Free

Andragogy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The learners, on the other hand, need to assume the primary role of the learning process through a self-directed process. In the thought of Knowles, Holton & Swanson (2005), adult learners can become self-directed in the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.3% of users find it useful
Andragogy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Andragogy"

Andragogy Andragogy The learning process needs to be centered on the learner. The learners, on the other hand, need toassume the primary role of the learning process through a self-directed process. In the thought of Knowles, Holton & Swanson (2005), adult learners can become self-directed in the event that they are provided with the appropriate facilities, experiences, resources and are encouraged to learn. In the case of the adult learners, Merriam, Caffarella & Baumgartner (2007) indicate that the educators have no alternative, but to use resources that will help the adult learners master the concepts taught in class. Through andragogy, Knowles, Holton & Swanson (2005) indicate that educators can help the adults learn through subjecting them to experiences that will facilitate learning, motivating them to learn and even subjecting them to experiences that will make them self-directed to learn since adult learners are more mature as opposed to young learners.
The learning activities need to be directed through self-regulatory processes. Nonetheless, Boucouvalas (2009) is of the thought that learning does not take place by the individual simply identifying themselves with their group but by the individuals mastering their roles in the group and learning in a self-directed approach. Alfred’s (2009) Afrocentric feminist perspective warrants Knowles, Holton & Swanson’s (2005) treatment of the individual as distinctive and free through the argument that andragogy simply transits the adult learners from teaching them as children to teaching them as adults that are responsible and motivated. The same thoughts are in line with Knowles, Holton & Swanson’s (2005) thought that indicates that the learners need to have the internal desire to learn.
References
Alfred, M.V. (2000). The Politics of Knowledge and Theory Construction in Adult Education: A Critical Analysis from an Afrocentric Feminist Perspective. Proceedings of the 41th Adult Education Research Conference. Retrieved from: http://www.adulterc.org/Proceedings/2000/alfredm1-final.PDF
Boucouvalas, M. (2009). Revisiting the Concept of Self in Self-Directed Learning. International Journal of Self-Directed Learning, 6 (1), 1-10.
Knowles, M. S., Holton, E. F., & Swanson, R. A. (2005). The adult learner: The definitive classic in adult education and human resource development. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Merriam, S. B., Caffarella, R. S. & Baumgartner, L.M. (2007). Learning in adulthood. San Francisco: JosseyBass Publishers. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Andragogy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words”, n.d.)
Andragogy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1695397-andragogy
(Andragogy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
Andragogy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1695397-andragogy.
“Andragogy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1695397-andragogy.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Andragogy

Bridging New Technology with Andragogy: Adult Learners in Aviation

...? Bridging New Technology with Andragogy: Adult Learners in Aviation After the first flight made by the Wright brothers in 1903, landing facilities were constructed to service the growing need for air travel. This need was bolstered during World War I for the base, repair and refueling of warplanes, and the mail route after the war. Laws were earlier passed to promote air transport and later to regulate the commercialized industry. Safety must be maintained despite the ground traffic and movement increase in the airports. Existing literature revealed that runway incursions, as well as injuries, and ramp accidents and incidents continually occur. These occurrences can be attributed to training deficiency, human error or violation... Bridging...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Malcolm S. Knowles: Adult Education: Pedagogy vs. Andragogy

...Malcolm S. Knowles: Adult Education: Pedagogy vs. Andragogy Instructions Contents Contents 1 1.0 Introduction 2 1.1 Research Issues 4 2.0. Discussion 4 2.1 Practice vs. cognitive learning. 4 2.2 Learning model flexibility 6 2.3 The Knowles model and the society 9 3.0 Conclusion. 10 Reference 11 Malcolm S. Knowles: Adult Education: Pedagogy vs. Andragogy Instructions 1.0 Introduction Malcom Shepherd Knowles lived between 1913- 1997 and was claimed to be the central figure behind adult education in the United States Education system, mainly during the last half of the twentieth century. In fact, in the 1950s according to Smith (2002), Malcom became the Executive director of the Adult...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Andragogy

