The political and economic strategies like new world order, globalization, and WTO have been drafted to give old colonization a new form, where the third world countries remain as their economic slaves forever and ever. The institutions performing under the rules of international law simply prolong the rule of the western strategies.
This has had significant implications for the criminal justice system, and various researchers have investigated the effect of deinstitutionalization on crime rates and prison populations. There were also researchers who have demonstrated that mentally ill individuals are more susceptible to aggression than offenders who are not mentally ill.
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In public fire safety, the government has a key role to play regarding fire safety of public including application and implementation of guidelines of fire safety order of (2005) which is applicable for all non-domestic buildings. The other function of the government includes drafting wider evidence-based community fire safety norms.
This paper is being undertaken in order to comprehensively evaluate the current issue and to arrive at a more academic understanding of patterns and trends in criminal behavior and sentencing in the United States justice system. Most perpetrators and victims are males, with 65.3% for male offenders/male victims.
The legal system of the United Kingdom is one in which common law and not only the statutes or the legislation of the parliament play an important role. The tradition in British common law is that the laws declared in the courts are simply a “discovery” of the customs of the people. the common law “has reflected social, economic and cultural forces.
Proper acceptance of the offer is important to form a legally binding contract. Acceptance must be communicated to the offeror within the stipulated time. An acceptance which is not made in time is not available. Also, an offeror is not bound to keep the offer open unless his offer to keep the offer open is backed by a consideration.
This offense is important because these mob group activities kept other companies from competing in Galante's area without paying him and drove up prices for customers. His offenses fell under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization, or RICO, the statute (18 U.S.C 1961-1967) due to his committing extortion and bribery.
Justice system can only be considered ‘effective’ when ‘things are seen to be done’. This means prevention of crime, offenders of the law being arrested; punished and ensuring such acts do not recur. On the other hand ‘fairness’ refers to equal treatment. It also relates to the feeling that one has been ‘treated well’ (Maxwell, Mcalpine, Grant & Joyce, 2000).
There is little to no difference between the susceptibility of the black people to commit the crime and that of white people or other ethnic minorities, yet the difference is sea-wide when it comes to an accusation of crime. Black people are suspected above all whenever a crime is committed in Britain.
The author states that the school argued on different grounds as a justification for firing the teacher, one of which was that a teacher should conform to the public, moral and ethical standards. As concluded from the facts of the case and after a thorough perusal of the laws applicable in this case there are various grounds and legal provisions.
Management and staff and those with whom they associate with are the parties that are directly interacting in industrial relations. The state’s role is typically manifested by the passing of the law and the implementation of policies that impact how management, staff, and unions relate and by doing so regulate industrial relations
The main topic of discussion will cover the fourth segment of discussion; it will explicate comprehensively features labor laws associated with workers’ salaries (wages) in the USA and Saudi Arabia comparatively. The second last segment of the research covers the conclusion and ultimately the references used to conduct the research.
According to Selwyn N. the term “employer” can be defined as “a readily identifiable identity, …, any person, partnership, corporate body or unincorporated association who (which) employs one or more persons under a contract of employment”. The Fair Labour Standards Act gives another definition to the term “employer”,
The author explains that the UK Companies Act 2006 has laid down certain laws under which public monies could be used by corporates, especially directors and managers who have powers. If the total administrative powers are left in the hands of managers, it is quite possible that they may misuse such powers for personal gains.
There were different competing policy interests involved in Hiibel vs. Nevada, which may be the policy to protect the interest of the state to enforce the laws and apprehend the offenders. The other policy interest may be the policy to protect the interest of the people upon whom the law is to be enforced
The debate on discretion in the criminal justice system has become hot in the aftermath of the Supreme Court judgment in Kimbrough v. the United States, which held that judges could exercise discretion based on a “policy disagreement” with the United States Sentencing Guidelines (McKay, 2011, p.1423).
