The divorce rate is holding at 6.8% of marriages out of 1,000 cases of marriage in the United States (CDC, 2013). Although this seems like a small number, it shows that marriages are still in trouble and that there is a need for counseling for many couples.
This is effective for the sake of giving a visual impression of statistics. In any event that any variables are similar in any respect, they are distinguished quite effectively with the color cording on the graph. 1b. The results show that the pretest figures are generally fewer than the postest figures.
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The terms mental illness, mental disorder, and psychopathology are frequently applied interchangeably by experts in psychology and related disciplines; all are associated with the study of abnormal or unusual behaviors. Unlike terms and ideas in a number of physical sciences, however, there is not a solitary, accepted by all functional definition for these terminologies (Strack, 2006).
According to the paper alcoholism poses serious health risks like heart and blood pressure complications as well as social problems like loss of a job due to absenteeism. According to statistics, social drinking contributes much to the problem of drinking in society today. The bio-ecological model is an evolving theoretical system for the study of human development.
Eating disorders can be manifested as either consuming extremely small portions of food or severe overeating. In essence, eating disorders are characterized by abnormal eating patterns that are as a result of other pre-existing mental illnesses such as stress, depression, substance abuse, anxiety disorder, and obsessive concern over body weight and shape.
She was Smuts’ daughter. Smuts founded the ideology of holism. Clarkson was amongst the founders of Metanoia in 1980s. She established Physis training institute in 1993. Petruska Clarkson stands out as one of the notable personalities who popularized Gestalt therapy in England (Clarkson 45).
The problems that the patients face include unpleasant pains, fatigue and nausea. The affected person’s family experiences financial problems due to the regular treatment of the disease. The continued treatment of the disease leads to the patient as well as his or her family members experiencing spiritual doubts and this call for a psychiatric help.
The paper has discussed that social psychology offers a great insight into understanding human behavior. The paper has discussed various contemporary theories in social psychology that tends to explain various ways that behaviors can be acquired and observed thus, creating great insight on social behavior.
Families also pose a significant challenge to both parents and children. Many psychologists state that stress in life arises from different issues such as, work issues, exams in school, car breakages or financial issues (Regan & Gurung, 2009, P. 102). However, health psychologists assert that stress is mainly triggered by the thinking and behaviour of a person, (Vaswani, 2007, P.
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Moreover, the emerging psychiatric and psychological complications which are brought about by drug abuse and alcoholism addictions have proved to have severe implications for the prosperity of contemporary mental treatment services.
.......................................................... 4 Introduction ............................................................................................................ 4 Purpose of the Study and Research Questions ...........................
There are mainly four theories regarding what controls personality. They are psychoanalytic, trait, social cognitive and humanistic. Naturally genetic influence, age, culture, education all are recognized to be the significant contributor of personality development.
One cannot really remain poker faced with no emotions what so ever in this society which is spontaneously being evolved through human behavior. Therefore, it is necessary for us human beings to understand the characterization of this perplex psycho physiological state through which all human beings go through.
Women suffer adversely because of hormonal imbalances and research should concentrate on establishing a remedy for the effects of hormonal changes that do not have adverse effects. In addition, psychologists should work on providing a prophylaxis to these forms of depression. As a female, having knowledge on the prevention of these forms of depression will be useful.
Schizophrenia is a psychotic, neurological disorder that involves awareness, behavior, approach, as well as the way of communication of the individual. It is the condition that influences the interpersonal relationship, as well as occupational abilities of a person.
This circumstance has already been a part of the American lifestyle and is hitting a lot of people, making them react either positively or negatively. People who experienced painful events from car accidents with teenage drivers involved are open to whatever changes that they think would improve safety on the road.
The author explains that a theory is a replica of certainty that helps to explain, understand, control and predict the said truth. Personality can be used to mean the characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting that refers to consistent and distinctive ways in which one’s ideas, feelings, and actions are organized.