...?Running Head: ADULT LEARNING Adult Learning: The Concept of Andragogy Adult Learning: The Concept of Andragogy Introduction One ofthe aspects of learning that is recognized by educators is that children learn at different rates according to their age and that adults learn differently than children. Malcolm Knowles defined four assumptions that were increased to six assumptions about the motivations that adults require to learn. The revolution of seeing that adults learn differently than children provided context for looking at the motivation for adult learning. Just as importantly, defining what makes an individual an adult has meaning when determining how they will perform when trying to learn. The...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Andragogy and Pedagogy

...In Pedagogy, the concern is with transmitting the content, while in Andragogy, the concern is with facilitating the acquisition of the contents. The learning processes of pedagogy and andragogy approaches differ, even though both aim for acquisition of learning. This is the predominant thinking today although subject to some debate. The topic is too complex to discuss. Thus, a scrutiny of the presentation of each as well as the nature of each learner involved is necessary. From these, the concern for transmission and acquisition of learning in them will be explained. This paper concludes that both are part of a single process, taking much cue from contemporary literature. Differences of...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Critical Evaluation of Andragogy against Other Learning Theories in Relation to Adult

...Critical Evaluation of Andragogy against Other Learning Theories in Relation to Adult Learning January 7, There have been numerous theories about adult learning by scholars including the Behaviourist, Humanist, Cognitivist, but the one to gain most prominence in recent years is Androgogy for its individual-centred propositions encompassing new dimensions of human learning which, they offer, is affected mostly by one's cultural experiences, individual achievement and life changes. In the early 20th century, the Behaviourist school of thought played a central role in explaining human learning by mainly focusing their attention on overt behaviours that can be observed objectively and measured as indicators of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Increasing or restricting Andragogy

...Increasing or restricting Andragogy An Overview of Adult Education in the Twentieth Century The first problem that we may encounter in understandingand analyzing the development of adult education in the twentieth century is the problem of definition. There have been so many diverse definitions proposed by leading educationists and philosophers in the twentieth century in relation to adult or continuous education, that it is extremely important to isolate the sense in which the term 'adult education' will be applied in this study. This problem of definition is two-pronged. First, there is the problem within the nomenclature itself, problematized by both the terms 'adult' and 'education' that constitute it. Secondly, there...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Increasing or Restricting Andragogy

..., different terms like ‘continuous education’ and ‘andragogy’. What really adds to our problem in this respect is the fact that we have to approach this problem at a time when an unprecedented complexity within the social formation itself has rendered educational institutes and education, both in definition and practice, complex. Therefore, we have to take into account both the objective semantics of the term as well as try and locate it within a specific twentieth century educational context. Definition of Adult Education The term ‘adult education’ is a comparatively new one, coined much after it was actually in practice. It is a result of many years of evolutions, and its meaning, even now is far from simple and...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Adult Learning Theory: Andragogy

...Adult learning theory: AndragogyAndragogy is the true method of adult learning ... life itself is the adults school.” Martha Anderson & Eduard Lindeman, Education Through Experience (1927). Adult learning is described as both - highly complex as well as deceptively simple, at times, and forms one the most essential elements of an individuals everyday living which help them in understanding, deciphering and implementing the knowledge acquired through learning in their everyday lives. The term Andragogy is used to define the concept of learning among adults. It was first used by a German educator, Alexander Kapp, in the year 1833 but was developed further and defined theoretically by the...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

ANDRAGOGY

...Applying Andragogy in Multi-Disciplined Learning and Teaching The article chosen for review is, “Applying Andragogy in Multi-Disciplined Learning and Teaching” (Chan 25). It is written by Sang Chan in the Journal of Adult Education. The author presents a synthesis of research which has elaborated the utilization of Knowles’ Andragogy in various disciplines. Andragogical principles are needed in most educational disciplines. This review seeks to elaborate the application of andragogical principles in various educational disciplines and the importance. Andragogy is defined as the science and art of helping adults to learn. It has a long history of evolution and...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Andragogy

...Running Head: ADULT LEARNING Adult Learning: The Concept of Andragogy Name Class Date Adult Learning: The Concept of Andragogy Introduction One of the aspects of learning that is recognized by educators is that children learn at different rates according to their age and that adults learn differently than children. Malcolm Knowles defined four assumptions that were increased to six assumptions about the motivations that adults require to learn. The revolution of seeing that adults learn differently than children provided context for looking at the motivation for adult learning. Just as importantly, defining what makes an individual an adult has meaning when determining how they will perform when trying to learn. The seven steps... to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Andragogy for FREE!

Contact Us