Capital punishment or death penalty refers to when “the government takes a person’s life as punishment for wrongdoing”. Capital punishment is the most severe method of punishment that any government can impose on its citizens. Different societies all over the world have used capital punishment in one way or the other.
The Banking laws under various statutes in the US provide that persons desirous of forming a bank to have them incorporated under a charter specifying their powers, rights, and duties. This decision is usually based on the requirement that the new bank attains a status of a national charter bank
Punishment in varying forms and degrees are socially implemented with the impression that such actions are a deterrent to criminal behavior and limit violence. The idea of the equal protection of laws served to idealize the non-usurpation of pain infliction that questioned forms of punishment as contrary to the ethical belief that crime can be prevented at its root cause.
This discussion talks that former American President Bush is hereby deemed to be morally as well as legally responsible for the deaths of innocent men, women, and children, in a country that was not officially at war with the United States at the time of these deaths, namely Syria. These attacks resulted in the deaths of eight innocent people.
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The British Medical Association Ethics Guidelines also provide express guidance on the situation where people with parental responsibility disagree. The guidelines assert that discussion aimed at reaching agreement should be sought however the fundamental consideration is what is in the best interests of the child.
The author of the paper states that if the parties are willing to come to an agreement, regarding property issues, then all the factors are incorporated into a consent order. Thereupon, this consent order is formally submitted to the court, for its approval. There are some issues to be taken into consideration, under section 25, while making the consent order.
It is the relationship present invariably in each society with a slight difference and is being followed by human beings through every civilization of every age. However, the way modern society views the relationship of a man and a woman in a bond of marriage is very different from the one which was inherited for generations.
Despite their efforts to ensure that they served no alcohol in the party, the teenagers who attended the party still drank alcohol which they might have found in the house or which they came with to the party from outside Tara’s home. Due to their drunken condition, the teenagers got into an accident while driving and the passengers in the car were injured.
The people were celebrating showing they were joyful after hearing the good news. In the article, people play patriotic songs and launched fireworks in shops and residential areas. This clearly depicts the joyful mood of the characters. The police personnel are also happy for their achievement as in they had put efforts in the investigation.
According to the study, the use and possession of drugs had become a common problem. People would rely on selling drugs in order to survive the economic conditions. However, with the law reforms in the state, North Dakota is presently mentioned as the state with the lowest amount of drug overdose mortality rates.
Critical assessment of the accuracy of the statement following: ‘Even where the appellant is unlikely to re-offend, the judicial authorities may be prepared to uphold deportation on the basis that it may serve as an example and deter others.’ Deportation can be defined as the forcible removal of the deported person from the UK.
As the paper highlights, “unconscionable” means unreasonably excessive or advantageous and in the context of law, it implies that the terms of contract are unreasonably advantageous to one of the parties pursuing the contract. It is important to note that a contract is not deemed to be described as unconscionable just because one party’s term and condition are unfavorable.
The author states that before these clubs were established, shipowners were unable to obtain insurance for the entire value of the vessel, only three-quarters of the vessel, and the shipowner had to cover the other quarter on his own. Membership in one of these clubs, however, entitled the ship owner to turn to the club to cover the last one-quarter.
It is evidently clear from the discussion that as the copyright owner of the custom software, Jane’s business is exposed to a potential copyright infringement suit against Jane for an injunction to cease further use of the software along with a request for damages and an account for profits attributable to the copyright infringement.
Its foundations are built on the theories of discrete agreements and promise. These have now been overtaken by a greater emphasis on concepts of reasonableness, good faith, reliance, fairness, and other open-ended notions.
Whether the policy considerations under section 202(a)(1) of the Clean Air Act enabled the Environment Protection Agency to reject issuing emission standards from vehicles; and whether the petitioners had locus stands to bring the case. Environment Protection Agency is required to set emission standards from motor vehicles or vehicle engines.
