Barker writes about Aristotle's viewpoint and how being ruled by a constitution and rotation of office provides everyone with the same rights and worth, rather than being ruled by a king judging in accordance with his/her own feelings and thereby, not having a 'neutral' mind when exercising authority.
Francis Fukuyama is able to stress out the ways in which man is benefiting from the surfacing of biotechnology as he stated in his emergent theory with this idea it is possible to reconcile his idea with Surowiecki with regard to maintaining human dignity amidst man's continuous use of biotechnology.
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
All things "obtained the One" and came into existence; conversely, without that which gives them life, they naturally die. A new thinking has turned me to focus on Taoist practical philosophy. It does not follow that human beings should be consumed by longings for it.
They were unrefined in their beliefs and attitude. When they had accepted Islam and they conquered territories outside Arabia in the seventh and eighth centuries, they came in contact with other civilizations and cultures, philosophy, and other rational sciences such as mathematics, astronomy, physics etc.
10 pages (2500 words)
, Download 1
, Book Report/Review
The author states that the Whigs, as a political party can be traced back during the period of what History considered as Jacksonian democracy which opposed the policies of President Jackson and the Democratic Party. The Whigs believed in a balanced government, however, it provides for the supremacy of Congress.
8 pages (2000 words)
, Download 1
, Book Report/Review
In so doing, Marx shows that there is a close link between economic materials and communal relationships.
Political theorists have waged too small notice to the role of literature and the arts in the shaping of political ideals, and of no period is this truer than Rousseau's.
Walter Kaufmann sees him as a radical empiricist because of his denial of metaphysical truths while supporting truths which are empirically derived. Others see him as the best example of a metaphysician, the essence of which is refuted by his works.There are many points between these two extremes in terms of the interpretations they gave to Nietzsche's works.
As long as it can be remembered, the heart symbol as we know it today has existed and appeared in different forms and places. It is one of the constantly recurring symbols from prehistoric times. The heart shape is considered to be a combination of ideograms (“Symbol 20:18”).
Gilroy (1992), for example, states that European culture was heterogeneous in nature during and after the enlightenment. But, the social theories that were hitherto dominant constructs with little comprehension of the world beyond Europe have become obsolete to understand and interpret the post-modern world.
1. Premodern: Signs express a "natural law of value" reflecting a reality that appears to exist in its own right and on its own terms. Symbols map an order that is extrinsic to language and culture. Example: Holy Scripture (signifier) reveals God's Law (as object or referent).
At this point it is imperative to say that this paper pitches epistemology against ontology with an argument against the former. This is due to the fact that the nature of the research area demands a field of study like ontology for the research design. In the course of this paper, the various research problems will be discussed with a focus on the elements of the research area.
Jean-Paul Sartre believed God does not exist and therefore, human beings are abandoned. He wrote that existence precedes essence. Because God does not exist, it follows that we are what we make of ourselves; that there are no reasons for why things are what they should be and that human beings chart their own future
For example, Plato, the second othe trio of ancient Greeks laid the philosophical foundations of Western culture, saw man's true nature as rational and believed that civilized society must be organized, and civilized life conducted according to rational principles.
Some of the implications of the view that there is a right to civil disobedience will be central to the discussion in this paper (Geschwender, 63). According to Gandhi, the right to civil disobedience is essentially diverse from the way that contemporary liberals like John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and Joseph Raz comprehend the term.
According to Nietzsche, master morality is based on strength and what is strong is good while that which is weak is wrong, therefore, those who have master morality are strong and have created their own morality and they judge themselves. For master morality, bad is seen as a failure and a defeat as well as loss of power (Solomon132).
A Catholic bishop is summoned as a mediator when Cuban-American prisoners begin to riot. Neutral third parties are called in to help resolve community housing disputes in the Midwest. Thousands of couples, instead of retaining a divorce lawyer, seek out mediators who help facilitate the process whereby the couples work out the conditions of the divorce on their own.
