Identity seems to perform a basic role in global relations. Both constructivism and post-structuralism stress the significance of identity in their schools of thought. Renowned academicians like Wendt use identity as a keyword in their research. Identity can assist in comprehending the working of global relations, as the example of Burma indicates.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that in the recent years, particularly after the events of 9/11, the global security paradigm changed completed and the level and nature of global and national security observed the rise of extremism and terrorism in the shape of the international terrorist organizations like Al-Qaida.
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Expenses incurred on the construction of the pipelines, the time required as well as fluid nature of peace between these nations. Further, the growing conflict between the transporting and importing nations may further grow if economic benefits of such transportation links are greater to any one nation
The use of oil in Sudan and South Sudan has increased by a yearly average of 10%. This is between 2000 and 2011 (Hamilton 22). It attained its highest level of about 132, 000 bbl/d by 2011. Most of this oil was consumed in Sudan. Industrialization has been attributed to the immense increase in fuel consumption (IMF).
The author states that Marx’s concept of alienation or estrangement as it is sometimes being used is already free from the dichotomy between material and spirit as competing natures in the human being. By embracing materialism and rejecting the immaterial nature of human beings, he claims that the ideal is nothing else than the material world.
The October produced a situation where the world moved the closest it ever had to a nuclear war. The conflict represents “the nadir of the cold war”, being a 13-day confrontation that moved the closest to explosion point in terms of the threat of use of nuclear weapons, yet ended in a clean cut conclusion that finally settled the conflict.
State behavior is mitigated by the structure of the international political system and international relations theory provides insight into the organization of international affairs in the 21st century. Recently, critics of an international order in which the United States reigns supreme have challenged the precepts of international relations theory.
These immigrants have a great economic effect. However, as noted by analysts, this impact depends upon the level of education, skills, and experience of the workers. The highly skilled workers are more likely to contribute greatly to the economy.
Liberal approaches to international relations are vindicated by globalization. Global economy started behaving like a world economic system as soon as commercialism was born. Global economy soon turned into an expanding system that exercises industrial capitalism. Globalization is triggered by nothing but the technological changes.
The core values are vested in the American creed. The values are strongly attached to American history and its description cannot be complete without their inclusion. The description of each of the indicated value will be accompanied by the argument that the Americans have not lived up to the values stipulated in the creed.
The tipping point in energy and environmental consideration by policy makers and leaders can be traced in 2007. According to Robert Hefner, natural gas (natgas) has acted as the bridge to environmentally benign hydrogen. It is worth to note that due to the changes that have occurred in the energy sector, climate challenges have emanated.
In Machiavelli’s opinion, the state needs to behave in a way that it benefits the public. States need to act in the name of self-interest so as to attain the goals of increasing power and maintaining security. In such an environment, the state is supposed to maintain domestic strength through a central government, united country and nationalized army
The author states that the Australian VET system is also a Competency-based Training (CBT) because certain key competencies are implemented uniformly all throughout the different states and territories of the Commonwealth. In addition, the country’s VET system is also characterized as Work-based Learning (WBL).
African participation in the slave trade was rooted in wealth acquisition. Moreover, an examination of the role of Africans as suppliers of the slaves sent to the Americas provides an interesting insight into the complex cultural and political structures of pre-colonial Africa in this period of history.
Many people have been intrigued by this era and have wondered why there was such a stir in Hollywood. There are many questions about this time and some of them are: "Why was there such a scare and how was Hollywood effected?" "Were there really people who were communists in Hollywood or was this just a part of the hysteria?"
The developing countries are unable to develop to a commendable extent because of the conflicts in their lands. There can be really appreciative results if there were no conflicts and all the people work towards the prosperity of land as it can be seen that many developing countries are rich in resources such as Iraq and Congo.
This stance separated them from the mainstream of the cultural prospect of the Middle Eastern countries to a great extent. With this separation, it became an identical unit of people with considerably challenging mindset. The resisting political attitude and diplomatic isolation grew the country’s spirit to emerge as a great force in the world.
