To date, there are several means of detecting explosives materials in airports ranging from small to big quantities. Security checks are done on airline passengers, checked luggage, hand-carried baggage, and cargo containers, and the methods are mainly based on 3 principles: 1) Reasonable efforts must be exhausted to prevent terrorist access to airports; 2) Terrorists who are able to penetrate the initial security screening will still go through weapons detection procedures and explosives detection system, and; 3) Aircraft systems and structure should be built in a way that minimizes any damage that could result from blasts and raises the chances of passenger survival (Marshall & Oxley 2009,
If the detection system is sensitive to the shape of the mine, then it will falsely detect objects underground which possess the same shape as mines but may actually be rocks or shreds of metal. Similarly, if the detection system is sensitive to the type of casing material, for example metal, then it will most likely detect other metallic objects in the ground but not mines.
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What are the pros and cons of the new military retirement system?
The objective of this paper is to study the evolution of the military retirement system from earlier times to the present period. This paper further elaborates on the current schemes under the military retirement schemes, with special focus on the advantages and disadvantages of the present system of compensation, benefits, and rewards for military retirees.
I. The definition of culture and its key characteristics proves the dynamic nature of culture. A. The definition of culture makes this clear. B. The key characteristics of culture that include language, values, norms, beliefs, and orientation towards time give us a better understanding of culture.
The Development of Intelligence Tradecraft during the First World War
Intelligence in the military is of significant importance since it helps in the consolidation of information generated from various sources. This information then helps the Army commanders to make critical decisions concerning the task ahead of them.
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The spread and defense of Islam through hijra or emigration, coupled with jihad has evolved from the early community of Muslims. When Muhammed and his companions underwent continued persecution in Mecca, they emigrated to Medina which was earlier known as Yathrib.
Intelligence facilitates prediction or expectation of the various circumstances and states of affairs and it informs judgments by revealing the dissimilarity in available courses of action. Intelligence organizations operating in Afghanistan consists of SOF, national assets available for tactical exploitation, CIA and various other kinds of Army units.
The Transportation Security Administration is responsible for ensuring public transportation safety. In order to do this, the agency has implemented policies that have come under criticism for being intrusive and a violation of individual rights to privacy.
“The discussion of the ethics of war goes back to the Greeks and Romans, although neither civilization behaved particularly well in war” (“History of war ethics”). With the passage of time, the nature of war has changed. When the Japanese attacked the Chinese in the World War II, the premeditated release of toxins and pathogens caused millions of deaths.
All the final decisions regarding the affairs of the army is taken here. Along with it is located Department of Defense, and the Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force’s “command and control elements” so that coordinated work can be achieved (Benett, 2002, p.35).
This explains why many exemplary women and men receive Medals of Honor for their distinguished display of courage and heroism. It is reported that many American women and men have received the Medal of Honor for recognition in displaying courage in various hostile environment though their ability to fight enemies at the expense of their lives (Willbanks 46).
The amphibious landing at Tarawa had technological implications that helped shape the outcome of the battle. The Battle of Tarawa affected future amphibious operations in the pacific since it introduced warfare using the marine. The battle started after the Japanese had attacked the Pearl Harbor in 1941.Tarawa had a series of coral outlets and it lay in a strategic position for the military to conduct their activities.
In early 2002, General Franks’ “Generated Start” plan “called for very early infiltration by CIA teams, to build relationships and gain intelligence, and then the introduction of Special Operations Forces, particularly in northern Iraq and in Al Anbar province in the west”1.
In other words, military leadership is all about judicious usage of the existing resources like manpower and weapons. The military leader should have insights not only about their own capabilities but also about the capabilities and strategies of the enemies.
This was the case of the Japanese attacks on Pearl Harbor which started the war in the Pacific theater during World War II. The element of surprise is a very powerful tool, especially when waged by the smaller or weaker state such that it gains the initial advantage which it hopes can be translated into more permanent gains.
It commonly involves gathering crucial information concerning foreign military plans, capabilities, intentions, and military equipments, and subsequently evaluating the significance of such information. The information will then determine the next course of action depending on the decisions made by the decision makers (DIA).
