However, they are not analyzed or properly organized. As far as music perception is a complex process, it cannot result in mere feelings of sadness or happiness.
The different studies carried out for deciding about the rationality of the consumers indicate that consumers make different decisions at different times at times. They may use objective reasoning sometimes while may appear to choose non-logical sort of decision-making. This is obvious from two different studies directed by Hsee.
Comfort causes a decreased frequency of this behavior. When people achieve what they targeted, they tend to relax a little. An overweight person, for example, after cutting off lots of unnecessary fats may cease going to the gym even with the knowledge that upon such laxity he or she is likely to regain that weight ten times as fast.
Mentally ill individuals may not have the capacity to fight off the yearning to consume drugs or alcohol. The abuse of these substances could further negatively affect their disorders. When any individual takes alcohol or drugs over an extended period of time, his or her decision-making capacities are negatively affected.
The Behaviorism & Language Learning Theory by BF Skinner provides that through the process of learning and then reinforcement, a behavior develops in a person and then becomes consistent (Murray, 29). This theory explains another notable distinction between the children interaction for those between the ages of 2-3 and the ones of ages 3-5;
Asperger’s syndrome and autism are similar in many ways. Students with AS and autism are usually verbose and have an average to above-average IQs (Wing, 1981). The impaired recollection was reported in AS autism patients (Wojcik et al., 2013). Asperger’s syndrome and autism are known to influence speech, social contact and creative activities.
Adjustment is a significant element towards becoming happy and contented with one’s achievements. Happiness comes as a result of successful adjustment to conditions which could be causing anxiety and depression. The reaction after the outcome becomes fundamental determinants if the happiness experienced in the process.
A real case scenario of how brain structure if affected could result in a criminal act is illustrated in Charles Whitman's case; he was a student in Texas University pursuing architectural engineering; however, in 1966. He happened to shoot forty-seven people within his range, killing sixteen (his wife and mother included) of these.
The process of developing multiple intelligences involved the reorganization and reconstitution of mental processes resulting from environmental and biological influences. According to Piaget, children constructed an understanding of their surrounding environment and experienced inconsistencies between the things they already knew and their discoveries in the environment.
The team should assess the level of danger to which the child is exposed. This can be determined on the basis of the source of symptoms that can be genetic or familial. For children that display the apparent risk of self-harm or drug abuse, the team needs to prepare an emergency care plan immediately.
Focusing Effect offers another way of weighing the power of the brain over vision. The effect gives us the perception that others are leading good lifestyles as a result of their high incomes compared to the ones with low incomes. The perception is in most cases wrong since it ignores other underlying factors, defining a good lifestyle.
The observers tend to move their hands across the cookie cutters in an effort to obtain mechanical events at the skin in several positions and in varying mishmashes. If we perceive the hand to be a sense organ, the observers were striving to adjust it in order to obtain a better perception and deduce a precise identification.
Human growth and development has a lot of aspects to be explored and theories to be proved. Human development is a rather vast realm as it concerns everything engaged with human beings from early childhood development to global processes and life quality. Developmental psychology as a scientific field considers the specific changes that human beings go through.
Ego strength is the ego’s ability to operate in spite of the dueling forces. Excess or too little ego strength can lead one to become too disrupting or too unyielding. Freud suggests that a balance among all the three parts. The psychic power strikes a balance when the ego is in the middle, and all demands are satisfied. The result is an adjusted personality.
Coercive home environments encourage amount of aggression, which discourages the development of pro-social behaviors. Young children spend most of their time at home with their families. As such, the home must be habitable for the children. The home must encourage the development of pro-social behaviors.
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a serious mental disorder that needs timely treatment. This disorder is typical of the military people, but the risk of its development is also high with ordinary people who have suffered from terrifying events. The treatment of this disorder must combine both pharmaceutical and psychotherapeutic approaches.
There are different strategies for using awareness as a therapeutic intervention so that therapists can support their clients in deepening awareness. For each of the above types of awareness, it can be used as a therapeutic intervention so that the clients become more aware of their experience either by slowing down or we can raise awareness by using touch.
Cognitive neuroscience is important as it helps in the creation of an understanding of the neural basis of human behavior. It helps in coming up with an explanation of how people behave, and why they behave the way that they do. Such information is vital as it can change the way that people perceive and interpret each other’s behavior.
Understanding the details regarding OCD which is a type of anxiety disorder will be valuable not only for the individuals suffering from this condition but also for the people around them to understand what they are going through. Treatment options can be optimized if a thorough analysis of the disorder’s causative factors is taken into consideration.
Compassionate caretakers create a pleasant environment for the sick and the dying that enhance a sense of belonging and help in stress management, an increase of self-esteem, confidence, and identity. This paper discusses ways that the compassion of the caretaker is important when working with individuals where illness and death are present.
Peer groups do not anymore have as much of an impact on the adult, with a stronger sense of self-developed and established by an individual. Nevertheless, for individuals who have not resolved their identity and role confusion during their adolescent years, they may still have serious identity issues during their adult years (Harvey, 2002).
