Here , Peter whilst continuing as a director of PTV Ltd which manufactures DVD player personally invests in a rival company DVD Plus Ltd engaged in recycling of old DVD players and earns a profits of ? 150,000 without notifying his fellow directors in PTV Ltd.
The world war brought about complete destruction along with itself. Seeing that the United Nations organization was brought into action. This was a successor to League of Nations which was insurrected at the end of First World War. Despite the utmost efforts, human rights violations are on display.
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In international law context, use of force can be defined as the right for a nation to use own authority to settle disputes2. Force may be through use of military, use of dangerous and destructive warship like bombs. Article 51 of the UN Council provides statutory powers for a state to use force.
This is because of poor methods of collecting information and to some extent ignorance on the part of law enforcement officers. The involved parties (legal team and police) in every case end up not being able to handle both the defendants as well as eyewitnesses based on the information they have attained (Wise, Dauphinais & Safer, 2007).
This paper is an attempt to evaluate the benefits of increasing the drinking age from various aspects of an individual’s life as well as the impact on government and society in a broader spectrum. There is a dire need to restrict their access to alcohol because it is a fact that starting to drink early can impose several short-term as well as long-term disadvantages.
The author states that different states have different laws, and laws regarding the death penalty vary as well. They vary in terms when the punishment can be meted, what methods should be used and the period within which they should be carried out. It is also absurd that some countries have completely omitted from their laws the method.
However, African Americans are taken as lead suspects in violent crimes such as committing a homicide on the basis of hatred for certain social group. The detailed research on the featured topic revealed that usual suspects are found to be innocent because, they are noticed to practice extreme care regarding local laws.
In a contract there are normally four elements which are: Offer: This is an expression by the individual giving the offer, showing the will to abide by the set terms and conditions, with the objective that if the offer is acknowledged he or she will be bound to the contract.
Use of Deadly Force
The police are given extensive legal powers to serve and protect the public and enforcing the law. (Chappell, 2013, p.153) The main part of the research is to show how policing will involve the deviation in the use of deadly force and the exercise of judgment in various part of the world over the centuries.
The principles according to which some Islamic schools abide by are incompatible with the practices of international arbitration; however, there are other Islamic schools whose interpretations are consistent with the international practices, which are permissible for Muslims to follow or adopt.2 Arbitration as a contemporary legal system for settling international disputes was relatively recently introduced in the Islamic world, most of which had dealt with oil disputes.3 For many years and in some cases until today, countries in the Arab region which operate under Islamic rule have not fully developed a legal system implementing arbitration, leaving the general impression that the courts in
Boys tend to engage in physical activities more than their female counterparts. Some of the reasons that make girls to keep of sports include being bullied by boys, a perception that sports is for boys, and negative attitude towards their bodies, just to mention a few.
This may happen for example when one is giving adverse testimony about a criminal gang or a criminal who has the capacity to harm or injure the witness and/or their relatives (Scroggin, 2011). It may also happen when a witness is unwilling to testify against their relative or other person due to their perceived notion that this may compromise their relationship henceforth.
Stephenson that saw the decomposing remains of a snail found in a ginger beer bottle mark the beginnings of modern laws on negligence. In making the ruling, Lord Atkin Directed that producers were responsible for the products they sold to all their customers.1 After a duty of care has been established, it is important to settle the matter as to whether the defendant or professional adviser actually happened to breach the duty of care that was owed.
Few behaviors can be identified in their childhood such as abusing animals and setting fires among others. As the serial killers grow, there exists certain danger signs which include desire to live alone, inability to perform well in school and family circumstances which ultimately contributes towards the future aggression in them.
Latimer Case Name Institution In this case it was wrong for Latimer’s father to decide that his daughter deserved to die. Although the daughter was going through pain and had trouble carrying out normal life’s processes, she still deserved to live. God is the only person who should decide whether a person continues living or not.
Assessing the background of the case, it can be viewed that the infliction of emotional distress behavior of Cranston caused severe depression in Walsh’s personal and social life. The case has expressively detailed about the hurdles faced by Walsh during her past life and also represented the present conditions for which, she had planned to stay in Youngsville with her two children.
Stearns (2012) further added that during this particular time business organizations did not care to establish a clear link between the business entity, the employees, and the surrounding local communities. A perfect example, to affirm this argument is the famous Roger & Me documentary film, which was produced in 1989 by Michael Moore, who is a famous American filmmaker, political activist, author, and socio-critic.
