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Everything depends on you: if you want people to respect you, to listen to your opinion and to take it into account, you should and can deserve this and the liberal democracy provides you with both stimulus and opportunity. Elite does not have any definite privileges but still, there is a stimulus for citizens to follow the example.
The study is explorative of the entire population and therefore lacks an established sampling procedure. Its reliance on secondary data also eliminates the need for sampling and sampling procedure because it relies on an entire available data. The study uses numeric type of data for the variables. Both dependent and independents variables are measured in numeric form as they relate to numbers and rate.
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The term “globalization” cannot be adequately defined to incorporate all the aspects associated with the close relationship among different countries around the world. It is also hard to establish the actual time that globalization began, and for how long it has been in existence. Nevertheless, a simple definition of the term “globalization” usually touches on the continued interdependence among individual countries.
A comprehensive plan should fulfill six requirements, including that it should be comprehensive 2) it should be futuristic 3) should be general 4) should emphasize physical development 5) should link planning to community goals and socioeconomic policies and 6) it should be policy-oriented. It should be noted that the future outlook of the plan may change after the lapse of the previously foreseen future.
In as much as we recognize that democracy has its own faults, we also ought to recognize that it brings a lot of hope for future societies in terms of governance and respecting the ideas of everyone in the community and adhering to civil liberties of individuals. With appropriate structures and institutions in place, democracy is the best form or governance and can work effectively for the people.
Boko Haram is a violent Islamic terrorist group that dominates the northern region of Nigeria. This group has gained significant prominence based on the significant influence that it has realized in Africa’s most populous as well as oil-rich country. Since the year 2009, the group has raised a series of anti-government and extremist attacks in the northern and central region of Nigeria.
In different nations of the world, the definitions of human rights differ from one community to another. Habeas corpus is a Latin phrase means ‘have a body’ (Constitutional Corner). In the English language, the phrase is used to mean the protection of the body that it should not be exposed to calamities of destruction.
In the US, the Congress is a 535 members committee that comprises the 435 representative members and 100 senators. The role of the congress is to discuss pertinent issues arising within the public and to present the constituency issues affecting the public. Some of the public issues include drug abuse, resources allocation and the health crisis that may arise within the public.
A social welfare system is designed and implemented the program, a given state takes to help and provide for the needy people and families. Developed countries like Britain, France and Germany, the welfare programs are mostly funded by their respective government followed by other minor organizations like religious organizations, charities, intergovernmental groups and informal social organizations.
Marine Le Pen has contributed to the success of FN. She eliminated the anti-Semitic currents from the party. The spirit of populism in the FN party was also enhanced by her leadership. Additionally, it is Marine Le Pen that promoted FN as a Republican party. The avoidance of the hyperbolic and aggressive language of the anti-Islamic discourse by FN, when compared with other parties, is as a result of the contribution of Marine Le Pen.
This literature review further debates that the end of the Cold War is likely to intensify the probabilities that war and major crises will occur in Europe. Many observers now suggest that a new age of peace is beginning; in fact the contradictory point of it is correct. If whole, the Soviet withdrawal from Eastern Europe proves inevitable, the West is faced with the question of how to uphold peace in a multipolar Europe.
To come up with an optimal building security solution, building owners and agencies may have to come up with a codified platform where two or more measures are used at the same time. Understanding where to place a given security measure is important in the design of an optimal security system since different measures will operate well in different circumstances.
The intelligence community will encounter lots of changes in the coming decade. This change is set to come with associated challenges. There is a need for intelligence gathering agencies in the United States to come to make a projection of the world's global trends and note that the coming decade will offer new concerns and challenges. The United States as the Global super has absolute authority to ensure that the world remains a safe place for all.
According to Mahan, geographical positioning, the extent of territory and the physical conformation of a particular country are important factors associated with a particular country’s gain of sea power. According to Mackinder, developments on the land such as constructions of railways that help achieve conformity of a particular region are important for the gain of power. Their arguments were based on some common issues.
In the current years, terrorism has been on the rise in various countries. Some of the countries especially have seriously considered terrorism as a national threat and have put various measures and policies in place to help fight terrorism. Some of the happenings that have to drive the United nation to consider terrorism as a national threat are the blast that has mainly targeted their global offices in various countries.
