2.0 Arguments Regarding the Theory 2.1 Arguments in Favor of the Theory and Refutation of These Arguments A person’s tendency to look for the cause of an event somehow guarantees his rationality, but his tendency to make mistakes when determining the cause because of personal biases somehow makes this rationality seem to look like it does not exist.
The study was conducted in a Teaching Hospital located in United Kingdom where 160 outpatients who met the DSM-IV criteria for the diagnosis with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder were recruited for the survey. Patients who were currently unstable, using psychotropic drugs and did not understand English were excluded from the study.
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Sex and Drugs in Psychology
“Sex and drugs” is a controversial topic in psychology. It is a common notion that people frequently self-medicate depression with sexual behaviors and drug abuse. On the other hand, drug abuse can lead to depression and in some cases deviant sexual behaviors (Barlow & Durand, 2004).
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Personality is defined by Nevid (2009 p. 477) as “a set of psychological characteristics and behavior patterns that make individual unique and accountable for consistency of behavior over time.” As such people portray different behaviors in a consistent manner to develop own identities.
Its aim is to understand how the cognitive abilities of human beings act when they are exposed to certain cues and if their behaviour changes when they are triggered by a certain stimulus. It seeks to explain how the mind of a human being works and therefore looks deeper into the task-switching, the mechanism of backward inhibition and the general process of translation.
Couples are more likely to be inclined to alcohol abuse at the same levels as individuals may tend to select partners who exhibit the same characteristics and behavior patterns. The young people in the society have become rampant alcohol abusers. The high rate of alcohol use amongst young individuals is attributed to increased peer influence, lack of parental control, and high accessibility and availability of alcohol.
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The assessment or evaluation of educational curriculum is often viewed to be a continuous process. The main function of curriculum evaluation is not fixed. It is constantly changing according to the varying demands and needs of the society. Thus, it is to be stated that any newly constructed curriculum should fulfill the needs and demands of every societal member by a greater level.
You will learn how to do this in the workshops during week 3. Only maps produced following these instruction will be graded. Figure 1 Unemployed People As a percentage of the labor force Based on Place of Usual Residence, 2006 Sydney (Statistical Division) by Statistical Subdivision Figure 2 People in the labor force with University Qualifications People in the labor force with University Qualifications As a percentage of the labor force Based on Place of Usual Residence, 2006 Sydney (Statistical Division) by Statistical Local Area 2.
From the topic of this research, it’s evident that this is naturalistic inquiry aimed at studying real world situation of an event as it unfold. Qualitative research are concerned with naturalistic inquiry of events hence this is enough evident to prove that this is a qualitative research.
The article supports the activities of the Happy Planet Index (HPI) initiative, used to determine the level in which countries deliver better and happy lives to its citizens, to improve life expectancy in such countries. Based on a scale of 0 to 100, HPI aims at identifying countries that have put in place measures to improve public wellness.
Factors That Could Influence EmployeeThe employee motivation in any organisation guides the performances and helps in achieving the desired organisational goals. There are various factors that motivate the employees both explicitly and implicitly. According to Maslow’s Theory of Motivation, there are different levels of need of an individual and these needs are satisfied by various motivating factors.
According to forensic psychology, theoretical conceptualizations of antisocial behaviors in children have changed over the past years. The most common of all instruments for measuring these disorders in children are the Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and the Conduct Disorder (CD).
Certain religious beliefs prohibit some foods while others are declared fit for consumption. This rules and regulations touches on certain phases of the human life cycle and may be linked to special events such as menstrual period, childbirth, lactation, pregnancy, and in traditional societies – preparation for the hunt, battle, wedding, funeral and others.
There is still no adequate and comprehensive and complete explanation of panic attack. However, this essay aims to answer the question, are panic attacks biological or mental? Nevertheless, this essay aims to demonstrate that panic attacks are caused more by psychological factors than biological ones.
One of the famous theories that contributed greatly toward providing such explanations in Charles Darwin; he argues that sexual selection among humans in an imperative process that forms part of social and biological development. Moreover, Charles Darwin provided a description of sexual selection by describing as a process of natural selection whereby certain individuals reproduce with specific people owing to the fact that they are better sexual mates as compared to others.
