The author states that the effectiveness of an organization can be judged from two different angles; one from the perspectives of the organization and the other from the perspectives of the society. These two perspectives are entirely different and it travels in the opposite direction. Organizations which fail to obey this may not survive in the world.
However, injecting a one-size-fits-all community law into the differing if not conflicting domestic laws of the members was a major issue. Hence, the doctrine of direct effect came into being. The doctrine makes EU laws operative and effective within the legal framework of all member-states.
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Section 171 of the Companies Act 2006 (CA) provides that “a director of a company must- a) act in accordance with the company’s constitution, and b) only exercise powers for the purposes for which they are conferred” (CA).
Money laundering also complicates the process of tax collection for the government. These factors cause the government to impose a higher tax in order to make up for the losses. Thus, there is dire need to take drastic steps to control money laundering because of its extremely dangerous effects upon a nation’s economy.
The Act contains amended measures on the following issues: company communications with shareholders; company director’s duties; and financial and non- financial reporting. In regard to the duties of company directors, the Act maintained a principal duty of directors as acting in the shareholders’ interests.1 Nonetheless, in fulfilling this primary duty, the directors are required to consider other matters, including: the interests of employees of the company; company’s operations impact on the environment and the community; the possible long- term consequences of the decision; the necessity to advance the company’s business relationships with customers and suppliers.
But the intentional endeavors in the criminal behavior and acts are still strictly looked upon in the eyes of law. Fraud and insanity In the domain of criminology, the aspects of frauds and insanity carry immense significance. Fraud is defined as theft by deception or the way of acquiring something by trickery or by force2.
This is especially if such an individual has committed criminal acts. The company may dismiss them due to real or perceived losses, which may be incurred within the company. For instance, depending on the nature of a criminal act, customers may dissociate themselves with such a company.
This must be necessitated by a guanine need for the intelligence activities in that particular region. There should be timely, accurate and insightful information about the activities and plans which is enough to warrant human intelligence services1. There should be informed decision making concerning security issues and matters of foreign relations which are of great importance to warrant human intelligence.
It focuses on the creation of intellectual property trade secret laws, trademarks, copyrights, and patents, as well as the protection of rights relating to intellectual property and the legal pursuit of persons who infringe others’ intellectual property rights.1 This law covers things such as identification marks of companies, inventions, novels, and original plays among others.
The main purpose of the piece of legislation is to integrate the complex and disparate laws, upon which anti-discrimination efforts of the twentieth-century Britain were anchored. The laws that were incorporated in the Equality Act 2010 span four decades: they encompass the Disability Discrimination Act 1995, the Race Relations Act 1976.
The author explains that an attribution is an informal explanation for behavior or for any event. The attribution theory illustrates that the outcomes and behaviors eventually assist to form behavioral and emotional responses. The attributions that are casual in nature exert more stress on people’s perception for their successes and failures.
This right encompasses fitness for purpose for which the item was specified, the appearance and finish of the good, should be free from minor blemishes, should be safe to use and of durable quality. Failure of the goods to measure up to these criteria amounts to a breach of consumer’s statutory rights entitling the consumer to various remedies against the retailer.
The movie starts with the firm downsizing the work force because of a performance review (“Margin Call” Web). Coincidentally, the head of risk management division is working on a critical analysis of the firm’s financial position. Relative to ethical fundamentalism, the human resource department acts on the firms top executives’ advice as a source of its ethical guidelines.
Different countries have different legal cultures and their judicial system is responsible for carrying out rulings depending on various factors as stipulated by their laws (Ziegert, 2008, 450). Germany and England have two very different legal systems provided their vast historical and judicial differences and thus the case proceedings in different law settings vary and may at times present opposing outcomes.
There is not a fair method since it does not guarantee reduction of crimes in the society. According to Bedau (416), the life of a human being is sacred as stated in the sacred books and should be given the respect it deserves.
Tribunals address special issues such as acts of war or genocide in order to avoid favoritism or manipulation. People invited to steer tribunals usually have experience in different fields often related to the case at hand in order to provide technical expertise (ADAMS A, 2006).