States have been constrained by forces outside governmental institutions, functionaries, and partisan political institutions. This has been the fruit of democracy. The policy-making as well as the political arenas are further democratized creating space for non-state actors to input in the process of decision/policy making and provide alternatives to existing policy directions.
Politics is defined as a process, which allows people to make their own decisions, and decisions are made according to the majority’s choice. It is usually referred to in the political scenario within the governments on national or the international level but it is practiced in different human groups.
The turnover of presidents is much faster in Haiti than in Cuba, to wit - during the 1940-1960 timeline, Cuba only had four presidents while Haiti had a total of nine elected and provisional presidents.
Being a democratic nation, the decision making in America must have been a democratic process, but in these matters, apparently, the citizens have no say and it appears the decision-making process is more determined by how President Bush and his administration view this fight. America has indeed suffered at the hands of some terrorists in the past.
Governments of smaller nations are also more expensive than large nations as the government expenditure borne by each citizen is very high. Also as AusAID states, “Governments in small countries also find it difficult to execute programs impartially because of the problem of familiarity — everyone knows everyone.”
In the Muslim world, particularly developing countries issues concerning political democracy are raised with special force because of the strength of the Islamic resurgence and the intensity of the demands in recent years which demand better political processes.
We need theorieѕ to make ѕenѕe of the blizzard of information that bombardѕ uѕ daily. Even policymakerѕ who are contemptuouѕ of "theory" muѕt rely on their own (often unѕtated) ideaѕ about how the world workѕ in order to decide what to do.
With the democratization of the rest of the world, there is a growing consensus in many newly democratized states to lean towards liberal democratic principles; nations contend that the political institutions and processes of the United Kingdom are worthy of emulation. Britain’s parliamentary system has also served as an epitome.
The collapse of the twin towers of the World Trade Center, one of the identifiers of the Manhattan skyline, did not go down well with the general public and experts in the field of building technology. Explosives planted in the building, before the planes crashed into it, have been cited as the reason for the collapse of these humongous structures
Most plans for reform mainly constitutes amending the appointment process. It was in 1874 that the Parliament first considered reform measures and it was debated by that current Senate that it would reform itself in 1909. In 1965, there was a mandatory retirement age for new senators set at 75 years which is considered as a minor reform change, along when the Senate was given a qualified veto over certain constitutional amendments in 1982.
The occupational health and safety conditions in China continue to be concern among several groups (e.g. health professionals, labor rights groups, multinational corporations) (Brown & O’rourke 2003). Although occupational health and safety have been addressed in China for a long time, the rapid industrialisation in the country has to cope up with the trends and changes in the economy (Brown & O’rourke 2003). China harbors numerous industry types that pose more and varied hazards in the work place (Brown & O’rourke 2003).
Governed by Islamic principles and the teachings of the late Ayatollah Khomeini, Islam governs all aspects of modern Iranian society. Socially, politically and economically, Iran boasts a society that has embraced Islam as the guiding force for society. The legal system is Islamic, the social code enforces strict adherence to Islamic dress and behavior and the economy blends Islam and market economics.
All of these countries collectively are referred to the rest of the world as the ‘gulf countries’ or the ‘middle-east countries’ and share many things in common, culturally, and historically. The seven states that combine to form the UAE of today as Haggett lists them from west to east are “Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al Taiwan, Ras al Khaimah, and Fujairah.
It is not ironical that the neo-conservatives, who vigorously propagated the idea of New American Empire, often compared the present-day America with the Roman empire in terms of cultural, technological, military and economic capabilities. To be specific, pax Americana was often compared to the Roman empire after the Second Punic War.
The objectives include the provision of education and job training, household economic security and export growth. Provision of education facilities is resourceful in enabling the people to acquire skills that enable them to work in the job industry. The problems can also be addressed by maintaining household economic security.
The United States Federal System of Government is composed of three major branches. The executive branch is composed of the United States President Barack Obama, vice president Joe Biden, White House, President’s Cabinet members the department heads. The Executive Departments include the Department of Commerce, Department of Energy, Department of Treasury, Department of Labor, and Department of Justice.
This paper undertakes a risk assessment for the community of Eugene, Oregon, taking off from the identification of risks within the framework of a Risk Probability Matrix for the community, and crafting strategies for reducing the probability of the risks occurring, as well as crafting an effective strategy for pushing the worth of risk management services for one of the identified risks in the matrix.