5 pages (1250 words)
, Download 1
, Book Report/Review
Hinduism has often been said to be more a way of life than a religion. Hinduism with its sub-sects and confusing myths, legends and rituals often seems to make no sense to an outsider. Mehta echoes this confusion in the narrator of A River Sutra. The narrator in the very first page of the text makes it clear that he has become a vanaprasthi in order to reflect.
One of the major questions that have been asked all through the history is about the meaning and ideology of right and wrong. What is right and what is wrong? How can you identify something as right or wrong? These are some of the questions that involve the awareness of the philosophy concerning right and wrong
The purpose of this editorial article of the New York Times is to convince the audience that the revision of stance by the New York Times with respect to the Iraq War does not absolve them from the culpability of misleading their readers of their initial position.
"Man is not the lord of beings. Man is the shepherd of Being. Man loses nothing in this "less"; rather, he gains in that he attains the truth of Being. He gains the essential poverty of the shepherd, whose dignity consists in being called by Being itself into the preservation of Being's truth." (Letter on Humanism, 1964).
It would be this desire that, throughout the generations since, would become what many would identify as the American Dream. The feeling that, as an American, anything could and would be possible. From a standpoint of definition, the American Dream would be seen as, "An American ideal of a happy and successful life to which all may aspire: "In the deepening gloom of the Depression, the American Dream represented a reaffirmation of traditional American hopes" (Anthony Brandt)," ("American dream", p.1).
According to Stoicism, a Roman-Greek philosophy school, proudly claiming connection with Alexander, ataraxia is the only state of happiness that man can attain in his life. It shows the mind in right equilibrium in a philosophical state, a total freedom from worry or tension.
It is focused on locality, instability and ambiguity of all global aspects, the self and the concept of good. With the contribution of feminism, postmodernism ideas have been unfolded against the theories purporting to justification of sexist practices.
The author states that Hamlet is in hell and while an argument can be made for his having played a fundamental role in the creation of that hell, there is no doubt that his relationship with his mother is at the heart of it. Queen Gertrude’s marriage to Hamlet’s uncle is, without doubt, a source of grievance for Hamlet.
'Truth' is exercised by people who have power and can spread it using this power. His various remarks in which terms like 'truth' and God figure can be rendered collectively coherent only if they are viewed as efforts on his part both to accept and analyze the ways in which such terms function in particular domains of discourse
These are mutually opposing political and economic theories involving every aspect of the modern human being and, therefore, require a meticulous examination and comprehension. In an attempt to distinguish among these philosophic concepts, an extensive and critical analysis of these in their perspectives on human nature, the state, international institutions and order vs.
The essay shall then focus on ‘perception’ and ‘language’ – two of the ways of knowing, and argue that perception as a way of knowing is more likely to lead to the Truth as compared to ‘language.’ Appropriate examples from history and literature shall be cited to illustrate the arguments answering the question “Are some Ways of Knowing more likely than others to lead to the Truth?”
6 pages (1500 words)
, Download 2
, Book Report/Review
49). That means human rights must be restored in a society, and when it comes to property, it can be examined in context with 'abundance'. The more abundant is the property, the more usage of it can be met. However the 'abundance' factor cannot be fulfilled in today's economic conditions.
4 pages (1000 words)
, Download 1
, Book Report/Review
What we are really asking is - are political ideas absolute - an interesting question indeed. A philosopher may believe that the most valuable ideas, and possibly the only ones worth studying, are timeless ones, and that humanity is a uniform context that transcends history.
The level of writing, however, is very high and very technical, and so it is perhaps useful to keep in mind that the key idea will be the italicized phrase on the bottom of page 51. This sentence is the first formulation of "the categorical imperative," i.e., Kant's candidate for the supreme principle of morality.
This paper illustrates that Kant managed to preserve the holiness of the moral law and moral duties, the concept of the complete disinterestedness of a moral act, the independence and freedom of the will which is one with the law, the imperative nature of the moral law that restrains our disobedient nature, and the dignity of man and our obligations.
Those who examined the research came out to charge the sufferer for her destiny, admired the experimentation and paced her as being less bodily good-looking than did those individuals who had seen her but did not do experiment. The current increase in the study of misdeed has directed many researchers to study the position of the sufferer in a variety of offensive conditions.
