Twenty patients were recruited into the program; 9 addicted to cocaine only and 11 addicted to cocaine and alcohol. Tetracaine and mannitol were used as the conditioning chemicals during the treatment period. Patients were supposed to snort the mixture in order to get the sensation of street cocaine.
The universal decision to have anger therapy programs in the prison was majorly stimulated by concerns of prison management considering the elaborated and aggressive behavior of the offenders. The Home Office reported increased figures of disciplinary cases as a result of aggression and anger.
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Use of marijuana has several effects on the human brain. The active ingredients of the drug have an effect on the normal cognitive processes. In most cases, cannabis alters these processes by either activation or inhibition of different parts of the brain during the performance of usual tasks.
My friends and family all tell me that soda drinking is bad for my health, and I agree. On the other hand, I can't seem to shake off the habit because I find myself looking for soda many times during the day. It seems to have taken on the dimension of an ingrained habit or even an addiction.
She is evidently suffering from some memory loss as she is unable to recognise her husband. She is also seen mumbling to the oven and this is indicative of the confusion she has in making meanings out of her surroundings. She is pale and this could be suggestive of some physical illness or discomfort she has.
The childcare standards aid in safeguarding the safety, health and rights of children and minimize risks to children in childcare facility. This paper will discuss the Pennsylvania childcare licensure. In order to run a child care facility the director of the facility should obtain a legal certificate of compliance to function at a specific location.
The first name that comes to mind when one encounters the subject of psychology and psychodynamics is Sigmund Freud, a psychologist of a great renown who founded the psychodynamic model among other elements, concepts and principles of psychology.
His article titled, Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It details his position on behaviorist psychology. Thus according to the article, Psychologist stake on behaviorists is supposed to form part of objective experimental division of natural science. Thus, control and prediction constitutes the theoretical goal of behavior.
Be sure to cite where you got your information from. A case study focusing on the incidence as well as prevalence of speech, voice and language disorders among adults in the US revealed that many Americans suffer from language disorders. These disorders have a negative impact on employment, education as well as the well-being of the American citizens.
On the other hand, an interest community is one which describes a group of people who gather due to a common interest or a certain concern that needs to be addressed. The Church of Pentecost Edmonton is a church in Ghana hence the community here is largely Ghanian people.
This study aims at investigating how biological reactions result in acute and chronic levels of PTSD and effective ways of treating PTSD for the military personnel and their families. The study will therefore test the hypothesis that a Soldier that has returned from war and has been treated for being diagnosed with PTSD can lead a long a prosperous life if treatment is sought and continued for as long as needed.
Moreover, the paper will explain the theories of self-efficacy and Locus of control. The paper will also discuss the gate-control theory, pattern theory, as well as specificity theory of pain. The paper will also discuss the factors influencing stress levels; in this section, the paper will define and explain two definitions of stress.
In a formal setting, it is a professional practice for psychologists in other specializations like the clinical psychology, school psychology, counseling psychology among others, (Brewin, Andrew, and Jane 98). This is especially when they utilize their skills to offer solutions in the judicial system hence they perform many roles.
The presence of his sister in the data collected could negatively affect the results due to multiple relationships involved with a respondent in the study. To maintain anonymity, the researcher could restructure his questionnaire to avoid the inclusion of very personalized information among the respondents.
Analysts continue to argue that it is the nicotine present in tobacco that leads to a great percentage of the users getting addicted to the pipes, cigars and cigarettes. Worse still, statistics indicate that the effect smoking not only affects the health of the users, but also risks the life of the smokers.
This is at the social level and later at the individual level that is between people and later in the individual inside the church respectively. Bronfenbrenner does not believe that a person is born with positive or negative tendencies inherent in him but that we are actively involved in self-development and the environment.