As the paper highlights that Denmark has been popularly regarded as an environmentally friendly society where people and Government pay serious attention to the principle of environmental protection. The Danish Government has many great environmental policies and practices that are effective and exported to other European countries.
It is thought that with the collapse of the Berlin Wall and subsequent unification an altogether new German state emerged. Such a perspective may have some limited technical implication, but the philosophical truth behind the emergence of unified Germany is not so simple. FRG had policies designed to suit the aspirations of the general German people.
As the paper outlines, the revolution initially started in Tunisia after a street hawker self-immolated himself in front of a government building because the city police brutalized and harassed him. Right after the deposition of Ben Ali’s regime in Tunisia, Libya was to follow, then Egypt and now Syria is on fire.
An INGO is an inter-non- governmental organization that is composed of treaties and agreement among countries and is mandated with the task of maintaining global peace and harmony. Evidently, it is able to achieve this through the tackling of social differences that can contribute to disputes that may cause war
Homeland security act enabled the administration to develop a multilayered information system that can enable different security agencies to share information and identify people who are a threat to the security of the US. The intention of coming up with this system is to prevent terrorist attacks that these people may be planning.
Barack Obama is a remarkable person because of the position that he is currently in and given the marked existence of racism in American history. Many admire his courage for abiding by the decision to run for President even if many odds are against him. Obama’s coolness under pressure was commended by many observers.
In doing so, no state has had to undergo such tremendous reorganization of its administrative, economic and political systems as modern Russia. Compounding this is the fact that most of these changes have not been contiguous in their evolution but have been sudden or revolutionary.
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The main thesis that this author will seek to follow is that there is a special relationship existing between the two countries and a special relationship that could be explored and strengthened based on historical grounds as well as strategic reasons for both of the British and the Arabian interests today and in the future.
The twofold structure of representation is functional in organizing and unifying the four representational forms and concepts. On one hand, it is composed of the instruments by which representatives are selected, and on the other hand, of the means by which they are formally requested once in position.
This, coupled with the fact that the Arab culture is laden with a twisted concept of honor and shame and an intense drive for superiority, has perpetuated the emergence of dictators and tyrants who kill off any possibilities of good leadership and progress on the reconciliation between their religious and ideological views with the modern world
The origins of the PLO under the direction of Yasser Arafat have been explored, followed by its increasing role as a terrorist organization dedicated to the overthrow of Israel. The activities of Yasser Arafat on the world stage have also been studied as well as his participation in such peace initiatives as the “Oslo Agreement”.
According to the author, it could be likened to oppression when women continue to pay taxes to governments dominated by men. It beats the logic of reasonable ruling when the majority has a little say in the manner of governance. Every just society would have women, who are the majority in leadership and decision making.
While Italian merchants from trading cities such as Genoa and Venice are usually held to be the main instigators of a commercial revolution which spread across Europe, they had themselves acquired expertise in such matters through contact with foreign merchants. It was, after all, the Italians who handled much of Europe’s trade with the East.
Nonetheless, political activists can design approaches that they can use to tap into the potential role of social media in creating political awareness in the country. In terms of improving this research, a more rigorous approach would have involved designing the methodology in such a way that it considered the demonstrations held in 2011
From this paper, it is clear that the ultimate culmination of the rhetoric and selective legal reasoning regarding the ‘War on Terror’ was Bush’s order of the U.S. military to invade both Iraq and Afghanistan, an illegal act on many fronts. Bush has constantly maintained that these actions against sovereign countries were legal.
This paper argues that Korean democratization could yet prove to be a counterexample (or establish the possibility of an alternative) to Western liberal democracy. Fukuyama’s statement that liberal democracy is the final form of human government, therefore, seems grossly misplaced, if not outright inaccurate. There cannot be any fixed form of democracy.
Neo-liberal institutionalism acknowledged neo-realism that international hypothesis should start with egotistical nations which communicate with one another in an anarchical situation (Linklater, 2000, p. 9). Thus, different theories have different views, which become very hard to single out and choose which theory is better.