However, concerns over the utility of producing and using biofuels have given rise to a debate over whether or not biofuels can provide the solution to the problems associated with fossil fuels. In particular, it has been argued that land conversion for biofuel production has not only pushed up the price of food and food-feed stock, but has contributed to environmental damages particularly with the conversion of forests, savannas and prairies.
The law of agency is based on the general terms that an individual ( the principal) can get to have whatever he can do by himself done by another person (an Agent) on their behalf and be bound by such acts. The principal therefore authorises the agent who works under their control to perform certain duties on their behalf for example, do a negotiation to bring him and the third party to a contractual agreement (Wylie & Crossan, 2004: p 23).
“Truth” is basically the concept used to argue that clients have the right to know what they are purchasing and that all vital information must be on the product’s label (Kidner, 2012). False advertising, in a majority of jurisdictions, is illegal. However, advertisers still uncover methods of deceiving their clients in ways, which are legal or technically unlawful, but unenforceable.
The importance of image rights dates back in the 1840s with the works of Prince Albert. It was passed that his works could not be published or reproduced without him consenting to it. Image rights have increasingly gained importance through the years. In the 20th century, France formulated and incorporated image rights and was later followed by Germany.
ii. FMLA is advantageous for employees as it allows 12 week unpaid leave for needy employees. II. Discussion a. The act in question provides qualified employees with two sorts of job-ensured leave i. Regular Leave ii. Military Family Leave iii. Private and Public Sector Employees b.
The statutes under this law are predominantly a culmination of acts of the legislature and judicial precedents. Notably, the law has undergone phenomenal alteration to suit the changing business environment. Company law does not only govern companies but also other corporate entities.
According to the research findings once an EU national exercises the right to the free movement of workers within the EU, his/her spouse, including non-member state spouses have the right to work in the host state. The right to equal or non-discriminatory treatment is extended to all persons within the EU, including non-members.
Professor Gary A. Munneke states: Debates on the question of ancillary business activities have focused on whether law is a business or a profession. Adherents to the “law is a profession” position have lamented the demise of traditional standards of ethics, civility, and public service.
How can we pass ultimate judgment on people’s moral values? If we punish or put to death criminals, we place ourselves instead of God. We are mortal like other humans who commit heinous crimes. (Pillsbury x) There’s a lot of killing in America. The national rates in this country far exceeds any industrialized country.
Thus, the safeguarding the individual rights emanating from the Community law has received very little significance as yet. Hence, the Court of Justice is belligerent to break these inherent ambiguities of the Treaty all these years.
For instance, an assessee has to pay 10% tax when his income is ?100,000, and he is required to pay 30% tax if his income is ?300,000. Majority of the countries around the world follows the progressive taxation as they conceive the same as more fair. Under progressive taxation, the difference between the distribution of income before the taxation and the distribution of income after the taxation is of great importance.
In Florida, several people were fried to death on an electric chair in the recent past. In Palestine, there are excesses conducted on behalf of the Israeli forces with no value to life and dignity. In Kashmir, hundred are tortured each day without any trial and due process.
The intervention of NATO in Libya could be observed as an act to protect the civilians from atrocity crimes with the moral support of the international community which assumes the ‘responsibility to protect’ people. As such, it can be seen that the United States’ intervention in Libya was an attempt to protect the human rights of the people there.
The basic premise of this case, according to the video provided, was that an altercation occurred between a man, his ex-girlfriend and her new fiancé. All three of these people had been drinking at O’Malley’s Tavern at the time. The altercation which was essentially a car crash occurred after all three had left and had driven a significant distance.
According to the writer, justice calls for a need for reconciliation both in liberty and equality. Those who are affected by the system of justice tend to be judged unequally and this is mostly done with reference to an individuals’ social status or class in the society. He was against such tests as it encouraged conflict in the society.
Nevertheless, this apparently fixed interdiction is negated by the Charter itself in two major terms. The Security Council is permitted to use aggressive measures whenever it identifies that there is an existing hazard to international security, peace, and order (Laursen 2004, 485).
The Prosecution will show that officer’s action to arrest and detain lacked probable cause, illegal, and a violation of the defendant’s constitutional rights. The court should suppress evidence for illegal search, arrest, and detention because the officer failed to provide substantial evidence for probable cause and the assumption of crime committed was unfounded.
