10 pages (2500 words)
2004; Prescott 2002). It is the body’s first line of defence against possible danger. Signs of acute inflammation include warmth, redness, swelling, pain and loss of function (calor, rubor, tumor, dolor, and functio laesa) (Prescott 2002). Acute inflammation is marked by a series of coordinated immune responses and has several causes that include microbial infection (bacterial, viral), hypersensitive reaction, and tissue damage or injury (Underwood 2004).