Utilitarianism. Evaluation of the Objection
Utilitarianism is a theory of ethics that holds that: the best course of action maximizes the greatest overall “good” for the largest number of individuals. Therefore, it is a form of consequentialism, which states that; the moral action’s worth is usually determined by the results of its outcome.
The Dialogue Reader on “Belief and Reason” is a very important book on philosophy which takes us on a journey of exploration of how we should live our lives. Considering that now the world has been placed on a global platform and is now made up of multicultural groups and organizations.
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This text begins by noting that the author came into the world with the sole purpose of finding meaning in things but instead, found himself to be an object among other objects. It is the author’s view that ontology will not help us to understand the black man.
Bill McKibben is an author of the book Eaarth, which depicts the image of devastated changes of the planet earth. Taking a closer look at the title of the book, it becomes obvious that the spelling of earth includes additional ‘a’. For most of the readers, as per reviewed, the title was a reason to be curious about.
The goal of this paper is to answer the question of whether it is morally required to have a connection between love and sex. In other words, the question is whether sex without love is morally contestable. For the purpose of the paper, the works of Zygmunt Bauman, Seiriol Morgan, Raja Halwani and Simon Blackburn are used.
This question ‘What is the mind?’ could also be ‘Where is the mind? ’because there are those who would define the mind simply as the action or function of the brain,which is of course within the skull.In the popular mind the term ‘the mind’ is often used in an identical way tothought i.e.
In the American history, racial profiling cases have been witnessed. For example, in the First World War, most of the Eastern European immigrants were deported during the Palmers Raids basing on their races and their national origin. Other examples of racial profiling in America are the death of Amadou Diallo, who was shot by the police in February 1999, and Sean Bell in November 2006.
Additionally, most religious persons believe that punishment is crucial in molding the human behavior and its absence would mean lack of good morals. The issue of morality has a long history and is crucial in that it distinguishes humans from animals. However, the interpretation of morality changes with time such that different people living at different times under different circumstances have differing meaning of what is good, bad, or evil.
Rich are independent while poor are “dependent children.” It is unclear of what people should do to achieve complete satisfaction in life. Most human activities focus towards personal development, or towards fulfilling communal obligations.
For Aristotle’s standard, this is the ultimate virtue for this compels an individual to act with utmost temperance by acting at the right extent at the right time for the right reason in the right way. Aristotle realizes that hitting this mean is extremely difficult for this is the ideal.
Adultery and inappropriate relationships among the ranks in the Army Name: Institution: The United States departments of defense reports indicate that over 18,000 assaults of sexual nature occurred in the year 2010. More than 20 percent of women in the military are likely to be assaulted sexually.
The author builds an argument that nothing in this world including the five apparent senses can be relied upon because of the fact that there is always a possibility that Godly powers of evil demon is disillusioning for the human beings and that is the reason why the humans cannot just believe what they see and think.
In this approach, he goes further to state three major suggestions that would help those in the country to fight the three scourges. Peter Singer argues that the individuals in more advanced and affluent countries have the responsibility of radically changing their way of life as well as their concept of morality to enable them be in a position which they are able to commit themselves in helping the needy in the society.
Globalization offered a considerable impact on retailing that evolved only after the emergence of the desire of the families or individual to exchange their surplus products with other things as per their requirements like tools, labor, machines and many others.
The conclusion from this study states that God is omnipotent. The question why evil exists though God is Omnipotent has many perspectives. A believer can assert that evil happens because God has allowed it to manifest His powers. However, philosophers and critics differ with the concept and claim God is not omnipotent, not loving or not omniscient.
One of the most influential philosophers that has profound effect on the field of ethics is Immanuel Kant. His idea about normative ethics became a signpost to determine which course of action is moral and ethical in today’s modern world. In his book Metaphysics of Morals he discussed about the importance and differences categorical imperatives and hypothetical imperatives, the universal law formulation and humanity or end in itself formulation.
Galen Strawson's argument is that, since humans are not fully responsible for the way they are, they cannot be fully responsible for their actions. Strawson’s argument stipulates that the numerous contributory factors that help shape our personalities and realities detract from our culpability and make the notion of free will a myth.