The author states that the small passage can be seen as a moral core of the play which reflects the nature of eternal laws and their importance. The passage tells readers that eternal laws were born in Heaven, Olympus alone is their father; they were not brought forth by the mortal nature of man, nor shall forgetfulness ever put them to sleep.
Kant devised a singular moral obligation or categorical imperative which in turn is borne out of duty to explain his postulates. An imperative is a command that forces a person to exercise his will. A hypothetical imperative is a conditional command, that is, a person might be doing something to achieve some desired end. His actions are therefore conditional.
Rawls's in his book A Theory of Justice has constructed a hypothetical theory which is system based on equality that he calls "Justice as Fairness". Rawls's social theory discusses the role of institutions in a society, which aggravate bitterness creating isolation.
The author of the essay states that Francis received elementary education from the priests of St George’s in Assisi. Although he was associated with his father, he showed no signs of interest in his business career. Francis was a man who loved pleasure. But he showed instinctive sympathy to the poor.
Foucault's wide range of influence ranging from history, to psychology, philosophy to politics and freedom is synthesis of his upbringing, education and very intense thinking. His analysis of the mind in relation to power has been a subject of immense appeal to modern thinkers.
Taoism, in the first sense, is the primordial state of non-being wherein the order and state of the universe is preceding the concept of time and space. There is a merit system to reward and reattribute the believers individually, and for the humanity like an absolution process similar to the Judgment Day.
Constructivism obscures the politics already involved in representing reality. This is at the heart not only of constructivism's success but also of the celebration and despair it triggers. Those wary of constructivism object to the exclusion of challenging and thought-provoking questions about politics and the political.
Additionally, egoism implies that if everyone pursues his or her own interests, that all people’s interests are advanced. However, the interest of one person may be in conflict with another, so this is not possible. One would have to prevent others from pursuing their interests to advance personal interests.
May parent’s worry is, what if I commit mistakes? With this apprehension they are denying me the opportunity to commit mistakes and learn from them and take the corrective course, wherever necessary. I do not wish to be an outright rebel, but rebel I will against all procedures that hold up the growth of my personality.
The structuralist theory is found in anthropology whereby it argues that the process of thoughts in all human beings is the same despite the different cultures they possess. It goes on to add that the thought process only exists binary opposite forms. For instance: male-female, hot-cold, raw-cooked and so on.
The author of the text casts light upon the issue of Buddhism. According to the text, Buddhism has an often-overlapping quest for the ultimate end of life- Enlightenment. To be precise, the concept of enlightenment in Buddhism is called Nirvana, a Sanskrit word that connotes extinction or extinguishing (of passions).
Freedom is the very ability to choose to live a life filled with food, clothing and shelter. This paper describes freedom as seen through the eyes of various authors in various eras of history. The basic outline that the paper will follow is to learn about the various features of freedom as depicted in the works of the various authors.
individual, objective vs. subjective viewpoints that have characterized the field in the past. He produced a large quantity of writings regarding his findings, particularly placing emphasis upon the need to break down the old dichotomies and begin seeking a more unified and overarching construct to explain the various behavioral similarities that can be traced through numerous human societies regardless of proximity, contact or specific cultural quirks.
This wave assisted gay men, lesbians and black & other ethnic minorities in understanding their marginalized perspectives as a natural part of themselves, helped them to develop strategies for coping and forming a positive sense of identity, and taught them the effect of negative social attitudes on psychological functioning.
Let us imagine that there are two brown tables in a room. Both the tables have the quality of 'brownness' and according to the Metaphysical philosophers, both these tables share a universal, that is the quality of being brown. Metaphysics states that there are three major types of universals existing, namely, Types or Kinds, Relations and Properties.
But the introduction of thought into action changes the whole character of the problem. Moral problems are continuing problems, inviting contemplation. The moral results of action are not so much conclusions as new developments of older questions. The moral problem, in short, is the problem of life.
The author states that without the latter, the capitalists cannot produce profit since capital per se will not gain anything without the active participation of labor. Due to this need for labor, the capitalists then have to succumb to the demands of the working class, if only to survive.