used in the calculation of binding free energies based on implicit (continuum) solvation models and force fields such as in molecular modeling or drug design .
Rapid and accurate ranking of drug binding affinity is one of the most valuable requirements during drug design.
The ozone hole is an area in the stratosphere with excessive depletion of ozone. The area is located just over the Southern Pole of Antarctica. In technical terms, it is not actually some hole. Instead, the region of ozone depletion is referred to as the ozone hole to symbolize lack of ozone in it. The ozone hole has been caused by the chlorofluorocarbons.
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Hardness refers to a measure of the extent of resistance for a solid matter towards different types of permanent shapes whenever some amount of force is applied to the solid matter. The macroscopic hardness is hardness with intermolecular bonds that are strong.
With regards to the settlement system in this area, the low lying residential and retail units were destabilized as part of the stable rocks supporting their foundations moved – this sets room for future
Smith (p.162) mentioned that air pollution, thermal pollution, land devastation, groundwater pollution, acidification of streams and rivers, erosion, subsidence of land caused by underground mines, hazards to miners, and, of course, global warming are some of the
n, germanium or gallium arsenide is added with impurities or doped to form an n-type region with negative charge carries on one side and a p-type region with positive charge carries on another side. The two are attached together resulting in a depletion region with no charge
al background and dynamics of the land hence predict the changes by a combination of the physical experiments, field observation, and numerical modeling. The earth surface is always modified through combining the processes of the surface that may sculpt the geology and
The objective of the experiment is to find out the specific heat capacity of water by monitoring change in temperature of a water that is heated to boiling under constant time interval.
The specific heat of any material determines the amount of energy needed to heat 1 kg of
People all over the world depend on their leaders to ensure that there is security.
The issue of security is of paramount importance on the national level. Adequate security guarantees streamlined economic and social
If the sphere is kept at a fixed potential _, we must add an image charge at the origin so that the potential at R is _. If the sphere has a total charge Q on its inner and outermost surfaces, we figure out what image charge would create a surface charge equal
In addition, this will allow for further exploration of the energy viewpoint of rotational motion.
The dynamic and static moment of inertia was different for both experiments. The torque applied produced the same energy for both the longest and
After striking the two media, a part of light is turned back into the same medium with the same angle as it hit the surface. Some of the common media for reflection include glass, water or even polished metal. For
A Jovian planet is a real planet, which Pluto is not currently. Jovian planet is Jupiter like and possesses low density and a large diameter. Since Pluto is dissimilar to Jupiter and has a small diameter it is not recognized as a Jovian planet. A
The objectives for carrying out the static equilibrium experiment are: 1. To examine the static equilibrium of a system of forces of different magnitudes acting at different angles.2. To compare the experimental results with those obtained by computing the resultant force.3. To compare the experimental result and the calculated result with those obtained by the graphical method.
This study will focus on Karst landscapes which are formed when soluble rocks such as dolomite, limestone and gypsum undergoes chemical weathering. A case in point is that witnessed in the Minerve in France. There exist
The hanger was let to be in an equilibrium position with a small amount of added mass. The mass stopped moving and the height was measured, the height was called xo
A particle can vibrate vertically in a simple harmonic motion. This can be seen
The point at which the two curves intersect each other, at approximately 0.02, is consistent for all the data obtained. The mechanical energy was constant for all the points. The uncertainties represented by outliers are less
The aim of determining the density of clay was to practice the propagation of errors and to come up with a linearized graph in determining the quantity if physics.
In the first experiment, the height, thickness, and inner diameter of the
The Ural Mountains are just an example of Fold Mountains around the world (Wright, 1977). The plate tectonic theory states that the earth’s crust is covered with tectonic plates on which the continents rest on.
The salt dissolves into the liquid water in the ice and lowers its freezing point.
Ice which is in solid form and crystalline in nature formed through weak partial polar forces between the water molecules that are
The penny was taken to have decayed when its head came up. We investigated the half-life of the pennies and full decay time by looking at the probability about both small numbers and large numbers. We also investigated how many times it
You can also make it flow faster by increasing the length of pipe A to C while maintaining the length of the pipe from B into A. The fluid motion in this case is powered by gravitational force.
You must have a pipe in a U shape which allows the
r the disaster confirmed that at least 117 American citizens perished in the disaster while 69 others died in Canadian and Caribbean coastline making the hurricane the deadliest and most destructive hurricane disasters ever. However, evidences point that the destruction caused
At the start of the surgery, eye drops are used on your eyes to minimize the discomfort you are likely to experience during the process (Papel 116). Through the use of lid speculum, a tool that helps your eye lids to stay open during the surgery is used after your
Experiments that study the floating and sinking properties of different materials are practical application of Archimedes Principle (Smith 15). According to the principle, volume of liquid displaced when an object is immersed in water is directly related
The purpose of the paper is to determine the capacitance of variety of conductor-dielectric by making use of charge sharing methodology. This would provide benchmark for exploring the principle of conservation of charge in a system. The application of various capacitors also makes it important to determine unknown capacitance.
When the seed is watered, the potential will come to change. Therefore, the effect of watering the seed will be described in various phases; imbibition is described as the initial stages of water absorption and is normally taken to be a rapid process.
Religious beliefs were used to account processes of nature thou were not accurate scientifically. However, Newton transformed the society and perceptions on nature and is considered the father of scientific revolutions due to his contributions
Firstly, no more overrunning of the bath shower, i.e. the shower should be run for the shortest time possible. Secondly, the number of dish washing is to be reduced from 3 to 2 times a day. The tap run time should also be reduced from 7 to 5
om center of circle, expression for angular momentum is L= r× p, where p is linear momentum with operator ṕ(x,y)=, hence operator for angular momentum is Ḽ= ṙ×ṕ, = ṙ×=, this for the particle in circular motion along xy-plane. Applying wavefunction; Ḽ= ṙ×.
Error propagation entails combination of individual uncertainties as a means of determining the accurate value of an experimental error. Aside from error propagation, lab experiments also benefits from the