Women in Psychology: Karen Horney. Women in Psychology: Karen Horney Background Karen Horney is a renowned personality in the area of psychology as evident in her numerous contribution such as her work at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute and New York Medical College.
The study was done by Woodhouse, Schloser, Crook, Ligiero, and Gelso and it involved 51 participants who were undergoing therapy sessions. The study examined how therapists rate the levels of client’s transference and related them to secure and preoccupied-merger attachment.
This notion was contrasted to those persons without ASD and those with different developmental disabilities. Consequently, the research aimed at investigating the effectiveness of behavioral group treatment in minimizing the effects of anxiety symptoms. Method and Results of Study The cohort of study involved thirty three children that exhibited high levels of ASD.
Adult Development Introduction The article majors on the relationship between androgyny and psychological development among college students and adults in view of personality. Androgyny means the presence of male and female characteristics not only sexually but behavioral and in dressing.
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This essay discusses that personality theories have outlined a wide range of explanations concerning a person’s behavior. Carl Rogers has immensely contributed to the field of psychology through his person-centered theory. He worked as a medical psychologist, and there is no doubt that, his career contributed to the development of his theory.
This paper reviews an article that studies the efficacy that language intervention during early childhood has on learning abilities of such children. The choice of the article has been informed by its relevance in understanding the learning psychology of children and how such could be nurtured to ensure that a child exhibits excellence in acquiring literacy skills.
According to the paper school uniforms play a large role in masking differences in students and preventing them from forming groups related to their wardrobe. For instance, without uniforms, those students who wore a certain type of clothing would likely form a clique, thus leading to the creation of invisible barriers within the student body. Some students claim that school uniforms suppress their individuality and freedom of expression.
This can be illustrated by use of the pink color which is a color that most girls identify with especially during adolescence. The company uses a hot pink Fuchsia and a minty green teal and flowers which surround its package when in magazine. The advert of the brand camel no 9 and a slogan which states, light and luscious.
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Various researchers have tried to determine the primary causes and effects of teenage pregnancy. According to most studies, teenage pregnancy is primarily caused by sexual abuse, poverty, lack of knowledge, and alcoholism.
Frequent scratching of the skull was a target behavior in my personal analysis. This behavior was undesirable in personal and social settings. It would express an elevated level of impaired hygiene. It would also reflect my personality. Frequent scratching of the skull would irritate class associates and other companions in life.
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Domestic violence research paper: Domestic violence can be termed as the hostility and viciousness that occurs within a family unit and relations, especially among people who are required to love, care and protect each other. In addition, these people have a social responsibility to provide and give guidance to each other.
Cognitive theories try to explain framing effect in terms of the cognitive processes that are involved in weighting losses and gains. These theories include the fuzzy trace theory and the cost benefit tradeoff theory. Motivational theories view framing effect as consequences of wishes and fears of an individual, that is, the hedonic forces.
The word depression derives from the Latin deprimere, which means to fall down, and it was introduced in the 17th century to depict one's state of mood (Gilbert 1999). “English has several words that reflect a state of mood such as sad, blue, low, black, or joyless (Miller & Reynolds, 2002).
Counseling is an important field in the broader field of psychology. Counseling has existed over the years, even in different cultures, before being adopted into academics. This simply reflects on the process of one person seeking advice from another person.
When doing the translation of the bible, some of the nuances were lost since English did not necessarily have exact translation of Greek, Hebrew, and Amharic. This piloted the necessity to do an extensive word study on words of interest. By definition, word study is based on word pattern; this paper will review patterns of specific words in Greek and Hebrew as used in the bible.
An African American growing in a racially segregated society, King’s early life significantly shaped his future life and work as a pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist church and the civil rights activist, fighting for equality for all in the U.S. King’s life as a teenager really influenced his later life.
These approaches allowed for comprehensive risk analysis, taking into account the wide range of children’s vulnerabilities (Jansson, 2012a). a. Holistic approach Holistic assessment is used where performance objectives are inter-related and complex and the extent of performance are measured against established standards.