Rose Dewitt; an engaged maiden from the elite class tries to commit suicide from the pop of deck at night; when her mother Ruth pushes her to sustain her relationship with her fiance to stabilize their financial position (Sandler& Studlar, 1999). Jack luckily present there explains her how cold sea water would kill her slowly; more painful than a sleeping pill death.
G. 2004, pp 38). The most common way of examining the human personality is by use of the trait theory; it can be described as a way of measuring traits of individuals. Gordon Allport, who was psychologist did a research about traits and came up with certain classifications of traits.
Freud in his psychoanalytic theories stated that libido, which is the sex drive in human beings, is responsible for survival and sexual instincts. The level of development of an individual at each stage makes libido focused on a specific area which if properly managed leads to the development of normal and healthy adults.
In the contemporary environment of rapid globalization and technology, the socio-cultural paradigms have emerged as major challenges that may hinder personal and professional growth. Thus, people need to overcome the adversities through new mechanisms of learning processes that would facilitate greater adaptability to new situations and resolution of problems.
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, approximately 10-22% of car crashes happen when someone is using drugs (Drug Addiction Support, 2011). This is only the tip of the iceberg for teen addiction, because beyond drug addiction there is also a segment of the teen population that is addicted to pornography.
Their problem hampers the psychological, emotional and physical aspects of their lives. However, there are some mental illnesses which not only harm the person who is suffering from it but also threatens the safety of people around them. One such threatening mental illness is the illness of paraphilia.
Frustration-aggression hypothesis, social learning theory drive theory of aggression and general aggression model has also been included in the present study. The paper also examines the impact of socialization on the aggressive behavior of the people.
Every culture contains certain norms, values and principles that are not necessarily the part of other cultures. Certain gestures have specific meanings in certain cultures while in other cultures, they may not be identified with the very meanings. In order to be successful as a counselor in the contemporary multicultural society, it is imperative that a counselor has conducted an in-depth research of the norms, values and beliefs of people of different cultures, and the knowledge thus gained should be made use of while dealing with the clients from the respective cultural backgrounds.
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One of the exciting yet difficult parts of parenting is to understand your baby and its needs and requirements. As babies cannot communicate and are unable to express themselves like adults, parents need to analyse and make sense of their emotions, gestures and actions.
A common theme when it comes to satisfaction is support, both internal and external to the marriage. This paper reviews articles that discuss how support from both society and one’s partner may lead to marital satisfaction. Introduction One of the most troublesome phenomena of modern life is the high divorce rate.
This stage of human development is least discussed. There are three adult stages and they include alloplastic (active mastery), autoplastic (passive mastery), and omniplastic mastery. Midlife (midlife is also referred to as mature years) is found within the autoplastic stage.
Another strange thing with the child is that he could not walk and was illiterate; therefore, could not write nor read. The story was written many years around 1798 and is still popular globally as people still love reading the book. The compatriots who found the boy took him to their residence where they lived.
The profession can be described as stressful and risky since it involves violent encounters. Police may be forced to use aggression so as to control a violent situation (Bittner 125). Police often find themselves in a precarious position when determining the amount of force to use when dealing with suspects (Sacks 292).
Psychologists like Frederick Herzberg and B.F Skinner showed the value of praise as providing positive reinforcement in experiments with people and animals and getting them to repeat the desired behavior. By the same token, words that reprimand and point out bad behavior should be mixed with some good ones, so that the person is not de-motivated.
Early in the discussion, it is stated that reductionism owes its legitimacy to the discovery of atoms and molecules, the fundamental building blocks of the universe. However, this was before the days of the Hadron Collider which now explores sub-atomic particles like bosons, neutrons etc.
It is quite a new area since the society has turned out to be more concerned with being healthy and well; whether is regards food that is eaten, the way the bodies appear, or even how people feel. Due to this, we find that psychologists formed health psychology.
This has in turn caused a performance pressure among school leaders as different aspects of the society increase their expectations from learning institutions. Since the performance of learning institutions primarily depends on the quality of leadership, then it becomes important to evaluate the causes of stress among current school leaders.
Perls would move to the Netherlands and then to South Africa. In 1941, Perls wrote the book Ego, Hunger, and Aggression which provided insight into his methods. He would serve four years in the South African army as a psychiatrist, and then he and his family moved to New York.