President 11 slave states of the south declared that they are separated from United States and have created the Confederate States of America. The other 25 states decided to remain with the federal government. The Civil war continued for four years and ended up with the surrendering of the confederacy and outlaw of slavery across the United States.
Despite apparent contradiction of this approach to the Realist paradigm, Liberal Insitutionalism might provide the shift that can bring about an end to the stalemate in resolving the problem around Iranian nuclear ambitions. (Question 3) Nixon doctrine, applied in the 1970s during detente, is a good example of how incorporating Liberal Institutionalism into foreign polices can be constructive and successful (Question 4).
The modern war has put the soldiers in heavy hardships as the opponents can kill or injure them either with fatal weapons or in bomb blasts. Their life is not at all protected that they may hear the footsteps of death in any moment. The book, ‘The Good Soldiers’ by David Finkel takes the readers to the factual description of the U.S.
This paper reveals some positive and negative facts related to Conscientious Objection in volunteer forces. Introduction In history, many conscientious objectors had to face imprisonments and penalties due to their conflicting beliefs and actions with the army’s legal environment.
These training efforts are not enough and cannot counter the negative impact of the war on a US military official. US military officials have faced various physical and mental challenges when they returned from the war. Following are the problems faced by the US military officials when they returned back to their homes: Health Problems – A research shows that one in every Iraq war veterans develop major emotional health problems.
They started their training at the age of seven and the intensity of their training varied with age. They had to undergo training and made no assumption that they could have inborn security qualities. The methodology at the time of the mailed fist of the emperor of guiding personal security professional is quite different compared to the present time’s tactics.
On the other side, some other militant groups do not undergo transformation but gets affiliated to international terrorist organizations and religious fundamentalist groups. Thesis statement: Among PLO, Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, and Hezbollah, some militant groups are under the control of international terrorism and pose serious threat to homeland security in the United States.
Therefore, it is a critical subject on the terrorist threat. Radical thinking is problematic and a threat to national security when citizens or residents of any country engages in violent actions as a means of promoting religious, ideological and political extremism.
The Origins and Evolution of Long-term Separatists, and Ethnic and Nationalistic Terrorism
In a brief definition, long-term separatists, ethnic and nationalistic terrorists, are organized groups that seek the independence of the ethnic group they represent or those who share the same ideological or political beliefs by means of surreptitious and ruthless underhanded tactics against both civilian and military targets.
After Afghanistan was freed from Soviet rule in 1988, due largely to Abdullah Yusuf Azzam and Osama bin Laden’s leadership, al-Qaeda was formed. Evil bin Laden’s means are, it must be noted that he was a genius in that he was able to create an internationally well-rounded organization that served to achieve his goals by strategically utilizing and maximizing his resources.
In Gettysburg, the Confederate attacks were causing considerable damage to the Union line, and the Union troops were on the verge of a retreat. Admittedly, the Confederate General made a mistake by not launching a quick attack on Cemetery Hill, and in the mean time, Meade quickly moved his people to the high grounds.
All over the world, the navy normally uses Aircraft carriers in the sea to protect airpower, without any reliance on the local airbases to stage operations of the aircrafts. The essay gives a description of modern technologies likely to replace aircraft warship, and discuss difficulties experienced while using the warship as compared to other forms of weapons during the war.
It was one of the most dramatically one sided battles in Naval history on that day in March, 1862 – when the CSS Virginia defeated two federal warships, the Congress and Cumberland. The battle yielded the destruction of both ships and the deaths of at least 240 of their crew, making headway towards breaking the Union blockade of the lower Chesapeake bay.
In the analysis, it compares military professionalism with civil professionalism, points out the differences, justify military actions, and points to the direction military professionalism should take. Military culture is also discussed in lengths in addition to being compared with military climate.
There was no aviation transportation division during World War I. Logistics was either via marine, motor vehicle or horse. Within Palestine, FA300 controlled the air; their airplanes were quicker, superiorly equipped as well as additionally competent. On the other hand, logistics for them was a key disturbance, because petrol had to be carried by donkey.
