Practices involving feminist translation have yielded approaches that have been developed with concentrations on modern translations of old and contemporary literatures, and with some degree of feminist emphasis. Gender individualities are volatile, unpredictable interpretations that uncover a lot about the thoughts and interactions involving the people and civilizations.
The author defines the ways to deal with stress and mitigate its negative health effects. The consequences of stress can contribute to relationship problems and other social maladies. Excessive stress manifests itself in a diverse range of negative consequences, including anxiety, anger and depression.
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Dissociative Identity Disorder is based on the aspect of dissociation of the personality of an individual. Dissociation is explained as “the disconnection or lack of integration between the normally integrated functions of memory, identity or consciousness (American Psychiatric Association 2000).
We have all noticed a huge improvement in her attitude and depression since she started using a CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) machine. She says that the diagnosis of OSA and the subsequent treatment with the CPAP have greatly improved her depression.
Teen pornography addiction stems from a variety of issues. Much of the literature on the topic states that access to the Internet is one of the major reasons this happens. Teenagers as young as 11 years old are able to log into most porn sites by clicking on a link that says they are 18 years old or older.
This extensive description thus evades stipulating an exact time period for sexual intercourse and attaining a climax, which is flexible and is contingent on many aspects explicit to the persons having the sexual intercourse. An infrequent example of premature ejaculation probably won’t be a cause of distress, but, if the issue prevails and arises in with over 50% of endeavored sexual intercourses, a dysfunctional arrangement typically exists for which a cure might be suitable (Benson, 2009).
The pyramid then graduates up with a need for safety, a need for love, the need for self esteem, and finally the need for self – actualization. Maslow’s position was that each level of need must be satisfied before the next level could be approached. In other words, the need for food and shelter must be attained before the importance of safety is addressed.
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Depression is a curable disorder that is easily diagnosed in primary care setting (WHO, 2011). However, diverse individuals, and communities have different understanding of depression leading to misconceptions about the disorder. These misconceptions are founded on lack of knowledge, myths, beliefs and other factors that impede diagnosis, treatment and management of people suffering from the condition.
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It provides a means of expression to the child; just as an adult expresses himself verbally. During directive or structured play therapy the play activities and settings are selected by the therapist while in non-directive or child-centered play therapy (CCPT), the children themselves select them.
Pathology is a study that is quite scientific that some people do not agree with its principles. It could be offensive to others because of the categorization of people which could really be awful and destructive especially when one is categorized with a disease.
The typical course of marriage has admittedly changed, as more people seem to be cohabiting and postponing marriage now as compared to five decades ago. Research articles and books cite statistic after statistic to support the claim that marriage as an institution is in trouble (Cunningham & Thornton, 2005; Segrin & Nabi, 2002).
Psychosocial factors such as the perception of an individual and the attitude towards life in general plays a leading role in the determination of one’s personality. Even though the power of genetics in the determination of the personality of a person is a strong determinant of personality as illustrated by the similarities which are observed between parents and their offspring, psychosocial factors define the direction of one’s behaviour in general.
Sigmund’s mother was known as an energetic woman. She was just 21 and was 20 years younger than her husband when she got married. In 1859, they moved and maintained a permanent residence in Vienna (Gay xxxi). Despite their humble financial status, Sigmund’s parents made it a point to cultivate their son’s intellectual development.
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Julien et al. (2010) and Selye (1978) consider introduction of a foreign material to the body as one cause of deviation from this normalness. Exposing systems of an individual to a foreign material over a long period results to addiction. That is, addicts of a particular substance develop the behavior after being exposed to the substance over some time.
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Although this was not considered an important issue to begin with, over time it became apparent that these theories were flawed in that they did not take cultural and situational factors into account. The context in which a behavior is observed can play a very important role in the way that behavior is manifest, and many of the earlier theories did not include caveats for these factors (Diller, 1999).
Besides these visible changes, they also differ from each other in the attitudes, skills and ideas that they value and use (Lott, 2010). Ethnic identity may be defined as the experience of a connection or a feeling of kinship with a particular group based on its visible and subtle norms, language, customs and beliefs (Mio, Barker, Tumambing, 2011).
Psychometric tests in many ways presents a relationship in which assessors wields most of the power leaving clients in vulnerable positions (Foxcroft par 3). Psychology, being a clinical discipline, should not be perceived as a negative disempowering process, but rather a fairly constructive field of study that engenders in it helpful ethical practices with corrective inclinations.
