A critical article review follows a structured framework that incites questions leading to a better assessment of the value of a research paper. The primary aim of this framework is to question each section of the paper to achieve a better interpretation of the content. The title should be clear telling the article’s hypothesis and methods.
The author states that the relationship between effective leadership and organizational success has been reviewed and analyzed by many scholars, academics and practitioners within the framework of establishing a cause and effect correlation that underpins the significant contribution of leaders to driving the business forward.
National curriculum reforms started in New Zealand in the 1980s to improve the quality of education and lay a stronger foundation thereby ensuring a future successful participation by young people, the economy, and in New Zealand society. The development of the guidelines for the national curriculum to improve the quality of early education was a part of this process.
The power of brand equity can have both a negative and a positive effect on society. How a corporation uses its equity can support the promotion of new products, create a more economically powerful domination within its primary market, and sustain a corporation through both economic downturns and the effects of poor publicity.
The author states that financial derivatives are considered as ideal instruments for hedging against the risk however, their imprudent use may result in significant losses for the firms too. The unrestricted use and relative complexity of the instruments, therefore, expose the firms to the higher degree of risk.
The author states that across nations, the degree of social integration varies based on the country’s convention whether it is generally immigrant like the US or not. Immigrant nations e.g., the US, Australia, Canada, proves wider immigrant participation in social institutions than that of non-immigrant countries like France and Germany.
This essay shows that the people need to get the next generation ready for achievement at university level and the personnel, guaranteeing that U.S. children guide the globe once again in artistry and accomplishment. To construct a deep-rooted foundation for U.S.’s economic welfare and security, the country requires to take care of major challenges.
The author states that the evidence of the detrimental impacts of segregation on inmates claimed by various researchers on the subject is quite alarming, and cannot be taken for granted. Due to the quality of the methodology, it is generally indefinite whether the disorders exhibited by several segregated inmates were entirely identifiable.
The author states that considering the first two aspects of science discussed by Feynman, they are very closely related, indeed even complementary. At the root of both these aspects is epistemology, the theory of knowledge. The philosophy of science might be considered, after a fashion, to begin in Ancient Greece.
The author states that the journal comprehensively covers a broad area of marketing, including consumer behavior, analysis, and market segmentation, retailing and wholesaling, customer services and satisfaction. I have found two useful, informative articles for my Gen Y marketing research in the JAMS.
The author states that the Management Science Theory introduced quantitative techniques that would empower managers with control over the use of organizational resources, in a bid to bring efficiency to the production of goods and services. The focus here was to find methods that would assist managers in utilizing an organization’s resources.
It connects the pons superiorly with the spinal cord inferiorly and contains most of the ascending and descending pathways represented in the cord. The junction of the medulla and spinal cord is at the origin of the anterior and posterior roots of the first cervical spine nerve, which is at the level of the foramen magnum. This level is known as the craniocervical junction (CCJ).
This article is about a study that tested whether, in a social conflict, a party follower does influence decisions of judgment & trustworthiness in mediation. In other words, the study will examine the effect of content and source bias in determining if the mediator can be trusted or if his proposals are fair.
The author states that the Australian legislation relevant to the case above is the patient’s right to refuse treatment and the Good Samaritan Law. South Australia’s Consent to Medical Treatment and Palliative Care Act (1995) contains the relevant provisions for the incident narrated above.
According to the paper, a popular human rights activist, Hans Gyran Franck, once said that ‘it is well-known fact that the general attitude toward the death penalty can shift drastically [and] it is mainly after particularly gruesome acts of violence that the ideas favoring retribution and a tough stance against crime gain currency.”
The author states that the EU is regarded as the most powerful existing regional organization, which sometimes resembles a federation or confederation depending on the degree of sovereignty that the member states transfer to the union in certain areas. The member states, however, remain the Masters of the Treaties.
