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Organic Chemistry Testing Markovnikov's Rule - Lab Report Example

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This rule was formulated in 1870 by a Russian scientist named Viadimir Vasilevich Markovnikov. The rule states that whenever a protic acid (HX) is…
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Organic Chemistry Testing Markovnikovs Rule
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"Organic Chemistry Testing Markovnikov's Rule"

Download file to see previous pages This is practically true considering a case in which an alkene is meant to react with water in the addition reaction with alcohol that involves the carbocations formation as the ultimate result. Arguably, the group of hydroxyl (OH) combines with the atom of carbon with the highest amount of carbon-carbon bonds, with the hydrogen bonding to the carbon possessing on high carbon-hydrogen bonds. Certainly, it is apparent that for Markovnikov Rule, the chemical basis is the establishment of a carbocation often considered most stable during the process of addition. As widely cited, the hydrogen ion addition to a unit atom of carbon within the alkene establishes a charge that is positive on another carbon forming an intermediate carbocation (Lehman 7). With increasing substitution of the carbocation, the bonds to carbon or substituent to electron donating increases, as well making it an intermediate, which is somewhat stable given the hyper conjugation and induction. What this means is that the component of the reaction of addition is a product that is made from an intermediate considered most stable. In this case, one key product of HX addition to an alkene contains an atom of hydrogen in a position of minimal substitution whereas X is in a position that can easily be substituted. The less stable, less substituted carbocation will eventually be established to a certain degree and will end up establishing a product that is minor with the X attachment on the opposite side. With a view to test the practicality of Markovnikov’s Rule, this experimental was set up with a focus on Markovnikov’s Rule
A solution containing 0.80mmol of iodine was prepared in 1.0mL of THF in a vial dram. 4.00mmol of 1-hexene was charged into a 10ml round-bottom flask, a 4.0 mL of THF was added, and a stir bar used to stir and dissolve the mixture. 1.6mmol of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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