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This type of short-term loan is now becoming an option to some of the Americans who are experiencing monetary difficulties. Although this has been offered by some companies for years now, there are many concerned consumer advocates who are discouraging people to patronize it, accusing tax services companies of an unfair collection of fees.
Other forces used to engage in sexual activity, e.g., physical or emotional violence, is also considered sexual assault. Forcible rape is the female’s carnal knowledge by force and against her will. The attempt to or assaults to commit rape through threat or force are included. It excludes statutory rape.
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8 pages (2000 words)
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This paper explains in detail these four categories of criminology theories. It also discusses some of the major individual theories under these categories including Social Disorganization Theory, Lifestyle theory, Mednick’s Theory, Biosocial Arousal Theory, Gene-Based Evolutionary Theory the Super-Male Criminal Theory, Psychoanalytic Theory.
The laws are meant to encourage international trade among different nations. It is important for lawmakers to formulate laws that lead to harmonization of international trade. Such laws should put into consideration the different cultures that different nations have. Despite the many challenges facing harmonization, its implementation is important
A full-time horse-race gambler had gains of $91,000 and losses of $87, 000. The taxpayer deducted the expenses under Section 162. The service argued that Section 165(d) precluded the taxpayer from engaging in gambling as a "trade or business."The Tax Court held that the taxpayer's gambling was a business activity and allowed the deductions.
one of the key assumptions is that the discussion generally applies to both local and foreign acquirers of commercial property in the UK unless otherwise specified. Moreover, the discussion also focuses on the acquisition of freehold properties, and that the shopping parade in the provincial UK town is to be acquired from a freeholder of property.
Prostitution is legal in Turkey (procom.org.)The website further states brothel ownership have limited legality, only in the country’s 56 state-supervised “general houses. Pimping is illegal unless one considers the state itself as a pimp for collecting fees from registered sex workers ostensibly to provide health checks for STDs ass often as twice a week.
Alfred has successfully registered Alfsoft as a UK trademark for computer software and registers the domain name Alfsoft.com. He begins selling his software via his website, using an online ordering form. He sells his software both via direct download and, primarily for those with slower Internet connections, via DVD sent through the post.
The United States of America always had a history of friendliness toward immigrants. The working power and the human resource of the nation depend highly on the migrants. However, a number of issues have been observed in the immigration policy formulation. The objective of the study is to identify the lacuna in the immigration policy of the country and to suggest alternatives.
There are various occupational hazards that are encountered by workers in the construction industry. Operation of heavy equipment, handling of power tools, precarious positions in the construction site is just some of the situations that place construction workers at most risk for injury in the workplace.
The author of the paper states that contracts are executed for several reasons but mainly to protect the interests of the signing parties. Contracts are binding agreements between parties. There are important elements of a contract including the offer to provide what the other party may need.
This research will begin with the statement that contract risks are inherent problems arising in contractual agreements between parties of interests of a specific development project. Legal luminaries interpose that parties to the contract must have a clear understanding of the nature of the contract, its inherent risks and probable measures to be adopted to mitigate negative impacts.
Unethical business practices such as the sale of expired foods, preparing food in unhygienic conditions need to be faced fully by the EHP. Proper considerate measures have to be given to all aspects of food. This includes delivery, preparation, cooking, and cleanliness in the point of consumption. Inspection is, therefore, from time to time to ensure adherence to the food handling regulations by the EHPs.
This essay analyzes that the Texans are protected from the significant risks to the environment and human health. They also try to reduce the environmental risks on the basis of available scientific information. The agency also enforces effectively and fairly the federal laws that aim at protecting the environment and human health.
Adherance to the Veterinary Medical Practice Act would render farriers and equine dentists in rural areas of Arkansas without means of livelihood. “under the Arkansas act, practicing veterinary medicine without a license is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine for each violation of $50 to $250, or imprisonment for six months to one year, or both”.
In order to be successful in business in today’s market, companies cannot avoid employing technology and the Internet. In the past two decades, almost every aspect of the business world is affected by technological advances. Technology use is a vehicle that employees can use to take company data.
