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Literature Review - Article Example

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Their experiment was motivated by the desire to examine potential biological correlates of the popular personality test. The authors…
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Literature Article Review
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Download file to see previous pages Most of the existing research on personality is based on theorization and subject interactions, leaving a noticeable gap in evidence obtained from the direct measurement of neural characteristics (Beer, 2012). In response to the information shortage, this article describes an experiment that examined the connection between the Big Five personality items and individual differences in the volume of specific brain regions. Each item in the inventory was hypothesized to be associated with a specific region of the brain, based on existing evidence as well as original theorizations.
The study involved 116 right-handed students from a St. Louis university, with an equal amount of male and female participants. All potential subjects were pre-screened for potential neuropsychological abnormalities before being considered for acceptance into the group. Structural images of the brain were acquired in high resolution using a whole-brain magnetization-prepared image rapid gradient-echo (MPRAGE) system, and individual traits were measured with the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. A random participant was selected to serve as the reference source for volume comparisons. Statistical, cluster-based analyses were performed to reveal any significant associations between brain area volumes and personality traits.
The experimenters found that four of the five personality traits were significantly correlated with their hypothesized partnered brain area or even several, with the sole exception being openness-intellect. Extraversion was positively associated with the medial orbitofrontal cortex, neuroticism was linked with a few areas including the left medial temporal lobe, agreeableness with the posterior singular cortex among other areas, and conscientiousness related to a region of the lateral prefrontal cortex. Most of these associations were positive in nature, but there were a few instances of negative correlations.
The findings of this study clearly demonstrate an ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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