Effectiveness of Therapeutic Interventions to Autism Name: Institution: Course: Tutor: Date: Introduction Autism can be defined as impairment in growth of brain and central nervous system characterized by impaired social interactions, disorders of verbal and non- verbal communications and stereotyped behaviors which in some cases can be repetitive and/or restricted.
Different behaviors or habits contribute significantly to addictive tendencies while, other circumstances, addiction may manifest into a disease. This is because individuals addicted to alcohol and drug abuse often develop physical symptoms related to the dependency on alcohol or drugs.
Far too many studies merely attempts to focus upon my new ship rather than engaging the reader with a more profound understanding of a research topic that has not been discussed to a great deal of death. However, the most notable shortcoming that is thus far been exhibited is with regards to the procedure itself and the means through which the material was selected.
It is illogical to worry about what is going to happen tomorrow while plenty of things needed to be done today. In other words, worry about death seems to be an unnecessary feeling. Humans are living in the earthly world and hence it is logical for him to think only about the things happening in this world.
cerning both positive and negative types of autobiographical memory. Participants filled out the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale to allow them to be divided into two groups, high social anxiety and low social anxiety. They then filled in an Autobiographical Memories Questionnaire for positive and negative memories for three time periods in their life, ages 8 to 10, 12 to 14, and 16 to 18.
Research into the antecedents of the disorder has shown a number of factors that have set the ground for the development of PTSD. These factors include experiences during childhood, mental illness, changes in brain functioning and the presence of stressors in the person’s life.
These ethical codes are developed, modified and updated by the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC), which is an independent, not-for-profit and voluntary organization. After coming into existence in 1982, “ Code of Ethics” were amended in February, 1987, and its latest revised paper was issued in 2003.
NCDA is a leading body in developing standards for career counseling and evaluating the career information material. Its major goal is to promote career development throughout the lifespan by providing a blueprint for various career counseling firms to work on.
This is despite a huge step towards eliminating this blight on society. Discrimination can be overt or latent but it is a situation that is caused by personal and social biases. Attitudes towards discrimination can be a burden to some people in terms of job opportunities, educational attainment, access to health care services and in all sorts of social situations and other contexts.
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The conclusion from this study states that phobias are some kind of unnecessary fears and anxieties which can be treated with the help of medications, exposure therapy, and behavioral therapies. Anxiety and fear are normal responses to the perceived threat. However, the perceived threats need not be the real ones always.
Psychologists who perform forensic assessments have regular experience with this practice more than insanity defense, since trial competency issues are frequently raised in the law courts. Competency assessors need to have a high level of clinical skills and knowledge, as well as substantial knowledge of the legal system.
Student’s Name Here Instructor’s Name Here Course Title Here Date Here Cognitive Psychology Take Home Final Essay Questions 1. Word Count: 338 A hierarchy is the arrangement of items in an orderly, level-based manner. Objects within the system are ordered on ranked levels that are arranged to be above and/or below other levels.
On the other hand, having common points of reference for people with varied social backgrounds is not as easy as it seems since there are numerous possible character combinations. This is the main reason for numerous theories and models whose main aim is to explain human behaviour, with the attempt to predict the reactions people would have in different scenarios.
An important theorist is George Kelly theory of personal constructs who emulated the constructs the people held and thus influenced their take on life events. This will be achieved by describing the biography of George Kelly and how he inspired the development of the theory of personal constructs.
As such, the two have conducted considerable researches and come up with theories to add up to the existing knowledge on this field. There are several identical and different views brought forward by each therapist concerning the field. The aim of this paper is to bring out the similarities as well as the differences that the approaches show in their theories.
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES Name Institution Course Instructor Date According to Constantine (1998, p54), a group is a collection of people who are brought together in a coherent unit to perform a well defined obligation. Individuals in a group have regular contacts and time to time interaction, mutual coexistent, and they work together for a common goal.