However, another era of gangs developed in the 19th century in 1991. This era of gangs is more fatal than those in the past. The main region that witnessed the introduction of gangs is the east coast of America. This then spilled to other regions such as the New York City.
It has been observed that when in crowd, individuals become violent and indulge in uncivilized behaviour, in which they would not indulge in otherwise. The crowd behaviour and its potential to become destructive and violent have led the social psychologists to research the psychology behind the crowd behaviour in depth.
The authors provided several definitions for calling that included a job that is done to help others and provides personal meaning to the person who is doing the job, a job that was destined by God or a higher power that brought personal satisfaction to an individual that serves a larger purpose, or a job that compels someone to do it because it is their destiny
In contrast, he gave the idea, there are many types of intelligence that people can have (Gardner, 1983). According to Gardner, there are typically eight variant types of intelligence. These include one who is great with words called Linguistic; one who is good with math and numbers is called logical; one who is good at movement, sports, and action is called bodily; one who is good with rhythm, music, and tome is called Musical; one who is good at conversing with others is called Interpersonal; one who is good with design and art is known as Visual; one who is good at understanding both nature and world is known as Naturalistic ( Cherry, 2013) This theory has seen much criticism over time fr
Hence the question is does stress cause ill-health? People are faced with numerous difficult and tough circumstances, for example, a congested neighbourhood, work problems, family conflicts, time constraints, or financial troubles. Daily exposure to numerous stressful circumstances could have adverse health outcomes.
The return of technology debates has been instigated by growth in research and the efficiency of counseling services provided through various electronic modes, the absence of services in rural regions, the drive for low-cost types of providing health care, and the ever-increasing uses of internet in the contemporary society.
The codes provide the ethical guidelines upon which forensic psychologists are supposed to operate. It is important to emphasize from the outset that the ethical codes that govern the operations of forensic psychologists are normally much different from those that govern other psychologists.
In life, everyone experiences a moment of crisis which varies from one person to another depending on the immediate environment and situation. Though crisis differ and are determined by different situations, they all share some characteristics that are similar.
Challenging Behavior Challenging behavior can be defined as culturally abnormal behavior of such force, regularity or extent that the wellbeing of the individual or others is expected to be in somber jeopardy, alternately, it can also be considered as behavior that is likely to acutely curtail use of, or result in the person being denied access to, ordinary community facilities (Emerson and Einfeld, 2010.p.8).
The discomfort or fear is often accompanied by other symptoms such as dyspnea, trembling, and an accelerated heart rate, just to mention a few (Thom n.pag.). The “panic attack” periods could last for hours or just a few minutes, and they often occur without warning. Children that develop such attacks may start to show anxiety most of the time, even when they are not under any attack.
Physical Punishment and Mental Disorders. Looking at the methods used in this survey, the interview was conducted face to face and respondents were asked to report instances in their lifetime when they think they experienced physical punishment. And to ensure the data collected represented the general US population, statistical weights were applied whereby descriptive statistics were computed to get the social demographic distribution of the sample, then regression was used to establish the relationship between physical punishment without maltreatment and axis I and II mental disorders then Population attribute fractions were measured for each association that existed between physical punishm
The purpose of this research is to investigate the following: personal experience in undergoing placement in clinical psychology at Arbours Association; differences between borderline personality disorder and schizophrenia; positive and negative symptoms and management of schizophrenia; symptoms and management of borderline personality disorder.
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The case attained global attention, because first she claimed that a black man had hijacked her car and kidnapped her sons. Later Smith disclosed that she had been affected by mental health problems that caused troubles to her judgment. She made dramatic appearances on the media pleading for the rescue of her children.
The aim of the research is to identify the factors related to tobacco use and evaluate the outcome of smoking prevention programs. Many teenagers experiment with smoking from 10 years onwards and become regular smokers by the age of 15. Similarly, smoking is more prevalent among girls whereas snuff use is more common among adolescent boys in Sweden.
The study of human behavior in itself is very crucial in many aspects of human life for example in the learning process and the characterization and shaping of behavioral features of various personalities (O'Donnell, Reeve, & Smith, 2012). This paper reflects on the major elements in Educational Psychology such as applying the learning strategies, classical conditioning and contiguity, operant conditioning and Bandura’s challenge of traditional behavioral views of learning.
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The process of acquiring knowledge is unique to every individual. The learning process defines how an individual acquires knowledge. As such, various psychologists have designed relevant learning theories that seek to define how people learn.
