The author claims that the client who requested for the renovation of Pheasantry building had specified that each part of the proposed refurbishment should be able to provide good value for the money invested. For example, one of the major concerns of the client is how to avoid premature failure during the renovation Pheasantry building.
The study also focuses on the material properties that are essential to make these parts so that they could serve their intended purpose. Also, analysis with respect to manufacturing process and material used is also done since the type of manufacturing process adopted to make a part is linked to the mechanical properties of the material.
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According to the paper, the earth is a living organism. Lovelock has described the working of the living earth in the past and the present based on research. The author has presented the Earth as a coherent system that has the ability to self-regulate and self-change. The Earth’s crust, oceans, and air are the direct products of living beings.
Along with density, the speed of the seismic waves is also dependent on the elastic qualities of the soil and rocks because the waves go through the soil and rocks. The P waves due to their likeness with the sonic boom are sensed first as they keep the capacity of banging and clattering windows. P waves are followed by S waves.
The author states that Canary Wharf and Brindleyplace are both examples of urban redevelopment, which aimed at urbanizing the region and utilizing the public spaces appropriately. Canary Wharf and Brindleyplace have both commonalities and differences in its urban development design based on spatial planning, the scale of development.
The present research paper has identified that an aerodynamic force is produced by anybody which moves inside a fluid. The component of this force which is perpendicular to the direction of motion is called Lift. On the contrary, the force in the direction of motion is called the drag. The Lift force is created according to the hydrostatical theorem of the Archimedes principle.
This research tells that the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NexGen) integrates past and present technologies to improve efficiency. According to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): NextGen is ‘a comprehensive overhaul of the United States’ National Airspace System which makes air travel more convenient and dependable, ensures safe flights’.
Most bearings are used to support rotating shafts in machines and generate energy losses by wear and friction. Bearings have spectacularly long service lives when maintained and applied properly. The most common rolling element bearing types are a ball, spherical roller, tapered roller, and cylindrical roller.
The developmental interventions on housing require the participation of partners who are the actors involved in the development of these houses. Urbanization refers to the expansion of the population living in urban areas, and this is one of the major transformations that exist along the globe. It is the movement of people from rural areas.
A qualitative and quantitative study was conducted by Walker and Brammer. The results of the study revealed that cost appears to be a significant obstacle to sustainable procurement in the public sector. In fact, Bowen, Hall, Edwards, and Pearl (2002) argue that clients in the built environment are “primarily concerned with quality, time and cost”.
One of the worst terrorist attack son railway systems was witnessed in 2005 when Islamic extremists launched attacks on three underground rail stations and a bus causing deaths of thirty-seven and scores o others injured. This just but one among many other examples of terrorist attacks specifically calculated to target public transportation systems.
The author states that the equipment comprises of the tank that has an integrated heating and cooling system as well as an agitator. The main advantages of using a batch unit are its ability to perform the various function without the need to change or break containment. Toxic and highly potent compounds can be processed in the batch unit.
A primary aim of this paper is to provide a real picture of what is happening in construction sites and how this has implications for the environment and what EMS has done about it. This dissertation will provide an overview of the impact of environmental management systems in reducing waste outputs from construction sites, conduct a research.
King's Cross railway station is a prestigious railway station located on hart of London city. It is the main railway terminus in England with direct links with many European countries. The station is the southern terminus of the main line of east and there is St Pancreas station at the west, immediately to King's Cross railway station.
The author has rightly presented that the load of the structure is one factor that needs to be considered while designing the foundations, while the underlying soil’s properties are equally important. If not considered in the designing phase of the substructure, underlying soils can undergo volumetric changes large enough to cause danger to the integrity of the whole structure.
Fleet planning should take into consideration factors like the current market scenario and the latest technology available in the market. In the aviation industry, operating costs are higher as compared to other industries. In aviation industry, the operating cost involves the direct operating cost and cost for operating types of equipment.
The report provides an example of typical industrial application of the identified techniques in the measurement of stress in different test specimen. This is because these methods do not tamper with the physical properties or natural states of the samples under investigation for strain and stress.