Stress affects employee in a wide range of circumstances. However, employees experience the worst form of stress when they realize that there is little support from colleagues and the supervisors. Further, little or no control over work processes also presents the worst form of stress to employees
This disorder may prove as a behavioral issue with continuous changing behavioral patterns with the passage of time. A victim of NPD is more likely to become intolerant and inflexible in certain situations where social associations or interactions are observed.
Infant mortality can result from many aspects including birth defects, sudden death syndrome, injuries during pregnancy, and poverty especially in the developing countries. Although poverty might play an important role in deaths of these children, literacy also counts.
One way to achieve balance is via the use of the teeter-totter, where tension and relaxation are balanced by coping as the fulcrum. When one’s titter-totter is balanced, then one has managed stress, they can be happy. One has to be sure of what controls the pressure in their life and how they can keep a healthy balance of relaxation and tension.
According to the paper reading fluency is the ability to decode words effectively without any effort and to comprehend what has been said in the text. Research done by various eminent researchers has been used in order to find out the best ways of increasing automaticity among children. These ways have been listed won and then discussion has been provided on the intervention techniques which are most effective and successful for improving automaticity and reading fluency.
skills achieved by a certain age. Milestones are simply normative markers at median ages. Some children will develop slower and some faster. The ages for the milestones are therefore, only approximate and should not be taken as dogma or hard lines of delineation.
There are a number of physical illnesses which can adequately be diagnosed through, for example, a toxicology screen. Biochemical markers in the human body, can be measured sufficiently to diagnose an entire corpus or wide-range of treatable health problems.
According to Saison, Smith, Robinson and Segal (2010) the Internet provides ongoing entertainment that a person can tie into as much time as they want. They can find blogs, email, chat rooms and more all accessible immediately through the Internet. Social networking provides a major way that teens are able to talk with a variety of people.
Kelly’s theory of personal constructs explains further about this assumption. It explains how people act upon our ‘core constructs’, our deeply-held ethics and ideology in a particular situation. For an example, when people face paradoxical information against our core constructs, there are likely any chances of changing our constructs.
Tracing the Definition of Psychology.
Psychology is identified by William James as a discipline that focuses on the brain or mind (Butler & McManus 1998). However, even though psychologists try to understand the complex workings of the brain, there are still some ambiguities in the way human beings are able to experience and express anxieties, sadness, hopes, and desires.
Biopsychosocial model Biopsychosocial Model Psychologists and physicians analyse or view human diseases through different lenses. While physicians analyse each diseases with the help of biomedical model, psychologists give more importance to the biopsychosocial model while analysing the causes of diseases and determine the treatment options.
Some researchers are of the view that claustrophobia can be a deformity of an evolutionary mechanism of survival. One way or the other, if a person has felt nervous in the enclosed places in the past, it is likely for him/her to eventually develop claustrophobia.
These social networks, in which we live, enable the individuals to come in contact with each other and increase the odds of familiarity. According to DeLamater (2006) attraction usually occurs between a person (P) and others (O) only if there is a mutual awareness and some kind of minimal interaction between the two.
In addition, trait theories, including Allport and Cattell theories, propose that personalities integrate broad dispositions. They are presumptions used to define personality traits in psychology. Application of these theories is apparent in the modern psychology practices especially in counseling and assessment as well as classification of individuals’ personalities and behaviors.
Similarly, a healthy person does feel much better than one who is sick; if we are rested and not have wrong substances within our body, like toxins, it is obvious that we would be feeling good about ourselves and everything else too. Thus, there is a requirement of there being a proper foundation in health if the person wants to feel good.
Placing ads at online job placement sites such as Monster.com can be an effective way to attract traffic quickly to the advertisement. The ad will state that interested parties can apply to the job by sending a copy of their resume to an email or physical address.
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Why do Americans use so many legal drugs (for example, alcohol, tobacco, and OTC drugs)? What aspects of our society promote extensive drug use? One of the reasons that legal drugs are used to the extent that they are indulged is that the culture of the United States is defined by its show of both wealth and indulgence.