The engagement of civil society through interest groups or pressure groups is hugely important for promoting greater accountability of actions (Wittman, 2009). The various interest groups are formed on the common goals and objectives whose membership could be diverse encompassing people coming from different background.
This case study explores the issues ranging from the causes of electoral violence, conflict resolution, strategies, and lessons to be learned from electoral violence. A summative conclusion is followed by logical and pragmatic recommendations that propose a way forward in dealing with electoral violence across the world.
The US can help the relationship by recognizing Iran as a sovereign nation. This recognition would help to dispel the fear that the US plans to reshape and remold Iran’s political regime. The US can also release Iran’s frozen assets as a means of providing economic incentives. Lifting sanctions can also achieve this aim.
The party with Prime Minister Tony Blair at the helm referred to its government as the New Labour outlining a new social policy, which would be characterized by a significant deviation to the party’s previous, postwar stand on the matter. This paper explores this aspect particularly in terms of its relationship with traditional Labour thinking and the influence of Thatcherism.
Ans. The phrase ‘imagined community’ was first coined by Benedict Richard Anderson in his 1983 book Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. He used it to define the word nation and to trace the origin of nationalism. Nation, according to him is as an imagined community because his studies of the concept reveal that it first came into being as a product of social construct rather than an actual and real entity.
However, by the passage of time these objectives of OIF actually altered i.e. changed from the elimination of the Saddam rule to the a more detailed and open ended assignment of enabling the Government of Iraq (GoI) to develop economic stability, strengthen security and found a democratic system of government.
The Revolutionary Terrorism in its various forms came into being for certain reasons like for gaining political power or authority among other issues. But due to the fighting and attacks, there have been a lot of sufferings that have occurred in the lives of the general people. The act of any terrorist group of any nation creates unrest and due to this unrest, the political, as well as international relations, gets hampered.
Nathanson opined that qualification of knowledge depends partially on the normative beliefs of political gatekeepers although there is an enormous certifiable knowledge that legitimates policy decisions where demand for technological and scientific knowledge to guide and inform, or bolster public policy is enormous.
The provisional reference "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" is currently always used in relations involving states which do not recognize the constitutional name, "Republic of Macedonia". All UN member-states, and the UN as a whole, have agreed to accept any final agreement resulting from negotiations between the two countries.
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Americans obtain health insurance through a combination of private coverage under employers’ contribution scheme, out of pocket private contribution, and those who are unemployed, without employers’ contribution or unable to purchase insurance under out of pocket schemes are under government Medicare program.
It is accepted that scholars analyzing today’s international relations need to gain a historical perspective on contemporary events and behaviors. While the value of considering history in the development of an understanding of the modern world is recognized, it is not always clear how far back the scholar should look. The dates 1492, 1648 and 1815 can be seen as accepted starting points for the historical development of the political system.
The presupposition of an anarchic system is thus valid as the international system is leaderless. Therefore, there is no universal sovereign or global governance, no hierarchical superiority of power that can resolve disputes, enforce the law and order the system. But that does not encourage us to define anarchy as a world of chaos, disorder or conflict. It simply reflects the order of the international system that comprises of independent states.
As the European Union enters the 21st century, it has certain goals and objectives on how to deal with the issues it faces. To tackle unemployment, labor mobility between member countries is considered, different measures are being taken to achieve Kyoto targets and most of all strengthening relations internally and externally to end terrorism and other security threats.
All of the war policies were driven by government reaction to the opinions of those in opposition. The second was that the Vietnamese knew that the Americans did not have the stomach to fight a guerrilla war, even with vastly superior numbers. Because of this, the Vietnamese could retreat into the jungles and rice paddies, and wait for the Americans to tire of the mysterious, unseen enemy, and slink out of the country.
Fasching’s article ends with a suggestion to the country that the only way out of the impasse that America finds itself after 9/11, is to introspect into its own responsibility for having over the years, precipitated a situation of the 9/11 type, and many of the unfortunate events that followed, globally.
Nation-states have lexical priority over all other institutions and their national interests are defined in terms of power; every state aims at the satisfaction of these interests by maximizing power. The primary motive for all states is survival, and beyond this motive, their persuasions could range from hegemonic zeal to isolationism.
It can be concluded that global warming has emerged as a major challenge. It is not only causing harm to the environment but also destabilizing the whole world by bringing about huge instability in modern life. To counter the threats posed by the current climate change steps have to be made with due attention.