The second phase is to make the living environment and the diet same for the two groups. The next step includes feeding one group of 10 laboratory mice with two-fold diluted black coffee and the other group of 11 mice on regular
Fermentation is a microbiological reaction that takes place in the absence of oxygen. The reaction aids in the conversion of sugars to alcohol or lactic acid. Specifically the process of fermentation refers to the conversion of sugar into alcohol by the use of yeast or use of bacteria in creating lactic acid in certain foods.
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Inflammation is the response of tissue to any kind of injury by foreign substances like bacteria and viruses, toxins, etc. causing pain, swelling, redness and loss of function of damaged tissue. The white blood cells are the functional cells for
Seed banks are reserves of viable non germinated seeds in the soil or the soil surface, which enhances restoration and conservation of habitats. Thus, seed bank dynamics and what drives it should be considered
The author states that a person can contact Ebola through physical contact with a sick person. Scientists and doctors have tried so much to come up with various preventive measures for this particular disease, though they come across many challenges. This is because it is not known clearly where the animals that originally caused Ebola are situated.
y and also pave the way for the development of new cancer therapeutics and is based on the hypothesis that tumors develop from so-called abnormal cancer stem cells that give rise to similar cells. Earlier support for this hypothesis has been provided by studies in which cells
However, with the current developments in maternal health, both mother and baby have surety of proper medical attention to save their lives. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) as a health complication is fatal for any patient that suffers from the
According to the author, organisms classified under Metazoans or the Kingdom Animalia have several characteristics: autotrophs; eukaryotic and multicellular; possess some form of skeletal support; reproduce sexually; specialized cells for specific purposes; and indicate degrees of organization including cell, system, tissue, and organ.
iment was performed at home with an aim to demonstrate the proof for respiration in which carbon dioxide is given off, oxygen is consumed, and energy in the form of heat is released to the body. Respiration is an imperative process for plants and animals, its prominence is
Everyone requires a substantial amount of sleep to function optimally however developing children require more sleep since they are very much active during the day and require the same activeness everyday for holistic development.
When applied in high concentrations at the terminal buds of the plant, GA breaks dormancy and facilitates rapid growth of the plant. In addition, GA inhibits the formation of roots in cuttings. The Gibberellins biosynthesis pathway
The author asserted that decoding the human genome would result in better understanding and advantages for human health. However, some scientists opposed the move fearing that this kind of project would lead to a product that would be of little benefit to human beings. The Human Genome Project began in 1990.
the endolymph in the three semi circular canals which forms the vestibular system is responsible for maintaining balance in a normal human being (ODonoghue et al 2000). However, in meniere’s disease there is some sort o abnormality in the endolymphatic system i.e. either there
Secondly, these technologies possess a myriad of practices that are geared towards the improvement of human, animal and plant lives. Therefore, biotechnology can be broadly defined as the use of organisms or their products for
Basing on the results the most likely bacteria were: for the unknown A, was Klebsiella pneumoniae which is a typical rod shaped bacterium, a Gram-negative, lactose fermenting, facultative anaerobic, encapsulated and non-motile. For the
23andme has documented 260 diseases and conditions which it has given full health interpretations to. A patient is well advised on any common condition enabling them to run “a probability test’ on their susceptibility and reduce the risks of suffering from the condition by a considerable percentage.
According to researchers the solar system came into existence as a result of death of a star in a supernova event. The scientists discovered that the supernova event caused shock waves that could have caused the collapse of the
And it is very time consuming for them to reach to the identification of these substances. By examining the history set by the Greek philosopher, Philip found out that they used to believe that there are
Given the mere fact that I consistently fail to eat enough protein, it causes the breakdown of the body tissues and causes the individual to gain weight. If eats too few carbohydrates It can cause the body to become fatigued, can
The proposed Keystone Project is awaiting final government approval and duplicates the first phase (the line from Hardisty, Alberta to Steele City in Nebraska, USA) but with a shorter route using a bigger pipe to increase total
Three tubes were used to test the hypothesis. The first tube contained Paramecium caudatum while the second one had Paramecium aurelia. The two species were mixed in the third tube. A sample of 0.5ml was put on three slides for observation under
This results in fast but reversible deformations in their structure. Thus, there is special cytoskeleton that the red blood cells are equipped with, which helps them to combat this sheer force by providing them enough mechanical firmness and
that can cause damage to cells, impairs the immune system and leads to various degenerative diseases like spinal cord injury, heart diseases, atherosclerosis, cancer, arthritis, emphysema, retinopathy and optical cataracts(Sies,1997). The unpaired electron can accept protons
The literatures interact with one another in a complicated manner. By testing and understand the new aging and existing theories, it will be possible in promoting the successful aging.