It is evidently clear from the discussion that Somalia remains a raging battle zone today, with jihadists pouring in from overseas, intent on toppling the transitional government. The country’s best chance is seen to be in the person of Sheik Sharif Ahmed who is a former high school teacher, who became president in February 2009.
Archer explains that the term ‘international’ is often confusingly used to describe many different meanings, i.e. the term ‘transgovernmental’ (relations between different governments), intergovernmental (to describe relationships between separate governments and their officials, such as war and diplomacy).
To aim for sustainability has become a concern for all parties involved in the functioning of educated societies in these times, as taking pains to ensure that the future generations have access to what we have today (Burby, 2003) seems to be the only way left to make sure that the earth is habitable two centuries from now.
What follows is that Thailand has been greatly affected by the social, political and economic unrest. The beginning of the transformation phase can be attributed to the time when the monarchy ended. Consequently, there was arousal of the civil society. The rise of the Democratic Party was an important turning point in the history of the nation
The paper starts with the statement that the Anti-Federalists in American history opposed aspects of the U.S. Constitution that they believed that would lead to centralized power, representation of minority interests over popular will, corruption and tyranny in government over the natural rights of citizens.
A review of the contemporary history of protest music in the US shows that this is not just a product of the musician’s or the songwriter’s imagination. There are objective conditions that favor its emergence. The musician, whose inspiration could only come from his surroundings, may have the option to ignore them and instead wallow in escapism
China has risen economically in the recent past. It has become an economic power to reckon with in the Asian community. The rise of China has changed the economic picture of Asia in several ways. In addition, its rise has affected the Asian Pacific relations. China’s rise has affected the security policy of its neighbors.
The main aim of the paper revolves around the importance of parks and how the urban communities can enhance the beauty and significance of parks by strategizing a plan. This plan includes a thorough urban planning for parks including the recreational activities for children, increasing tourism, creating a natural space for exercises and another healthy routine.
From the sixth Pan-African Congress, many African countries, Angola and Mozambique, were free from colonial rule. Although the political freedom was still from the apartheid in South Africa, many of the Congress individuals were hopeful though. Racial domination was persistent in the US thus a new context in which the Pan-Africanist had to face
Decentralization is a significant indicator of reforms of the previous generations in most of the nations globally (Sammoff, 1990, p.3). Different scholars have defined the term decentralization in different ways. For instance, Marcou describes it in terms of state and that there is a distinction between state decentralization and decentralized governance.
The two fields have evolved significantly over the years to become separate institutions that depict varying perceptual lenses. The only factor that links both institutions in the modern age is the defence. In the field of intelligence, data and understanding and the presentation of results to concerned parties are the sought after ends.
Policy makers have then reacted to the social housing crisis and established a program to help arrest this growing problem. Second, the growing UK budget deficit has also led to considerable attention on UK’s economic growth and its sustainability. The growing budget deficit has led to enact key measures to improve Public Sector Efficiency.
Though global trade existed since times immemorial, it came to play an important role in the economy of nations about 600 years ago. The discovery of America by Christopher Columbus and the sea-route to India by Vasco Da Gama, and Ferdinand Magellan’s around the world expedition gave an important fillip to the international trade.
The author states that nowadays it is seen that the politicians are the leaders of their states. They are the ones who supposedly lead their states in every kind of situation. Let the situation be of disasters or of good news. These politicians often seem to be lying about whatever is happening in the state.
China is a country which has experienced an extensive history of imperialistic rule. From its earliest Xia Dynasty to its rule under the different emperors like Qin Shihuang, Hanwadi, Li Shimin, Kangxi from the Qin, Han, Tang, to the Quing dynasties respectively, China has been ruled for over 5000 years under the imperialistic governance.
Liberal economic processes gain an upper hand in globalisation and, in the process, it considerably undermines the political sovereignty. The ideology of liberalism, that function as the foundational spirit of globalisation, seeks to liberate this flow from all means of regulation that in a conventional political topography was considered very important.