This is because they accept death without fear and thereby developing a positive stance to the situation that cannot be controlled, otherwise their attitude could be fatal and would lead to defeat. It is believed that people who fight with the fear of losing their lives are not ready to sacrifice and there is no way they can help their nation win any significant warfare.
As a means of shedding further light upon the differentials and comparisons that these two forms of conditioning share, the following analysis will begin with a discussion of classical conditioning, moved to an analysis and discussion of operant conditioning, and then proceed with a discussion of the ways in which these can be utilized within different situations to evoke different outcomes.
Edward Tolman was an American psychologist who believed that learning occurs after a given reinforcement. He conducted his experiments on rats, and man to determine how learning takes place within an individual. Donald Hebb was a Canadian psychologist who looked at neuropsychology, and how it influenced an individual’s behavior in terms of learning.
It is also the study of physiological and neurobiological processes that influence certain cognitions, emotions, brain functioning, personality, behavior and interpersonal relationships. Psychology seeks to understand and explain how people think, act and feel with an aim of improving peoples’ lives by enhancing their performance, productivity, self-determination and motivation.
Today, most workplace environments involve people with cultural backgrounds that are different in terms of ethnicity and social grouping (Moule and Diller, 2012). In such environments, the employees are required to have awareness and skills of cultural competence in terms of the diversity in the environment.
As the report stresses communication is categorized into; verbal communication such as, face-to-face, radio, telephone or other media. Non-verbal communication; dress, gestures or even body language, and written communication that entails the use of e-mails, books, letters, magazines among other written sources of information.
Whenever an individual engages in an activity the targets range in two broad categories, it is always happen that the individual want to demonstrate the prowess to other people or the person would like to fulfill individualistic targets. This then defines the existence of the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
A good example of how forensic psychology helps in criminal justice is related to witness testimony. Forensic psychology can help evaluate a particular witness to ensure he or she is being honest in their account. There are host of other ways in which forensic psychology aids in criminal justice process.
This research is being carried out to briefly contrast a preferable model of hypnotherapy with another model and explain the choice of both models; to evaluate and present three possible treatments for a client with a phobia of flying; to name twelve induction techniques and give a brief explanation of each.
tive way. As a result, we students perceive and understand the information passed to us in different ways, and sometimes, it is often difficult to understand what we are taught especially when the lecturer fails to appropriately explain concepts and we do not take an extra mile in doing further research.
The science fiction writers and movie makers of those times were immensely fascinated by Sigmund Freud’s theory of human personality, as per which the human mind could be divided into three interrelated parts, that are Id, Ego and Superego. Id constituted the largely inherited part of human mind that was considered to be predominantly subconscious and driven by ‘pleasure principle’ (Gill 289).
Alcohol abuse has always been misinterpreted as the cause of domestic violence but review of some literatures showed that alcohol drinking is just an excuse of the abuser’s violent behaviors. On the contrary, the coexistence of substance abuse to domestic violence was supported by other researchers, showing evidences of high prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) where there is alcohol and other substance abuse involved.
The sex difference in the mating preferences is a topic of interest for psychologist because it helps us better understand and explain gender differences. The mating preferences of males and females will be discussed in this essay. This discussion will help us answer the main question that is whether nice (positive personality traits) guys, in general, finish last when it comes to mating with the opposite gender or not.
He is a person that likes to be well informed before making a decision. Mr. Thomas also likes to plan for all foreseeable future and events. When I compare myself to Max I realize that I am also a rational person. We differ in that I do not think too much about future events and I like to live in the present and I use the past as a point of reference to analyze what occurred in the past to learn from my mistakes and make better decisions.
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Intuition is considered to be a subsystem of the experiential/ intuitive system that operates by exactly the same principles and attributes but has narrower boundary conditions. The next section includes a presentation of the most relevant aspects of CEST with an emphasis on the operating rules and attributes of the experiential/intuitive system.
Philosophy of Psychology First and Last Name Name of Institution Course Date Abstract The paper tackles on four issues, which have been controversial and widely debated throughout the years. In addition, it presents my stance in these four issues. The first issue pertains to the appropriate means of treating individuals with mental illnesses.
Autobiographical Memory Student’s Name Professor’s Name Date Introduction The paper focuses on critically reflecting on the relationship between autobiographical memory and self-image. I have tried to question the significant role of self-image in shaping one’s autobiographical memory.