More specifically, this research is significant in the sense it will evaluate how members are doing in order to implement these regulations and whether these regulations have been successful in achieving the desired objectives. This research will therefore add in more value in evaluating as to whether the existing regulations can actually provide necessary infrastructure and environment to the member States to deal with the issue of Child exploitation.
Monopoly is considered a case of acute capitalism that is characterized by no competition for a certain business group. In most countries, monopolistic business practices are considered unlawful as they restrict free trade in one way or another. In the United States, monopoly is believed to have started back in the colonial period where the colonial administrators granted certain contracts to specific companies.
Implied Freedom of Political Communication: Recent Developments and its Implication for Established Principles Introduction In the 1990s, the Australian High Court ruled in a series of cases that the concept of a constitutionally “representative government” necessarily implied the freedom of political communication.1 Subsequent rulings by the High Court in Hogan v Hinch in 2011 and in Wotton v Queensland in 2012 appear to represent a step back from the previous cases in that Hogan and Wotton established that the implied right to political communication can be restricted in certain circumstances.2 This essay examines the main principles established by the High Court relative to the implied
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This paper will look into the conflict that exists in regard to affirmative action and legacy; focusing on the supreme courts decision that it will render in the Fisher v University of Texas case next year.
Apparently, among the powers bestowed by the constitution of the United Kingdom unto the judicial branch, the power to interpret laws is the most difficult which the courts exercise with utmost care and caution.
Foundations of Tort Name Name of instructor Date Foundations of Tort Tort is a branch of private law, where a person suffers harm because of someone else’s wrongful acts. Torts may be classified according to the negligence of others or their lack of performing their duties, for instance if the councils do not maintain good roads which then cause accidents.
To this end, it sometimes becomes imperative for the police to use force and weapons against the miscreants and the violent forces (Jussila, 2001). The degree and method of use of force, and the nature of the force used, is a matter of debate (Jussila, 2001), and is mostly undetermined theoretically.
Although almost every country encourages the capital punishment for certain offences in some form or the other, there are several debates as well in regard to the concerned issue (“Debate: Death Penalty”). Thus, while there are arguments supporting the death penalty considering the appropriateness, cost and other factors, there exist other arguments that are against such a method of punishment considering it to be inhuman (“The Pros and Cons of Capital Punishment”).
The arrest is conducted without the knowledge of the suspects’ family or the individual himself. The atrocities committed in September 11th, 2001 not only gave rise to the so-called global war on terror, but also led to a campaign against international terror as outlined in the United Nations Charter.
This paper talks about the importance of digital privacy, and the various laws that affect it. It discusses about the advantages and disadvantages of the public access to an individual’s private information and the measures that citizens should take in order to protect their privacy in regard to information dissemination.
Thus, the ideology, structure, targets and tactics of Al-Shabaab will be discussed in the first section. The second section of the paper will be consisted of identification of a homeland security policy in the US and presenting its effectiveness towards protecting the American homeland from terrorist attacks.
However, sometimes contracts may be established orally in other words without documentation of the binding agreement. In cases of breached contracts, a situation where one party fails to hold up to its part of the deal, there are compensations made to cater for the damages.
In the Law of Contract, the literal approach seem to be the default position for courts in terms of interpreting contracts2. However, important changes in the English legal system has caused courts to move from the mere literal approach to a more critical purposive approach3.
The federal government has not made any regulations concerning the type of truck hitches used on the nation’s highways. Tanya Trucker, who owns a trucking company in the state of Denial, is not happy about the additional expense this statute imposes on her business.
This essay will illustrate the above considerations in two steps. First, it commences with a general discussion of the purpose and function of the preliminary reference procedure. Second, it focuses on the two main reasons why this procedure has become so significant. These will be underpinned by references that national courts have sent to the ECJ for legal interpretation procedures based on Articles 30 or 110 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
However, a balance must be found between the rights of the employer to manage its business and the rights of the employee, specifically with respect to privacy. Body 1. For employers, the electronic workplace is a double-edged sword. Employees are provided computers and internet access in order to maximize employer objectives, but these resources can bring unprecedented possibilities for employees to use them to the detriment of the employer, co-workers and possibly the public.
