Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Critique One Empirical Relating to Adult Education - Article Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This essay will provide a critique on the article “The Effects of Listening While Reading and Repeated Reading on the Reading Fluency of Adult Learners” by Winn et al. (2006). The source will be provided, followed by the summary, implications for education, and personal opinions. …
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.8% of users find it useful
Critique One Empirical Article Relating to Adult Education
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Critique One Empirical Relating to Adult Education"

Download file to see previous pages Winn et al. (2006) wanted to test if two reading strategies applied to children and adolescents can also be used to improve the reading fluency of adult learners. Fluent reading is a skill in rapid and accurate reading (p.196). The researchers recognized the gap in adult education research in the context of fluent reading and believed that K-12 research can help provide teaching tools, when research on adult education strategies and practices is lacking. They hypothesized that it is important to enhance reading fluency, because this can also increase the preference for reading (p.197). They stated that non-fluent readers are less motivated, have less cognitive resource management success, and have weaker reading reinforcement; thus, it is critical to enhance reading fluency, so that comprehension skill and probability of reading among adults can also be improved (p.197).
The study used three reading strategies: 1) controlled, 2) repeated reading (RR) and 3) listening while reading (LWR). The research design was an experimental design with a comparison made between pre and post-results. Their sampling included twelve (12) participants, who studied literacy skills in an adult education center. The dependent variables were words read correctly per minute and errors per minute (EPM). Researchers collected the baseline data for reading fluency using the 1996 Test of Adult Basic Education (TABE). Findings showed that RR and LWR conditions showed higher scores in WCPM than the control condition. Errors per minute were lower in RR condition than control and LWR conditions. Furthermore, WCPM scores were higher when RR and LWR conditions were used. There were also no differences in words correct per minute using the LWR and RR conditions. Within subject comparisons of WCPM across LWR, RR, and control conditions showed greater reading fluency under LWR and RR conditions. Hence, RR and LWR both enhanced reading fluency more than the control condition. 3. Implications for Education The information in this article can be used by educators to improve adult education, because it underlines the importance of testing successful teaching strategies in the adult sector, using children or adolescent educational theories and research, it provided practical measures for improving reading fluency among adult learners, and it demonstrated the need for greater research on adult education literacy skills. First, this study showed that successful adult teaching strategies can be based on children or adolescent educational theories and research, although with some modifications. For instance, the topics of the reading materials were based on the interests of the adults, since this can improve the probability of reading. Second, the study gave practical tools and strategies for enhancing reading fluency among adult learners. RR and LWR conditions already have step-by-step procedures that can be easily applied to adult learning settings. These steps were also simple and feasibly applied for resource-stricken and time-limited adult education programs and centers. Third, the study recognized the gap in adult education research, such as lack of reading strategy studies for adult students. This points the direction for future studies, which include identification and evaluation of existing reading fluency ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Critique One Empirical Article Relating to Adult Education”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Critique One Empirical Article Relating to Adult Education)
“Critique One Empirical Article Relating to Adult Education”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Critique One Empirical Article Relating to Adult Education

The Demise of Colonial Education

...The Demise of Colonial Education Education has been one of the most crucial tools in any society that guarantees social mobility, order and progression. It is one of the most evident tools that can affect all other aspects of society like the political, economic and social conditions. Inevitably, one thing that can be assumed with this condition is that the systems of education in most parts of the world are patterned after the Western standards. This is patterned after the concept of colonization: the noble concept used by the colonizers to occupy certain territories in the world in exchange of a promise of civilized people: the advent of civilization in that territory. One thing that must be assessed about the system of education...
5 Pages (1250 words) Article

Leadership and Cultural Context: A Theoretical and Empirical Examination Based on Project GLOBE

Executive summery
Globe is a social entity that contains 170 scientists in the social field. These scientists also represent the diverse 61 cultures that the world has. Globe research has come up with several leadership theories that have been used in many cases. Behavior and personal attributes are the main characteristics that are looked at in a leader. In this article, six leadership dimensions in the international scene are identified. From the findings of the research, there is evidence to prove that important ways of thinking and decision making is influenced by the cultural differences that are selected for comparison by the group. Leadership that is based on charisma and value is supported and team work is the main ide...
2 Pages (500 words) Article

Analysis of Early Childhood Education in New Zealand

... quality education early in life he fares better at school and even as an adult in life. In New Zealand, according to Brewerton, parents could choose from a wide range of early childhood services which best suited their needs. They could opt for the community-based childcare, the kindergarten or the play centers or the Maori language immersion services, the Pacific Island Language groups, the playhouses or the home-based services. These ‘language nests’ made the educator’s conscious of the need for cultural dimensions in early child hood education. Communities and parents, in response to the local needs, have developed most of the educational services in New Zealand and most are privately owned. To ensure minimum standards, all...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