In most cases, these mechanisms work unconsciously to distort reality. I do not like these mechanisms though they happen unconsciously because they can be unhealthy especially when they are overused in order to avoid dealing with problems. On the contrary, they can also be adapted to enable us to function normally.
The U.S Civil Rights Act, Title VII provides basis upon which any employee should not be discriminated against based on color because of personal or client preference. Similarly, the title provides that a person may not be disqualified from a job vacancy based on linguistic characteristics that are profoundly linked to ethnic background or nationality.
Observational learning undeniably forms a big chunk of the vast subject of developmental psychology and its contribution to motivating children for engaging in different sort of activities cannot be ignored. This is because children are almost always supposed to be doing what they commonly observe in their everyday lives.
Narcissism is a condition in which an individual takes self-admiration to the extreme level. The origin of the word “narcissism” is a Greek myth about Narcissus, who is a handsome lad who falls in love with his own reflection that he sees in a water-pool.
Positive psychology is a new branch of psychology that has recently developed. This branch of psychology mainly focuses on human prosperity (Burton, 2010). As opposed to other branches of psychology that mainly deals with the dysfunctionality of human behavior, this new branch of psychology is focusing on helping people to become happy.
One such example is the movie Fight Club, directed by David Fincher and based on the novel of the same name by Chuck Palahniuk Rothe-Kushel. This paper purports to analyze the main character of the movie, Edward Norton, played by Brad Pitt, in order to understand the psychological basis on which his character is developed, and then to offer some therapeutic processes that could be employed to improve the problems that he is experiencing.
When it comes to the decriminalization of marijuana, its advocates actually contend and agree that an immediate consequence of this action would be the introduction of drugs that are not as expensive and those that are sold under government regulations and control and in accordance of the standardized control.
Just like everything else in life, there are male and female versions of Neo-Freudian psychology theories. This stands true even for the sexual development theories that were presented by Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung when they explained the theories of the Oedipus and Electra Complex to the public.
It is a medical approach that assumes that every case of mental illness has a biological basis – either due to a chemical imbalance in the brain, physical defect in the brain or genetical abnormality. It entails research and creates generalizations on the basis of causation and treatment.
In modern times, however, we have developed much more elaborate and extensive theories of crime causation, which take into account not only the individual involved, but also their ecosystem in terms of class, biology, mental make-up, peer groups, and other such factors.
Unlike adults, children lack the emotional and cognitive abilities to cope with emotional trauma experiences (Gehart, 2009). The consequences of early childhood trauma experiences can lead to various outcomes such as anger, sadness, depression, guilt and shame which can in turn overwhelm the emotions of an individual.
Police Questioning and Cognitive Interview This paper shall focus at the aspects of police questioning and the cognitive interview, which is taken by the police for the interrogation and investigation into any alleged crime committed by an individual. The police questioning is always incisive in nature, which aims to unearth the truth in every format possible.
By scientifically studying this element of visual search, an individual makes use of a simple, and a well described search item. For instance, an individual will seek to look for a dark, short and slim man. This description identifies a particular kind of person, and thus makes it possible for the search to continue.
Many incidences of domestic violence (DV) by members of the military usually have gone with no substantial disciplinary actions taken by the responsible parties. This can partly be attributed to the limited knowledge relating to military organizations, jurisdiction issues, and lack of knowledge about regulations of civilian authorities as well as poor coordination between military and civilian authorities.
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While domestic violence has been taking place for a long time, over the last few centuries, such violence has come to be viewed, especially in the Western world, as not only being abusive in nature, but also being illegal. In many western countries, domestic violence is not tolerated by the society and it is seen to be an infringement on the personal rights of an individual.
The Asians like explaining the events of life in terms of situation while the Americans like explaining the events in terms of the disposition. This is attributed to the fact that the Asians were influence by the Chinese culture while the Americans were influenced by the Greek culture.
One of these facets is the dimension of the justice system which basically entails criminal and civil matters while the other dimension involves psychological aspects of experiment and clinical matters (Posey & Wrightsman 2005). In relation to the above concepts, forensic psychologists may undergo training in order to perform different roles in accordance to the two broad ranges of forensic psychology.