There are various questions asked about
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The alveoli are small air sacs found in the lungs where the exchange of gasses occurs. The alveoli walls get inflammation, and they lose their ability to stretch and shrink as they do under normal conditions (Voikel, 2008). The inflammation damages the
One of the most currently discussed food topics relates to genetically modified organisms (GMO) and the safety of their consumption. The scale of the debate ranges from pure scientific arguments to anecdotal claims. The amounts of arguments from both the proponents and opponents of their used have been mounting at an increasing level.
Muscular Dystrophy is primarily characterized by weak skeletal muscles that progressively deteriorate over time, defective muscle proteins, and the eventual demise of cells and tissues constituting the muscles. As muscular Dystrophy is a genetic disorder, patients suffering from it have wrong or missing information in their genes.
rease the size of the population, nevertheless, the population did not stay the same, due to limited resources, food availability, place to live, mate and reproduce, thereby indicating that organisms compete due to limited resources. Some organisms have certain variations which
All flukes are hermaphroditic except for the blood flukes which are bisexual in nature.
The structure of flukes is flat on the dorso-ventral side and is bilaterally symmetrical with a well- defined anterior region. The body is leaf-shaped and
The river flows almost in the entire Unites States since it covers either all or parts of the 31 U.S. states together with two Canadian provinces between the Appalachian Mountains and Rock Mountains. According to Costello (2010), the latitude for
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The Bunsen burner switched to the blue flame readiness tod flame the surface such as the test tubes. Then, the little finger is used to remove the test tube lid. Once the lid has been removed, the test tube is passed
This study would particularly focus on the rabies disease, the virus that causes it, the preventive measures, the symptoms, the treatment, and the impacts that clearly give an understanding of the disease such that measures can be taken to protect and save people from this lethal disease. Rabies is caused by the Rabies virus, a member of Lyssavirus genus.
According to the paper, Downstream Processing of Recombinant Proteins, the heterologous proteins are produced in E.coli as insoluble bodies, and are called as inclusion bodies. The inclusion bodies contain densely packed denatured protein molecules. The activity of the unfolded protein can be brought out by using mild solubilizing conditions.
Assume that for the killer whale population the average growth rate (r) is zero. Based on the population size in 2001, what is your estimate for the average time to extinction?
The equation for time to extinction with r = 0 is; T (N) = 2/S2 ln (1+s2N) +
The general trend of the curve indicates that the distance that the larvae covers increases with temperature up to an optimal level where any further increase in temperature reduces the distance that the larvae covers. There
Within this scenario, primary infection related to Mycobacterium tuberculosis is with fewer symptoms and problems. As stated above, an unnoticed primary infection can lead the patient towards secondary
Due to the mutations, cells in the skin increase rapidly forming what doctors call malignant tumours. Melanomas are usually brown or black and look like moles. Calcium appears to be a promising component of minimizing the risk of melanoma.
To aid in
Minerals are nutrients essential to our body’s healthy functioning. Some of these minerals are present in abundance in our body; others are found in trace quantities. Hermann (n.d), a nutrition education specialist summarizes the functions of the minerals by saying that minerals help maintain acid-base balance, help regulate body processes.
tantial amount of PP2A is usually in the methylated form and range from 70 to 93%, which depend of the particular method utilized in the evaluation of the level of methylation. Methylation of the PP2A is considered important for the binding process of the B subunits that