Human errors in nursing may result from constraints in communication, comprehension, memory, time and distance. In this era of information and technology applications across all domains, nursing as an important activity in healthcare management can ill afford to ignore computer-enabled information and communication technology (ICT) solutions in preference to conventional point-of-care methods of nursing.
A marked increase in the incidence of low and very low birth weight infants has been witnessed in the last several decades. The hospital care of premature, low birth weight infants requires appropriate technology and personnel, which is expensive; in the United States, the cost of care in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and Intermediate ICU averages between $1,000 and $2,000 per day per patient.
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I have seen the dreams of the boys and girls around me change, mine never has, it has only grown stronger. I vividly remember an afternoon spent with my mother watching her work, as she was advising her patients, reassuring them, bringing them hope. I was six at that time, but that warm atmosphere of caring.
Nature can teach us a lot to improve our systems. This is the idea explored by Biomimicry,3 a new science espoused by Montana writer Janine Benyus. Biomimicry also known as biomimetrics, investigates prototypes from nature and then mimics these designs and processes in the solution of human problems.
Much attention has been given to Asthma while COPD remained quite neglected over the years. The inflammatory responses in both these conditions show variations. In asthma, eosinophilic inflammation occur causing airway tenderness, whereas in COPD neutrophilic inflammation causes the obstruction in air passage.
Botulism is a paralytic illness which is caused by a nerve toxin. Rare yet serious, food-borne botulism is caused by consumption of food items which contain the botulism toxin. The disease can be fatal and epidemical as a large number of people can be infected due to consumption of contaminated food.
Schizophrenia can be defined as a multifaceted mental ailment. The schizophrenic disorders are characterized in general by fundamental and characteristic distortions of thinking and perception, and by inappropriate or blunted affect. Clear consciousness and intellectual capacity are usually maintained, although certain cognitive deficits may evolve.
The purpose of critiquing a research report is to examine its various components and opine upon the ethics, research methods, data quality, and other aspects of the information presented. I have chosen the nursing industry standard for critique as the method for presenting the information contained herein.
The introduction of the new Licensing Act may be considered partially responsible for this decline. The consumption level of alcohol in the UK as of the year 2006 is shown below with a graphical representation of the data.
People in UK still consume less alcohol than most of their counterparts in the other Western European countries.
Pressure ulcers among elderly hospital patients diminish quality of life and increase the cost of hospital care. The development of ulcers on heel area is a serious problem, requiring lengthy hospital stays and periods of disability, and often leads to lower limb amputation.
(Boddy, 2001) Pharmacists are now regarded as the Nation's hitherto untapped knowledge base and they are gradually taking the place of junior doctors in multidisciplinary teams in hospitals and other healthcare centres.
The aim of this research is to study the feasibility of this approach of replacing junior doctors with pharmacists in ward rounds and whether it effectively reduces the cost of treatment and enhances treatment quality.
The reforms were launched due to the recognition that the NHS had been seriously underfunded for the previous decades, but numerous difficulties which emerged during the process of reformation led to the increased understanding that the organizational, specifically managerial aspect of the NHS operation is as important as the problems of funding.
An experiment was tried to determine is patients with type 2 diabetes know how to include sugar or sweets into their daily life and to see if it concludes in a higher consumption rate of calories and if it weaken their glycemic or lipid profiles. This resulted in having no negative effect; most of the patients knew how to handle themselves.
This study investigates the attitudes of South Asian men towards lifestyle and exercise habits and the relationship between physical activity in such men and instances of heart diseases. 30 South Asian men within 30-60 years are selected to participate in interviews showing their attitudes towards physical activity and heart disease.
Early identification of substance abusers has brought more clients into the multi-tiered system currently modelled in the UK. However, it is not without its shortcomings. Access to services may be limited based on race or gender, and under-qualified providers may be less than adequate to appropriately deal with the magnitude of the problem.
These disorders include both a component relating to mental functioning and other correlated with individual skills accommodation in their environment. Development is unfortunately reduced and so devoting more time is needed for learning essential, adaptive skills, such as speaking, walking, dressing or eating.
The study assumes significance because of the fact that dyslipidaemia is common in patients with renal disease and is a recognized risk factor for in the general population and occur in a majority of patients with renal disease (Weiner, 2004). The reported prevalence of dyslipidemia in renal transplant patients ranges from 16-72%.
