Hobbes (15 88-1679) on the right to all
Hobbes (15 88-1679) on the right to all Philosophy Essay
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1 , Essay
This liberty to do anything whatever, even to injure or kill one another if it seemed necessary, must be useless because each person's exercise of his liberty is at odds with everyone else's. Hobbes wrote that, "every man has a right to everything, even to another man's body.
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Human Embryonic Research
Human Embryonic Research Philosophy Essay
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1 , Essay
As to whether human embryos are rational beings, that remains to be seen or be proved—as embryos are at a stage where they cannot rationalize. According to natural law, human embryos need not be necessarily shown the same respect as all rational beings.
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What is Hegels critique of Kant in Reason as Testing Laws Is Hegel fair to Kant
What is Hegel's critique of Kant in Reason as Testing Laws Is Hegel fair to Kant Philosophy Essay
7 pages (1750 words) , Download 1 , Essay
This notion of Kant has come under scathing criticism from academics and philosophers alike. For example utilitarian philosophers, like David Hume, are of the view that moral standards should comply with the concept of utility.
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Modern Society
Modern Society Philosophy Essay
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 2 , Essay
Freud as he is called as “the father of psychology” has contributed to the field of psychology in a way that it is tough to imagine the state of this field without his ideology & works. While the past has to be different from us, great thinkers are somehow also our contemporaries. They reach out to us over the centuries, what they said and thought still challenges us.
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Ideal society in the Republic of Plato
Ideal society in the Republic of Plato Philosophy Book Report/Review
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1 , Book Report/Review
The article defines utmost strength on knowledge and virtue as the most significant in Plato’s Republic. Only those who can ‘see’ will govern as they are not akin to succumb to pressures of corruption and other unbridled pursuits attached to corridors of power. Plato’s is a wise ideal state, indeed.
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Philosophy of Roderick Chisholm
Philosophy of Roderick Chisholm Philosophy Book Report/Review
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1 , Book Report/Review
Chisholm is known for his assertion that all justified beliefs are "directly evident". He is a well-known analytic philosopher. Chisholm's was a most persistent philosopher, he showed his strong commitment to getting all of his arguments right, no matter hard or how long it takes, and no matter the number of times one needs to start all over again.
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Objections to Nietzsches conception of pity/compassion/love
Objections to Nietzsche's conception of pity/compassion/love Philosophy Essay
13 pages (3250 words) , Download 1 , Essay
Commonplace individuals habitually discern pity from cruelty through the governance of the sentiments and the partial absence of cognitive ascendancy. Pity has been generally defined as an outward sign of humaneness or an immediate reaction to negative encounters with actual or imagined adverse, inopportune or ill-fated human being.
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Ethics Philosophy
Ethics Philosophy Philosophy Essay
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
Mill maintains that this, "the other party," knows better than to want to and choose to exchange places with a lower being, pig or fool, basing his assertions a number of reasons. First, he says, the party that has a range of higher faculties at their disposal would not trade places with an inferior being, even given that being's range of faculties, it's "fullest allowance of pleasures." (326) Nor would the intelligent, superior party be convinced that the inferior party is better off overall, no matter how happy or how much happier-except, maybe, Mill notes, in the case of a truly miserable human who would do anything to escape his/her sufferingeven if this means lowering him/herself.
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The End of History
The End of History Philosophy Essay
9 pages (2250 words) , Download 1 , Essay
In the controversial 1989 essay titled "The End of History", Francis Fukuyama attempted to give Western capitalism's victory over communism a Hegelian interpretation. He argued that the end of history has eliminated all but one intellectual option for the future evolution of the planet.
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Locke
Locke Philosophy Book Report/Review
7 pages (1750 words) , Download 2 , Book Report/Review
Augustine and of William of Okhan (nationalism) Locke had written A Letter Concerning on Toleration as early as 1666, but it never saw the light during his lifetime. In 1685, when events in France turned his thoughts to the question of toleration, Locke wrote a letter to a Dutch minister, Limborch.
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Existentialism in European Art
Existentialism in European Art Philosophy Essay
17 pages (4250 words) , Download 1 , Essay
Not only that, but also one author-Alfred Otto Wolfgang Schulze (commonly referred to as "Wols")-also wrote essential pieces regarding existentialism. Throughout all of these writings, it will be made obvious that existentialism had a great impact on post-World War II European art.