In the personal life of the behavioural specialist for children, operant conditioning will help in eliminating behaviour that is not required. Every person usually has behaviour that they would like to do away with, and others that they would like to develop. In either way, operant conditioning would help regulate behavioural tendencies.
Whoolery (2007) considered the id as the primary identity of the individual’s personality. He further argued that children are born with a pure id. Thus, a child is strongly driven to gratify his/her own needs. As the child grew, he/she realises that it is impossible to fulfill instinctual desires without incurring suffering and punishment (Andrade, 2007).
In the first step, the organization might face resistance from the supervisors when trying to implement this system. This resistance will occur due to the fact that the supervisors might not be very knowledgeable about transformational leadership. Many of them will be hearing the term for the first time, while others may be wary about the practicality of the system.
The attention situation is then indomitable by a limit approval search that tries to recognize groupings that are steady using a lot of information as possible. Accordingly, the procedure of attention is seen as a solitary search and not two types of research with diverse goals, hence this unification is achievable through a collective depiction of space.
Cyber bullying can be very harmful to teens because it can cause depression, anxiety, and even suicide. In some cases, cyber bullies may not recognize the outcomes of their actions to themselves. What they post online never disappear and it reflects awfully on them at later periods when they submit applications for college or job (Yalda, 2012).
European Union in the past has founded policies, treaties and legislations that have continuously received criticism for not providing a gender perspective equal citizenship. However, in the previous decade, issues related to gender and organization intimacy have acquired a progressive audience on the agenda of the European Union policy.
Chances are that the treatment of patients suffering from an eating disorder will be administered effectively. If the patient and the management team assigned to treat the patient work hand in hand, then the treatment is likely to be successful. The results that are likely to be displayed do not show any room for the author to increase their study.
The data contained several themes that were offered by individual participants in the course of the interview. One of these is the attitude of patients towards male nurses. This aspect was not sufficiently covered by other participants but it deserves to be discussed. The age of the male nurse and his experience may have something to do with it.
The most common governmental step is the prohibition on handheld cell phones in vehicles. “Other measures include prohibiting the use of the mobile phone for drivers in some special driver categories, such as drivers with special responsibilities (e.g. school bus drivers) or young drivers who only have a learner's licence” (Hayes, 2011, p. 192).
Stress can have an epigenetic component to it. Epigenetic alterations of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf) gene have been identified in rats. Hippocampal Bdnf DNA methylation is a cellular mechanism underlying the cause of persistent reasoning deficits which are prominent features of the pathophysiology of some types of stress.
One of the initial psychologists to call attention towards the cognitive, consequential nature of emotions was Vygotsky. “Lazarus and others have contemporaneously made the same point” (Apter, 2006, p. 116), that emotions are characteristically psychosocial as they constantly involve cognitive evaluation of occurrences.
The use of methods such as informant reports to measure personality may also pose significant challenges. While using informant reports, many costs may be incurred. It consumes a lot of valuable time to collect data from informants; regarding the appropriate behaviour and traits that can be used to classify individuals based on personality.
World War one gave rise to the subsequent testing tools. The U.S had the need for screening very many army recruits. Due to this, the APA and the committee of psychological recruits had to come up with good testing procedures. Psychologist Robert Yerkes came up with two tests known as the Army Alphas and the Beta tests.
Berger (2010) explains that human development is multidirectional and thus there are several factors that shape human behavior. These factors also can be said to contribute to developmental challenges. The main challenge in the socio-emotional development of preschoolers can be explained through Sigmund Freud’s psychodynamic theory.
The notion of human psychology has undergone numerous trends and developed significantly over the years. Nowadays, experimental existential psychology is mostly applied in the study of human personality. It is expected that this new approach in psychology would ultimately become the best method by establishing its own individuality.
During the pre-operational stage, the child views the environment around him or her in his or her own perspective and disregards other people’s perspectives. At this stage, children’s thoughts are structured in such a way that they think everyone should see things the same way as the children. As a result, the child only has a subjective reality.
A BBC newspaper article dates 31 May 2012, discusses on how lucid dreaming has led to the rise of nocturnal hobbies (BBC, 2012). The article explains how different people perform different activities, which include group meetings while in their lucid dreams. This is highly related to the initial response of this paper.
Cultural differences incorporation in psychology research fails to meet the challenges resulting from globalization. Spering (2001, p 15) notes that globalization results in increased interaction and interconnectedness, eventually resulting in cultural complexity. Complexity brought about by globalization present in three main forms.
Darwin’s theory excessively depends on concepts of adaptation and adaptive failures. This is a weakness. Dependence on the assertion that one must view psychological processes as developed or evolved answers to adaptive difficulties in the distant past, in fact, restricts any examination of how selection really operates, in the remote past or at present (Buss, 2005).
This study endeavors to propose measures to curb addictive behavior. As such, the forces propelling this behavior must be investigated. The study was conducted in Kingston University. As such, the appropriate respondents were the students of Kingston University.
The concept of construction brings a permanent demerit to this theory. Constructs may not entail actual accuracy in their nature (Salmon, 1994). They dominantly possess psychological errors that may originate from prejudices. However, the constructs are basic phenomenological factors in personality.