As the report declares Medical and Social Disability are treated much different today than they have been in the past. The approach is much more humanistic now than it was. There is also much controversy over what the definitions of each of these disabilities are and whether the need is even now being met correctly.
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It aims to provide data for phase one of the proposed modification of the Self-Efficacy Goal Achievement (SEGA) complex nursing intervention for type 2 diabetes. The second research paper is "Barriers to communication about diabetes mellitus" by Joshua Freeman and Ronald Loewe which aims primarily to discover the attitudes of clinicians towards patients with NIDDM and the effects of this attitudes on patient self-management.
Phlebotomy means to draw out blood from the human body for medical purposes like transfusion or testing. A phlebotomist is a professional who specializes in the task of drawing out blood from a human body
Curriculum should be viewed as an overall instructional plan which consist of testimonial of aims and objectives, theoretical knowledge, attitude towards work, practical skills to be acquired, and vital support materials to be utilized in its presentation.
In the food processing industry, concerns about food consumption and its safety are gargantuan issues to reckon with. Issues about the nutrients it contain, the harmful substances it contain and its preservation have been thoroughly improved throughout the years.
Lupus has a profound impact on the individual both physiologically and psychologically. Patients diagnosed with lupus undergo a lot of suffering, but it is possible to help them by dealing with the symptoms and teaching them to go on with their lives. There is a long way to go before the threat of lupus can be curbed.
Of course, one enters into the inclusion controversy, being fully cognizant that development issues will influence and dictate curriculum adjustments, if not overall changes.We will take a look at how the process, though formidable, can be structured to minimize shortcomings, without marginalizing the desired outcomes
To be aware of the progress of pregnancy and to screen for some conditions so that a complicated scenario could be avoided, World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended at least four antenatal visits during which a pregnant woman should have contact with some qualified health care provider in the relevant specialty.
This paper presents the development of formative elements in assessment in a teaching module developed to facilitate learning in BSC (Hons) Nursing programme. This paper highlights the cycles of planning, implementing, and evaluatingb teaching, learning, and assessment strategies with the final goal of facilitation of learning.
The report proceeds to analyze certain prominent cases of scientific fraud to understand the nature and scope of scientific fraud in medical research, its perpetration, and detection. A discussion on the detection of scientific frauds, the legal framework or the lack of it in addressing scientific frauds in the U.S. is also presented.
Throughout this assignment, this patient will be named as "the patient" and her identity will remain undisclosed. She had a family history of uterine fibroids.
NICE (2007) has defined heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) as excessive menstrual blood loss over the limit of normal amount of menstrual blood loss which interferes with a woman's physical, social, emotional and/or material quality of life.
Rationale for Selection: Mrs. X is of an adult belonging to an age bracket where occurrence of stroke is not uncommon. She is suffering from a single disability, that of speech resulting from the stroke. Therefore, a study of her care management can be more focused and simple.
However, the more imminent threat lies in the fact that these two organisms are becoming increasingly difficult to treat with available medication which has left hospitals with prevention as their main cure for reducing hospital acquired infections. Hospital acquired infections can result from a number of factors, however, MRSA and Clostridium difficile have been cited as the major causes in most cases and this has prompted the author to investigate the reasons behind the rise of MRSA and Clostridium difficile as the major causes of hospital acquired infections.
Powerpoint Presentation, Eaga points out that dampness can
This group of people gets affected the most not only because they are at a very vulnerable stage of their lives but also because they are the ones who stay at home most of the times. In some cases the problem might aggravate so much that the sufferer might need hospitalisation.
Healthy people usually absorb about 10 percent of the iron contained in the food they eat to meet the body needs. People with hemochromatosis absorb more than the body needs (Vautier, Murray, Olynyk, 2001).
Graphic 1 shows the normal distribution of body iron stores.
It is true that increasing the intake of food and the sedentary lifestyle results in obesity, but it is also true that there are people who're metabolic rates affected due to the dysfunctions of their endocrine system. Some people may be born with this, while others acquire this by secondary means.
Studies indicate that falls of the elderly increase are associated with mortality, early admission to nursing care, restricted mobility and inability to carry out daily activities (Cummings, Thomas, Szonyi, Frampton, Salkeld, & Clemson, 2001; Salked, Cummings, O'Neil, Thomas, Szonyi, & Westbury, 2000; Tolly & Atwal, 2003).For the elderly in the community the risk of fall is a serious problem and so a large amount of research has explored antecedent risk factors to design preventative interventions (Kinn & Galloway, 2000).