With building codes also being referred to as building control as well as building regulations, it is worth noting that there are building codes for various scenarios as well as countries. Such various scenarios are the source of the various types of building codes. For instance, when seconding Jones & Vasvani (2017, p345), there are building codes for earthquakes and scenarios related to the fire.
Value engineering is not a design or peer review or a cost-cutting exercise, but rather, it is a creative, organized effort, which analyzes the requirements of a given project for the sole purpose of achieving the essential functions at the lowest total costs of capital, staffing, energy and maintenance over the life of the project.
In order to understand risk mitigation, it is helpful to explore some of the concepts of risk management as a whole. A risk can be defined as the likelihood that an individual, organization, or project will suffer some form of harm or loss as well as the impact that such a harm or loss will have on involved parties (AbouRizk 3).
Third Phase: Installation of differential absorption light detection and ranging/solar occultation flux, Installation of integrated gasification combined cycle power plant that would use fluidized flexicoker/delayed cokers to turn petroleum coke ( a coke like the by-product of the refining process) into hydrogen, steam and electricity
The high population density makes the state a potential target for criminal activities such as terrorism and robbery. Considering the critical role played by tourists in the economy of Philadelphia, there has been a need to guarantee them maximum security because security threats are likely to scare away tourists and have negative effects on the state’s economy.
This study draws mainly from secondary sources and an in-depth primary study through interviews. Research is presented that collates the opinion of investors and Macau residents’ dissatisfaction with the available transport infrastructure. The findings suggest the residents blame the government for slow implementation of adequate travel networks.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the construction sector is the very volatile sector with its demand being affected by policies followed by the government. Market factors like fuel prices and other political developments also affect the demand in the construction sector.
This research paper is going to analyze the various aspects of the aerodynamics of an aircraft. Aerodynamics is indispensable for empirical approximation, mathematical analysis and also wind tunnel experimentation, which enables scientists and researchers in their scientific basis for heavier than air objects in flight.
This research will begin with the statement that parachutes are devices that are used to slow down the motion of an object via the atmosphere through creating a drag effect, or in a situation of a ram air parachute, aerodynamic lift. Often, parachutes are made out of silk, light and strong cloth, most commonly referred to as nylon.
Therefore, it can be stated that the main philosophy behind photoelasticity is an urge for simplification of complicated technological processes. The main advantage of using photoelasticity is that it can give a fairly precise and intricate picture of the distribution of stress in a given material. It can show stress variations around even the most abrupt structural discontinuities present in a substance.
Optical communication ranging in scales from worldwide connections desktop connections within an organization. Analog phone services can be transmitted by optical fibers by use of carriers. Digital video has for a long a time been transmitted by use of fibers, most of the television companies have migrated from the use of analog transmission
The construction industry has become a pivotal sector of any economy in modern times. Much of the growth of the industry is attributed to the voluminous cash. This is one of those industries which have seen a lot of bloodbaths. Of late, experts feel that the main aim of the construction industry should be to focus on societal values.
Management of the port business is an important area in not only internal but external business operation. Port logistics involve management strategies used by port management and government agencies to ensure efficient goods circulation from their origin to their destination in such a way that satisfies the needs of the customers.
The explosion occurred over the Atlantic Ocean, about nine miles south of East Moriches on Long Island and all two hundred and thirty passengers in the Paris-bound model 747-131 plane died. In the history of American aviation, the subsequent National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) inquiry was the most comprehensive and thorough.
The most common lamp end cap fittings are the screw fittings and the bayonet fittings. There are several conditions which should be considered during the replacement of the luminaries; the lamps rated luminous should strictly be followed since higher voltage will reduce the lifespan of the light fittings though it will produce very bright light
The concept of the reduction of the heat in summers and the increase of the warmth in winters can be easily and clearly confirmed the examination of the daily and yearly soil temperatures. The daily fluctuations that take place in the weather, especially the temperature, conditions are eliminated at a depth of 20 cm only.