There have been numerous triumphs and successes made on behalf of the women’s liberation movement. The gains in the quest for equal opportunities in the country’s social, religious, academic, economic and political horizons favored the American women since the ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment
The relevance of criminological theory, which was invented in nineteenth century, cannot be questioned. There are different interpretations of crime commitment, provided by famous theorists of criminological theory. In accordance with labeling theory, it should be noted the way a certain act is labeled as a criminal act.
The author states that the total crime rate for McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX M.S.A. is 8,175.70, which is higher compared to the state of Texas, which has 7,540.70, and the country, which has a total rate of 6,492.10. The property crime rate per 100,000 persons for Hidalgo as per its M.S.A. is 3,768.70.
In the French court system, there are three degrees of organization and they are the following: 1st degree which hears the case when it is first brought up, 2nd degree which hears appeals against the decisions of the first degree, 3rd degree which hears appeals against the interpretation of the law by the second degree courts.
The company also needs to understand the underlying consequences if they do not ‘retrench’ the Star students. The financial stability may be put into jeopardy, and that may necessitate more retrenchments. Therefore, they should analyze the situation in all aspects in order to make a ‘conscious decision’ for continuous growth of the business
According to Justice White, Mr Walker and Mr Melham had entered into a partnership for an undefined term that could be dissolved by either partner giving notice to the other of his intention to dissolve the partnership. The terms of the partnership agreement called for active involvement of both the partners in the partnership business.
In order to eliminate the randomness of events concerning illegality in various cases, certain reformative measures may be implemented which contain adequate discretionary measures to ascertain and decide whether the plaintiff's participation in some form of illegality be allowed to act as a form of protection to his claim.
The scope of the outsider right is so wide that it even includes matters related to the remuneration rights of the directors contained in the articles. It is based on the premise that articles do not constitute a contract between the company and the directors. They accept the office of the directorship based on articles.
This study assesses the problem of cultural relativism as a barrier to improving the lives of women by reference to the weakness of the implementation and enforcement mechanisms of CEDAW. Also, cultural relativism takes the position that there is no universally accepted standard for judging all cultures.
The stand your ground law, which protects Americans, has also been in question as to the effectiveness as well as the people it protects. Black Americans fear for their future in the country after the killing of one of their own by a white person. It is in this regards that a rift is developing in terms of race and ethnicity in the American land.
Legally, the court insists on the quality of the information at hand, and its quantity. In Alabama vs. White, the police received a call informing them on a suspicious person, leaving the Lynwood Terrace Apartments. She had a brown car, with taillights.
According to results obtained from Monitoring the Future, twelfth-grade Hispanic students have increasingly been involved in the abuse of drugs and substances such as crack, heroin, Rohypnol and methamphetamines. Moreover, the students at the eighth grade have also been involved in the drug abuse more than blacks and whites.
This case involves Alex – a Western Australian winemaker, Neil – a regular purchaser of Alex’s wines and Clive – who is also a regular client of Alex living in Canada. Alex makes an offer to his regular purchasers and Neil accepts it, thus entering into a contract with Alex. The same happens with Clive.
The federal laws covering the civil rights are many. Based on figures provided by the US House of Representatives Judiciary Committee, at least two public laws on civil rights were enacted in the 1950s. However, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Civil Rights Act of 1991 are among the most prominent.
The Australian Labor Law has undergone several reforms. All of which were aimed to improve the system of labor. It was subjected to a major change when the Workplace Relations Act was enacted. This legislation allowed the making of non-union agreements between employers and employees, otherwise known as the Australian Workplace Agreements.
Many incarceration systems utilize counsellors and other medical staffs in assisting inmates dealing with mental illnesses. The individuals that are presented with medical attention in regards to their mental illness will seek treatment while in the criminal justice system and that these individuals will have a higher likelihood of being paroled.
The author states that to successfully bring a case of discrimination against her employer under ADEA, there are certain things that Kayte Clarke must prove. In the case of Palasota v Haggar Clothing Co., the Court outlined what the plaintiff must prove to show that indeed there was discrimination that is actionable under ADEA.