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Portrayal of Guilt and Retribution
Portrayal of Guilt and Retribution Philosophy Essay
9 pages (2250 words) , Download 1 , Essay
The diversion from "Reason" to the realm of the fantastic is too elaborate to serve as the reminder of what is good and what has gone astray in the novella. The exotic and often fanciful depiction achieves the effect of what can be simply termed as the everyday prosaic and what is romantic and lofty
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Aestheticism and Modernism
Aestheticism and Modernism Philosophy Book Report/Review
13 pages (3250 words) , Download 1 , Book Report/Review
The modernist period lies from 1900-1950; a time of great progress in art, architecture, music and literature. Modernism, the genre that was associated with this period, featured radical aesthetics, technical experimentation, self-conscious reflexiveness and scepticism of the real world.
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Afterlife in the Ancient World
Afterlife in the Ancient World Philosophy Essay
2 pages (500 words) , Download 2 , Essay
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Around 2000 B.C.E., ancient Mesopotamians faced hardships in their daily lives, and the afterlife they envisioned mirrored these hardships. In The Epic of Gilgamesh: Enkidu’s Dream, Enkidu describes a frightening view of life after death to Gilgamesh.
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Denying Gods Existence
Denying God's Existence Philosophy Essay
1 pages (250 words) , Download 1 , Essay
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We have essences before we have existences because this all-powerful creator made us with essences. Because atheistic existentialism denies God’s existence, we cannot have an essence. It is not the purpose of existentialism to promote a worldview without God but it also does not promote believing in something that doesn’t exist.
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Taxonomy Comprehension and Application
Taxonomy Comprehension and Application Philosophy Essay
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 1 , Essay
This essay is simply a reflection of Ideas Views and Opinions from two identified Great Thinkers of the Time, whose Works still live to be greatly admired, acknowledged, and recognized in their Full Honour. The study of these two inter-related Philosophers – and Hence, Schools of thought, is paramount for purposes of Study (Research). 
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Terms good and bad Death
Terms good and bad Death Philosophy Essay
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
The only certain thing in life is death. The subject of death has been widely discussed by sociologists, psychologists, doctors and religious leaders. While they all have contrasting opinions on the subject of death, the bottom line is that death is inevitable. According to Green (2008), the mortality of man has never been questioned by any scientist, doctor or religious personality.
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Analysis of Existentialist Philosophy by Sartre
Analysis of Existentialist Philosophy by Sartre Philosophy Literature review
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 1 , Literature review
  The first is that our lives are shaped by the choices we make and that, as a result of our choices, we can either achieve authentic being or lose ourselves. The second is that there is no meaning in the universe. People try to impose meaning upon the world but it is a false meaning which only distracts them from the reality of nothingness. 
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The role of evil in Aristotle, Kant and Hannah Arendt
The role of evil in Aristotle, Kant and Hannah Arendt Philosophy Essay
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
The question of evil has been the subject of many discussion and philosophic works. It has always been interesting to see how different philosophers viewed the understanding of evil, and how they applied it to reality. It is difficult to think of any philosopher who has not devoted at least some part of his (her) works to the concept of evil.
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Western civilization. Ideas of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
Western civilization. Ideas of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle Philosophy Essay
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
They were men whose responsibility was to train and educate the sons of Athens [1]. Amongst the ranks of Sophist came Socrates (c.469-399 B.C.), the most notable and wisest Athens ever survived.
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Martin Heidegger
Martin Heidegger Philosophy Article
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1 , Article
He has made immense contribution towards in different areas including, phenomenology, existentialism, hermeneutics, political theory, psychology, theology, and postmodernism. He made significant contribution for the development of ontology, i.e. study of being.
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Ethical Dilemmas
Ethical Dilemmas Philosophy Research Paper
11 pages (2750 words) , Download 1 , Research Paper
This research aims to evaluate and present an overview of the facility, to demonstrate organizational structures and responsibilities, to exemine ethical dilemmas and standards, to outline implementing and ensuring the ethical code of conduct, to highlight consequences in case of violation of the code of ethics.
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The termination theory versus the deprivation account
The termination theory versus the deprivation account Philosophy Essay
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
The researcher states that the termination thesis is false. This is because it purports that when a person dies, there is no change that occurs except that the person has simply ceased to exist. It also claims that the person’s psychological or moral importance is not eroded due to death. Another argument that the termination thesis makes is that when a person dies, he does not continue to exist as a corpse.
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Does Kant Adequatly Address the Problems Evident in the Controversy between Empiricism and Rationalism
Does Kant Adequatly Address the Problems Evident in the Controversy between Empiricism and Rationalism Philosophy Essay
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
According to Ann (1970), conventionally there are two types of Epistemology: rationalism and empiricism. Rationalism on one hand explains that we gain knowledge through reasoning, while on the other hand, empiricism explains that we gain knowledge through sensory experience.