Self Handicapping in School Physical Education: Influence of Motivational Climate

... into well balanced and responsible adults. Critique The study was a joint collaboration of the academicians from the two renowned universities: Martyn Standage and Catherine Hooper from University of Bath, UK; and Darren C Treasure and Kendy Kuczka from Arizona State University, USA. The academicians have tried to use the research of previous researchers and have tried to use the tenets from their research to find the motivational climate that has maximum impact on the situational self handicapping behaviour. From the research of Urden and Midgley, they assumed that in PE classes, the exposure of the students to defined goals would ultimately lead to a variety of ‘claimed situational self handicapping’. Kolditz & Arkin, 1982...
6 Pages (1500 words) Article

Dyspraxia and Issues with Physical Education

This confusion is more in cases of mild dyspraxics who are able to improve and do well with some amount of appropriate training and modulation. Inability to cope up with daily routines, poor performance in academics and physical fitness sessions and the stress of interventions, comments from peer groups and frustrations contribute to social isolation and psychological consequences in these children.

Developmental dyspraxia is mostly diagnosed in childhood. It occurs in 2 to 5% of children between the ages of 5 to 11. It affects boys more than girls (Dorset Country Council, 1998). Infact, boys account for 70% of dyspraxic cases. The most important symptoms of dyspraxia are poor motor coordination, clumsiness, lack of mo...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

Obama's Education Plan

S.’s economic welfare and security, the country requires taking care of major challenges faced by the people of U.S.- energy, health management, and education. The issues can only be overcome by integrating all the citizens (Organizing on the issues, n.d.).
Barrack Obama, forty-fourth President of United States, and Joe Biden, forty-seventh Vice-President of United States, are of opinion that providing a world-class education is a solution to facing several challenges of the country and that top-level public schools give the way towards global opportunity, high-standard profession, and strong local organizations. Although there are better schools in the U.S., one thing which the state can do is to provide education to the...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

Bilingual Education Act in the USA

If the message to bilingual students and parents is an ’English only’ attitude, bilingual students and parents would have to give up their native language in public, especially in schools. This would affect not only bilingual individuals but their whole culture as well.
Since the first Thirteen Colonies, an English only attitude was prevalent. Despite the fact, the colonist came and eventually conquered not just the Native Americans, but a large area of Spanish speaking territory, the expectation was for the natives to learn English. After the Louisiana Purchase, a substantial area merged into the United States was French-speaking. One requirement of immigrants from Europe, South America, and all over the world in o...
10 Pages (2500 words) Article

History of Special Education

...History of Special Education Special education is one more productof the Modern Age. The evolution of societies and their social role have developed over the past one hundred years. The development of social education cannot be separated from the historical changes that occurred during that period. Children’s needs have become a modern problem which needs to be handled cautiously but positively. Understanding each disabled child individually and responding with the right kind of special education happens to be the norm adopted in the US through a program IDEA. The picture is similar in all other developed nations. Special schools grew during the 20th century. At the end of that century they were attending to 2% of the school population...
14 Pages (3500 words) Article

A Life-Course Perspective on Stress, Delinquency and Young Adult Crime

...Article Critique: “A Life-Course Perspective on Stress, Delinquency and Young Adult Crime” Title Based on a reading of the entire article, the title can be deemed to be adequately describing the entire scope of the study. This is because the title does not highlight the location from which the study participants were selected from or the use of the General Strain Theory in the study to help in describing the potential pathway of delinquency/crime escalation and de-escalation. The article’s title fails to catch one’s attention as it is too general, and there is no mention that the article is actually a research study. Abstract The paper’s abstract contains the recommended content as it introduces the objectives of the paper, how...
9 Pages (2250 words) Article

Education as a Process

Rodriguez decides to escape his current learning environment and take a step to adapt to another system. This paper will briefly talk about education as a process as it is displayed in the Rodriguez school life story.
In the story, Rodriguez puts trust in the classroom environment compared to the trust that he places in the home environment in his learning process. He reports this in his statement, "what mattered to me was that my parents were not like my teachers" (Rodriguez 520). He further goes ahead and says that his parents were a perfect example of what he did not need to be in the future.
While in school, the author receives a lot of encouragement from his parents, especially his mother. They do this to help him...
6 Pages (1500 words) Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Article on topic Critique One Empirical Article Relating to Adult Education for FREE!

Contact Us