Beccaria played a rather important role as far as criminology is concerned. His first major contribution to criminology was about crimes and the punishment of criminals. In this regard, Beccaria outlined certain principles that he thought should govern the punishing of criminals.
The UK passed SOPCA as an act of parliament as a measure to curb the dangers of the organized crime. The act further saw the creation of SOCA in 2006, which limits the operation of organized crime. This body was given the mandate to operate within the country and articulate help from other intelligent corporations from foreign countries.
Name Professor Course Date Law Question One White-Collar Deviance The expression white is a conventional relationship of unimpeachable character, patent by decent fairness, liberated from smudges and moral contamination, blameless, manifested by the putting on white garments by a lady as a sign of transparency, not planned to bring harm (Simon and Frank, 67).
Thus, organized crime may be held responsible for the perpetration of various crimes such as drug trafficking. Therefore, this definition has a close relation to the one in the readings. According to other written sources, organized crime can be described as transnational or local groupings of sophisticated enterprises.
Considering the diversity of the society and varied forms of offenses, various types of laws exists to govern speckled fields. These include civil law and common law, which deal with varied relationships between people as well as the involvement with the environment.
Particularly, whereas free movement is integral to the realization of the market, it also provides people and their families to exercise the right to mobility. The flipside of this provision has been its penchant for predisposing member states to the inability to control entry and residence within their territory.
The researcher claims that additional procedures before the Court of Justice are treated as a substitute to the action for annulment. In addition, the paper underscores the uncertainties of EU’s judicial protection given the strict approach the European Union Court of Justice interprets Locus standing of the non-privileged applicants.
Sexual harassment nowadays is through sexual advances to women to be offered favours in the work place or for things that are of interest to the women.1 The United Kingdom legislators know this only too well. They have embarked on protecting women within their jurisdiction against such harassment, through the 2010 Equality Act.
They also undertook an expansion of business to Alaska without a proper assessment of the legal and financial issues involved. The purchase price for the equipment was twice as high in comparison with the original price they were paying to the former supplier.
International Court of Justice and International Criminal Court (Smith, pp. 35-49, 2007) are two institutions that are concerned with the concept of justice and human rights in a society, which means that they are concerned with humanitarian law.
The short introduction acquaints the reader with the job of a corrections officer concisely. It begins with ample focus on the research hypothesis. Next, the nature and the scope of this profile are discussed followed by a discussion on the academic background requirements.
Work Perspectives Paper and Outline Name Name Name Name Course Subject University Professor Work Perspectives Paper and Outline Introduction Certain factors play in the realization of building effective leadership. And these factors include the values, ethical concerns, shared visions of the future and effective communication.
Contracts are everyday part of life. They may be oral or written down. A contract is defined as a promise or a set of promises for the breach of which the law gives remedy or the perfomance of which the law recognizes as a duty. A contract can also be said to be an agreement that the law recognises as giving rise to enforceable obligations.
Juveniles lack the mental capacity to control emotions and form intent while committing crimes. This practice is inhumane and violates the basic rights of children. Sentencing juveniles like adults increases the chances of repeated and more serious crimes.
Blue Wall of Silence
Different countries employ a Police force with the responsibility of enforcing and observing order. Their occupation dictates that they preserve order without infringing on peoples’ human and civil rights. However, this is unlike the case because some crooked officers often disregard the human rights.
Forensics have been a component of the community ever since the old days. According to history Forensic, science has brought about the reduction of crime and has led to the growth of job opportunities whether in government or private pursuits Peterson & Murdock, 2009).
According to A Limited Liability Partnership 2000, limited liability is possible in LLP’s because an LLP is a legal entity entirely separate from its members and as a result, is liable for its own debts and owns the business assets. Partners act as the LLP’s agents, and have limited liability, at least up to their contribution-monetary-to the LLP.