Largely, the Dessert storm operation succeeded in uprooting Saddam occupation from Kuwait territory, but this operation that was otherwise supposed to be lead by the United Nations forces become a triggering conflict that was drawn down to relations between the US and Iraq.
Government actions against terrorists in the United States often pave the way for both positive and negative debates among the public as well media. Intelligence agencies like FBI, CIA and the National Counter Terrorism Center (NCTC) have generated an anti-terrorist perspective in their programs assassinating terrorists.
It was fought by the Russian Empire on one side and the combined forces of the French, English and the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia (called the ‘Allied’ power. The war was largely a conflict of the colonial aspirations of the European elitist powers for the wealth and resources of the Turkish Empire.
With its existence traced back to the ancient Greece, various individuals, governments and corporate entities have used it to rally the populace to their course. Masters of many wars around the globe have used propaganda extensively to incite their subjects into tacking decisive action against their perceived enemies over the centuries.
The conflict utilized enormous Iranian resources that would have spurred the economy. Since the 1990s, this economy has oscillated without making credible improvements. This is attributable to global market happenings and Iranian policies. Nonetheless, the fortunes of this nation have transformed enormously despite the turbulence in the universal economy.
MOH Recipients Corporal Andrew Jackson Smith His rank and organization was a Corporal in the United States Army of the 55th Massachusetts Voluntary Infantry. The citation for his award was “for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life and beyond the call of duty” (Richardson 3).
The report considers the United States policy on torture. Within this context of understanding, international law is demonstrated as standing firmly against any torturous practices. The United States Military Commissions Act of 2006 is investigated as condoning measures of torture and detainment for enemy combatants.
Adolf Hitler: High-Profile Personality The rise of Adolf Hitler as the authoritarian leader of the Third Reich during the 1930s was a monumental display of people’s preference for a socialist-oriented Germany and a prerequisite for an authoritarian nation under the political enthrals of Nazism.
It will be an instrument to understand too the cultural, political and sociological make-up of the community. Physical Terrain Figure 1. Map of Iran. (Google, 2011). Iran is a country located in the Middle East of Southwest Asia continent. It is geographically bordered by Iraq in the eastern side and of Turkey.
In the era of globalization and advanced technical knowhow international crime which is widely known as terrorism has assumed tremendous rates of increase. This has resulted in a problem of tackling such high rates and advanced international crime. The major reason has been identified as inadequate intelligence due to underutilization of all possible in intelligence instruments and techniques to punish these international criminal offenders.
Robert J. Thomas’ The Crucible of Leadership is just that. A crucible is a vessel in which metals like gold are melted. It is another term for certain incidents in life that would make people change, just because the incident is so intense that change is inevitable.
This industry has grown in both volume and its reach. Now more and more developing countries are being served by these arms producing entities.A huge sum of cash is being spent on research, development, manufacture and supply of military equipment to the developing world
There are varied classes of non-commissioned officers such as junior non-commissioned officers as well as senior non-commissioned officers. Some people have referred to non-commissioned officers as the backbone of the armed forces (Bland, 2009). This is primarily because they are the most visible leaders for majority of military personnel.
What Form Will Domestic Terrorism Take in the Future in the United States?
In 1995, a federal building in Oklahoma was bombed by McVeigh and his accomplices in a revenge mission against the federal government and FBI who were believed to have executed the Waco tragedy in which 75 followers of the Davidian cult were killed.
What did you learn from your “ride” with a great military leader? I learned that it was guile, resourcefulness and personal courage that made Washington a leader willing to take risks and utilize tactics that ran counter to military convention. History offers few examples of military leaders whose abilities were truly commensurate with the epic times in which they lived.
This paper chronicles our battalion experiences with the Panamanians and their local communities. It shall list our accomplishments as a team and the obstacles that we had to overcome in order to bring the necessary infrastructures to a country that has always needed humanitarian efforts in order to keep the country on its feet.