Although a long-time phenomenon, globalization in its many aspects remains a blurred concept deterritorialization to this effect is that even the core definition of “globalization” is still subject to heated academic and professional debates due to lack of adequate data about certain nuances of globalization and different interpretations thereof.
The idea presented in the article is that the services of structural engineering and services engineering are interspersed while taking inspiration to some extent from nature and applying them to a large-scale conceptual design. The end-product of this endeavor is a so-called load-bearing product.
The author states that agency theory fails to explain that the agreement between the agent and the principal is flexible in nature. This is a well-known fact that principals used to possess a shortage of information and are restricted in their sense of rationality; however, they are conscious that incentive related problems exist.
Telephony is usually defined as the general use of equipment that can provide voice communication over distances through the connection of telephones with one another. The telephones, originally, were connected in pairs. Every telephone user had his or her own communication device that is then connected to the different places that he may want to contact.
Modern day information systems using information technology can be effectively utilized for this purpose if the organization and its management are capable and sincere. Privately owned organizations formed for profit have their own agenda which motivates its management and employees to effectively develop an effective information system.
This paper focuses on the discriminations faced by black coaches with respect to coaching football teams and games. In order to understand this further, this section shall be devoted to the following subsections: (1) a brief background of such discrimination and (2) the current situation with regard to discrimination in football coaching.
The case Taylor versus Caldwell highlights controversial elements pertaining to whom should absorb losses in the event that a situation arises causing the performance of the contract to be impossible. Moreover, the objective of impossibility implies that neither party could have fulfilled their obligations with regard to the contract.
As the discussion highlights, previous studies conducted had studied the health outcomes up to nearly 7 years post injury and had mostly reported poor health outcomes. This study, however, aimed to study the health-related quality of life 3 months after injury using the SF-36 instrument and the study results were compared with that of non-injured individuals of the same age.
Life is an unpredictable journey to move on. One can only expect things to happen but it is very difficult to things will always happen in the same way. This is the most important reason why financial planning is necessary for life. It is the elementary roadmap to meet one’s financial and lifestyle goals.
The author states that the causes underlying the revolts were the same and the people in these countries wanted a change from the existing social system. One of the biggest revolts took place in England between 1640 and 1660. At the same time when the revolution of England was going on, there were similar revolts in Spain, France, and the Netherlands.
The author states that the most common drugs that are abused are recognized as alcohol, amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, methaqualone, and opioids. The United Nations estimates that there are approximately 50 million drug abusers worldwide when factoring in the use of synthetically manufactured drugs.
The concept became the basis of the main principle according to which your good deeds will be rewarded and you'll reap a good fortune. If you do harm to another person or to nature, the spirits will punish you. Misfortunes are often perceived to be brought about by bad or mischievous spirits who find delight in seeing bad luck among mortals.
It is with the virtues of these distinctive factors that every particular country today possesses a unique identification in the midst of dynamic human civilization. Correspondingly, there are various icons which are characterized to replicate these national rudiments in a way which promotes the heritage of the country.
The author states that the Precambrian Era definitely began with the formation of the Earth, which was merely one point among the series of events after the formation of the Universe. Life must have had its origins as well as the world we live in right now. Our curiosity of these origins will then take us to the very first era in Earth history.
In exchange, these same institutions have largely profited from the innovations uncovered by their research staff via a contractual obligation that such research largely remains the property of the academic or research institution itself. Naturally, some concepts and theories uncovered via research are more profitable than others.
The author states that the choice of the employee must reflect a performance-based context and not one ridden with conflicts that spill over from one’s personal sphere. Further, another factor deals with choosing an employee on the basis of experience and expertise and not merely affinity with him or her on a personal level.
The author states that through reporting and disseminating news and events across the world, the journalists prove their vital role in generating the attitudes and awareness of individuals. How can the journalists influence the readers of their reports and articles? Can a journalist act according to his personal interests?
WiMAX is a perfect choice for providing the broadband services to the areas where it is difficult to manage the wired connections for any reason. So, it is also possible to provide the WiMAX technology by routers or bridges to the Local Area Networks (LANs). The WiMAX can provide a shared data rate of 70Mbps.