Power, individuality, cleverness, and deceit—these are only some of the words that are often associated with Victorian women. As Spencer (375) claims, women in this period realized the powerlessness of their gender in the past society, thus developed a tendency to outwit the male personality.
The facts that are in question are the legality of abortion and its consequences on a woman, at least biologically. Stage 2 Abortion, although generally seen as a woman’s concern, is actually the whole society’s problem. Bringing an extra mouth to feed (as in a child), is a society’s concern, as the society has a responsibility to provide a job to the mother, provide shelter, safety, and other societal duties.
This has prompted to numerous individuals to yield to numerous assumptions and theories, which they have argued strongly. These encompass philosophers who have agreed and some disputed the notion like Lucretius. Lucretius did disregard the idea of afterlife and immortal life where he even mocked the religion by terming it as a simple superstition that is evident only in the minds of the people (SEP).
The late 1770s had presented a few crucial contributions towards the formulation of classical economics. During this period, the book titled as ‘An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations”, written by Adam Smith, proved to be the most influential book related with the context of market economics.
The primary crux of the movie American Beauty could be traced in the existential crisis faced by the main character in the movie that is Lester Burnham. Throughout the movie, the main character Lester Burnham struggles to seek and find out the meaning of his life in a personal and intimate context.
Does the same amount to discrimination? Other equally weighty ethical issues have been raised in the case study which the committee members and anybody analyzing the situation needs to look into. Such issues are Is it ethical to hire Darrell and disregard the students’ views that have shown that they prefer the other applicants of the job to him and who have a right to be heard?
The former is the body that perishes upon death while the latter is the soul that lives after death thus giving assurance of unending life after death. This is a purely theistic argument. The soul does not die but the body dies. 1. Abstract: Summary or overview of the paper 2.
To know what is real, I must know if it is true. My justification process is that I can know reality through the outside-inward-outside cycle. I use the outside for analysis and evaluation inside, and I apply my findings to what I see outside. This process, unfortunately, cannot always be realistically applied to all news and information.
Among Plato’s renowned works was the Republic (370 BC), which is written as a dialogue whereby Plato strives excellently to define the condition of justice by use of imaginary creation of an idyllic community where perfect life can flourish (5). Many scholars argue that Plato’s concept of the tripartite soul ultimately makes him unable to give a comprehensive account of personality or unified soul.
Care ethics respond to the moral question “how to responds” and not “what is just”. This theory is based on the interdependency of human beings where one’s decisions affect several others. The forms in which other people are affected by one’s decision depend on their vulnerability.
Capital punishment is basically death punishment or the penalty to death or the act of executing. This act is committed by the state for any such crime that has been committed and requires execution. There are many ways to implement this punishment such as shooting, hanging to death, by keeping in gas chambers, decapitating the convicted or by injecting lethal injections etc.
Abortion is a topical issue within the society and has over the years gained a lot of relevance. Statistics indicate that, in the U.S., close to half of pregnancies registered among American women remain unintended with four out of ten of these pregnancies by age 45 ending up by termination by abortion.
Whats The Meaning Of Life?
Most of us spent our lives in everyday chores. We eat, sleep, wash, work, dress up, relax, balance the checkbooks, do laundry, clean house, pay bills, chat, car serviced and worrying about thousands other miscellaneous work to search for some pleasures doing small things that makes our lives a worth living place.
They happen anywhere, anytime and for any reason but leave behind their traces in the minds of the affected people. However, the extent to which an individual may gain influence from the effects of a disaster depends, to much an extent on the individual’s encounter with the disaster.
This research will begin with the statement that the search for morals or ethics, or more simply of right and wrong, is not new in this world. The debate about ethics and morals dates back to early Greek philosophers. Many ethical theories have been forwarded by different scholars and different underlying principles have been given that may guide people in the ethical dilemma.
In general, people act in a manner that provides them or assures them of happiness, contentment or satisfaction. Feelings that are transient or fleeting do not have much of an impact on this view of happiness. An important feature of Aristotle’s description of happiness relates to the possession of material goods.