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In his theory, Erikson organized human life into eight stages which run from birth to death. Every stage involves particular developmental task which are naturally psychosocial. These tasks are often cited using two conflicting terms. According to Erikson development theory, every human being must pass through a sequence of eight interrelated stages.
However, different psychologists have different views regarding how the child development occurs and what role the social experiences play in child’s development. This paper aims to study and understand the essence of four grand theories of ‘behaviourism’, ‘social learning’, ‘constructivism’, and ‘social constructivism’, and their beliefs towards the role of social experiences in child development.
Abnormal Psychology Introduction Abnormal psychology is a branch that deals with abnormal behaviors and psychopathology. The study usually covers areas such as depression, compulsion, obsession, sexual deviation, and other behavioral disorders. In this field of study, there are usually clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors, and psychotherapists who offer counseling, diagnosis and treatments.
3). This paper joins in the plethora of writers and attempts to define self-esteem as a trait and follows its development throughout the lifespan of individuals. Researchers and practitioners in their attempt to define self-esteem have unearthed a number of components to this one trait.
Summary of findings Research reveals that the process of falling in love creates deep mental and physical impact on an individual. Rather than being a game of the heart, the process is a game of the mind as mind leads to the emotional and physical arousal.
The characteristics of human development are depicted from various methods such as the emotional, social, physical, perceptual, intellectual as well as the personality development. The scientific study is significant to the psychologists, health care, sociology, and education stakeholders.
Research in this area draws itself from various disciplines of life; hence, it is no surprise that various perspectives have been offered in this regard by various researchers. The notion of sex differences is embedded in the Essentialist or, equivalently, the Social Constructionist view.
Disciplining children has always been a bit debatable subject amongst child psychologists for decades. A great deal of controversy prevails about the appropriate ways to discipline children. Parents and caretakers are confused about how to infuse discipline in their child. Many consider child discipline as enforcing punishment and control over them
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Domestic violence happens when one or more members of a family continually experience mental or physical abuse from those members who wish to control and dominate. Presence of a sympathetic adult around children who can help the children to cope with their problems is absolutely necessary.
Some researchers have come up with theories to explain the personality changes that people in their late adulthood experience. Through these studies, there have been many successful aging theories that have been suggested by renowned psychologists. Today, many psychologists believe that as adults approach their old age, their behaviors change and they develop new personalities.
The author of the paper explains that Marie is 68 years old and therefore she is in the last stage of psychosocial development. Her two daughters are between 40-50 years old and are in the second last stage of development which comprises of individuals in the bracket of 25-64 years old.
The author states that the increased reliance on psychological testing makes it more important than ever to ensure that a test is valid and accurate, that the results it produces are actually relevant. For example, there are many psychological tests that you can take on websites which evaluate things such as the strength of a couple’s relationship.
In this regard, Parfin’s believe is that the facts concerning personal identity exist in particular facts about the connectedness of psychology and that personal identity could be reduced to the said connectedness. Parfin is informed that his view concerning personal identity is not whatever many individuals perceive about persons.
The organizational and functional status of a developed brain is mainly determined from childhood with the developmental experiences acting as the core determinants of what the individual stands for. This shows that any traumatic effects will have a resounding impact on the way an individual reacts to their surroundings and especially the way they relate to their surroundings.
In this regard, an empirical research study was conducted in which 85 British and European students between the ages of 18 and 30 enrolled at Kingston University participated in a survey. The survey consisted of a 6 part questionnaire. The first part of the questionnaire gathered demographic information.
It is worth noting that family therapy is grounded on the belief that a family is an outstanding social system, characterized with its own communication structures and patterns. Moreover, there are a number of factors which are well known for determining the aforementioned patterns.
The article aims to understand if evolutionary psychology has potential to become a metatheory for psychology. In an effort to know this, the authors have compared the views and perspectives of evolutionary psychology and evolutionary developmental biology to see if evolutionary psychology is complete and broad enough to include all the perspectives of some of the major issues in psychology.