“Common law lawyers have traditionally tended to regard good faith as an invitation to judges to abandon the duty of legally reasoned decisions and to produce an unanalytical incantation of personal values and the point out that it could well work practical mischief if ruthlessly implanted into our system of law’ (Zimmermann et al., 2000, 15)
Most religions preach that wrongdoers face punishment if not immediately then in some future world and if not by the perpetrators then by the society at large. However, human societies do not believe in such abstract forms of punishments and they demand immediate and tangible forms of punishments for wrongdoers. The severity of the punishments depends on the gravity of the crime.
When it is not children who are worried about the drinking or drug problems of their parents that has devastated their lives, it is the parents who are worried about the addiction of their children or the likely influenced by bad company, which may result in their children being introduced into the vice of alcohol and substance abuse.
An interesting debate the emerged recently is whether we ought to legalise the use of certain drugs, particularly heroin and cocaine. The prohibiting of alcohol and its eventual regulation in America have been cited as among the premises why the legalisation of the use of drugs and regulation will be better compared to prohibition.
The author states that the court went through a process to deliver the judgment, and the major milestones in the case included that compensation may be sought only when flooding is a permanent or inevitably recurring condition relatively than an inherently temporary situation.
The global history of human rights dates back to World War II through a process of global consciousness for acquiring rights and responsibilities through group memberships on the basis of community, ethnicity, society, class or state. The context of humanity started building with the incidents of persecution in the name of restriction of political, social rights.
As is the case with most fundamental legal principles, the courts have been faced with circumstances in which exceptions to Salomon have been necessary and indeed permitted. And so began the slow and steady battle between the courts and the new cases which required that the Salomon decision should be applied carefully.
Contempt of court may be defined as any willful disobedience to a court order or any misconduct in the presence of a court. It is also described as an action that interferes with a judge's ability to administer justice or that affects the dignity of the court 1. There are two types of contempt of courts recognized by the judiciary system
Most enforcement professional is supposed to be good, ethical and caring people. However, research has shown that every time an individual’s behaviors do not conform to their attitudes, they are likely to experience psychological tensions. As a result of this tension, people tend to modify the contradictory beliefs to eliminate any discomfort.
Criminal Justice in America discusses punishment and sentencing and corrections. What can be seen clearly in these two chapters is that the law punishes people adequately in their crimes, but questions whether this is a fair act. It endorses the notion that punishment and correction today is meant to help the justice system instead of the wrongdoer
SFAIRP is also defined as “it can be done, it must be done “or “practicable.” It is a statutory liability in health and safety legislation. The legislation may be absolute or qualified by expressions for ensuring “practicability.” The courts make a determination as to whether duty holders have complied with their obligations.
This essay will examine the interpretations of Islamic law through the perspective of Islam’s two major sects, Sunni and Shi’ah. The Sunni-Shi’ah division of Islam originated as a succession dispute shortly after the death of the prophet Muhammad in 632 A.D. Shi’ah believes that the proper successor of Muhammad was Ali.
According to the study, the directors stand in a fiduciary relationship to the company, and they owe fiduciary duties to the company and not individual shareholders. Therefore the director (Eleanor) acted unprofessionally and had to declare his interest in the meeting. Therefore, the three members can sue Eleanor on the ground.
Alternatively, if the debtor disputes the debt dispute the debt he should send the forms back explaining his grounds he disputes the claim or the value placed on it. The Court will then decide who is right and, if it decides in favor of the creditor, issue a CCJ. If the defendant believes that he does not owe anything at all.
Mark Twain sued publisher Belford, Clarke and Co for the unauthorized use of his nom de plume to publish a collection of stories. In a satirical speech to the Congress which highlighted the need to address the moral rights of the author, he pointed out how “they turn around and do what they can to discourage it
The police interaction with the criminal justice system like criminal justice, juvenile justice, and the public mental health system is regarded as the relationship between urban policing and the criminal justice system. Some historians argued that the in response to the rise in criminal activities police force was created.