I will be ordering the final paper also which I will need by 08/06/11 The outline form is as follows 1 Introduction A. Thesis Stament 11. Body paragraph#1-Topic Sentence #1A. Supporting Evidence 1Name of "e from source2.Name of "e from source #2(if applicable), then Body paragraph #2 III #3 IV and V conclusion (rephrase thesis statement Racism and anti-Semitism are two of the most prominent issues that have been plaguing American history for decades.
One of these philosophers is Thomas Aquinas, a Christian believer who really tried to prove that God controls all activities in the world (Aquinas, 2006). In relation to the Catholic Church today, Aquinas, alleged that there was a possibility to discern the truth about God through reasoning (human rationality) and revelation (divine truths that cannot be available for reasoning).
According to Judith Jarvis Thomson who wrote an article on the defence of abortion; abortion is the termination of pregnancy usually through the removal or expulsion of the foetus or embryo from the uterus. This is mainly as a result of the abortion being induced.
It focused on assessing the role that the principles of common sense played in human life both on social and intellectual levels. Philosophers that developed the ideas of common sense asserted that people come already equipped with a special ability to perceive specific notions, truths, etc by intuition.
This argument conforms to the one in part 4 that indicates that, the knowledge of the causes of various occurrences creates an opportunity for individuals to find out the exact way to deal with aspects beyond the bodily nature. Where nature tends to have an upper hand, the human soul must come up with ways of surviving in the environment full of determinants of nature.
In Book I of Plato’s Republic, the discussion between Thrasymachus’ and Socrates along with the ancillary audience seems to portray a different viewpoint of how justice encapsulates the wishes of the ruling class. Thrasymachus’, in his seemingly well-informed rage, presents his arguments to Socrates in describing what he thinks is just; “just is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger” (338c).
Personally for Wiesel, death threatens to overpower him at every moment between those years (1941—1945).A strong element of doubt creeps into Elie Wiesel’s mind, how God deals with humankind in such an atrocious style.
According to desecrates representation, our subjectivity seems to be independent and sufficient. Desecrate indicate our experiences and thought as absolute truths. According to desecrates the aspect of rationality is the pillar of philosophy. Descartes argued that concepts of things is analytical, he proposes his method of hyperbolic doubt.
The human race has always shown a tendency to elect a leader whenever they come together as one big social group. There are privileges that come with this position as a way of showing gratitude to the elected person. Since it is human nature to feel powerful and above others in his surrounding, people strive to achieve that status quo.
Psychologists have taken great focus on the subject by evaluating the essence of morality and investigating whether animals have the capacity to practice morality demeanor and elucidates moral qualities like, cooperation, reciprocity along with fairness and that can be observed in social animals.
His first ever book, Reasons and Persons, which was published in 1984 is one of the most popular books in this regard which has touched each of the aspects in detail after considering various conditions and possibilities relevant to various aspects of morality.
Why study the history of Philosophy? Date: Name: Institution: Significance of Studying the History of Philosophy The word philosophy was coined by Pythagoras who alluded that people who study philosophy are lovers of wisdom. The history of philosophy is concerned with the study of ideas and concepts as they occur overtime.
Over the years, his ideas on the interrelation between body and mind have been of great significance to philosophy. Initially, his journals were in French but scholars later used them and made translations for easy understanding for the current generation.
According to the study conducted, good relations between stakeholders group and leaders can yield effective organizational performance. Stakeholders and leaders can directly impact the results of the decision made in the process. These groups are linked together to an organization because they play effective roles towards successful organizational performance.
Euthanasia and end of life issues.
One of the most common dilemmas involves conflict in moral values because morality is deeply rooted in personal conviction and a breach is critical, not only to consequences from the society such as rebuke and isolation, but also to an individual’s emotional stability.
Although people are now more aware than ever before of the income and wealth disparity that exists in the United States, the level of inequality is considerably higher than they think it is. This is the reason why the government has taken little action to reduce this inequality, despite the numerous debates for and against government intervention to reduce it.
This often occurred in places where the non-western culture opposed the western culture. Loss of centeredness leads to the weakening of the social, cultural practices and political systems of the non-western society (Schwab, 2010). This confrontation of cultures has led to the suggestions that the sense of centeredness and tradition that has held and defined these indigenous groups and cultures for hundreds of years may disappear.