NGO is an acronym for non-governmental organizations, managed by independent parties or legal parties that operate completely independent of government to achieve their mission and goals. NGOs typically maintain objectives to secure fundamental human rights, establish industrialization in developing countries.
Aircraft maintenance is carried out to enhance safety, preserve the value of service delivery, reduce downtime, attain the capability of operating at an excellent form, extend the life support of the internal components and ensure compliance to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations. All these tasks are managed through a maintenance program.
The author states that the politics of Sichuan is organized in a double gathering government framework like all other representing foundations in territory China. The Governor of Sichuan is the most noteworthy standing official in the People's Government of Sichuan. The Governor has less power than the Sichuan Communist Party of China.
Acoustic emissions (AE) which are taken to mean transient elastic waves produced from a fast discharge of strain energy caused by a deformation or damage within or on the surface of a material. Acoustic Emission Technology (AET) has offered great scope for application in diverse industrial fields including railways, petrochemical.
The author states that it is important to understand that reengineering is not simply a disguised cost-reduction exercise. The process, of course, can and should lead to significant reductions in expenses. As it questions the work that is done internally, efficiency and productivity should also rise.
The author states that in almost all cultures and throughout history, different forms of sculpture have existed. Sculptures are artworks that are three-dimensional in nature. Today, they are often made by forming plastic or hard materials by different processes such as modeling, casting, welding, assembling, sewing wrought.
To understand employee empowerment, we first need to understand what empowerment is? Empowerment is a process through which an individual gets the authority to think and make decisions in an autonomous way. It is the feeling of being in control of the situation. Employee empowerment is a process through which employee can make decisions.
This research tells that based on a reading of the entire article, the title can be deemed to be adequately describing the entire scope of the study. This is because the title does not highlight the use of the General Strain Theory in the study to help in describing the potential pathway of delinquency/crime escalation and de-escalation.
Exotic and Sympa nurtured two different organizational cultures and they also differed in their underlying assumptions. Both aimed to provide high standards of service even though their approaches were diametrically opposite. It is essential to understand and analyze the two diverse cultures including its relationship to the hotel’s performance.
The number of different ratios that a credit analyst should take into account when analyzing the company is enormous, however, there are a few ratios that can provide a good insight into company’s liquidity, profitability... A ratio that indicates what proportion of
As the discussion highlights, the US reign supreme in the technological and financial avenue, however for the sake of profit-making all such units were outsourced, bringing more revenue to the country but lesser to its people. This specific case has been true for automotive industry, GM and Chrysler were once considered to be the global automotive brand.
The author states that the practice of colonialism began with the voyage of Christopher Columbus of America. It started the colonialism of the Southern states in the years to come. Therefore, colonialism started in the 15th century and the post-colonialism era can be defined after the countries took over the reins of the southern countries.
This research examines the broader concept of intuitive intelligence and the cognitive psychological constructs of intuitive effect by means of literature review and a qualitative study. The nature and experience of the use of intuitive skills and abilities will be examined and discussed. Also, the report explores rational and non-logical processing styles.
Midlife couples were somewhere between the passivity of the majority of retired couples and the intensity of the young. Even though they exhibit certain intensity more akin to aggressiveness in dealing with issues in their married lives, it is a tendency for them to veer away from actively engaging and acknowledging conflicts within the marriage.
The author of the paper states that if a corporation knows that it will need to purchase 50 million dollars on foreign exchange markets within a span of three months, then, in that case, it can organize a fixed price for that leverage with the help of a financial contract known as derivative.
The conclusion states that Debord’s notion of spectacle is useful in understanding a capitalist culture. Nevertheless, we emphasize it is not only Debord’s notion of images that are useful in understanding capitalist society and culture. Today, in the 21st-century capitalism, we have several notions that are useful conceptual tools in understanding better the culture of modern capitalism.