Mao’s idea was to create an intense growth in the productivity of agriculture for the purpose of meeting the people’s basic need for food by storing the surplus yield. However, this policy turned a disguised opportunity for most of the farming workers to stay idle with a protective feeling that they would be fed well at community dining halls.
The pre-Arab spring in Egypt was mainly characterized by an economic oppression regime that was used by the elite to manipulate the lower status parties in exchange for voting them to power. The country was marred with poor political systems that were highly corrupt state of emergency laws, authoritarian elections, and religious fundamentalism.
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Even within these two nations, UAE has progressed further ahead whereby it has made sure that there is development in the wake of a fully operational E-government and e-procurement strategy. In the end, it would be imperative to state here that the governments of these countries are calling the right shots
Writing for the Brookings Institution, Ashton Carter and David Schwartz (1984), defined the vital role of the military in peace as well as in war: 1) to deter adversaries from taking actions that are inimical to US interests (such actions can be political as well as military); 2) to assure friends and allies of protection.
The studies outline the existence of the organization and the reasons that enabled Pakistani Taliban to react strongly against the Pakistani army and killing the innocent people. Moreover, the paper also helps to understand the other side of perspective and defines the factors that are necessary for understanding the views of the tribesman.
Coercive diplomacy is simply being said to be forceful persuasion or diplomacy of threats. It does not rely on negotiations and sometimes the diplomats will threaten the people with serious consequences if their demands are not met. Coercive diplomacy works sometimes but sometimes it fails and can result in civil war.
In focusing on the international politics as a whole state system as opposed to individual state level factors, Waltz avoids assumptions about human nature and morality and power in international politics, which is arguably exemplified by the contemporary role of diplomats within the globalisation paradigm (Coles, 2000).
The author states that Russia’s foreign policy has molded ever since the fall of communism and the end of the Cold War. In order to safeguard the people of Russia, the foreign policy aims at forming a democratic world order for the purpose of deriving solutions for international problems collectively and understands the worth of the international law.
The collapse of the Soviet Union opened the floodgates to processes such as depolarization, integration on a world scale, and most notably restructuring the old balance of power, leaving the US the only global superpower, and Western Europe – which meanwhile had preserved its political and economic might – one of the geopolitical heavyweights.
The present research has identified that the weapon that was used on the Tokyo subway in March 1995 killed eight people and injured many people. This substance was developed by the terrorist cult leader in an attempt to create a biological weapon. Despite the failure of this chemical weapon, it introduced the world into another form of terrorism.
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This research will begin with the statement that international or global economy has experienced several fundamental transformations over the past few decades. These fundamental changes generally include an increased level of the usage of pioneering technological advancements, globalization effects, market competition trends, and internationalization initiatives
The united kingdom in itself isn’t a “single patched” country in terms of the initial division of boundaries of countries like France, Germany, Spain etc. but a merger of the Kingdom of Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain as from 1707 when initially is comprised of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Scotland.
As a result of research, it was suggested that Hurricane Katrina has indeed damaged billions of properties, claimed thousands of lives, and endangered the existing environment. However, the human spirit has shown its resilience even through this disaster which has been considered the costliest and damaging so far.
This papers a clear overview of how the black man progressed from being a just mere soldier to a successful politician. The movement of black males resulted in intense changes in American society. The growing black urban communities gave the migrants more freedom than the rural South as well as presented a wider variety of social institutions.
The Nobel Prize-winning dramatist of Nigeria, Wole Soyinka, who spent 3 years in prison for his pro-Biafran stand, writes in his prison notes, “today all the windows are shut, and now I interpret the distant sounds of other windows pulling and banging shut. A huge human hive is muffled, blindfolded.
As the paper outlines, terrorism may be viewed as false flag operations carried out for the sheer purpose of fulfilling political agendas. Whatever the reality may be, those who are at the receiving end are all the same. It is the proverbial innocence that is put under the knife. Terrorism is the organized use of horror.