In addition provisions which are in connection with the Convention on the International Protection of Adults which had been signed at the Hague on 13th January 2000. The Act provides for specific proviso which would allow people to plan ahead in respect of a situation where they might need support.
Several law suits have arisen out of the legislation one of them is the United States of America Vs Arizona case, which sought an order of injunction tom prevent some unconstitutional parts from being enacted into force. After several appeals, the last Appeal in the Ninth Circuit also upheld the granting of the injunction sought but the governor of Arizona is still contemplating on appealing to the Supreme Court.
This paper presents a discussion on sole proprietorship, partnership, and limited liability corporations, along with their similarities, differences, merits, and demerits. Sole Proprietorship Sole proprietorship is a very common form of business today, accounting for almost 75% of all businesses, and as the name suggests, the ownership of this type of business is vested upon an individual.
It looks for how an individual is able to apply ethical values in their decisions and whatever is being analyzed is an individual’s response to the questions and or statements in the Ethics Awareness Inventory Test that was taken by the law enforcement officers (Williams Institute for Ethics and Management, 2005).
There are three main sources of the English law, namely the case laws, the European law, and legislation (Barnett, 2008 p12). While the legal system of England and Wales are synonymous, in that the laws formed in England automatically becomes the laws of Wales, it is different with Scotland that has its own legal and court system.
The contract would expire on meeting the concrete quantity or conclusion of the contract period. Plaintiff temporarily suspended the purchase of concrete from the defendant due to issues with the quality of concrete during the contract period. During this time, plaintiff had to purchase concrete from a different supplier.
Prior to the revolution, US employers and employees had almost similar bargaining power. However, in 1800s, when the US became industrialized employers acquired more purchasing power than their employees. This was as a result of emergence of legislations that regulated the working conditions, the responsibilities of employers towards employees, working conditions and employee’s benefits and salaries.
According to the paper, Internet defamation is significantly different from print media or broadcast defamation in a number of ways. First, internet is available to almost every individual, which he/she can use to destroy the image of other people with whom he/she may have some dispute. A person can use different types of internet-based media.
Miller (2010) provides that the aimed party feels incorrect victimized and gets mislaid criticism, blame and condemnation; the targeted party is likely to experience rejection from individuals who the perpetrator aims to persuade. The focus range of Scapegoating is wide and emanates from accepted enemies of exceptionally influential groups of individuals to the practice of scapegoating individuals by others.
Changes were introduced to the scheme in 2007, and these affected new entrants too. However, these changes have grown into a contentious issue with different sides holding different opinions about the reforms. This paper explores the ongoing negotiations between government ministers and union chiefs regarding the reform by focusing on the issues at stake.
In the previous times, security in the airports mainly involved manual checks on luggage and pat-downs on individuals as well as scanning with metal detectors. The pat-down method faced a lot of legal issues with people suing for sexual harassment. This motivated the recent introduction of electronic search devices in airports.
Instead they should have willingly vacated the land and if the need arouse return back later with a warrant allowing them to search the property forcefully in the event that Tom refused them to do so1. The Plaintiff, Tom could claim to have suffered personal injury on his person when the defendant, officer Falcon laid his hand on Tom’s shoulder (McNamara v Duncan (1971) 26 ALR 584, 5872 (Fox J).
Searching the prison cell is part of the routine performed by the Jail Officers. Such a routine has been well defined in the Adelphi County Jail Policy and Procedures (Maryland Dept. of Corrections Section A [1 and 3]). Jack Jones was the inmate accused of murder while Joe Johnson should be charged for violating Maryland’s Controlled Dangerous Substances Act if found to be in possession of contraband cigarette.As of the time of the search, only cigarette papers were found.
The EU legislative process is ample because the introduction of the Lisbon Treaty offer two main decision making process for agreeing legislation. The entry of Lisbon Treaty led to the introduction of ordinary legislative procedure and distinct legislative procedures as the significant process through, which EU can make an effective decision power of the EP (T Christiansen and L Torbjorn 2007, p, 36).
The sacrosanct nature of this freedom is underpinned by economic and civil expedience, so that it is impossible to sidestep it. Particularly, while free movement is integral to the realisation of the single market, it also provides people and their families to exercise the right to mobility.
The obligation of an act is one that is proof of a choice made, yet choice is what introduces the state of mind. In an attempt to make the criminal law more predictable and uniform, legal theorists and judges had to marginalize the principle of “intent.”