A contract is very important in the business life and other forms of commercial transactions. Moreover, these commercial transactions may include; the sale of land and goods, insurance, creation and trading of business organizations, employment, and giving of credit (Marsh and Soulsby 2002, p106).
The massive numbers of illegal aliens pouring across mainly the southern border have and continues to cause substantial economic, social and physical harms to legal citizens. These harms occur predominantly to those who are among the most vulnerable segments of the population: minorities, children and the poor.
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In Waters v Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis, Lord Slynn stated that the employer had to supervise the acts of his employees. If the acts of an employee during the course of employment, cause physical harm and psychological stress to others, then the employer must take the necessary steps to prevent such acts.
The hypothesis for this study is that the reduction of minor crimes by the deployment of more personnel and arresting petty offenders lead to reductions in serious crime by applying the principle of broken windows theory. The study will be qualitative in that it will be data analysis of the figures of crimes committed in the localities.
Compliance with the law is a goal of regulatory authorities that becomes a challenge when economic perspectives are considered. As earlier noted, “most pollution is caused by the operation of processes and the production of goods or services, it is the by-product of an economically desirable activity,” (Abbot, 2005, p 163).
Absolutist and universal nature of rights is justified: “human rights are clearly and unambiguously conceptualized as being inherent to humans and not as the product of social cooperation. These rights are conceptualized as being universal and held equally by all; that is, as natural rights” (Donnelly, 1982).
The area of nervous shock or psychiatric illness is seen as something that is still new in the area of laws pertaining to negligence. However, certain circumstances can be can be considered for compensation if they result in nervous shock given that the plaintiff will not be anticipated to be involved in that particular situation.
Gangs exist in every prison system, and minor jails and this fact is denied by most prison administrators. Over the last few years, America’s correctional institutions have been facing drastic problems due to the influx of street gangs and therefore, the nature and focus of gang activity have changed.
This research will begin with the statement that when the word jury is mentioned to anyone, visions of people sitting behind a scaled seating box, sullen and strict looking often comes to mind. These are the citizens of a state or country who are tasked with one of the most important decisions they will ever make in their lives.
Your main concerns and the advice related to each of them, based on the taxation acts Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, and the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 are as set out below. Income tax Act categorizes income as either assessable or non-assessable. Assessable income should be taxed while the non-assessable is not taxed. Further, there are forms of incomes that are exempted from tax.
Some commentators have argued that Keane CJ’s restatement of the duty of care concept in Irish law has clarified the position by adopting a restrictive approach to a duty of care thereby halting the de facto expansion of negligence based litigation and rendering it harder to establish a duty of care in future cases.
However, according to Ernest Bruncken (2009), in some contexts, the interpretation may lead to mischief and may lead to aversion. Though the interpretation of an unbearable law out of existence can be termed as a fruitful source of confusion, the lawyers are trained to have a great hold upon the public using it.
EPC contract is a fixed price or lump-sum price contract unless the contract specifically provides for a price increase due to the occurrence of some modifications or events. It is wise to add price increase clause in the EPC contract to safeguard the interest of the contractor against price volatility in the near future.
Some minor flaws still remained in the system, which although allowed for the provision of equal rights to the people with African origin, could not mend the ways that the American people thought about them in general since people had never been able to accept the privileges that were bestowed upon the former.
The landlord has different rights and obligations from the tenant; his right on his property can be characterized as absolute – referring to the right’s protection against the violations by third persons; moreover, the obligations of the landlord in regard to the status of the lease are important – increased compared to the obligations of the tenant.
The author states that one of the key objectives of the UK event industry is to stabilize the economy of the country by providing people with great entertainment by organizing various attractive events. There are a lot of companies in the event industry of the United Kingdom which hold a mixed range of events.
Both the ICTY and the ICTR were set up under vastly similar conditions and circumstances. The ICTY was set up in 1993 for the prosecution of individuals alleged to have committed war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide after 1991 in the former Yugoslavia. The UN Security Council established the ICTR for the prosecution of individuals.