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Satre Nietzsche & Human Nature
Satre Nietzsche & Human Nature Philosophy Essay
3 pages (750 words) , Download 2 , Essay
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Jean Paul Sartre is the philosopher of the school of existentialism. He underlines that “existence precedes essence". In order to understand philosophy of Sartre, it is relevant to know the main points of existentialism. There are a lot of issues of separation and independent existence.
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Forms and Substance Dualism
Forms and Substance Dualism Philosophy Essay
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
The concept of dualism is not only fundamental in philosophy, but also affects our thoughts on science, religion and psychology: for example, if a convincing rejection of dualism can be formulated, the materialist approach of modern science will be vindicated.
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Contraindications and fragmentations which ultimately defeated sixties utopia
Contraindications and fragmentations which ultimately defeated sixties utopia Philosophy Book Report/Review
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1 , Book Report/Review
There were things that fragmented the society in Pala and, like Pala, many of the struggles were the same in the 60's. This island possessed a perfect sociopolitical system or so they thought. The sixties were about designing the ideal society or Utopia.
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Organizational Theory
Organizational Theory Philosophy Essay
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
Fiona Wilson in her research note, a review of O.T argues that there is a systemic gender bias in O.T much to the detriment of the newly emerging workforce composed as it is of an increasing proportion of women . Wilson alleges that there is what she terms gender blindness which does not recognize the talents of women because the standards of measurement have been based on traditionally male attributes(Wilson 1996).
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Philosophy and Psychiatry
Philosophy and Psychiatry Philosophy Essay
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
The author states that the optimists feel that the thesis of determinism cannot be ruled out as false for the simple reason that the “facts as we know them do not show determinism to be false.” The optimists feel, there are enough facts to corroborate the existence and relevance of determinism.
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Positivism
Positivism Philosophy Essay
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 2 , Essay
Positivism is concerned with the interface between concepts of rules and ideas of authority. This structure is held together by consideration of issues such as validity and obedience. Validity allows for the external legitimization of the structure. In reality, all these various forces that make up a legal structure are in a dynamic equilibrium with one another.
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Altruistic Perspective of Spirituality
Altruistic Perspective of Spirituality Philosophy Book Report/Review
7 pages (1750 words) , Download 1 , Book Report/Review
The paper presents a review of the literature; pertaining to the meaning of spirituality for the dying person. The paper identifies all the relevant concepts of spirituality and the concepts are compared from the perspective of multiple disciplines of psychology, biology, management and nursing.
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Max Webers The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
Max Weber's The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism Philosophy Assignment
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1 , Assignment
The author states that it is Weber's conviction that factual reasonable capitalism increased out of Protestant asceticism. Christian asceticism, at the start escaping from the world into solitude, had currently directed the world which it had renounced from the monastery and through the Church.
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How Bodies will interact in the Future Depends On our Experience on how they have interacted in the Past
How Bodies will interact in the Future Depends On our Experience on how they have interacted in the Past Philosophy Research Paper
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 1 , Research Paper
Few philosophers of note had lived a more controversial life than David Hume, born in Scotland. Endowed with sharp intellect coupled with his great desire to learn and be a scholar, he followed a very rigorous program of reading. His family expected him to be a lawyer but this he never pursued. He started writing.
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Christian Ethics
Christian Ethics Philosophy Essay
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
Attention is being increasingly given to the role that moral "practices" play in the formation f virtue and adult character. William Damon quotes Spinoza's aphorism, "The palace f reasoning may be entered only through the courtyard f habit." The importance f practices in the formation f virtuous habits has gained increasing attention since Alasdair MacIntyre's After Virtue.
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Works of Karl Marx and Georg Simmel
Works of Karl Marx and Georg Simmel Philosophy Essay
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
Simmel, writing years after Marx, echoed much of the Marxist themes in his own works and conducted many philosophically and psychologically oriented investigations based on Marx's propositions. For this paper I would be comparing Marx's concept of "commodity fetishism" to Simmel's "autonomy of objective culture."
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Kantian Moral Theory
Kantian Moral Theory Philosophy Book Report/Review
20 pages (5000 words) , Download 1 , Book Report/Review
This paper will focus on the strategies used for justifying moral theories, as this is generally where the theorists go their separate ways in constructing the supreme principle of morality. As such each theory may yield different answers to the three questions raised under morality: 1) Authoritative question: Why ought I be moral 2) Substantive question: Which interest ought I to take favourable account of 3) Distributive question: Whose interest ought I to take favourable account of
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Apology Plato
Apology Plato Philosophy Book Report/Review
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1 , Book Report/Review
Through this text, Plato exhibits the ultimate significance of Socrates as a teacher by whom he was able to unravel the perils of human psyche and politics which had been evident in Socrates’ mock trial by the jury to which the irony of his apologetic articulation was dedicated (T&G West, 16).