This paper tells that the literature review of the deterrence theory demonstrates that whilst the “First Nuclear Age” of the pre-Cold War era clearly supports a link between deterrence and nuclear weapons; the post-cold war gradual proliferation of nuclear programmes in states such as North Korea; clearly point to a shifting justificatory rationale for nuclear weapons.
The author of the paper states that pluralism can be defined as a kind of political theory which states that power statutorily resides with the central government, but non-governmental and independent organizations like lobbyists also exert significant influence on the final decision-making outcomes.
Admittedly, sovereignty in legal terms is primarily viewed as a phenomenon of the state’s authority which is usually centralized. The authority plays a role of enacting irrevocable legislation as well executing laws over a particular area. The concept of sovereignty has been present throughout history.
The European Union (EU) is a supranational body composed of constituent member states, found largely on the European peninsula. Democracy, negotiation, and collective decision-making through multilateralism are all inherent attributes of the modern EU. The EU represents various national interests within an overarching political framework.
The number of Trade union has dropped distinctly in the UK since its peak 1980. A large variation in the number of trade unions is apparent between the private and public sector. The biggest public sector trade union is Unison, which has a membership of more than 1.3 million people and systematizes employees in every field of the public sector.
In giving an almost full account of the facts of life in the lower house of the US Congress, the author conveys at the same time his sentiments and honest opinions on each set of events and circumstances traversing from when he was learning legislative chores and to the preparation of a bill up to the final crafting of this into law.
The power which was used was essential to the overall functions of society, specifically because it provided resources and insight to those that were in a given area. The 18th-century structure of politics, economy, and society was essential in the movement toward modernism, specifically because of the balance of power which was used.
The conclusion states that in order to improve the health system of the United States, looking at other countries perspectives towards an efficient, accessible, and fair health care system is very crucial. Since the “consumers” of health systems are the citizens, they are the ones who determine the performance of the health care system of the state.
This research will begin with the statement that within recent years, a great deal of discussion and frustration has been directed with regard to the role of individual member states of the European Union and the respective benefits/contributions that are required/received via individual member states.
The 1997 general elections in the UK turned out to be a defining moment in the lives of the people. A legislative majority led to the conservative rule losing power to the Labour party in the UK. Poverty was rife especially among children and new administration had to design with strategies to deal with the issue at hand.
Nasr highlights the example of Middle East and observes that it is not war and continuous chaos but economics determines the “pecking order”. Much highlighted, Islamic fundamentalism has not overturned government since 1980; however, it remained disputed in Algeria in 1990 and posed threats to Pakistan and Afghanistan (pp.5-10).
Based on the preceding discussions, threats have not extinguished with the death of OBL. The foreign terrorist organizations and its networks are only weakened by the death of OBL. Successful as it is, but such historic demise did not totally destroy the structures of the organization nor crashed the idealism nurtured among militant ideologues.
For any individual who has witnessed the horrible scenes while watching the Arab spring in the television and the study of Arab political environment from time to time, one of the striking things about Europe’s response to the spring is the speed with which transitory frameworks were re-emerged as a defining narrative.
Russia has become assertive latterly and the role of energy as a key factor in shaping the country’s behavior in international relations cannot be understated. When the country’s economy was on a steady decline in the 1990s, the energy sector in the country helped revive any ambitions as well as transform Russia’s fortunes
African states realized that it was difficult for them to progress with individual efforts. They have realized that collective efforts are needed for them to streamline their economies in the growth path. Moreover, the bargaining power of a group of nations would be more than that of an individual nation.
The author states that the core of Bush’s foreign policy changes was the self-declaration that America has the right to attack other countries if they assist terrorists. Moreover, President Bush declared that America is the savior of democracy and they have the right to spread democracy in the world.
The initial problem with Article 2 as an absolute preventative measure against unilateral force is the inherent uncertainty in its wording. The reference to “purpose of the United Nations” clearly grants an element of discretion to member states to interpret and justify their actions as being in accordance with the purpose of the United Nations.