Formulating a new policing strategy requires a wide range of conceptual elements such as patience, observation, longevity, integrity, confidence, and energy apart from the existing elaboration of POLICE. In my opinion, allocating a definition to each of these qualities can redefine the purpose expected from the new low enforcing team.
The author states that the Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) is an arm of the CFSP, and it has both military and civilian operations. Civilians have been engaged in the judicial and police training. For the many years, that CSDP has been in existence it has dealt with various activities such as preventing conflict, peacekeeping.
In this context, it has been found that there are many issues that should be recognized as having a significant importance on the formulation and the regulation of social politics. One of the approaches that influenced a lot the theorists when examining and explaining the behavior of persons in their society has been the utilitarianism.
As to a study conducted by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister in 2003, there was at least 20.9 mln households in England. Statistics further reveal that 71% were owner-occupied either outright or via a mortgage. Another 12% of occupiers were council tenants, while 6% consisted of tenants tied to leasing arrangements with social landlords.
Procurement, as defined in Lawyers.com, is the purchasing, leasing, renting, or selling of materials, services, equipment, or construction (as for a government agency). A more detailed idea is that value for money is this is the optimum combination of whole-life costs and quality to meet the user requirement (UK Office of Government Commerce).
The country’s legal system has been able to cite several criminal and anti-legal groups in the country. That made it easier for them to find out, the nature of the crime a particular group is expected to commit; making the police job easier to trace the suspect in a particular area. But the situation does not remain the same all the time.
The paper shows women in suffering from the criminal justice systems initially designed for men. Most women in correction centers are victims of sexual abuse and even physical assault. They are also victims of drug abuse in most cases. Women in prisons, though they have similar needs to the men, need special care and emphasis.
Torture diminishes that person who commits it because when fighting terror you actually bring terror leading to downward spirals of panic in the process eroding the good social fabric of peaceful coexistence among people because once torture is permitted the society is on the brink of lawlessness and many innocent civilians are harmed.
An important change in policies in relation to crime prevention and reduction has been the increase in approaches to community safety. The Crime and Disorder Act of 1998 in England and Wales obliged every local official to build Crime and Disorder Partnerships, who should perform inspections of crime and disorder.
The traditional view of international law is that advocated by Hall1 as a series of rules of conduct which are adhered to by civilized nations as if they were laws formulated in their countries. As a result, the modern international law is a comprehensive legal system to structure society, wherein the legal rules are formulated based upon political.
Since there is no specific law dictating what becomes of fixtures and fittings situated on the property after its sale these items. These difficulties are usually overcome by the attachment of a questionnaire of the fixtures to the contract for a sale of the property and a specific note is taken of those items that are included in the sale and those that are not.
This research will begin with the statement that international trade has become a priority in the global economic development effort, and many developing countries seek the cross-border transfer of goods, capital, and technology as a means to fast-track their economic progress and consequent social upliftment.
In the case of R v Sang, the House of Lords ruled that evidence obtained thru entrapment cannot be excluded by the judge by the mere exercise of discretion because, under the English law, entrapment is not a substantial defense. At the most, it could be used merely to mitigate the penalty for the crime committed.
In its common context, a blasphemy can mean different things to different individuals and a discussion of blasphemy is likely to unleash many a passionate feeling. This is because blasphemy is about showing the irreverence to the sacred and this sacred is likely to be the very glue that binds a society
Early concern focused on wife-beating but attention is now directed at a broader range of behavior. For example, Hester and Radford identify ‘a range of abusive behaviors’ such as ‘emotional cruelty, controlling and demeaning behavior including withholding of money, attempts at strangulation and threats to kill.
Copyright (Computer Programs) Regulations 1992 – gives the right to decompile, the claim to create back-up copies, the claim to reproduce or adjust for reasons of defect removal. However, decompiling would not be allowed in the case when the developer may use the information for creating a competing work.