The current wave of expressionist architecture in Spain is diverse in expression because of the country’s fundamentally heterogeneous origins and heterodox or unorthodox approach in its historical past (Crow 2005). Significantly, therefore, “the authentically diverse environment is able and willing to support contemporary cultural aspirations”.
An important objective of all store operators is to minimize deterioration and spoilage or damage. Materials handling is a catch phrase that covers a wide swath of industrial distribution. Material handling equipment is equipment that comes in contact with a product that helps to move or store that product.
The author explains that “there is a small but significant relationship between residential density and car ownership: a large increase in residential density is associated with a small decrease in car ownership. It can also be deduced that the primary determinants of car ownership in a home include the size of the household, income.
Construction is an industry with diverse facets and avenues. It involves the management of definite and small projects on one hand, and the accomplishment of unwieldy, complicated and dynamic structures on the other. In the projects and substructures that are definite and can be accurately planned.
The data was broken down, and the expense of area buy and materials was computed. A three-stage strategy streamlined the configuration process. Stage 1 included reviewing the area and creating a suitable MATLAB code to model the establishments to rapidly and financially test a large number of locales for suitability.
According to the findings, it can, therefore, be said that at hand there is an ensuing development where the New York City Mayor, Mr. Michael Bloomberg, wants to prohibit the use of plastic foam containers. However, in order for this ban to become legally enforceable, the City Council should approve it.
The author states that Private Sector constitutes private investors who run profit enterprise and private foundations plus they are long-standing privileged partners of official development policies. Public Sector consists of governments and all publicly controlled or publicly funded agencies, enterprises and other entities.
In the food industry, the most usual floor contaminants are fats and oils. They are particularly hazardous since they are not too conspicuous or visible to those who are allotted to do the cleaning. Moreover, it only takes a very small amount of these to make the floor dangerous – and slippery.
Acoustic emissions (AE) which are taken to mean transient elastic waves produced from a fast discharge of strain energy caused by a deformation or damage within or on the surface of a material. Acoustic Emission Technology (AET) has offered great scope for application in diverse industrial fields including railways, petrochemical.
Journal bearing can be defined as a type of plain bearing which is designed to low the friction by supporting radial loads. When the load is light and the motion is relatively continuous, journal bearings are normally used. They are commonly used in crankshafts. These bearings are also called as radial or sleeve bearing.
His name is synonymous with the very highest in architectural achievement. The house was commissioned by Edgar and Lillian Kaufmann as a vacation home on some of their favorite property in Bear Run, Pennsylvania, along with their favorite stream.
CA has established itself, through the years, as a reliable, socially responsible and quality airline catering primarily to the business class. Recent challenges to the company like the effects of the worldwide economic recession, labor unrest, high costs, stiff competition from bigger airlines and the proliferation of low-cost carriers flying.
The study indicated that improved candidate well selection procedure can lead to improved success rate. It was as well indicated that an appropriate candidate well selection can lead to a successful hydraulic fracturing. For the hydraulic fracturing treatment, the first well selection through the methodology is considered to be very critical.
The author states that changes in many areas include that of the technical, administrative and even organizational to come up with the 777. Boeing 777 is considered not just a product but its creation breaks through as a new process in the industry. 777 recognize its uniqueness in the design and the effort.
The other important aims of the project include: To provide a way of holding bicycles at any desired height during repairs while at the same time keeping them in a stable position.To allow bicycle mechanics and owners to effectively work on the bicycle without necessarily putting undue pressure on any of the components of the bike.
The author states that the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway is one of Britain’s best tourist attractions. The railway cuts across the Bronte country and most services are operated by steam trains. Besides being a tourist attraction, this also serves the local community. KWVR is a railway for all seasons.
This paper tells what makes the weathering steel unique as its remarkably innovative manner of preventing corrosion. The irony is that it prevents rusting by self-rusting i.e. forming a protective layer of oxide around its body, also known as the “protective oxide film” or “patina”, whose thickness is almost equal to that of a thick coat of paint.