It then serves as a form of justice that works to bring healing, acceptance, and reconciliation. For example, in the case of a missing military combatant, the state has an obligation to disclose the circumstances under which the officer disappeared so that the family members can accept and move on (Commission on Human Rights, 35).
The Asian and African legal system is totally different from the Western legal systems. Even though globalization does not necessarily mean that the legal system around the world can be standardized, there is some evidence showing that comparative law from the Asian and African angle contributes to the development of the global theory.
The author of the paper states that the professionals mainly focus on the addictive property of such substances. As an isolated system, the program is technically very sound. But when one looks at the program as part of the community with associated costs, things don’t look so optimistic.
Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota has been a home to the Native Americans since the 1800s. They have lived peacefully until Eisenhower signed a resolution passed by Congress to “terminate” all Indian reservations and “relocate” Indians off their lands and into the cities. Though it has been dismissed by the court since it was deemed illegal.
There is a vast difference between traditional policing that was followed some decades ago in U.S.A as that of community policing that is being practiced now. Further, the American legal system is confronted with the diversity issues as America is a nation of immigrants and has a good chunk of the minority population
Borrowing from the arguments advanced by judicial reformers, it is important to complete make courts free of politics. This is because; elected or appointed judges tend to take the populist posture while deciding cases. The merit collection process tends to cure these ills elements of the other-election and appointed-processes
In both systems in the Australian set-up and the Chinese setup, politics has affected the legal systems in a big way since the leadership of all countries is based on the politics and the politicians are the ones who come up with laws those who are in the legislature. At times the lawmakers make decisions based on their self-interests
The conclusion states that drinking and driving is undoubtedly an extraordinarily irresponsible act, and those who drive while incapacitated due to alcohol should pay for their mistake. However, jail time and felony records may not be the answer. Sending a young person to jail will not bring back anyone they have hurt, nor will it deal with the problem.
This paper tells that while some parties argue that reserving innovations or giving exclusive rights to the creators of innovations for their works inhibits further creativity, others believe that parties should be given such rights to encourage creativity and rewards talent. Some jurisdictions give recognition to innovators’ moral rights to receive credit for their works.
The goal of the study is to surface support for the hypothesis that patent lawsuits are aimed at giving Apple monopoly power in the smartphones market. This, as Apple has moved ahead after the verdict to have Samsung's Galaxy line of smartphones banned from entry in the United States, further escalating the patent war and shoring up its defense of the American market for smartphones.
Passed in 1993 by Congress, the Act grant twelve-weeks protected unpaid leave off duty to employees for purposes stated in the act, within any period of twelve months. The implementation of the FMLA is under the mandate of the department of labor. The eligibility of employees to the FMLA is dependent on specific considerations.
Therefore, humanitarian intervention should be considered, if there are actual existence and likelihood of persistent human right violations. Such intervention should be authorized, especially if diplomatic efforts have born no fruit. The humanitarian law principles are also meant to govern the behavior of all public authorities’ persons or groups.
As emphasized by U.S. Attorney Joyce White Vance, it is unlawful for a person who had the previous historical mental illness to purchase firearms; and equally illegal to lie through disclosing erroneous and fallacious information in the ATF forms. The article likewise revealed that Vaughan possessed a total of 18 firearms.
It is evidently clear from the discussion that the government and non-governmental organizations have put their efforts together in an attempt to end human trafficking. As a matter of fact, a majority of the NGO’s are spearheaded by women who feel that the number of women smuggled and trafficked is a matter better conducted by women.
According to the paper, the principle of equal treatment to all nationals within the Community under Article 59 of the EC Treaty will also apply in this case, since the Government is proposing to restrict the production and distribution of rockets and mandate their sale only through certainly registered outlets.
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The CIA’s vision is to achieve one community and one agency, an agency that is unmatched in its capabilities with the support of a unified and functioning team and fully incorporated into the intelligence community. The agency’s mission is in line with the agency being the country’s first lineup of defence.
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It has become extremely necessary for the firms to protect their intellectual properties in order to survive in the marketplace. Patents and trademarks are two important mechanisms to protect the valuable property of a firm. Trademarks protect logos, words, and symbols of the company through which they are known among consumers.