The 14th amendment was driven by the incidence of civil wars in the US. This section only defined citizenship and offered protection to the civil and political rights of the individual hence less powerful. Its limitation was that the Africans could not possess United States citizenship and could not enjoy any citizenship privileges and immunities.
Compared to the civil law of legal system, countries those who have common law would have the capacity of providing better protections for their investors and have more developed financial markets. In this context, if we compare the legal institutions of English and French, the former one is superior to the latter.
With the aging of the entire population, Rothman and Rothman (2003) observe that the number of patients with deadly kidney disease has increased. With patients failing to respond positively to dialysis, kidney transplantation provides the alternative solution. Giving a background on kidney disease, this paper focuses on kidney transplanting.
On April 15, 2013, Americans witnessed one of the most shocking incidents in their country’s history. Two bombs detonated at the Boston Marathon that resulted in three deaths and more than 200 injuries. The two bombs were safely planted near the finish line, 600 feet apart on the northern side of Boylston Street.
The research focused on the frameworks of the implementation of the smart government initiatives with special attention on the most important aspects of the frameworks, their reviews, and evaluation techniques. It was concluded that technology plays an important role in supporting organizations to transform into smart organizations.
In 1994, a need arose to start up another body to assist in matters of arbitration and this is the Hong Kong Mediation Council. The council was set up within the HKIAC in January 1994. The main objective of this council is to promote the development and use of mediation as a means of resolving disputes, note that this is out of the Hong Kong court.
The case of John and the couple with their stillborn infant was unfortunate. On the part of John, his insanity could be helped established through the defense witness of his psychiatrist who had been treating him for months prior to the incident. This will provide a strong basis for his mental disorder. His defense will be unfit for trial.
This paper will begin with the statement that historically, women had always been the legally disadvantaged gender. Prohibited to own properties, vote in elections and generally subjugated to the superior rights of men in the family household, women have come a long way today spurred by the fervor of the various feminist movements.
He called the case and asked for the plaintiff’s attorney to give her opening statement. She was very passionate about the case and at the same time ensured that she held the juror’s attention from the beginning to end. Ms. Clare Robinson was run over by a limousine belonging to the defendant firm and as a result one of her legs was amputated.
Dick’s own private life was no less affected by this change and was a potential cause of distress and low morale for him. The work-life balance is a fundamental element that is required by an employee to have the right frame of mind and a healthy psychology to boost his/her productivity in the workplace.
According to the translations in the Fyzee’s treatise set by Umar, the Second Caliph describes it as a person’s visit to Mohammed and asks for guidance in regard to the valuable piece of a land that the person owns. In regard to the Muslim law, this paper tried to explore the institutions of Waqf and Muslim financial institution.
Crime preventions and law enforcement are two very important practices that ensure the safety and security of the populace. The achievement of absolute crime prevention and law enforcement in the community does not come easily at all. As a matter of fact, it comes about by the collective effort of a number of organizations and agencies of society.
The amplification of the law enforcement capabilities for counterterrorism around several nations has also led the United States (US) of America to develop specialized but limited military counterterrorism capabilities. The aftermath of the attack of the world trade center on September 11, a series of dramatic events cropped up with response to those events.
In the USA some states such as California has already legalized marijuana simply for medical purposes. It is notable that the American public has a steaming tendency of making the drug legal while other states are concerned with adverse health damages and its underlying effects (Kilmer 2006).
In the US, the lawmaking process is identified as a complex procedure. The Congress is entrusted with the responsibility of formulating legal norms that are to be legitimate for the benefit of the societies in the US. Laws are introduced effectively by the House of Representatives and/or by the Senate.
This research tells that the arguments against the importance of helmet laws include that crashes only affect the rider, helmet use raises health concerns and rider training is more useful. Helmets limit the rights and the freedoms of individuals, helmet use encourages risk-taking and failing to use helmets is comparable to other risky behaviors which have not been restricted by the government.