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The fact is, that public policy is purposive meaning that it is deliberately put in place to achieve certain objectives. It is therefore not the result of a random act, but something that has been thought through and discussed with an aim of addressing issues or changing people’s behavior in a particular way.
The author states that the five challenges vis-à-vis Challenging the process; Shared vision; empowering others; setting an example; and motivating others through acknowledgment of their talent and good work are also critical ingredients in the educational leadership. They greatly enhance the performance outcome of the various stakeholders.
The Aryans basically believed in Christianity and used to practice the teachings and addresses delivered by Wesley Swift. Between the epochs of 1950 to 1960, he used to conduct a radio broadcast in order to deliver his beliefs for all his believers. By the year 1957, the name of Swift’s church was changed to the Church of Jesus Christ-Christian.
The author states that many European countries are facing the risk of economic recovery with GDP growth measures showing improvement in emerging markets but Spain and the Greek crisis is a major source of risk. Both countries share their problems of rising public debt and loss of competitiveness with other Euro member states.
The researcher states that homeland security takes care of the factors to reduce the vulnerability of terrorism in the US and minimizes the overall damages that are caused due to such terrorist attacks on the nation. The term was mainly formulated on the incident of many US government agencies reorganization in the year 2003 after the well-known attack of September 11.
Ambassador Stevens' journal, which was later found at the unsecured site of the assault, recorded his worry about the developing al-Qaeda presence in the range and his stress on being on an al-Qaeda hit list. A security officer from the department of defense, Eric Nordstrom, asked for extra security personnel in charge of the mission in Benghazi.
From this paper, it is clear that both Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson served the United States in multiple ways and are both well known for the many capacities in which they served. Thomas Jefferson served as Secretary of State under the first president, George Washington. He was also governor of Virginia and the U.S. Minister to France.
The ‘Arab Spring’ refers to the revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests which have taken place in the Arab World, lately. This pro-democracy movement began in Tunisia with the suicide of a young man Muhammad Bouazizi. The aim of the protest was to force President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to resign.
Hegemony was attached to the US during the Cold War’s bipolar conditions with regards to its major allies in NATO and Asia. Currently, this hegemony still seems to persist with an enlarged NATO. Conversely, imperialism can be defined as the implementation of policies in addition to the influence and capabilities under hegemony.
This essay stresses that the attacks that Al-Qaida has executed are assumed as revenge by them. Security and risk assessment professionals must always adopt proactive measures to anticipate, defend against, and preempt new types of terrorist threats. One should not expect past trends to necessarily reveal future attack patterns because of terrorists.
The reason people no longer know feel secure within their homes and communities is because of terrorism rages within – Americans killing Americans on U.S. soil. Such is the act of domestic terrorism and mostly, it stems from extreme ideology and perpetrated mostly by right-wingers, pro-segregationists, white supremacist, and their ilk.
The people of Iran, mostly Shiite Muslims said Shah was corrupting the Muslims of Iran by promoting Western Culture. The populace of Iran was of the opinion that the Shah and his government were corrupt, vicious, and excessively wasteful and its ambitions had ruined Iran, caused economic obstacles which resulted in massive inflation.
Economic and trade are becoming the most effective political tools in the current globalized and inter-dependent World. The fast growth of certain economies in the Asian continent has increased their interdependence over the region as well as international countries. China and India have emerged as fastest growing countries in the current decade.
According to the research, porous border in various nations has been a great threat to the developing countries and especially to the United States. On the other hand, the lax borders greatly help the United States to achieve the ability to control the international criminals, terrorists, and smugglers from entering the state.
The European Security Strategy is clearly aimed to tackle the new kind of military conflict that comes through terrorist attacks. The development of ESDP as a capability driven institution together with the need to intervene and assist the contemporary crisis is due to the re-emergence of terrorism as an absolute threat to Europe.
The narrator of this essay aims to tell that one of the main differences is that unlike the nation-state governments, cities often lack the formal authority that is required in resolving issues such as those related to their development and economic growth. Also, cities tend to have more heterogeneous populations than nation-states.