Diabetes is classified into two categories: Type I, insulin dependent(IDMM), or juvenile-onset diabetes; and Type II, non-insulin dependent (NIDDM), or adult onset diabetes.
IDDM begins suddenly, usually in childhood. It might be precipitated by a viral attack on the pancreas, and probably also is linked at least in part to genetic factors.
The first was the Modified Rivermead Mobility Index (MRMI), followed by the Falls-Efficacy Scale, Swedish Version (FES (S)), the Stroke Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ) and the Demographic Questionnaire was given to each subject. The subjects were selected from different institutions and centres through the inclusion and exclusion criteria.
(Gaiotti,D., Chung, J., Iglesias, M., Nees, M., Baker, P.D., Evans, C.H., and Woodworth, C.D., 2000)
"Because of its effectiveness, a Pap smear can save your life," said Susan Spires, M.D., assistant professor, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, UK College of Medicine.
After the receptionist's interview with the patient, the patient is then placed in a queue to be called by the radiology technician that will be performing their exam. While the patient waits in the waiting area the receptionist completes the work order. The radiology technician is notified of the pending ordered exam.
E.g. shoulder joint, hip joint, ankle and knee joint. 2. Name 2 regions in the body where fibro-cartilaginous discs are found Ans- Fibro cartilaginous discs are found at the menisci of knee joint and vertebral column wherein vertebras are connected by fibro-cartilaginous discs.
The author of this paper makes research on a topic of development that has been regarded as the modifications and adjustments that the social experience from the period of origin till death. The age grades are illustrated as “socially classified age groups which include pre-assigned statuses, roles, privileges, and responsibilities”.
Ischemic stroke has become one of the most widely spread reasons causing deaths among people of all ages. For this reason, and for the reason of the better outcomes for the patients having experienced ischemic stroke, it is essential to concentrate on the nursing aspects of the rehabilitation care and to discuss it from the various viewpoints.
The author states that the first case is of a seventeen-year-old who is healthy, but smokes 5 to 10 cigarettes per day. She has been sexually active for eight months, and has had several sexual partners. The recommendation is that this patient have monthly injections of Lunelle as her contraceptive.
Obesity is weight related problem that exposes people to many health risks of both immediate and long-term nature. Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, osteoarthritis, and cancer are some of the diseases that can hurt children with obesity as they grow old and remain unable to combat the weight problem.
United Kingdom’s National Health Services, established in nineteen forty-eight, is one of the biggest organizations in Europe. Moreover, as observed by the World Health Organization, it is among the organizations that offer the best health services in the world. Nonetheless, the UK’s National Health Services is in need of improvements.
There are plenty of books as well, that can be chosen, to know more about teenage smoking. I selected those articles that were more detailed and comprehensive in their content. Some articles, though not as detailed as I would have liked, were worthy of mentioning because of their clear and simple matter2.
In this case, different tasks and issues would be introduced to further enhance the awareness of everybody concerning quality healthcare with regards to catering the needs of patients as well as for the improvement of Health Care as a service-based Industry.
When a woman becomes pregnant she may decide to carry the baby to term, get a surgical or medical abortion, or place the baby up for adoption.When a woman discovers that she is pregnant, it is critical that she makes a sound decision as soon as possible.
Yvette Cooper-Minister for Public Health and Professor Liam Donaldson-Chief Medical Officer stated this in a recent Department of Health publication ('From Vision to Reality', 2001). Her statement holds true to various groups of individuals in all kinds of society - even to the case of pregnancy.
Also two ways to prevent transmission of Aids as per recent reports in IAVI are cited finally followed by Cited Reference.
Graphically global figures depict a grave situation in respect of AIDS, which is attaining dangerous proportions. According to the statistics about 5.3 million people were HIV infected in the year 2000 with Sub-Saharan Africa showing about 70 percent cases and the Caribbean region depicting highest rate of infection in the world.
Hypothyroidism is found along with many other physiological disorders like neuropsychiatric complaints, hypercholesterolemia, hyponatraemia, hyperprolactinaemia, and hyperhomocysteinaemia. Untreated hypothyroidism can lead to heart failure, psychosis, and coma.