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Rousseaus Political Philosophy
Rousseau's Political Philosophy Philosophy Book Report/Review
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1 , Book Report/Review
He became famous with his article on the 'Progress of the Arts and Sciences' in which he disputed against progress as it disconnected men from their normal state. Rousseau believed the Social Contract as the fundamental law of society. Liberty is submission to the law the people have accepted, and equality means all are equally dependent on society and not on any other individual.
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Friedrich Nietzsche a Philosopher in Society
Friedrich Nietzsche a Philosopher in Society Philosophy Essay
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
This essay discusses the characteristics of the philosopher's society and culture are nationalism, capitalism, democracy, socialism, conservatism, liberalism, feminism, and bureaucracy (European Thought and Culture in the 19th Century, online). Nationalism is the belief that groups of people are bound together by territorial, cultural and ethnic links.
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Divine Bodies: Mystical Discourses in Philosophy
Divine Bodies: Mystical Discourses in Philosophy Philosophy Essay
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 2 , Essay
New interpretations of Biblical studies proposed by Irigaray are of vital importance for contemporary society, which seldom takes into consideration gender when analyzing philosophy of religion. Luce Irigaray is far less concerned with giving certain definitions to the divine, describing its functions or features, than with proving logical necessity for the existence of the divine.
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Rhetoric
Rhetoric Philosophy Essay
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
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In George Campbell's opinion, "Rhetoric is that art or talent by which discourse is adapted to its end. The four ends of discourse are to enlighten the understanding, please the imagination, move the passion, and influence the will".3 As for me, rhetoric is verbalization of all power of fascination, which serves in most cases for persuasion or mutual understanding.
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Kants philosophy of universalisation
Kants philosophy of universalisation Philosophy Essay
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
What Kant believes is the significance of good will in universalism so that every individual act should be performed not as a duty, but as a moral deed in accordance with the universal moral law that the autonomous human being freely gives itself
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Social Justice and Social Order
Social Justice and Social Order Philosophy Essay
13 pages (3250 words) , Download 1 , Essay
There is the sagacity of the loss of simplicity, legitimacy and spontaneity. The directive of the individual within a bureaucratic and administered world proscribes genuine feeling and sentiment. The procedure of civilization thereby entails the taming of savage feeling.
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Famine, Affluence, and Morality
Famine, Affluence, and Morality Philosophy Essay
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1 , Essay
The article seems to suggest that we are responsible for the woes that have befallen the poor and the refugees in the camps. Peter Singer is therefore suggesting that it should be our responsibility and an obligation to get those entangled in unfortunate circumstances out of it (Singer, 1972).
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Rene Descartes
Rene Descartes Philosophy Essay
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 2 , Essay
Rene Descartes was a major philosopher of the seventeenth century, belonging to the school of continental rationalism. Descartes sets out in his Discourse on Method to doubt all that could be doubted, albeit not to end up believing in nothing, but rather so that he would believe in only that which really was true.
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Do Only What You Feel Like Doing as a Todays Philosophy of Life
Do Only What You Feel Like Doing as a Today's Philosophy of Life Philosophy Research Paper
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 1 , Research Paper
There are many cases of people who, although apparently happy, as they have everything they need and everything the others strive for, are in fact very unhappy – be that they cannot see what they have in their rush to get more – which has now become a habit – or because now they realize their efforts didn’t bring happiness.
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Finding Darwins God
Finding Darwin's God Philosophy Essay
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
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Miller shows that creation, at the heart of Western religion, feels the danger from the belief in evolution as it has the potential to undermine the basis of the Bible. Secondly, Miller points to the outwardly hostile environment that evolution advocates such as Daniel C. Dennett creates.
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Emmanuel Kant
Emmanuel Kant Philosophy Essay
2 pages (500 words) , Download 2 , Essay
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Kant looks at the relationship between a priori knowledge, or knowledge based on reason alone, and a posteriori knowledge, or knowledge gained from the world. (“Critique of Pure Reason”, 2006)
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Determinism, free will and moral responsibility
Determinism, free will and moral responsibility Philosophy Essay
7 pages (1750 words) , Download 2 , Essay
Soft determinism philosophers' view is that free will and moral responsibility can be combined with determinism. Libertarianists suppose that that all our actions, decisions and their results depend on us, they are result of rational agency, but not of chance or luck.
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Animalistic Behaviour
Animalistic Behaviour Philosophy Essay
14 pages (3500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
The object of this paper is not to find facts but to explore human's relationships with animals and how humans take on animalist identities as descriptors of perceived behaviour, value systems, strengths or weaknesses. You can hear references to animals and their perceived behaviours such as in the old adage "March roars in like a lion and goes out like a lamb".
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